Newfoundland and Labrador
The Royal Newfoundland Constabulary (RNC) is committed to the continued implementation of intelligence-led policing as a business model and managerial philosophy, which requires an organizational philosophy shift from primarily reactive to primarily proactive. The RNC has achieved these changes through: an executive and management commitment to embracing constructive change; ongoing education across the organization; and the creation of support services (mobile support and enhanced crime analysis capability). Intelligence-led policing is intended to maximize police efficiency. It emphasizes strategies aimed at crime reduction and prevention, specifically through initiatives that disrupt prolific and serious offenders operating in our communities. This approach to policing has been adopted as an example of best practice in many police organizations around the world.
This initiative has several objectives:
The lead section is the Intelligence and Organized Crime Section; however, this approach to policing involves many other sections and divisions of the RNC.
William J. Janesbilljj@rnc.gov.nl.ca
Probation Services, Parole Services and provincial Crown attorneys serve as consultative partners to support the achievement of the objective related to the enforcement of judicial release conditions. Regarding the objective related to domestic violence, other groups consulted included various women’s groups, relevant academics and the Victim Services Program.
Launch was in fall 2011 and implementation is ongoing.
The police-to-population ratio for the RNC is significantly lower than the national average (176 per 100,000 vs. 201 per 100,000). This requires the RNC to seek ways to improve efficiencies and effectiveness.
There were no set-up costs associated with the implementation of this initiative. Officer-hours were redeployed to this initiative through the creation of internal efficiencies.
This initiative was launched as a goal under the organization’s 2011-14 corporate plan. It has been phased in, starting with an educational component. Progress has been made and is ongoing towards the acheivement of each of the objectives listed above.
The RNC redeployed five existing police resources to a team focused on intelligence-led policing in order to achieve the objectives outline above. The focus of these officers is to map patterns in order to implement appropriate measures to prevent crime. Specific achievements to date include the implementation of:
While no formal communications strategy has been developed, the RNC has committed to this initiative in its three-year corporate plan and reports on progress annually. The progress is discussed in the annual report, which is a public document available on the RNC’s website.
Efficiencies have been achieved by redeploying existing police resources to this task. Intelligence-led policing enables police to identify individuals at high risk and geographic areas of high risk. With this knowledge, police resources are utilized more effectively and efficiently to proactively respond to criminal activity. Intellgence-led policing is a new model of policing and switches the philosophy from a primarily reactive approach to a primarily proactive approach to addressing crime. Through the process of enhancing the enforcement of judicial release conditions, stakeholders within the justice system are working together in a way that was not previously possible. Prolific offenders make up 5% of the population committing crimes; however, they are responsbile for 95% of the crimes committed. Working with other stakeholders, such as probation officers and parole officers, enhances the model for holding these individuals accountable when on judicial release conditions and acts as a deterrent to continued criminal activity.