First Nations Policing Program
Through the First Nations Policing Program (FNPP), Public Safety Canada provides funding to support policing services that are professional, dedicated and responsive to the First Nation and Inuit communities they serve. The Program operates in accordance with the First Nations Policing Policy, a national framework for the provision of policing services in First Nation and Inuit communities. Policing services are supported through tripartite policing agreements among the federal government, provincial or territorial governments, and First Nation or Inuit communities. The federal and provincial/territorial governments each provide funding for these agreements.
There are two main types of policing agreements under the FNPP:
- Self-administered Agreements, where a First Nation or Inuit community manages its own police service under provincial policing legislation and regulations; and
- Community Tripartite Agreements, where a dedicated contingent of officers from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police provides policing services to a First Nation or Inuit community.
In 2014-2015, the FNPP provided over $120 million in funding for:
- 186 policing agreements, policing a population of approximately 416,000 people; and
- 1299 police officers in 455 First Nation and Inuit communities.
A renewed approach to Indigenous policing
Much has changed in the policing world since the 1990s, but the First Nations Policing Policy has not been updated since 1996. Although the Program has had a measurable and positive impact in the First Nation and Inuit communities in which it operates, Indigenous communities continue to face higher crime rates than the rest of Canada, with unique socio-economic factors, such as poorer health outcomes and barriers to education.
“I want to listen very carefully to hear what you have to say and to benefit from the advice and the wisdom that you represent.”
-The Honourable Ralph Goodale, Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, speaking at the Assembly of First Nations’ Indigenous Public Safety and Policing Forum on March 30, 2016 in Regina, SK.
The Government of Canada is committed to building a nation-to-nation relationship with Indigenous Peoples, with the chance to reset this important relationship based on respect, cooperation and partnership. One of the ways in which the Government is seeking to reset this relationship is through a renewed approach to Indigenous policing. By engaging with Indigenous communities, policing services, academic experts and others with strong ties to Indigenous policing, Public Safety Canada will gather input on how to better address the public safety and policing needs of Indigenous communities across Canada.
How can I get involved?
Public Safety Canada officials are engaging stakeholders across Canada to get their input on the renewal of the approach to funding Indigenous policing. Through early fall 2016, we’ll be meeting with stakeholders through regional dialogue sessions, participating in events led by Indigenous organizations, and visiting Indigenous communities. Learn more about the engagement on Indigenous Policing, and send us your thoughts via email.
Indigenous Policing News Releases
Minister Goodale honours fallen police and peace officers
September 25, 2016
Minister Goodale offers condolences following the death of Officer Thierry Leroux in Lac-Simon, Quebec
February 15, 2016
Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on shootings in La Loche, Saskatchewan
January 22, 2016
- More Indigenous Policing News Releases
Indigenous Policing Publications and Reports
- A Renewed Approach to Policing in Indigenous Communities
- Illustrative Case Studies of First Nations Policing Program Models
- Research Summary: Illustrative Case Studies of First Nations Policing Program Models
- Collaborative Risk-Driven Intervention – A Study of Samson Cree Nation’s Application of the Hub Model
- Research Summary: Collaborative Risk-Driven Intervention - A Study of Samson Cree Nation's Application of the HUB Model
- More Indigenous Policing Publications and Reports
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