First Nations and Inuit Policing Program
Public Safety Canada funds policing services that are professional, dedicated and responsive to First Nation and Inuit communities. Through the First Nations and Inuit Policing Program (FNIPP), policing services are supported through tripartite policing agreements among the federal government, provincial or territorial governments, and First Nation or Inuit communities. The program is cost-shared 52%-48% with the provinces and territories.
There are two main types of policing agreements:
- Self-administered Police Service Agreements, where a First Nation or Inuit community manages its own police service under provincial policing legislation and regulations; and
- Community Tripartite Agreements, where a dedicated group of officers from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police provides policing services to a First Nation or Inuit community.
In 2019-2020, Public Safety Canada (PS) provided over $150 million through the program to support over 1,300 police officer positions in over 420 First Nation and Inuit communities in Canada.
First Nations and Inuit Policing Facilities Program
Public Safety Canada provides funding through the First Nations and Inuit Policing Facilities Program (FNIPFP), to support better policing infrastructure for the people who live and work in Indigenous communities. These investments support First Nation and Inuit communities to ensure their policing infrastructure meets building, policing facility, and health and safety standards.
All Canadians deserve properly-funded, culturally sensitive, and respectful police services. Through Budget 2021, the Government of Canada announced significant new investments to support culturally responsive policing in Indigenous communities. This new funding includes:
- $43.7 million over five years to co-develop a legislative framework for First Nations policing that recognizes First Nations policing as an essential service;
- $540.3 million over five years, and $126.8 million ongoing, to support Indigenous communities currently served through the FNIPP and expand the program; and
- $108.6 million over five years to repair, renovate, and replace policing facilities in First Nation and Inuit communities.
Moving forward, Public Safety Canada will continue to engage with Indigenous organizations and communities, as well as provincial and territorial governments, to ensure that Indigenous communities across the country benefit from professional, dedicated, and culturally responsive policing.
Indigenous Policing News
Minister Blair announces $1.5 million for Assembly of First Nations
December 9, 2020
Government of Canada is investing in safer First Nation and Inuit police facilities
November 15, 2018
$291.2 million to be invested in the safety and security of Indigenous communities
January 10, 2018
- More Indigenous Policing News Releases
Indigenous Policing Publications and Reports
- Joining The Circle - Identifying Key Ingredients for Effective Police Collaboration within Indigenous Communities
- Police Services and Inuit in Nunavik (Arctic Québec) Knowing each other better to help each other better
- Examining Police Policies and Practices in Mi’kma’ki – Pathways to Positive Policing Relationships
- Addressing Gendered Violence against Inuit Women: A review of police policies and practices in Inuit Nunangat
- Toward Peace, Harmony, and Well-Being: Policing in Indigenous Communities
- More Indigenous Policing Publications and Reports
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