First Nations and Inuit Policing Program
Public Safety Canada funds policing services that are professional, dedicated and responsive to First Nation and Inuit communities. Through the First Nations and Inuit Policing Program (FNIPP), policing services are supported through tripartite policing agreements among the federal government, provincial or territorial governments, and First Nation or Inuit communities. Costs under the FNIPP are shared with provinces and territories in accordance with a 52% federal and 48% provincial/territorial cost-share ratio.
There are two main types of policing agreements:
- Self-administered Police Service Agreements, where a First Nation or Inuit community manages its own police service under provincial policing legislation and regulations; and
- Community Tripartite Agreements, where a dedicated group of officers from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police provides policing services to a First Nation or Inuit community.
Funding and Reforms
In 2019-2020, Public Safety Canada (PS) provided over $150 million under the FNIPP to support over 1,350 police officer positions in over 425 First Nation and Inuit communities in Canada.
All Canadians have a right to receive well-funded, culturally responsive, and respectful police services. Through Budget 2021, the Government of Canada announced significant new investments to support culturally responsive policing in Indigenous communities. This new funding includes $540.3 million over five years, beginning in 2021-22, and $126.8 million ongoing, to support First Nations and Inuit communities currently served under the FNIPP and expand the program to new First Nations and Inuit communities.
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