Publications and Reports

 TitleDescriptionDate
Research Summary - An Overview of Resource Allocation Models in a Selection of Large Canadian Police Services An examination of several police staffing models that are being applied across the country. 2017-11-03
2016-2017 Evaluation of the National Flagging System Program The National Flagging System is a database as well as a network of provincial/territorial coordinators responsible for identifying high-risk offenders for flagging purposes. The evaluation examined the relevance (continued need and alignment with the federal government's roles, responsibilities and priorities) and performance (progress towards achievement of intended outcomes, efficiency and economy) of the National Flagging System over the period of 2012-13 to 2016-17. 2017-09-21
Summary of the 2016-2017 Evaluation of the National Flagging System Program (NFS) The National Flagging System is a database as well as a network of provincial/territorial coordinators responsible for identifying high-risk offenders for flagging purposes. The evaluation examined the relevance (continued need and alignment with the federal government's roles, responsibilities and priorities) and performance (progress towards achievement of intended outcomes, efficiency and economy) of the National Flagging System over the period of 2012-13 to 2016-17. 2017-09-21
2016 Annual Report On The RCMP's Use Of The Law Enforcement Justification Provisions This report addresses the RCMP's use of specific portions of the law enforcement justification provisions from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016, and only includes information the disclosure of which would not compromise or hinder an ongoing investigation of an offence under an Act of Parliament.Note 2017-06-21
Measuring Illicit Cannabis Seizures in Canada The objective of this project is to examine the current methods of measuring the metric of cannabis seizures with particular attention paid to the way seizure information is recorded by law enforcement as well as to discuss the potential improvements to the way we currently measure the metric of cannabis seizures. 2017-06-13
Research Summary - Measuring Illicit Cannabis Seizures in Canada The objective of this project is to examine the current methods of measuring the metric of cannabis seizures with particular attention paid to the way seizure information is recorded by law enforcement as well as to discuss the potential improvements to the way we currently measure the metric of cannabis seizures. 2017-06-13
The Price of Cannabis in Canada The current report provides estimates of: 1) cannabis prices from 2011 to 2015; and 2) the price elasticity of cannabis demand in Canada. 2017-06-13
Research Summary - Price of Cannabis in Canada The current report provides estimates of: 1) cannabis prices from 2011 to 2015; and 2) the price elasticity of cannabis demand in Canada. 2017-06-13
Final Report on the Oral Fluid Drug Screening Device Pilot Project As a result of the Government of Canada commitment to legalize and restrict access to cannabis as well as increased concerns over road safety due to drug-impaired driving, Public Safety Canada and the RCMP, in collaboration with the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators, undertook a pilot project with law enforcement from across Canada to test the use of oral fluid drug screening devices as tools to enhance the enforcement of drug-impaired driving. 2017-06-06
Research Summary: Civilianization of Police in Canada The objectives of this study are to empirically assess and discuss financial benefits and costs in terms of savings achieved (or not achieved); non-economic benefits and/or costs of civilianization in police organizations; and challenges, including those related to crime reduction and prevention and other forms of productivity; organizational cohesion; job satisfaction; labour relations; collective agreements; and morale associated with the civilianization process in various police services. While civilianization may result in limiting budget increases, the overall cost of policing may not be reduced. 2017-04-07
The Civilianization of Police in Canada The objectives of this study are to empirically assess and discuss financial benefits and costs in terms of savings achieved (or not achieved); non-economic benefits and/or costs of civilianization in police organizations; and challenges, including those related to crime reduction and prevention and other forms of productivity; organizational cohesion; job satisfaction; labour relations; collective agreements; and morale associated with the civilianization process in various police services. While civilianization may result in limiting budget increases, the overall cost of policing may not be reduced. 2017-04-07
Illustrative Case Studies of First Nations Policing Program Models The purpose of this research is to provide an in-depth exploration of the two primary policing models supported by the First Nations Policing Program (FNPP): Community Tripartite Agreements (CTAs) and Self-Administered (SA) agreements. 2016-12-09
Research Summary: Illustrative Case Studies of First Nations Policing Program Models The purpose of this research is to provide an in-depth exploration of the two primary policing models supported by the First Nations Policing Program (FNPP): Community Tripartite Agreements (CTAs) and Self-Administered (SA) agreements. 2016-12-09
Measuring the Performance of the Police: The Perspective of the Public Some key police performance metrics must be gathered through public opinion surveys. Little reliable information of this type is currently collected. Improving the validity and frequency of collected data would enhance police performance measurement. 2016-11-18
Research Summary: Use of Private Security for Policing This study examines the intersections between private security and public policing, with an emphasis on those functions that private security are now performing that have traditionally been performed by the public police, as well as cooperative efforts between public police and private security. 2016-10-17
The Use of Private Security Services for Policing This paper examines the intersections between private security and public policing, with an emphasis on those functions that private security are now performing that have traditionally been performed by the public police, as well as cooperative efforts between public police and private security. 2016-10-17
Research Summary: Cannabis Policy Performance Metrics The objective of this project is to itemize and discuss the main performance metrics suggested for the assessment of cannabis policy regimes. The intent is to discuss the various performance metrics that currently exist, as well as others that may need to be considered in advance, and upon implementation of, a new cannabis policy regime in Canada. 2016-09-27
Cannabis Performance Metrics for Policy Consideration – What Do We Need to Measure? The objective of this project is to itemize and discuss the main performance metrics suggested for the assessment of cannabis policy regimes. The intent is to discuss the various performance metrics that currently exist, as well as others that may need to be considered in advance, and upon implementation of, a new cannabis policy regime in Canada. 2016-09-27
Police Performance Metrics - Research Brief no. 31 Some key police performance metrics must be gathered through public opinion surveys. Little reliable information of this type is currently collected. Improving the validity and frequency of collected data would enhance police performance measurement. 2016-08-26
A Better Estimation of Police Costs by Offence Types The economics of policing and cost of crime remain important issues in Canada, yet much of it is done at an aggregated, macro-level, disallowing more granular estimates. 2016-06-20
Research Summary: Exploring How to Calculate Police Expenditures by Offence Determining costs-of-service trends is a critical concern for law enforcement agencies. It continues to be a constant challenge in Canadian society to balance the rising cost of police services while law enforcement agencies struggle with budget cuts. 2016-06-20
Improving Police Efficiency – Challenges and Opportunities This report identified inefficiencies in police interactions with the criminal justice system by conducting interviews with police officers, civilian police officials, Crown, and senior justice officials. 2016-06-20
Research Summary: Improving Police Efficiency The police experience inefficiencies when interacting with prosecution, defense and the courts. Most sources of inefficiency are amenable to mutually developed solutions. 2016-06-20
2015 Annual Report On The RCMP's Use Of The Law Enforcement Justification Provisions This report addresses the RCMP's use of specific portions of the law enforcement justification provisions from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015, and only includes information the disclosure of which would not compromise or hinder an ongoing investigation of an offence under an Act of Parliament.Note 2016-06-16
Lifecycle of First Nation Administered Police Services in Canada Canada's First Nations Administered (FNA) police services have a unique history, a distinctive mandate and structure, and play a complex role in policing First Nation communities. 2016-05-20
Lifecycle of First Nation Administered Police Services in Canada The inception of the First Nations Policing Program in 1992 led to the creation of 58 new First Nation Administered (FNA) police services: 20 of these agencies have subsequently disbanded. 2016-05-20
2015 Summit on the Economics of Policing and Community Safety This report records the proceedings and outcomes of the Summit on the Economics of Policing and Community Safety: Innovation and Partnerships, which took place on March 2-4, 2015, in Ottawa, Canada. 2016-04-18
Economics of Policing and Community Safety - Policy Makers' Dialogue on Privacy and Information Sharing - Workshop Report In October 2014, Federal, Provincial and Territorial Ministers Responsible for Justice and Public Safety approved the Economics of Policing and Community Safety Shared Forward Agenda, a strategy for the future of policing in Canada. 2016-01-08
Research summary: Collection and Analysis of Data on the Use of Force Use of force by the police is rare. Knowing when and why it happens is important to minimize injuries. 2015-05-22
Research Summary: A Literature Review on the Amalgamation of Police Services in Canada There is a trend towards amalgamating police services. Medium-sized police services appear to be particularly effective. 2015-05-15
A Literature Review on the Amalgamation of Police Services in Canada Despite claims and popular assumptions surrounding police regionalization, the studies reviewed demonstrated that large regional police services are not particularly more effective or efficient than medium-sized non-regional services. 2015-05-15
2014 National Policing Research Symposium: Outcomes Report Canadian police services are facing a range of challenges and opportunities. The cost of policing ($13.5 billion in 2013) continues to rise yearly despite a steady drop in reported crime. 2014-09-26
Economics of Policing: Baseline for Policing Research in Canada The increasing complexity of the issues surrounding the delivery of police services requires that policy-makers, operational personnel and funding bodies be informed by evidence-based research. This is optimized when there is: funding for police research; police services have the capacity to conduct analyses on all phases of their operations; there are collaborative relationships between the police and academia; and structures exist to facilitate the dissemination of research findings to a wide audience. 2014-07-17
Economics of Policing: Summary Report of the Police Education and Learning Summit On September 17 and 18, 2013, the Economics of Policing: Police Education and Learning Summit brought together, in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, more than one hundred representatives from approximately thirty Canadian police services, the three national police associations, federal and provincial representatives, as well as academic organizations to examine efficiencies in police training. Co-hosted by Public Safety Canada and the Canadian Police Knowledge Network (CPKN), this event was structured around the broader 'economics of policing' dialogue while specifically focussing on issues related to police training. 2014-01-17
Trends in Indigenous Policing Models: An International Comparison The report reviews Indigenous policing models in Canada, the United States, Australia and New Zealand 2013-12-20
Canadian Police Board Views on the Use of Police Performance Metrics Cost-of-service trends are a major concern for the Canadian policing community and the public sector in general. In calendar year 2011 alone, total operating expenditures for Canadian local policing was roughly $12.9 billion. In response, innovative Canadian police services have begun to adopt a new management paradigm focusing on the use of performance indicators to help to: 1) rethink what services are of highest priority; 2) generate improved outcomes; and 3) better control service delivery costs. 2013-11-18
Police Performance Metrics - Research Brief no. 31 Few police services publicly demonstrate that they apply performance measurement principles in a sophisticated way. Police service board members have indicated little understanding of how to apply performance metrics in decision making. Performance measurement in policing is improving. 2013-11-18
Guidelines for a Community Consultative Group These guidelines have been designed to help volunteers from First Nation and Inuit communities participate in and contribute to the delivery of dedicated and culturally responsive police services in communities across Canada. 2013-07-31
Summit on the Economics of Policing - Summit Report On January 16-17, 2013, the Minister of Public Safety, on behalf of all Federal, Provincial and Territorial (FPT) Ministers Responsible for Justice and Public Safety, hosted the Summit on the Economics of Policing in Ottawa, Canada. This report provides a record of the proceedings, highlights key insights and observations, and outlines the proposed framework for policing in Canada. 2013-06-06
ARCHIVE - Delivering Change The RCMP Reform Implementation Council Fourth Report RCMP reform is now entering its second phase. The RCMP's focus on the specific recommendations of the 2007 Task Force on Governance and Cultural Change in the RCMP is now giving way to a new approach of promoting continuous change throughout the Force. 2010-03-01
Aboriginal Policing Update 2008 Aboriginal Policing Update 2008 2009-02-17
International Comparison of Indigenous Policing Models This paper provides a brief review of current policing programs and initiatives relating to Indigenous peoples in Canada, the United States, Australia and New Zealand. 2008-01-23
Aboriginal Policing Update 2007 - Volume 1, No 1 Aboriginal Policing Update 2007 - Volume 1, No 1 2007-02-27
Date modified: