Examination in All Modes

Date: March 1, 2022
Study : Gun Control                                                                                                                                
Classification: Unclassified
Branch / Agency: CBSA

The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) uses Advance Commercial Information (ACI) in all modes to assess the risks associated with commercial conveyances and cargo bound for Canada. The CBSA uses a comprehensive approach to ensure that all carriers, including rail carriers, meet all requirements when submitting ACI data.

The CBSA screens goods coming into Canada and closely examines shipments that may pose a threat to the safety of Canadians. To determine which goods may warrant a closer inspection, CBSA Officers look for signs of deception and use intelligence and a risk-management approach.

CBSA Officers are highly trained in examination techniques to analyze risk and intercept prohibited goods from entering Canada. Officers use detection tools such as X-ray machines, ion mobility spectrometers, and detector dogs to expedite the examinations and identify non-compliance. Current examination policy states that when there are reasonable grounds to suspect that goods or conveyances are a threat to national security, an examination must be conducted at the First Point Of Arrival (FPOA).

When a target requiring further examination is identified, there are many factors which prevent CBSA officers from performing examinations at the first point of arrival. For example, in rail mode, [Redacted]:

Where examinations cannot be carried out at the FPOA, the train has to move to the first subsequent point along the line where the CBSA can safely interdict and perform a proper examination (also known as First Point of Operational Intervention). [Redacted]


Examinations of commercial shipments for trade (called “release examinations”) in all modes are carried out at their final destination and not at the First Point of Arrival.


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