Former Bill C–21

Date: March 1, 2022
Classification: Unclassified
Branch / Agency: CPB

Proposed Response:


An Act to amend certain Acts and to make certain consequential amendments (firearms) (Former Bill C-21) was introduced in Parliament on February 16, 2021. The former Bill attained Second Reading before the 2021 general election was called, and died on the Order Paper. It was a comprehensive package to combat firearms crime and establish the legal framework to complete the prohibition of assault-style firearms. The former Bill contained measures across seven main pillars.

Helping reduce firearms-related deaths in cases of family violence and self-harm

The former bill contained three distinct measures to limit access to firearms by those who pose a risk of harm to themselves or others:

Targeting criminal use and diversion of firearms to the illicit market

Establishing new firearms-related offences and strengthened penalties

Strengthen border controls to combat firearms smuggling, trafficking and other offences

Support municipalities that wish to further restrict handguns

Establish conditions for retention of newly-prohibited firearms

The former Bill would have created a lawful compliance option for those who preferred not to surrender their firearms: new grounds for non-permissive storage of prohibited firearms. However, the Government’s platform commitment noted an intent to make buyback mandatory.

Technical amendments

The former Bill would have revised authorities of certain federal entities:

Date modified: