Avenues for Victims of Child Sexual Exploitation Online

Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Fully releasable: Yes
Branch / Agency: CSCCB/LESBS/SOC


Discuss avenues for victims of child sexual exploitation online.

Proposed Response:


Online child sexual exploitation is one of the digital age’s most pressing safety issues that continues to increase in terms of scope, reach and impacts. The sexual exploitation of children is a heinous crime and is a serious concern for the Government, law enforcement agencies and partners in other orders of government and internationally.

RCMP National Child Exploitation Crime Centre

The National Child Exploitation Crime Centre (NCECC) has been in operation since 2004, and is the national law enforcement arm of the National Strategy for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation on the Internet. The NCECC is the central point of contact for investigations related to the online sexual exploitation of children across the country and internationally when the victim or offender is Canadian.

More specifically, the Mandate of the NCECC is to :

Criminal Code Offences

The Criminal Code provides a comprehensive range of offences relating to online child sexual exploitation, and it is possible for an Internet service located in Canada to be charged criminally if they are making child pornography available or distributing it. Any possible charges would be the result of an investigation and an assessment of the available evidence. The RCMP works with the criminal justice community to determine whether charges would be pursued and to bring offenders to justice.

The Criminal Code also authorizes courts to order the removal of specific material, for example a voyeuristic recording, an intimate image, and child pornography that is stored on and made available through a computer system in Canada.

Companies also have reporting and notification obligations under the Mandatory Reporting Act. Companies that knowingly have child sexual exploitation material on their servers must inform law enforcement and provide the secured evidence. They can be charged for non-compliance with the Mandatory Reporting Act.

Canadian Centre for Child Protection

The Canadian Centre for Child Protection (C3P) is a not-for-profit organization responsible for operating Cybertip.ca, the national tip line. C3P receives $2.76 million per year (representing 76% of total project funding) from Public Safety Canada. This funding supports the operation of Cybertip.ca, the national tip-line where Canadians can report suspected cases of online child sexual exploitation, as well as $857k per year for Project Arachnid, a web-crawling tool to identify child sexual abuse material online.

Funding also supports other C3P activities such as the production and dissemination of awareness and education materials and support to victims and survivors. For example, C3P manages NeedHelpNow.ca, a website that provides guidance to youth negatively impacted by non-consensual sharing of intimate images by: helping them navigate the process to request the removal of material; providing information on applicable laws in Canada; supporting them through any resulting cyberbullying; and helping them to seek emotional support.


Prepared by: Mathilde Brière-Audet, Senior Policy Advisor, 613-302-3277,
Approved by: Talal Dakalbab, Assistant Deputy Minister, Community Safety and Countering Crime Branch, 613-852-1167

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