Land Border Hotels

Date: March 10, 2021
Classification: Unclassified
Fully releasable (ATIP)? Yes
Branch / Agency: CBSA

Proposed response:


The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) designed and developed the requirement for travellers to remain at a government approved accommodation for up to three nights, or until the traveller received a negative COVID-19 molecular test result.

When developing the program, PHAC was focused on implementing the measures in air mode given the potential for exposure in general as well as due to the risk that related variants may pose.

When the regime was in development, there were discussions related to the implementation of a government approved accommodation program in land mode, however, given the unique considerations of the land mode, including the number of ports of entry as well as infrastructure in the proximity of the border, implementing a similar regime was found to not be sustainable or possible in the short term.

Further, in land mode, approximately 7% of travellers are subject to the requirement to quarantine, compared to 91% of travellers in air mode.

Finally, the existing infrastructure related to designated quarantine facilities is extremely limited.

Of the 24 land POEs where PHAC has a presence, 7 have a designated quarantine facility (DQF) within ~100km and 17 do not currently have a DQF within ~100km. In order to ensure a DQF is located within ~100km of one of the 24 POEs, PHAC would need to designate DQFs in 13 additional cities.

Of all land POEs, 20 have a DQF within ~100km and 95 do not currently have a DQF within ~100km. In order to ensure a DQF is located within ~100km of a POE, PHAC would need to designate DQFs in 30 additional cities.


Approved by: Denis Vinette, Vice-President, Travellers Branch

Date modified: