Arrest Without Warrant: Handbook for Front-line Peace Officers 2013

(PDF 170 KB)

Table of Contents

Introduction

This instructive handbook is an initiative of Public Safety Canada and the National Joint Committee of Senior Criminal Justice Officials (NJC) in response to newly introduced amendments to the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (CCRA) brought about by the Safe Streets and Communities Act. As one of the most significant criminal justice organizations in Canada, the NJC establishes and maintains efficient and effective mechanisms of communication and consultation between the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Correctional Service of Canada (CSC), Parole Board of Canada (PBC), Canadian Association of Crown Counsel, and any other agency engaged with Canada's criminal justice system. This handbook was produced for use in Canada, across all federal and provincial jurisdictions.

Purpose

Effective June 13, 2012, Clause 92 of Bill C-10 adds the new section 137.1 to the CCRA allowing any peace officer to arrest without warrant an offender who is believed to have committed a breach or is found to be committing a breach of condition of his or her parole, statutory release or unescorted temporary absence. This handbook is intended as a rapid reference resource to instruct police, parolees, and the public on the background, application, and implications of s. 137.1 of the CCRA. This handbook does not deal with offenders under the Youth Criminal Justice Act and is not applicable to offenders subject to a Long Term Supervision Order (LTSO).

The importance of information sharing between police, corrections, and parole authorities is underscored. Effective communication between arresting police, corrections, and parole authorities facilitates the sharing of offender information integral to offender management, and thus public safety.

Background

Prior to 2012 amendments, the law allowed arrest under s. 137(2) of the CCRA if an officer believed, on reasonable grounds, that a warrant issued pursuant to the CCRA (sections 11.1, 18, 118, 135, 135.1 or 136) was already in force. The provision appeared to be a warrantless arrest power, but required belief a warrant existed. Hence, this section permitted arrest on the basis of an existing warrant without warrant in hand.

September 2011, the federal government introduced Bill C-10, the Safe Streets and Communities Act. Recent amendments to the Corrections and Conditional Release Act proposed in Bill C-10 are designed to tighten the rules governing conditional release and increase offenders' accountability (that is, federal offenders sentenced to two years or more). Clause 92 of the Bill seeks to increase public safety by authorizing a peace officer to arrest- without warrant- an offender found breaching the conditions of his or her parole, statutory release, or unescorted temporary absence (conditional release). The new provision (s.137.1 CCRA) came into force June 13, 2012.

**It is important to note that the legislation is a new police authority. It must be noted that a breach of conditional release is NOT a criminal offence. Therefore, the law enforcement powers for arrest contained in s.495 Criminal Code of Canada do NOT apply. Your power of arrest for “Arrest WithoutWarrant” is contained in s.137.1 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act. Yourobligation with respect to the warning under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms still applies.

Section 137.1 CCRA A peace officer may arrest without warrant an offender who has committed a breach of a condition of their parole, statutory release or unescorted temporary absence, or whom the peace officer finds committing such a breach, unless the peace officer:
(a) believes on reasonable grounds that the public interest may be satisfied without arresting the person, having regard to all the circumstances including the need to
(i) establish the identity of the person, or
(ii) prevent the continuation or repetition of the breach; and
(b) does not believe on reasonable grounds that the person will fail to report to their
parole supervisor in order to be dealt with according to law if the peace officer does
not arrest the person

Application of s. 137.1: Contact with an Offender on Conditional Release and Communication with the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC)

Step by Step Guide
Image Description

Diagram #1 : Application of s. 137.1: Contact with an Offender on Conditional Release and Communication with the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC)

Step by Step Guide

1) Officer comes in contact with a known offender believed to have committed a breach or who is committing a breach of conditions

2) Officer ASKS to see the offender's ID Card and Release Certificate (RC) or UTA Certificate.  

After Step 2 step choose 3A or 3B (depending on the circumstance)

3A) Offender produces ID Card and Certificates. Officer CHECKS documents against CPIC/OMS information available.

After Step 3A choose 4A or 4B (depending on the circumstance)

3B) Offender does not produce ID Card and/or Certificates. Officer therefore cannot CHECK: offender has breached a standard condition.

After Step 3B go to 4C

4A)Breach confirmed. Officer has grounds to believe offender poses a threat to public safety and/or is unlikely to report to parole authority or residence.

ACT: Arrest Without Warrant under s. 137.1 and take to detachment.

CALL: Parole Supervisor listed (during office hours) or National Monitoring Centre (after hours) to report on contact, clarify conditions, and be advised how to proceed (i.e. warrant will be issued or warrant will not be issued).

4B) Breach confirmed, but officer believes offender actions do not pose a threat to public safety and/or believes offender will report to parole authority or residence.

ACT : Do NOT Arrest.

CALL: Parole Supervisor listed (during office hours) or National Monitoring Centre (after hours) to report on contact, clarify conditions, and be advised how to proceed (i.e. warrant will be issued or warrant will not be issued).

4C)

ACT: Officer must use discretion and decide to take offender to detachment or hold at current location while ID and conditions confirmed.

CALL: Parole Supervisor (during office hours) or National Monitoring Centre (after hours) to confirm identification and conditions, and report on contact. Releasing Authority will issue warrant or advise release.

Final Step:  DOCUMENT any and all contact with offender regardless of outcome.

As illustrated, the legislation does not deal with the commission of a criminal offence, but rather is aimed at specifying  the power of arrest by a peace officer in response to a breach of conditional release. Obtaining a warrant becomes secondary when a peace officer witnesses a breach; an officer would first determine an arrest is necessary and in a second phase find out more from CSC as to whether or not a warrant would be issued. Discretion is of the utmost importance. Take, for example, the scenario of Const. Smith street checking Parolee X.

Example Scenario
Image Description

Diagram #2 : Example Scenario

1) 11:35pm Const. Smith is on patrol of a residential area recently wrought by break-ins. Smith sees two males hanging out in the area; one is carrying a duffle bag.

2) During the check, one of the two males is found to be a parolee. SmithASKSto see Parolee X's ID Card and Release Certificate (RC).

After step 2 choose 3A or 3B (depending on the circumstance)

3A) Parolee X produces ID Card and RC;Const. Smith smells liquor on X's breath and spots a half empty mickey of Johnny Walker inside X's open bag.SmithCHECKSdocuments againstCPIC/OMS information.

After step 3A choose 4A or 4B (depending on the circumstance)

3B) Parolee X does not have ID Card or RC with him.

After step 3B go to step 4C

4A) Special Conditions on RC list the following conditions:

  • 11pm curfew for return to supervisory residence
  • Abstain from alcohol

DECISION: Parolee X is in breach of at least two of his conditions. May arrest using authority provided by137.1 CCRA; Smith considers public safety given available information.
ACT: Const. Smith arrests X.
CALL: Smith calls the National Monitoring Centre and advises of the arrest; NMC issues a warrant in about 30 minutes. Parolee X is taken to city cells for 2 days, then transferred to pre-trial. Parole Officer speaks to arresting officer; PO makes contact with Parolee X within 30 days and determines course of action.

4B) Breaches confirmed, but officer believes offender actions donotpose a threat to public safety and believes that Parolee will immediately leave the area and report directly to supervisory residence.
ACT: Const. Smith decides NOT to arrest X.
CALL: Const. Smith contacts the National Monitoring Centre to advise of the contact and provide information regarding the breaches observed and promise to immediately report to residence. Parole decides if warrant will be issued or how Parolee X will be otherwise dealt with.

4C) Parolee X has breached the General Condition for all parolees to carry ID Card and RC. Const. Smith runs the name X gives him through CPIC/OMS and finds Special Conditions on RC list the following conditions:

  • 11pm curfew for return to supervisory residence
  • Abstain from alcohol

ACT:Const. Smith arrests X.
CALL:National Monitoring Centre confirms identification and conditions. NMC notes that Parolee X has a memory problem and forgets RC and ID frequently. X is low risk to reoffend andincarceration not recommended. NMC says thank you to Const. Smith, and asks that Parolee X be released with promise to immediately return to residence. X has scheduled meeting with PO the following day and will be dealt with then. PO speaks to Const. Smith to clarify particulars of the contact.

Final Step: Smith DOCUMENTS contact with Parolee X regardless of outcome in a General Occurrence Report (GO).

Issues

While s. 137.1 provides police with a new arrest authority, some questions and concerns do arise. As highlighted below, the new power to arrest without warrant does not negate the always present need for discretion and informed decision making. 

  1. Offender management is an important part of the justice process. The absence of documentation when police arrest without warrant or use their discretion to not arrest could have implications for offender management.

    • Solution: Communicate with a Parole Authority (Parole Officer or National Monitoring Centre) after all contact with an offender.

      AND

    • Solution: Document all contact with an offender in a General Occurrence Report (GO).

  2. Using the new arrest without warrant authority could place added pressure on law enforcement and CSC resources.

    • Solution: Apply the appropriate level of discretion when deciding to use the arrest authority provided by 137.1 CCRA.

    • Solution: When guidance is required, make a curbside call to the Parole Officer or National Monitoring Centre to ask for instructions.

  3. There is a lack of clarity regarding the acceptable time delay between the execution of the arrest and contact with CSC.

    • Solution: After arrest, call the parole office or National Monitoring Centre (after office hours and on weekends) as soon as practicable to determine if a warrant will be issued.

    • Solution: Make the decision to a.) Call the Parole Officer or National Monitoring Centre curbside; or b.) Arrest the offender and call Parole Officer or National Monitoring Centre after the offender is taken to the cells.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does a peace officer have to arrest an offender who has breached conditions?

If an arrest is made under the new legislation, who must the peace officer contact?

Is a warrant still required?

Under what circumstance will CSC issue a Suspension Warrant?

What is the outcome of the Suspension Warrant?

If a peace officer decides not to arrest an offender found breaching conditions of release, are they required to do anything else?

What is the process for suspension and revocation?

What is the difference between a breach of conditions and a new crime?

Parole Officers and the Police-Parole Partnership

What is the role of a Parole Officer?

How do Parole Officers respond to breaches?

The relationship between police and parole

Offender Information and Management Systems

The Corrections and Conditional Release Act requires CSC to share information with police services on offenders who are released under conditions in their communities or on those who are unlawfully at large in Canada. Since 2001, information sharing activities have been a priority of CSC. They continually strive to improve information sharing with external partners throughout Canada's criminal justice system.

CSC Secure Email Services Parole offices in Newfoundland and Labrador, and Nova Scotia may exchange information using CSC's secure email service.

Federal Offender Management System (OMS) Access to OMS data via CPIC is designed to ensure that organizations only receive relevant information needed to perform their duties, and to which they are entitled by law. OMS is used by CSC, the PBC, and other criminal justice partners, to manage information on federal offenders. An OMS inmate hit will contain information on a person who is a federal offender, held in a federal penal institution or who has been released from such an institution.The computerized system gathers, stores, and retrieves information required for tracking offenders and making informed decisions concerning their cases. In provinces without their own parole boards, provincial offender information is also stored in OMS. BC, Yukon, Saskatchewan, Quebec, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador correctional services have access to a dedicated OMS menu. Except for Ontario, those listed provide CSC with access to their provincial/territorial offender management systems. Consultations for access continue with the remaining provinces and territories. An OMS query should be conducted if you have conducted a CPIC query and receive a hit indicating the person has a status of INMATE as there have been instances where persons with a status of INMATE have been caught breaching conditions that were not added to CPIC. To access the federal OMS: Login to CPIC to access OMS program. Some police agencies will need to contact a CPIC operator directly to obtain access to OMS

Information for Police (InfoPol) InfoPol contains a sub-set of offender information extracted from OMS. InfoPol is a user-friendly way for police agencies across Canada to electronically access data about offenders supervised by Correctional Service of Canada. To gain access to InfoPol please contact your Regional Connectivity Team.

Canadian Police Information Centre (CPIC) Offenders on all forms of parole, statutory release, LTSOs and UTA certificates are entered on CPIC. Most provincial community supervision orders are also entered onto CPIC. CPIC is a national repository of police information that amounts to a vital shared resource, across jurisdictions, within Canadian law enforcement. It provides query capabilities to other indexed date repositories of administrative law enforcement systems such as OMS and is responsible for the delivery and sharing of national police, law enforcement, criminal justice, and public safety information. Operated by the RCMP, CPIC's five service areas include Program Support, NPS Net Access (including the CPIC system), Field Services, Program Policy, and the Police Information and Public Safety Portals. The information that is retrieved on CPIC is not complete; it may be necessary to check on the "Offender Management System" (OMS) component of CPIC to get complete details when a hit indicates the person has a status of INMATE.

Conducting Offender Queries on OMS via CPIC

  1. Query a subject's name (QPers CPIC query).
    1. The mocked up results list parolee conditions at the end of the entry.
    2. Because the information that is retrieved on CPIC is not complete it may be necessary to check on the "Offender Management System" (OMS) component of CPIC to get complete details.
  2. When a hit indicates the person has a status of  ** INMATE** check on the "Offender Management System" (OMS) component of CPIC to get complete details. There have been instances where persons with a status of INMATE have been caught breaching conditions that were not added to CPIC.

For Questions pertaining to any information sharing initiative, please contact your appropriate Regional Connectivity Team:

Regional Connectivity Team

Region

Provinces / Territores

Telephone Number

Atlantic

Newfoundland & Labrador New Brunswick Nova Scotia Prince Edward Island

1-800-499-3829

Quebec

Quebec

1-800-622-3484

Ontario

Ontario Nunavut

1-866-454-0007

Prairies

Manitoba Saskatchewan Alberta Northwest Territories

1-800-755-5295

Pacific

British Columbia Yukon

1-888-702-2593

Parole Contact Numbers

National Monitoring Centre (24 Hour Line): 1-866-400-3765

Listing of Parole Offices by Region (Office hours)

Atlantic Region Offices

Phone Number

Fax Number

Atlantic District
Montcon, NB

(506) 851-2844
(506) 851-2990

(506) 851-3305

Edmundston Parole Office
Edmunston, NB

(506) 739-0257

(506) 739-0243

New Brunswick/ PEI Area Office
Moncton, NB

(506) 851-3038

(506) 851-2057

Bathurst Parole Office
Bathurst, NB

(506) 548-7751

(506) 548-7396

Charlottetown Parole Office
Charlottetown, PEI

(902) 566-7177

(902) 566-7545

Edmundston Parole Sub-Office for Bathurst
Edmunston, NB

(506) 739-0257

(506) 739-0243

Fredericton Parole Office
Fredericton, NB

(506) 452-3275

(506) 452-2487

Moncton Parole Office
Moncton, NB

(506) 851-6350

(506) 851-2057

Saint John Parole Office
Saint John, NB

(506) 636-4795

(506) 636-4870

Parrtown CCC
Saint John, NB

(506) 636-4764

(506) 636-4823

Nova Scotia Area Office
Halifax, NS

(902) 426-3408

(902) 426-6579

Halifax Parole Office
Halifax, NS

(902) 426-3408

(902) 426-8000

Kentville Parole Office
Kentville, NS

(902) 679-5311

(902) 678-0797

Yarmouth Parole Sub-Office for Kentville
Yarmouth, NS

(902) 742-6898

(902) 742-5208

Annapolis-Digby Parole Sub-Office for Kentville
Granville Ferry, NS

(902) 532-2036

(902) 532-0923

Dartmouth Parole Office
Dartmouth, NS

(902) 426-4005

(902) 426-6381

Truro Parole Office
Truro, NS

(902) 893-6760

(902) 893-4961

Sydney Parole Office
Sydney, NS

(902) 564-7300

(902) 564-2742

Carlton CCC
Halifax, NS

(902) 426-2601

(902) 426-5816

Carlton Centre Annex
Halifax, NS

(902) 426-2537

(902) 426-6576

Newfoundland Area Office
St. John's, NL

(709) 772-5359

(709) 772-6415

St. John's Parole Office
St. John's, NL

(709) 772-5359

(709) 772-6415

Grand Falls-Windsor Parole Sub-Office
St. John's, NL

(709) 489-5124

(709) 489-9715

Corner Brook Parole Office
Corner Brook, NL

(709) 637-4288

(709) 637-4384

Labrador Parole Sub-Office for Corner Brook
Happy Valley Goose Bay, NL

(709) 896-5288

(709) 896-5423

Stephenville Parole Office
Stephenville, NL

(709) 643-8200

(709) 643-8202

Newfoundland & Labrador CCC
St. John's, NL

(709) 772-0656

(709) 772-6415

Pacific Region Offices

Phone Number

Fax Number

Pacific RHQ
Abbotsford, BC

(604) 870-2500

(604) 870-2430

Pacific District Office
Abbotsford, BC

(604) 870-2400

(604) 870-2402

Fraser Valley Area Office
Abbotsford, BC

(604) 870-2730

(604) 870-2731

Abbotsford Parole Office
Abbotsford, BC

(604) 870-2730

(604) 870-2731

Surrey Parole Office
Surrey, BC

(778) 593-2100

(778) 593-2108

Maple Ridge Parole
Maple Ridge, BC

(604) 460-4050

(604) 460-4057

Chilliwack Parole
Chilliwack, BC

(604) 702-2255

(604) 702-4282

Chilliwack CCC
Chilliwack, BC

(604) 702-4280

(604) 702-4276

Northern/ Interior Area Office
Kelowna, BC

(250) 470-5166

(250) 470-5173

Kamloops Parole Office
Kamloops, BC

(250) 851-4800

(250) 851-4809

Kelowna Parole Office
Kelowna, BC

(250) 470-5166

(250) 470-5173

Vernon Parole Office
Vernon, BC

(250) 260-5000

(250) 260-5002

Prince George Parole Office
Prince George, BC

(250) 561-5314

(250) 561-5537

Vancouver Area Parole Office
Vancouver, BC

(604) 666-8004

(604) 666-2000

New Westminster Parole Office
New Westminster, BC

(604) 666-3731

(604) 666-0161

Vancouver Island Area Office
Nanaimo, BC

(250) 754-0264

(250) 754-0266

Nanaimo Parole Office
Nanaimo, BC

(250) 754-0264

(250) 754-0266

Victoria Parole Office
Victoria, BC

(250) 363-3267

(250) 363-3260

Courtenay Parole Sub-Office for Nanaimo
Courtenay, BC

(250) 338-2902

(250) 338-2761

Yukon Territory Sub-Office of Vancouver CC
Whitehorse, Yukon

(867) 667-3586

(876)667-3446

Prairie Region

Phone Number

Fax Number

Manitoba/Sask./NW Ontario District

Manitoba/Sask./NW Ontario District
Winnipeg, MB

(204) 983-6044

(204) 984-8500

Winnipeg Urban Area Office and Parole Office
Winnipeg, MB

(204) 983-4306

(204) 983-5869

Winnipeg Rural Area Office
Brandon, MB

(204) 726-7599

(204) 726-7844

Brandon Parole Office
Brandon, MB

(204) 726-7597

(204) 726-7639

Thompson Parole Office
Thompson, MB

(204) 677-7149

(204) 778-3328

Thunder Bay Parole Office
Thunder Bay, ON

(807) 683-4490

(807 )345-4557

Osborne CCC
Winnipeg, MB

(204) 983-2315

(204) 983-1591

North Central Saskatchewan Area Office
Saskatoon, SK

(306) 975-4070

(306) 975-4532

Saskatoon Parole Office
Saskatoon, SK

(306) 975-4070

(306) 975-4532

Prince Albert Parole Office
Prince Albert, SK

(306) 953-8567

(306) 953-8571

La Ronge Parole Office
La Ronge, SK

(306) 425-2306

(306) 425-2615

South Saskatchewan Area Office
Regina, SK

(306) 780-5050

(306) 780-6935

Regina Parole Office
Regina, SK

(306) 780-5050

(306) 780-6935

Oskana CCC
Regina, SK

(306) 791-1850

(306) 791-1860

Alberta/NWT District

Alberta/NWT District
Edmonton, AB

(780) 495-4900

(780) 495-5410

Edmonton Area Parole Office
Edmonton, AB

(780) 495-4900

(780) 495-4975

Alberta/NWT Area Parole Office
Edmonton, AB

(780) 495-4900

(780) 495-4975

Northwest Territories Parole Office
Yellowknife, NT

(867) 766-8500

(867) 766-8507

Grande Prairie Parole Office
Grande Prairie, AB

(780) 538-8905

(780) 814-6867

Wetaskiwin Parole Satellite Office
Edmonton, AB

(780) 352-4921

(780) 495-4975

Calgary Urban Parole Office
Calgary, AB

(403) 292-5505

(403) 292-5510

Southern Alberta Area Rural Area Office
Calgary, AB

(403) 292-5505

(403) 292-5510

Red Deer Parole Office
Red Deer, AB

(403) 340-4276

(403) 340-4277

Medicine Hat Parole Office
Medicine Hat, AB

(403) 528-3090

(403) 292-5510

Lethbridge Parole Office
South Lethbridge, AB

(403) 382-4780

(403) 382-4781

Drumheller Parole Office
Drumheller, AB

(403) 820-6078

403) 820-6182

Ontario Region Offices

Phone Number

Fax Number

Central Ontario District

Central Ontario District
Toronto, ON

(416) 973-2387

(416) 973-1779

Downtown Toronto Area Parole

Downtown Area Parole
Toronto, ON

(416) 973-3461

(416) 973-3465

Women's Supervision Unit
Toronto, ON

(416) 973-2183

(416) 973-1714

Hamilton/Niagra Area Office

Brantford Parole Office
Brantford, ON

(905) 751-8133

(519) 751-8136

Hamilton Parole Office
Hamilton, ON

(905) 572-2695

(905) 572-2072

St-Catharine's Parole Office
St. Catharines, ON

(905) 988-4581

(905) 988-4588

Hamilton CCC
Hamilton, ON

(905) 570-8010

(905) 570-8018

Eastern GTA Area Office

Toronto East Parole Office
Toronto, ON

(416) 973-4586

(416) 973-5127

York-Durham Interview Office
Oshawa, ON

(905) 725-7719

Western GTA Area Office

Toronto West Parole Office
Toronto, ON

(416) 253-3060

(416) 253-3070

Brampton Interview Office
Brampton, ON

(905) 454-3538 (905) 454-3680

Western Ontario Area Office

Guelph Parole Office
Guelph, ON

(519) 826-2139

(519) 826-2143

London Parole Office
London, ON

(519) 645-4253

(519) 645-4001

Windsor Parole Office
Windsor, ON

(519) 257-6826

(519) 257-6832

Northeast Ontario Area Office

Ottawa Parole Office
Ottawa, ON

(613) 996-7011

(613) 954-1687

Nunavut Parole Office
Iqaluit, Nunavut

(867) 979-8892

(867) 979-7441

Eastern Ontario Area Office

Kingston Parole Office
Kingston, ON

(613) 545-8800

(613) 545-8834

Peterborough Parole Office
Peterborough, ON

(705) 742-8889

(705) 750-4760

Portsmouth CCC
Kingston, ON

(613) 545-8360

(613) 545-8707

Northern Ontario Area Office

Sudbury Parole Office
Sudbury, ON

(705) 671-0600

(705) 671-4125

Sault Ste Marie Parole Sub-Office
Sault Ste Marie, ON

(705) 941-3121

(705) 941-3032

North Bay Parole Sub-Office for Sudbury
North Bay, ON

(705) 474-1459

(705) 474-2435

Barrie Parole Office
Barrie, ON

(705) 727-4100

(705) 727-4105

Quebec Region Offices

Phone Number

Fax Number

Metropolitan Montreal District
Montreal, QC

(514) 283-4419

(514) 283-1783

Rive-Sud Area

Longueuil Parole Office
Longueuil, QC

(450) 928-4311

(450) 928-4306

Granby Parole Office
Granby, QC

(450) 372-5861

(450) 372-4754

Estrie Parole Office
Sherbrooke, QC

(819) 564-4235

(819) 564-5721

Ville-Marie Area Office

Ville-Marie Parole Office
Montreal, QC

(514) 283-1210

(514) 496-1752

Maisonneuve Area Office

Maisonneuve Parole Office
Montreal, QC

(514) 283-1424

(514) 496-6798

CCC

Ogilvy CCC
Montreal, QC

(514) 273-5246

(514) 273-0628

Sherbrooke CCC
Montreal, QC

(514) 283-1789

(514) 283-3975

Québec East/West District

Québec East/West District
Sainte-Thérèse, QC

(450) 435-3932
(450) 420-7607

(450) 420-7600

Québec Parole Office
Quebec, QC

(418) 648-3838

(418) 649-6306

Marcel-Caron CCC
Quebec, QC

(418) 648-3838

(418) 649-6306

Chicoutimi Parole Office
Chicoutimi,QC

(418) 698-5656

(418) 698-5588

Trois-Rivières Area

Trois-Rivières Parole Office
Trois-Rivières, QC

(819) 371-5201

(819) 371-5206

Rimouski Parole Office
Rimouski, QC

(418) 722-3288

(418) 722-3330

Lanaudière Parole Office
Lachenaie, QC

(450) 961-0200

(450) 961-0199

Laval Parole Office
Duvernay, Laval

(450) 661-8610

(450) 661-0415

Outaouais Parole Office
Gatineau, QC

(819) 997-2662

(819) 953-9490

Laurentides Area

Laurentides Parole Office
St-Jérôme, QC

(450) 432-2141

(450) 432-8657

Laferrière CCC
Rouyn-Noranda, QC

(450) 432-2141

(450) 432-8657

Important Definitions and Terms

Conditions  
An offender must abide by specific rules for the duration she or he is under the supervision of the Correctional Service of Canada, as determined by the Parole Board of Canada. There are Standard Conditions of release that apply to all provincial and federal offenders. The most significant conditions are:

As well, the PBC can impose any additional conditions, known as Special Conditions, which are reasonable and necessary to manage risk. For example, common special conditions placed on an offender's Release Certificate include to abstain from drugs or to abstain from alcohol. A breach of these conditions does not require a breathalyzer or urinalysis test for action to be taken.

Conditional Release
An umbrella term that includes any form of release prior to warrant expiry date. Conditional Release is granted to an offender by the PBC, a provincial parole board, or in matters of temporary absences under specific circumstances by an institutional head if in its opinion, (a) the offender will not, by reoffending, present an undue risk to society before the expiration according to law of the sentence the offender is serving; and (b) the release of the offender will contribute to the protection of society by facilitating the reintegration of the offender into society as a law-abiding citizen. Members of the Parole Board of Canada have the power to revoke the Conditional Release of offenders if they do not comply with requirements in their release plan. See types of Conditional Release below. .

Escorted Temporary Absence (ETA)
The temporary release from an institution under escort of a correctional officer for medical, administrative, community service, family contact, personal development for rehabilitative purposes or companionate reasons, including parental responsibilities. A temporary absence is generally the first form of release that an inmate in the federal system may be granted. Offenders are required to return the institution from which they were released at the date and time noted on the absence permit. The warden or the Parole Board of Canada authorize ETAs depending on the sentence imposed.

Day Parole
A form of parole whose purpose is to prepare the inmate for full parole or statutory release. It is generally granted for a maximum of six months and provides offenders with an opportunity to participate in supervised activities in the community. The power to authorize day parole lies exclusively with the PBC. The PBC will order the offender on day parole to reside at a particular location and specify the number of nights per week. This may include a halfway house, private residence, or other location.

Full Parole
The power to grant Full Parole lies exclusively with the PBC. Offenders on full parole must abide by conditions, report regularly to their parole supervisor and advise the parole supervisor of any significant changes in their personal life or employment. The PBC has the authority to grant, deny, terminate or revoke a full parole release.

Statutory Release (SR)
Unlike the other forms of conditional release, Statutory Release is granted, by law, to offenders after they have served two thirds of their sentence. Under statutory release, offenders may finish serving their sentence under supervision in the community, subject to conditions, as do inmates on parole. Inmates serving a life sentence or an indeterminate sentence are not eligible for Statutory Release. If the CSC considers that the offender is likely to commit an offence causing death or serious harm to another person, a sexual offence involving a child, or a serious drug offence before the expiration of his or her sentence, it may refer the case to the PBC before the offender becomes entitled to be released on SR.

Unescorted Temporary Absence (UTAs)
The purpose of this form of release is to integrate certain inmates temporarily into the community for very specific purposes. UTAs generally last for a maximum of 15 days. Timing for eligibility and  criteria vary depending on the nature and length of the sentence. Those serving sentences in a maximum-security institution are not eligible. Depending on the circumstances under which the request is made, the power to authorize UTAs lies with the PBC, the commissioner of the CSC or the institutional head.

Work Release
Select offenders may be released for a specified period for the purpose of performing community service, such as work in a community centre, a hospital or a home for the aged. The maximum length of a Work Release is 60 days. This type of release is granted by the institutional head. Only inmates who do not present an undue risk of reoffending and who have become eligible for UTAs may participate in this type of program. Offenders are supervised for the entirety of this structure program.

Correctional Service of Canada (CSC)
The operation of the CSC is governed by federal statute under the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and Corrections and Conditional Release Regulations. The Correctional Service of Canada only has jurisdiction over offenders in Canada sentenced to 24 months (two years) or greater.

Corrections and Conditional Release Act (CCRA)
An Act respecting corrections and the conditional release and detention of offenders and to establish the office of the Correctional Investigator. Since 1992, the CCRA is the guiding federal statute by which both the CSC and Parole Board of Canada are governed.

Corrections and Conditional Release Regulations (CCRR)
The regulations respecting corrections and the conditional release and detention of offenders are made pursuant to the CCRA to carry out the purpose and provisions of the Act.

Federal Offender  
Those offenders serving sentences of at least 2 years.

Instructions from CSC
Direction provided to a Parole Officer by Correctional Service of Canada regarding the management of a Federal Offender. Please note that Parole Officers are allotted some flexibility. An offender's Parole Officer may exercise discretion when, under certain circumstances, it is in the best interest of the offender. For example, if it is an offender's birthday his or her Parole Officer may let him or her have a slightly later curfew.

  Long Term Supervision Order (LTSO)
This order is imposed primarily on offenders with federal sentences. It is imposed at the time of sentencing for a supervision term of up to ten years. The supervision takes place after the warrant expiry date of the original sentence. CSC supervises these offenders, whether or not the offender had initially received a federal or provincial sentence. The PBC may impose additional conditions on the LTSO. *s.137.1 CCRA Arrest Without Warrant does not apply to offenders under a LTSO.

Parole Board of Canada (PBC)
An agency within Public Safety Canada which also includes the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS), the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC). The Board contributes to the protection of society by facilitating as appropriate, the reintegration of offenders as law-abiding citizens. The Parole Board of Canada is an independent administrative tribunal that has exclusive authority under the Corrections and Conditional Release Act to grant, deny, cancel, terminate or revoke conditional release.

Parole Officer  
Correctional Service of Canada staff member who monitors and supports offenders in their reintegration in the community for the remainder of their sentence. Often regarded as an offender's Parole Supervisor, POs supervise and manage a caseload of offenders by maintaining regular contact.

Parole Officer Supervisor
Correctional Service of Canada staff member who supervises Parole Officers.

Peace Officer
For the purposes of Arrest Without Warrant under s. 137.1, a peace officer is defined as a police officer, including a Community Correctional Liaison Officer (CCLO). While Parole Officers and Security Intelligence Officers are commonly regarded as peace officers, they do not undertake the role of law enforcement in the community, particularly in the execution of warrants.

Release Certificate (RC)
A paper document issued to all offenders  that lists the offender's  name, identifies the supervising Parole Officer and their office contact number, and lists the conditions of the offender's  release. Under s.161 of the CCRA offenders  are required to carry at all times, and produce upon request, the Release Certificate and ID card issued to them by the releasing authority.

Warrant Expiry
The date that an offender's sentence ends. Those sentenced to Life and Dangerous Offenders with an indeterminate sentence are not provided a warrant expiry date; if released, they remain under supervision for life.

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