2020 Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview

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Erratum

Date: March 22, 2022
Revision: Figure A12, Totals have been corrected. Table A12, "Female" and "Total" rows have been corrected.

2020 Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview - PDF Version (6.9 MB)

January 2022

This document was produced by the Public Safety Canada Portfolio Corrections Statistics Committee which is composed of representatives of Public Safety Canada, Correctional Service of Canada, Parole Board of Canada, the Office of the Correctional Investigator and the Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics (Statistics Canada).

Table of contents

Preface

The purpose of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview (CCRSO) is to assist the public in understanding statistical information on corrections and conditional release. A primary consideration in producing the CCRSO was to present general statistical information in a user friendly way that will facilitate understanding by a broad audience. There are several features of this document that make it different from typical statistical reports:

The data used in the CCRSO reflects the most recent data available at the time of publication. For much of the report the data is available from 2020 (or if the data follows the fiscal year from April 1 2019 - March 31 2020), for other data there is a lag in reporting so the most recent data is from 2019 (or April 1 2018 – March 31 2020). There are a few figures where the cycle of data collection is more infrequent, for example the victim module of the General Social Survey is administered on a 5-year cycle.

The CCRSO has been published annually since 1998. Some notable updates in the current 2020 CCRSO include 8 new tables and figures in Section F: Victims of Crime. Also, tables and figures with older data that could not be updated due to discontinued surveys or data collected (e.g., Statistics Canada Victim Services Survey) were removed.

The total Crime Rates presented in the CCRSO differs from the crime rates reported by Statistics Canada. This difference is due to the CCSRSO including traffic offences in the Canadian Criminal Code and violations of federal statutes in the total crime rate that are excluded in the rates published by Statistics Canada.

The format of this document has been updated to optimize the user experience by implementing industry-standard data visualization techniques to improve accessibility and usability. For more information, see the Standard on Web Accessibility and the Standard on Web Usability.

To continually improve this annual publication, we welcome your comments. Once you have finished consulting the CCRSO, please fill out our short online survey. If the hyperlink does not work, please email your responses to our survey questions to PS.CPBResearch-RechercheSPC.SP@ps-sp.gc.ca.

Any other correspondence regarding this report, including permission to use tables and figures should be directed to PS.CPBResearch-RechercheSPC.SP@ps-sp.gc.ca.

Contributing Partners

Public Safety Canada

Public Safety Canada (PS) is Canada's lead federal department for public safety, which includes emergency management, national security and community safety. Its many responsibilities include developing legislation and policies that govern corrections, implementing innovative approaches to community justice, and providing research expertise and resources to the corrections community.

Correctional Service Canada

The Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) is the federal government agency responsible for administering sentences of a term of two years or more, as imposed by the courts. CSC is responsible for managing institutions of various security levels and supervising offenders under conditional release in the community.

Parole Board of Canada

The Parole Board of Canada (PBC) is an independent administrative tribunal responsible for making decisions about the timing and conditions of release of offenders into the community on various forms of conditional release. The Board also makes pardon, record suspension and expungement decisions and recommendations respecting clemency through the Royal Prerogative of Mercy.

Office of the Correctional Investigator

The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) is an ombudsman for federal offenders. It conducts investigations into the problems of offenders related to decisions, recommendations, acts or omissions of the Correctional Service of Canada that affect offenders individually or as a group.

Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics (Statistics Canada)

The Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics (CCJCSS) is a division of Statistics Canada. The CCJCSS is the focal point of a federal-provincial-territorial partnership, known as the National Justice Statistics Initiative, for the collection of information on the nature and extent of crime and the administration of civil and criminal justice in Canada.


Section A. Context – Crime and the Criminal Justice System

Police-reported crime rate

Figure A1: Police-reported crime rate per 100,000 population

Figure A1
Image description
Figure A1: Police-reported crime rate per 100,000 population

Year

Violent

Property

Traffic

Other CCCFigure A1 footnote *

Drugs

Other Fed. StatutesFigure A1 footnote **

Total Charged

2010

1,292

3,838

420

1,029

321

61

6,961

2011

1,236

3,536

424

1,008

330

60

6,594

2012

1,199

3,438

407

1,001

317

67

6,429

2013

1,096

3,154

387

956

311

52

5,956

2014

1,044

3,100

365

918

295

49

5,771

2015

1,070

3,231

353

930

280

51

5,915

2016

1,076

3,239

346

982

267

59

5,970

2017

1,113

3,266

343

997

254

69

6,042

2018

1,152

3,349

340

1,013

229

58

6,141

2019

1,277

3,511

364

1,087

187

53

6,479

Figure A1 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0177-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Unlike Statistics Canada, the total crime rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and violations of federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

Comparable data for police-reported crime are only available starting in 1998 due to changes from Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) to the (UCR2) and revisions by Statistics Canada to definitions for Violent, Property, Other Criminal Code offences, and Total Other Federal Statutes to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview. These crime statistics are based on crimes that are reported to the police. Since not all crimes are reported to the police, these figures underestimate actual crime. See Figure F1 for rates based on victimization surveys (drawn from the General Social Survey), an alternative method of measuring crime.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table A1: Police-reported crime rate per 100,000 population

Year

Violent

Property

Traffic

Other CCCTable A1 footnote *

Drugs

Other Fed. StatutesTable A1 footnote **

Total Charged

1998

1,345

5,696

469

1,051

235

40

8,836

1999

1,440

5,345

388

910

264

44

8,391

2000

1,494

5,189

370

924

287

43

8,307

2001

1,473

5,124

393

989

288

62

8,329

2002

1,441

5,080

379

991

296

54

8,241

2003

1,435

5,299

373

1,037

274

46

8,464

2004

1,404

5,123

379

1,072

306

50

8,334

2005

1,389

4,884

378

1,052

290

60

8,053

2006

1,387

4,809

376

1,050

295

57

7,974

2007

1,354

4,525

402

1,029

308

59

7,677

2008

1,334

4,258

437

1,039

308

67

7,443

2009

1,322

4,122

435

1,017

291

57

7,244

2010

1,292

3,838

420

1,029

321

61

6,961

2011

1,236

3,536

424

1,008

330

60

6,594

2012

1,199

3,438

407

1,001

317

67

6,429

2013

1,096

3,154

387

956

311

52

5,956

2014

1,044

3,100

365

918

295

49

5,771

2015

1,070

3,231

353

930

280

51

5,915

2016

1,076

3,239

346

982

267

59

5,970

2017

1,113

3,266

343

997

254

69

6,042

2018

1,152

3,349

340

1,013

229

58

6,141

2019

1,277

3,511

364

1,087

187

53

6,479

Table A1 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0177-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Unlike Statistics Canada, the total crime rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and violations of federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

Comparable data for police-reported crime are only available starting in 1998 due to changes from Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) to the (UCR2) and revisions by Statistics Canada to Violent, Property, Other Criminal Code offences, and Total Other Federal Statutes to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Rates are based on incidents reported per 100,000 population.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Crime rates were higher in the West and highest in the North

Figure A2: Crime rate per 100,000 population (2019)

Figure A2
Image description
Figure A2 Crime rate per 100,000 population 

Province/Territory

2019 Number

Canada

6,487

YK (Yukon )

26,776

NT (Northwest Territories)

55,582

NU (Nunavut)

48,502

BC (British Columbia)

9,647

AB (Alberta)

9,962

SK (Saskatchewan)

12,820

MB (Manitoba)

10,845

ON (Ontario)

4,534

QC (Quebec)

4,079

NB (New Brunswick)

6,270

NS (Nova Scotia)

5,849

PE (Prince Edward Island)

6,272

NL (Newfoundland & Labrador)

6,672

Figure A2 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0177-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Unlike Statistics Canada, the Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and violations of federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table A2: Crime rate per 100,000 population

Province/Territory

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

British Columbia

8,608

8,489

8,098

8,266

9,647

Alberta

8,917

9,026

9,330

9,387

9,962

Saskatchewan

12,919

13,511

12,977

12,652

12,820

Manitoba

8,926

9,508

9,756

9,994

10,845

Ontario

4,022

4,091

4,259

4,506

4,534

Quebec

4,252

4,233

4,331

4,172

4,079

New Brunswick

5,479

5,276

5,752

6,051

6,270

Nova Scotia

5,727

5,590

5,730

5,679

5,849

Prince Edward Island

4,750

5,013

4,711

5,385

6,272

Newfoundland & Labrador

6,371

6,501

6,041

6,041

6,672

Yukon

25,795

23,543

22,179

21,639

26,776

Northwest Territories

47,230

43,320

44,520

45,487

55,582

Nunavut

34,483

35,935

36,899

40,098

48,502

Canada

5,934

5,987

6,057

6,153

6,487

Table A2 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0177-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Unlike Statistics Canada, the Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and violations of federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Prison population across Western and European countries

Figure A3: Prison population per 100,000 (2020)

Figure A3
Image description
Figure A3 Prison population per 100,000 (2020)

MedianFigure A3 footnote *

90

United States

639

New Zealand

188

Australia

160

Scotland

136

England & Wales

131

Canada

104

Austria

95

France

90

Italy

89

Switzerland

80

Germany

69

Denmark

68

Sweden

68

Finland

53

Norway

49

Figure A3 Notes:

Source: World Prison Brief, Institute for Crime & Justice Policy Research (ICPR) (retrieved January 13, 2021 at www.prisonstudies.org/highest-to-lowest/prison-population-total).

The incarceration rate presented here is a measure of the number of people (i.e., adults and youth) in custody per 100,000 people in the general population. Incarceration rates from the World Prison Brief hosted by the Institute for Crime & Justice Policy Research (ICPR) are based on the most recently available data at the time the list was compiled. The data was retrieved online on January 13, 2021 from http://www.prisonstudies.org which contains the most up-to-date information available. Additionally, different practices and variations in measurement in different countries limit the comparability of these figures.

Table A3Table A3 footnote *: Prison population rate per 100,000

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

United States

730

716

707

698

693

666

655

655

639

New Zealand

194

192

190

190

203

214

214

201

188

Australia

129

130

143

151

152

168

172

170

160

Scotland

151

147

144

144

142

138

143

149

136

England & Wales

154

148

149

148

147

146

140

140

131

Canada

114

118

118

106

114

114

114

107

104

Austria

104

98

99

95

93

94

98

98

95

France

102

101

102

100

103

103

100

105

90

Italy

109

106

88

86

90

95

98

101

89

Switzerland

76

82

87

84

83

82

81

81

80

Germany

83

79

81

78

78

77

75

77

69

Denmark

74

73

67

61

58

59

63

63

68

Sweden

70

67

57

60

53

57

59

61

68

Finland

59

58

55

57

55

57

51

53

53

Norway

73

72

75

71

74

74

63

60

49

Table A3 Notes:

Source: World Prison Brief, Institute for Crime & Justice Policy Research (ICPR) (retrieved January 15, 2021 at www.prisonstudies.org/highest-to-lowest/prison-population-total).

The incarceration rate presented here is a measure of the number of people (i.e., adults and youth) in custody per 100,000 people in the general population. Incarceration rates from the World Prison Brief are based on the most recently available data at the time the list was compiled. For 2020, the data was retrieved online on January 15, 2021 at www.prisonstudies.org which contains the most up to date information available. Different practices and variations in measurement in different countries limit the comparability of these figures.

Canada's incarceration rate has fluctuated in the last 10 years

Figure A4: Prison population rate per 100,000

Figure A4
Image description
Figure A4 Prison population rate per 100,000

 

United States

New Zealand

Canada

Finland

Norway

2011

743

199

117

59

73

2012

730

194

114

59

73

2013

716

192

118

58

72

2014

707

190

118

55

75

2015

698

190

106

57

71

2016

693

203

114

55

74

2017

666

214

114

57

74

2018

655

214

114

51

63

2019

655

201

107

53

60

2020

639

188

104

53

49

Figure A4 Notes:

Source: World Prison Brief, Institute for Crime & Justice Policy Research (ICPR) (retrieved January 15, 2021 at www.prisonstudies.org/highest-to-lowest/prison-population-total).

The incarceration rate presented here is a measure of the number of people (i.e., adults and youth) in custody per 100,000 people in the general population. Incarceration rates from the World Prison Brief hosted by the Institute for Crime & Justice Policy Research (ICPR) are based on the most recently available data at the time the list was compiled. The data was retrieved online on February 20, 2020 from http://www.prisonstudies.org which contains the most up-to-date information available. Different practices and variations in measurement in different countries limit the comparability of these figures.

Table A4Table A4 footnote *: Prison population rate per 100,000

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

United States

743

730

716

707

698

693

666

655

655

639

New Zealand

199

194

192

190

190

203

214

214

201

188

Australia

133

129

130

143

151

152

168

172

170

160

Scotland

155

151

147

144

144

142

138

143

149

136

England & Wales

155

154

148

149

148

147

146

140

140

131

Canada

117

114

118

118

106

114

114

114

107

104

Austria

104

104

98

99

95

93

94

98

98

95

France

102

102

101

102

100

103

103

100

105

90

Italy

110

109

106

88

86

90

95

98

101

89

Switzerland

79

76

82

87

84

83

82

81

81

80

Germany

87

83

79

81

78

78

77

75

77

69

Denmark

74

74

73

67

61

58

59

63

63

68

Sweden

78

70

67

57

60

53

57

59

61

68

Finland

59

59

58

55

57

55

57

51

53

53

Norway

73

73

72

75

71

74

74

63

60

49

Table A4 Notes:

Source: World Prison Brief, Institute for Crime & Justice Policy Research (ICPR) (retrieved January 15, 2021 at www.prisonstudies.org/highest-to-lowest/prison-population-total).

The incarceration rate presented here is a measure of the number of people (i.e., adults and youth) in custody per 100,000 people in the general population.

Incarceration rates from the World Prison Brief are based on the most recently available data at the time the list was compiled. For 2020, the data was retrieved online on January 13, 2021 at www.prisonstudies.org which contains the most up to date information available. Additionally, different practices and variations in measurement in different countries limit the comparability of these figures.

The rate of adults charged

Figure A5: Rate of adults charged per 100,000 adult population

Image description
Figure A5 Rate of adults charged per 100,000 adult population

Year

Total Charged

Other CCCFigure A5 footnote *

Violent

Property

Traffic

Drugs

Total Other Fed. Stat.Figure A5 footnote **

2010

2,122

545

576

473

295

211

22

2011

2,023

527

548

441

271

213

23

2012

2,008

536

541

434

269

203

25

2013

1,901

519

505

417

242

200

18

2014

1,845

520

489

399

233

191

13

2015

1,866

535

501

403

230

182

15

2016

1,912

609

511

381

222

171

18

2017

1,902

635

515

375

208

157

12

2018

1,923

661

523

385

203

138

13

2019

1,986

679

560

407

214

112

14

Figure A5 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0177-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Unlike Statistics Canada, the total crime rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and violations of federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

The definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment.

Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle thefts, other thefts, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table A5: Rate of adults charged per 100,000 adult population

Year

Violent

Property

Traffic

Other CCCTable A5 note*

Drugs

Total Other Fed. Stat.Table A5 note**

Total Charged

1998

563

677

374

430

168

12

2,224

1999

590

632

371

396

185

18

2,192

2000

615

591

349

411

198

16

2,180

2001

641

584

349

451

202

18

2,245

2002

617

569

336

460

199

18

2,199

2003

598

573

326

476

172

15

2,160

2004

584

573

314

490

187

22

2,170

2005

589

550

299

479

185

22

2,124

2006

594

533

300

498

198

20

2,143

2007

577

499

298

521

208

20

2,123

2008

576

487

307

540

207

22

2,139

2009

585

490

311

532

201

20

2,139

2010

576

473

295

545

211

22

2,122

2011

548

441

271

527

213

23

2,023

2012

541

434

269

536

203

25

2,008

2013

505

417

242

519

200

18

1,901

2014

489

399

233

520

191

13

1,845

2015

501

403

230

535

182

15

1,866

2016

511

381

222

609

171

18

1,912

2017

515

375

208

635

157

12

1,902

2018

523

385

203

661

138

13

1,923

2019

560

407

214

679

112

14

1,986

Table A5 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0177-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada

Unlike Statistics Canada, the total crime rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and violations of federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

The definitions for Violent, Property, Other Criminal Code offences, and Total other federal statutes have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Due to rounding, rates may not add up to totals.

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment.

Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle theft, other theft, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Common assault, impaired driving, and theft were the three most frequent cases in adult courts

Figure A6: Percentage of Criminal Code and Other Federal Statute Charges (2018-19)

Figure A6
Image description
Figure A6 Percentage of Criminal Code and Other Federal Statute Charges (2018-19)
Type of Charge Percent
Crimes Against the Person 26.17
Most Common Crime Against the Person: Common Assault (Level 1) 10.24
Crimes Against Property 23.37
Most Common Crime Against Property: Theft 9.01
Administration of JusticeFigure A6 footnote * 21.56
Most Common Administration of Justice*: Fail to Comply with Order 8.79
Other Criminal CodeFigure A6 footnote ** 6.95
Most Common Other Criminal Code**: Residual Criminal Code 3.40
Criminal Code Traffic 12.55
Most Common Criminal Code Traffic: Impaired Driving 9.82
Other Federal StatutesFigure A6 footnote *** 9.41
Most Common Other Federal StatuesFigure A6 footnote ***: Residual Federal Statutes 4.81

Figure A6 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0027-01, Integrated Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007. A case is one or more charges against an accused person or corporation, processed by the courts at the same time, and where all of the charges in the case received a final disposition. Where a case has more than one charge, it is necessary to select a charge to represent the case. An offence is selected by applying two rules. First, the "most serious decision" rule is applied. In cases where two or more offences have the same decision, the "most serious offence" rule is applied. All charges are ranked according to an offence seriousness scale. Superior Court data are not reported to the Integrated Criminal Court Survey for Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. In addition, information from Quebec's municipal courts is not collected.

The Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add up to 100 percent.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table A6: Number of Criminal Code and Other Federal StatuteTable A6 footnote* Charges

Type of Charge

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

Crimes Against the Person

79,771

80,824

85,112

89,172

81,024

Crimes Against the Person

Common Assault (Level 1)

30,336

30,494

31,647

35,118

31,720

Major Assault (Levels 2 & 3)

18,439

18,900

20,201

20,806

19,196

Uttering Threats

15,074

14,879

15,261

13,913

12,690

Criminal Harassment

3,236

3,345

3,538

3,749

3,245

Sexual Assault

2,685

2,844

3,109

3,278

3,222

Robbery

3,223

3,358

3,576

3,535

2,968

Homicide and Related

289

259

364

377

314

Attempted Murder

177

206

203

202

190

Other Sexual Offences

3,475

3,695

3,950

4,346

3,853

Crimes Against Property

79,984

81,187

85,467

82,539

72,354

Crimes Against Property

Theft

34,913

35,197

36,138

32,713

27,900

Mischief

12,340

12,411

12,955

13,167

11,949

Fraud

11,314

11,476

12,728

12,601

10,777

Possession of Stolen Property

10,552

10,929

11,646

11,983

10,371

Break and Enter

8,994

9,325

9,968

9,707

8,933

Other Property Crimes

1,871

1,849

2,032

2,368

2,424

Administration of JusticeTable A6 footnote**

77,528

78,195

80,940

73,794

66,773

Administration of Justice

Fail to Comply with Order

32,978

33,290

34,632

30,064

27,226

Breach of Probation

30,228

30,396

30,955

29,010

25,689

Fail to Appear

3,891

4,113

4,442

4,156

4,284

Unlawfully at Large

2,588

2,591

2,693

2,873

2,676

Other Admin. Justice

7,843

7,805

8,218

7,691

6,898

Other Criminal CodeTable A6 footnote***

17,993

18,552

20,447

23,459

21,521

Other Criminal Code

Residual Criminal Code

6,977

6,986

8,149

11,345

10,534

Weapons

9,528

10,340

10,958

11,322

10,340

Disturbing the Peace

1,132

1,054

938

740

625

Prostitution

356

172

402

52

22

Criminal Code Traffic

48,778

46,086

45,833

44,204

38,855

Criminal Code Traffic

Impaired Driving

39,130

36,308

35,993

34,947

30,402

Other CC Traffic

9,648

9,778

9,840

9,257

8,453

Other Federal StatutesTable A6 footnote*

42,517

39,390

38,371

36,302

29,137

Other Federal Statutes

Residual Federal Statutes

18,339

17,147

18,179

18,695

14,899

Drug Possession

13,678

12,517

10,675

8,592

6,374

Other Drug Offences

9,238

8,550

8,506

8,139

7,119

Total Charges

346,571

344,234

356,170

349,470

309,664

Table A6 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0027-01, Integrated Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007. Superior Court data are not reported to the Integrated Criminal Court Survey for Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. In addition, information from Quebec's municipal courts is not collected. The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add up to 100 percent.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Most adult custodial sentences ordered by the court were short

Figure A7: Length of prison sentence ordered by the court (2018-19)

Figure A7
Image description
Figure A7 Length of prison sentence ordered by the court (2018-19)
1 month or less
Sex Percent
Males 49.5
Females 59.4
More than 1 month up to 6 months
Sex Percent
Males 29.9
Females 23.9
More than 6 months up to 12 months
Sex Percent
Males 5.4
Females 3.3
More than 1 year up to less than 2 years
Sex Percent
Males 3.2
Females 1.8
2 years or More
Sex Percent
Males 3.7
Females 2.1
Length unknown
Sex Percent
Males 8.3
Females 9.5

Figure A7 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0032-01, Integrated Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007.

Superior Court data are not reported to the Integrated Criminal Court Survey for Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. In addition, information from Quebec's municipal courts is not collected.

The Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

Due to rounding, totals may not add up to 100 percent.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table A7: Length of prison sentence ordered by the court

Length of Prison Sentence

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

%

%

%

%

%

1 month or less

Females

62.7

64.4

63.7

62.8

59.4

Males

51.2

51.9

52.0

50.3

49.5

TotalFootnote *

48.6

49.4

49.4

47.8

47.0

More than 1 month up to 6 months

Females

23.6

22.8

22.0

22.2

23.9

Males

31.1

30.4

29.9

30.1

29.9

TotalFootnote *

28.4

27.7

27.2

27.2

27.3

More than 6 months up to 12 months

Females

3.7

3.3

3.3

3.6

3.3

Males

5.9

5.5

5.2

5.4

5.4

TotalFootnote *

5.4

5.0

4.7

4.9

4.9

More than 1 year up to less than 2 years

Females

2.0

1.7

1.7

1.7

1.8

Males

3.3

3.3

3.0

3.2

3.2

TotalFootnote *

3.0

3.0

2.8

2.8

2.9

2 years or More

Females

2.0

2.2

2.1

1.9

2.1

Males

3.5

3.6

3.4

3.6

3.7

TotalFootnote *

3.1

3.2

3.0

3.1

3.2

Length unknown

Females

5.9

5.5

7.2

7.8

9.5

Males

4.9

5.3

6.5

7.4

8.3

TotalFootnote *

11.5

11.7

12.9

14.1

14.8

Table A7 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0032-01, Integrated Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007.

Superior Court data are not reported to the Integrated Criminal Court Survey for Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. In addition, information from Quebec's municipal courts is not collected.

The Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

Due to rounding, totals may not add up to 100 percent.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Few cases with guilty findings have resulted in admissions to federal jurisdiction

Figure A8: Cases in adult criminal court and admissions to custody (2018-19)

Figure A8
Image description
Figure 8 Cases in adult criminal court and admissions to custody (2018-19)

Total cases in Adult Court

309,664

Cases with Guilty Findings in Adult Criminal Court

190,671

Cases without Guilty Findings in Criminal Court

118,993

 

 

Total admissions to custody

77,331

Warrant of Committal-Admission to FED (CSC)Figure A8 footnote *

5,019

Sentenced Admissions to Provincial/Territorial Custody

72,312

Figure A8 Notes:

Sources:
Table 35-10-0027-01, Integrated Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada;
Table 35-10-0018-01, Adult Correctional Services, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada;
Correctional Service of Canada.

This figure only includes cases in provincial court and partial data from Superior Court. Superior Court data are not reported to the Integrated Criminal Court Survey for Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Information from Quebec's municipal courts is not collected.

These numbers refer to the total number of admissions to a federal institution or Healing Lodge during each fiscal year and may be greater than the actual number of offenders admitted, since an individual offender may be admitted more than once in a given year. 

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007. A case is one or more charges against an accused person or corporation, processed by the courts at the same time, and where all of the charges in the case received a final disposition.

Court and prison data are reported on a fiscal year basis (April 1 through March 31).

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC's Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year's publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table A8: Cases in adult criminal court and admissions to custody

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

Total Case DecisionsTable A8 Note * in Adult Criminal CourtFootnote 1

344,234

356,170

349,470

309,664

Not availableFootnote ***

Cases with GuiltyTable A8 Note ** Findings in Adult Criminal CourtFootnote 1

221,848

224,410

217,441

190,671

Not availableFootnote ***

Total Cases without Guilty Findings in Criminal CourtFootnote 1

122,386

131,760

132,029

118,993

Not availableFootnote ***

AcquittedFootnote 1

11,086

13,029

12,638

11,258

Not availableFootnote ***

Stayed or withdrawnFootnote 1

107,036

114,554

115,298

103,811

Not availableFootnote ***

Other decisionsFootnote 1

4,264

4,177

4,093

3,924

Not availableFootnote ***

Sentenced Admissions to Provincial/Territorial CustodyFootnote 2

62,771

84,543

80,759

72,312

Not availableFootnote ***

Warrant of Committal-Admission to FED (CSC)Footnote 3

4,890

4,907

4,996

5,019

4,595

Table A8 Notes:

Police data are reported on a calendar year basis whereas court and prison data are reported on a fiscal year basis (April 1 through March 31).

These numbers refer to the total number of admissions to a federal institution or Healing Lodge during each fiscal year and may be greater than the actual number of offenders admitted, since an individual offender may be admitted more than once in a given year. 

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC's Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year's publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis.  

The rate of youth charged has continued to decline

Figure A9: Rate of youth charged per 100,000 youth population

Figure A9
Image description
Figure A9 Rate of youth charged per 100,000 youth population

Year

Total Charged

Violent

Other Criminal CodeFigure A9 footnote *

Property

Drugs

Traffic

2010

2,912

860

669

1,035

255

62

2011

2,698

806

636

904

263

58

2012

2,554

765

629

842

240

58

2013

2,252

692

554

722

229

45

2014

2,022

625

526

625

198

42

2015

1,948

614

518

603

159

44

2016

1,795

634

512

503

135

40

2017

1,769

668

482

459

117

37

2018

1,628

668

425

407

90

33

2019

1,534

712

383

353

48

33

Figure A9 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0177-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Rates are based on 100,000 youth population (12 to 17 years old). Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment. Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle theft, other theft, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson. Unlike Statistics Canada, the total crime rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and violations of federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada. In addition, the definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table A9: Rate of youth charged per 100,000 youth population

Year

Violent

Property

TrafficTable A9 Note *

Other CCCTable A9 Note **

Drugs

Total Other Fed. Stat.Table A9 Note ***

Total Charged

1998

994

2,500

--

870

226

4

4,594

1999

1,060

2,237

--

728

266

2

4,293

2000

1,136

2,177

--

760

317

4

4,394

2001

1,157

2,119

--

840

343

6

4,465

2002

1,102

2,009

--

793

337

6

4,247

2003

953

1,570

--

726

208

5

3,462

2004

918

1,395

--

691

230

5

3,239

2005

924

1,276

--

660

214

10

3,084

2006

917

1,216

--

680

240

16

3,069

2007

943

1,211

75

732

260

17

3,238

2008

909

1,130

74

730

267

19

3,129

2009

888

1,143

68

698

238

30

3,065

2010

860

1,035

62

669

255

31

2,912

2011

806

904

58

636

263

31

2,698

2012

765

842

58

629

240

20

2,554

2013

692

722

45

554

229

10

2,252

2014

625

625

42

526

198

6

2,022

2015

614

603

44

518

159

10

1,948

2016

634

503

40

512

135

11

1,795

2017

668

459

37

482

117

6

1,769

2018

668

407

33

425

90

5

1,628

2019

712

353

33

383

48

5

1,534

Table A9 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0177-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Unlike Statistics Canada, the total crime rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and violations of federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada. In addition, the definitions for Violent, Property, Other Criminal Code offences, and Total other federal statutes have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview. Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment. Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle theft, other theft, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson.

For criminal justice purposes, youth are defined under Canadian law as persons age 12 to 17.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

The most frequent youth court case was common assault

Figure A10: Percentage of all Criminal Code and other federal statute charges (2018-19)

Figure A10
Image description
Figure A10 Percentage of all Criminal Code and other federal statute charges (2018-19)
  Percent
Crimes Against the Person 41.2
Most Common Crime Against the Person: Common Assault 10.8
Crimes Against Property 29.3
Most Commin Crime Against Property: Theft 9.8
Administration of JusticeFigure A10 footnote * 8.7
Most Common Administration of JusticeFigure A10 footnote *: Failure to Comply with Order 5.6
Other Criminal CodeFigure A10 footnote ** 6.7
Most Common Other Criminal CodeFigure A10 footnote **: Weapons/Firearms 5.2
Other Federal StatutesFigure A10 footnote *** 12.4
Most Common Other Federal StatuesFigure A10 footnote ***: Youth Criminal Justice ActFigure A10 footnote **** 7.5
Criminal Code Traffic 1.7

Source: Table 35-10-0038-01, Integrated Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Figure A10 Notes:

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007. A case is one or more charges against an accused person or corporation, processed by the courts at the same time, and where all of the charges in the case received a final disposition. Where a case has more than one charge, it is necessary to select a charge to represent the case. An offence is selected by applying two rules. First, the "most serious decision" rule is applied. In cases where two or more offences have the same decision, the "most serious offence" rule is applied. All charges are ranked according to an offence seriousness scale.

The Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table A10: Number of youth court cases

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

Crimes Against the Person

9,984

9,653

9,917

10,395

9,938

Common Assault

2,796

2,586

2,641

2,894

2,609

Major Assault

2,136

2,094

2,149

2,126

2,025

Sexual Assault/Other Sexual Offences

1,330

1,442

1,536

1,658

1,794

Robbery

1,481

1,475

1,516

1,618

1,484

Homicide and Attempted Murder

49

55

54

41

49

Other Crimes Against the Person

2,192

2,001

2,021

2,058

1,977

Crimes Against Property

11,016

10,652

9,627

8,490

7,071

Theft

3,670

3,671

3,280

2,796

2,361

Break and Enter

2,559

2,386

2,193

1,823

1,468

Mischief

2,158

2,091

1,819

1,660

1,445

Possession of Stolen Property

1,901

1,817

1,621

1,466

1,149

Fraud

376

377

423

389

367

Other Crimes Against Property

352

310

291

356

281

Administration of JusticeTable A10 footnote *

3,630

3,394

3,113

2,492

2,108

Failure to Comply with Order

2,390

2,209

2,067

1,573

1,344

Other Administration of Justice

1,240

1,185

1,046

919

764

Other Criminal CodeTable A10 footnote **

2,086

1,946

1,888

1,833

1,606

Weapons/Firearms

1,425

1,406

1,408

1,407

1,262

Residual Criminal Code

582

468

416

390

319

Disturbing the Peace

64

65

50

33

25

Prostitution

15

7

14

3

0

Criminal Code Traffic

566

569

554

483

420

Other Federal StatutesTable A10 footnote ***

6,392

5,504

4,609

3,794

2,989

Youth Criminal Justice ActTable A10 footnote ****

3,525

3,094

2,701

2,295

1,811

Drug Possession

1,788

1,551

1,129

917

700

Residual Federal Statutes

146

134

126

44

30

Other Drug Offences

933

725

653

538

448

Total

33,674

31,718

29,708

27,487

24,132

Table A10 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0038-01, Integrated Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007. A case is one or more charges against an accused person or corporation, processed by the courts at the same time, and where all of the charges in the case received a final disposition. Where a case has more than one charge, it is necessary to select a charge to represent the case. An offence is selected by applying two rules. First, the "most serious decision" rule is applied. In cases where two or more offences have the same decision, the "most serious offence" rule is applied. All charges are ranked according to an offence seriousness scale. The Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

The most common sentence for youth was probation

Figure A11: Percentage of sentence received in youth court

Figure A11
Image description
Figure A11 Percentage of sentence received in youth court
Type of Sentence Year
2014-15 Percent 2015-16 Percent 2016-17 Percent 2017-18 Percent 2018-19 Percent
Probation

57.2

56.3

57.3

58.5

59

Other SentenceFigure A11 footnote *

35.2

36.7

37.3

41.1

42.3

Community Service Order

24.4

22.4

22.9

23

21.7

Custody

14.9

15.5

13

12.8

12

Deferred Custody and Supervision

4.1

4.4

4.5

4.7

4.4

Fine

2.8

2.9

2.5

2.2

2.2

Figure A11 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0041-01, Integrated Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Cases can have more than one sentence. Therefore, sanctions are not mutually exclusive and will not add to 100%. For all sentencing tables, data are for cases with a guilty finding only. Sentencing information is not available for a small proportion of guilty cases (i.e., approximately 3%, overall). For all sentencing tables, data are for cases with a guilty finding only and for which sentencing information is reported.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table A11: Percentage of sentence received in youth court

Type of Sentence

Sex

Year

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

%

%

%

%

%

Probation

Female

53.6

54.1

54.7

51.7

53.3

Male

59.3

58.8

59.9

60.5

60.5

Total

57.2

56.3

57.3

58.5

59.0

Custody

Female

11.7

11.9

7.5

8.9

6.3

Male

15.9

16.5

13.7

13.5

13.3

Total

14.9

15.5

13.0

12.8

12.0

Community Service Order

Female

23.5

20.9

21.9

21.6

21.4

Male

27.1

24.4

24.9

24.2

22.7

Total

24.4

22.4

22.9

23.0

21.7

Fine

Female

2.8

2.9

2.4

2.0

2.4

Male

2.9

2.9

2.5

2.3

2.1

Total

2.8

2.9

2.5

2.2

2.2

Deferred Custody and Supervision

Female

3.3

3.9

3.3

3.4

3.1

Male

4.4

4.7

4.8

5.3

4.9

Total

4.1

4.4

4.5

4.7

4.4

Other SentenceTable A11 footnote *

Female

35.5

37.7

38.5

41.7

41.8

Male

38.4

39.8

40.6

42.4

43.3

Total

35.2

36.7

37.3

41.1

42.3

Table A11 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0041-01, Integrated Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Cases can have more than one sentence. Therefore, sanctions are not mutually exclusive and will not add to 100%. For all sentencing tables, data are for cases with a guilty finding only. Sentencing information is not available for a small proportion of guilty cases (i.e., approximately 3%, overall). For all sentencing tables, data are for cases with a guilty finding only and for which sentencing information is reported.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

When considering the most serious sentence in a case, probation was the most common sentence for youth

Figure A12: Percentage of youth court sentence for most serious sentenceFigure A12 footnote *

Figure A12
Image description
Figure A12 Percentage of youth court sentence for most serious sentence
Type of Sentence Year
2014-15 Percent 2015-16 Percent 2016-17 Percent 2017-18 Percent 2018-19 Percent
Probation 48.4 47.0 49.6 50.3 50.9
Custody 14.9 15.5 13.0 12.7 12.0
Community Service Order 8.6 8.5 8.7 8.3 7.5
Deferred Custody and Supervision 3.9 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.3
Fine 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.0 1.8
Other sentenceFigure A12 footnote ** 16.9 17.5 17.2 17.9 19.2

Figure A12 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0042-01, Integrated Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007.

Figure A12 in the 2020 CCRSO aligns with data provided in A11 in CCRSO reports prior to 2020.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table A12: Percentage of youth court sentence for most serious sentenceTable A12 footnote *

Type of Sentence

Sex

Year

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

%

%

%

%

%

Probation

Female

47.6

47.0

50.1

47.8

49.2

Male

48.6

47.5

50.4

50.9

51.1

Total

48.4

47.0

49.6

50.3

50.9

Custody

Female

11.7

11.9

7.5

8.9

6.3

Male

15.9

16.5

13.6

13.5

13.3

Total

14.9

15.5

13.0

12.7

12.0

Community Service Order

Female

9.4

8.5

9.2

9.2

8.4

Male

8.4

7.9

8.1

7.3

6.4

Total

8.6

8.5

8.7

8.3

7.5

Deferred Custody and Supervision

Female

3.1

3.7

3.3

3.4

3.1

Male

4.2

4.5

4.8

5.2

4.8

Total

3.9

4.3

4.5

4.7

4.3

Fine

Female

2.5

2.6

2.2

2.0

2.1

Male

2.4

2.5

2.1

2.0

1.7

Total

2.4

2.5

2.1

2.0

1.8

Other SentenceTable A12 footnote **

Female

18.5

19.6

20.8

22.8

24.4

Male

16.1

16.5

16.1

17.3

18.7

Total

16.9

17.5

17.2

17.9

19.2

Table A12 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0042-01, Integrated Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Integrated Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007.

Table A12 in the 2020 CCRSO aligns with data provided in A11 in CCRSO reports prior to 2020.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Section B. Corrections Administration

Correction costs federally and provincially/territorially

Figure B1: Costs of federal and provincial/territorial corrections

Figure B1
Image description
Figure B1: Costs of federal and provincial/territorial corrections

Year

Federal Operating Costs

Federal Adjusted CostsFigure B1 footnote *

Provincial/Territorial Operating Costs

Provincial/Territorial Adjusted CostsFigure B1 footnote *

2009-10

2,317,117

2,025,452

1,878,204

1,641,787

2010-11

2,429,965

2,085,807

1,917,557

1,645,972

2011-12

2,715,886

2,265,126

2,021,627

1,686,094

2012-13

2,693,043

2,193,032

2,057,391

1,675,400

2013-14

2,805,418

2,240,749

2,159,641

1,724,953

2014-15

2,424,744

1,915,280

2,212,026

1,747,256

2015-16

2,235,401

1,740,967

2,369,076

1,845,075

2016-17

2,255,848

1,729,945

2,445,894

1,875,686

2017-18

2,490,188

1,866,708

2,559,582

1,918,727

2018-19

2,405,581

1,803,284

2,692,706

2,018,520

Figure B1 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0013-01, Adult Correctional Services, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Federal expenditures on corrections include spending by Correctional Service Canada (CSC), the Parole Board of Canada (PBC), and the Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI). Total expenditures represent gross expenditures and exclude revenues. Operating costs include Employee Benefit Plan expenditures. CSC expenditures exclude CORCAN (a Special Operating Agency that conducts industrial operations within penitentiaries).

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table B1: Federal corrections costs

Year

Current Dollars

Constant 2002 Dollars

Operating

Capital

Total

Per capitaTable B1 footnote *

Operating

Capital

Total

Per capitaTable B1 footnote *

$'000

$

$'000

$

2014-15

CSC

2,373,604

200,606

2,574,210

72.6

1,874,885

158,457

2,033,341

57.4

PBC

50,122

NA

50,100

1.4

39,573

NA

39,573

1.1

OCI

4,659

NA

4,659

0.1

3,680

NA

3,680

0.1

Total

2,424,744

200,606

2,628,969

74.2

1,918,138

158,457

2,076,595

59.8

2015-16

CSC

2,189,101

168,684

2,357,785

66.0

1,704,907

131,374

1,836,281

51.4

PBC

46,300

NA

46,300

1.3

36,059

NA

36,059

1.0

OCI

4,656

NA

4,656

0.1

3,626

NA

3,626

0.1

Total

2,235,401

168,684

2,408,741

67.5

1,744,593

131,374

1,875,967

54.0

2016-17

CSC

2,209,048

153,757

2,362,805

65.4

1,694,055

117,912

1,811,966

50.2

PBC

46,800

NA

46,800

1.3

35,890

NA

35,890

1.0

OCI

4,693

NA

4,693

0.1

3,599

NA

3,599

0.1

Total

2,255,848

153,757

2,414,298

66.9

1,733,544

117,912

1,851,455

53.3

2017-18

CSC

2,442,488

185,624

2,628,112

71.9

1,830,951

139,148

1,970,099

53.9

PBC

47,700

NA

47,700

1.3

35,757

NA

35,757

1.0

OCI

4,616

NA

4,616

0.1

3,472

NA

3,472

0.1

Total

2,490,188

185,624

2,680,428

73.4

1,870,179

139,148

2,009,328

57.9

2018-19

CSC

2,352,556

227,793

2,580,349

69.6

1,763,535

170,759

1,934,295

52.2

PBC

49,800

NA

49,800

1.3

37,331

NA

37,331

1.1

OCI

4,631

NA

4,631

0.1

3,472

NA

3,472

0.1

Total

2,405,581

227,793

2,634,780

71.1

1,804,338

170,759

1,975,097

56.9

Notes:

Sources: Table 35-10-0013-01, Adult Correctional Services, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada; Correctional Service Canada; Office of the Correctional Investigator; Parole Board of Canada.

Due to rounding, constant dollar amounts may not add up to "Total".

Constant dollars represent dollar amounts calculated on a one-year base (2002) that adjusts for inflation allowing the yearly amounts to be directly comparable. Changes in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) were used to calculate constant dollars. The CPI rate for the 2020 CCRSO was based on an average of the monthly CPI for the fiscal year rather than calendar year. This limits comparability to CCRSO reports prior to 2020.

Costs are rounded to the thousands. Therefore, the per capita rate needs to be multiplied by 1000.

NA is the short form for not applicable.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

CSC employees were concentrated in custody centres

Figure B2: CSC employees at the end of fiscal year (2019-20)

Figure B2
Image description
Figure B2 CSC employees at the end of fiscal year (2019-20)
Percent Employees 
Community Supervision

8.6

1,486

Custody Centres

76.7

13,215

Headquarters and Central Services

14.7

2,537

Figure B2 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Due to changes in policy, Correctional Officers no longer occupy positions in the community.

CSC has changed its definition of employee. Previously the total number of employees included casual employees, employees on leave without pay and suspended employees. These categories have been removed from the total as of 2005-06. These numbers represent indeterminate and term equal to, or more than 3 months of substantive employment; and employee status of active and paid leave current up to March 31, 2020.

Due to rounding, the percentage may not add to 100.

Table B2: CSC employees at the end of fiscal year

Service Area

March 31, 2009

March 31, 2020

#

%

#

%

Headquarters and Central Services

2,609

15.8

2,537

14.7

Administration

2,198

13.3

2,186

12.7

Health Care

111

0.7

77

0.4

Program Staff

108

0.7

57

0.3

Correctional Officers

44

0.3

43

0.2

Instructors/Supervisors

17

0.1

11

0.1

Parole Officers/Parole SupervisorsTable B2 footnote *

2

0

1

0.0

OtherTable B2 footnote **

129

0.8

162

0.9

Custody Centres

12,590

76.1

13,215

76.7

Correctional Officers

6,382

38.6

7,162

41.5

Administration

2,126

12.9

1,821

10.6

Health Care

988

6

965

5.6

Program Staff

839

5.1

987

5.7

Parole Officers/Parole SupervisorsTable B2 footnote *

727

4.4

586

3.4

Instructors/Supervisors

444

2.7

421

2.4

OtherTable B2 footnote **

1,084

6.6

1,273

7.4

Community Supervision

1,337

8.1

1,486

8.6

Parole Officers/Parole SupervisorsTable B2 footnote *

714

4.3

775

4.5

Administration

336

2

377

2.2

Program Staff

198

1.2

247

1.4

Health Care

69

0.4

84

0.5

Correctional Officers

18

0.1

0

0.0

OtherTable B2 footnote **

2

0

3

0.0

Total

16,536

100

17,238

100

Table B2 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Due to changes in policy, Correctional Officers no longer occupy positions in the community.

CSC has changed its definition of employee. Previously the total number of employees included casual employees, employees on leave without pay and suspended employees. These categories have been removed from the total as of 2005-06. These numbers represent indeterminate and term equal to, or more than 3 months of substantive employment; and employee status of active and paid leave current up to March 31, 2020.

Due to rounding, the percentage may not add to 100.

The cost of keeping an inmate incarcerated has remained relatively steady in the past 5 years

Figure B3: Federal average daily inmate cost (current $)

Figure B3
Image description
Federal average daily inmate cost (current $)
Year Women Total  Men 
2014-15

585

326

315

2015-16

528

319

309

2016-17

525

319

308

2017-18

581

344

332

2018-19

559

329

318

Figure B3 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

In 2018-19, the methodology of presentation for certain indirect costs was changed to better reflect the direct costs of maintaining an offender.

The average daily inmate cost includes those costs associated with the operation of the institutions such as salaries and employee benefit plan contributions, but excludes capital expenditures and expenditures related to CORCAN (a Special Operating Agency that conducts industrial operations within federal institutions).

Total incarcerated and community includes additional NHQ & RHQ administrative costs which are not part of the Institutional and/or Community calculations. Offenders in the Community includes: Offenders on conditional release, statutory release or with Long-Term Supervision Order, under CSC supervision.

Figures may not add due to rounding.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table B3: Annual average cost per offender (current $)

Categories

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

Maximum Security (males only)

160,094

155,848

158,113

169,367

163,642

Medium Security (males only)

105,750

106,868

105,349

115,263

109,660

Minimum Security (males only)

86,613

81,528

83,450

86,603

83,900

Women's Facilities

213,800

192,742

191,843

212,005

204,474

Exchange of Services AgreementsTable B3 footnote * (both)

111,839

114,974

122,998

114,188

122,269

Incarcerated Average

119,152

116,364

116,473

125,466

120,589

Offenders in the Community

33,067

31,052

30,639

32,327

32,037

Total Incarcerated and CommunityTable B3 footnote **

99,982

94,545

95,654

100,425

99,185

Table B3 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

In 2018-19, the methodology of presentation for certain indirect costs was changed to better reflect the direct costs of maintaining an offender.

The average daily inmate cost includes those costs associated with the operation of the institutions such as salaries and employee benefit plan contributions, but excludes capital expenditures and expenditures related to CORCAN (a Special Operating Agency that conducts industrial operations within federal institutions).

Figures may not add to total due to rounding.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

The number of Parole Board of Canada employees

Figure B4 Full-time equivalentsFigure B4 footnote * – 10-year trend

Figure B4
Image description
Figure B4 Full-time equivalentsFigure B4 footnote * – 10-year trend

Year

Full-Time Equivalents

2010-11

438

2011-12

461

2012-13

468

2013-14

505

2014-15

495

2015-16

475

2016-17

480

2017-18

471

2018-19

481

2019-20

499

Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Table B4: Full time equivalentsTable B4 footnote *

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

Program Activity

Conditional Release Decisions

325

322

321

317

317

320

Conditional Release Openness and Accountability

54

42

44

42

43

45

Record Suspension and Clemency Recommendations

69

52

59

48

58

72

Internal Services

47

59

56

64

63

62

Total

495

475

480

471

481

499

Types of Employees

Full-time Board Members

42

41

39

38

41

40

Part-time Board Members

18

18

17

20

19

20

Staff

435

416

424

413

421

439

Total

495

475

480

471

481

499

Table B4 Note:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

The number of employees in the Office of the Correctional Investigator

Figure B5: Full-time equivalents

Figure B5
Image description
Figure B5 Full-time equivalents
Year Total
2010-11

30

2011-12

32

2012-13

36

2013-14

36

2014-15

36

2015-16

36

2016-17

36

2017-18

36

2018-19

39

2019-20

40

Figure B5 Notes:

Source: Office of the Correctional Investigator.

The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) may commence an investigation on receipt of a complaint by or on behalf of an offender or on its own initiative. Complaints are made by telephone, letter and during interviews with the OCI's investigative staff at federal correctional facilities. The dispositions in response to complaints involve a combination of internal responses (where the information or assistance sought by the offender can generally be provided by the OCI's investigative staff) and investigations (where, further to a review/analysis of law, policies and documentation, OCI investigative staff make an inquiry or several interventions with Correctional Service Canada and submit recommendations to address the complaint). Investigations vary considerably in terms of scope, complexity, duration and resources required.

Table B5: Full time equivalents

Types of Employees

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

Senior Management and Investigative Services

26

26

26

27

28

Legal Counsel, Policy and Research

5

5

5

5

6

Internal Services

4

4

4

6

5

Correctional Investigator

1

1

1

1

1

Total

36

36

36

39

40

Table B5 Notes:

Source: Office of the Correctional Investigator.

The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) may commence an investigation on receipt of a complaint by or on behalf of an offender or on its own initiative. Complaints are made by telephone, letter and during interviews with the OCI's investigative staff at federal correctional facilities. The dispositions in response to complaints involve a combination of internal responses (where the information or assistance sought by the offender can generally be provided by the OCI's investigative staff) and investigations (where, further to a review/analysis of law, policies and documentation, OCI investigative staff make an inquiry or several interventions with Correctional Service Canada and submit recommendations to address the complaint). Investigations vary considerably in terms of scope, complexity, duration and resources required.

Health care was the most common area of offender complaint received by the Office of the Correctional Investigator

Figure B6: Ten most common offender complaints in 2019-20

Figure B6
Image description
Figure B6 Ten most common offender complaints in 2019-20

Category of Complaint

2019-20

Health Care

688

Staff

560

Conditions of Confinement

502

Cell Effects

388

Transfer

368

Request for Information

245

Safety/Security of Offender(s)

230

Visits

209

Telephone

185

Security Classification

136

Figure B6 Notes:

Source: Office of the Correctional Investigator.

The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) may commence an investigation on receipt of a complaint by or on behalf of an offender or on its own initiative. Complaints are made by telephone, letter and during interviews with the OCI's investigative staff at federal correctional facilities. The dispositions in response to complaints involve a combination of internal responses (where the information or assistance sought by the offender can generally be provided by the OCI's investigative staff) and investigations (where, further to a review/analysis of law, policies and documentation, OCI investigative staff make an inquiry or several interventions with Correctional Service Canada and submit recommendations to address the complaint). Investigations vary considerably in terms of scope, complexity, duration and resources required.

Table B6: Number of offender complaints in the last 5 years

Category of ComplaintTable B6 footnote *

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

Health Care

917

913

858

693

688

Conditions of Confinement

821

783

783

608

502

Staff

429

408

530

501

560

Cell Effects

426

497

412

407

388

Transfer

370

439

353

334

368

Administrative Segregation

272

269

223

187

89

Visits

290

285

214

192

209

Telephone

224

187

169

183

185

Outside OCI Jurisdiction

245

259

193

128

133

Request for Information

152

213

126

159

245

Safety/Security of Offender(s)

197

208

127

177

230

Grievance

188

173

177

127

129

Financial Matters

199

170

107

111

119

Programs

161

202

138

112

112

Correspondence

165

167

149

84

130

Security Classification

143

135

129

102

136

Case Preparation

102

115

55

73

96

Mental Health

133

122

76

59

100

Temporary Absence

100

93

74

65

52

Release Procedures

95

104

83

55

83

Total of All CategoriesTable B6 footnote **

6,651

6,844

5,865

5,113

5,566

Table B6 Notes:

Source: Office of the Correctional Investigator.

The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) may commence an investigation on receipt of a complaint by or on behalf of an offender or on its own initiative. Complaints are made by telephone, letter and during interviews with the OCI's investigative staff at federal correctional facilities. The dispositions in response to complaints involve a combination of internal responses (where the information or assistance sought by the offender can generally be provided by the OCI's investigative staff) and investigations (where, further to a review/analysis of law, policies and documentation, OCI investigative staff make an inquiry or several interventions with Correctional Service Canada and submit recommendations to address the complaint). Investigations vary considerably in terms of scope, complexity, duration and resources required.

Due to ongoing efforts at the OCI (Office of the Correctional Investigator) to streamline our administrative database and ensure accuracy in reporting, the numbers in this table will not always match those of past Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overviews, or OCI Annual Reports.

Section C. Offender Population

Offenders under the responsibility of CSC

Figure C1: Total offender population (2019-20)Figure C1 footnote *

Figure C1
Image description
Figure C1 Total offender population (2019-20)
Status Percent

In-Custody Population (CSC Facility)

  • Incarcerated in CSC Facility
  • Temporarily Detained in CSC Facility

59.4

In Community under Supervision

  • Temporarily Detained in Non-CSC Facility
  • Actively Supervised
  • Day Parole
  • Full Parole
  • Statutory Release
  • Long-Term Supervision Order

40.6

Figure C1 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Offenders under the responsibility of CSC

Definitions

Total Offender Population includes all active offenders, who are incarcerated in a CSC facility, offenders on temporary absence from a CSC facility, offenders who are temporarily detained, offenders who are actively supervised, and offenders who are unlawfully at large for less than 90 days.

In addition to the total offender population, there are excluded groups such as:

Federal jurisdiction offenders incarcerated in a Community Correctional Centre or in a non-CSC facility.

Federal jurisdiction offenders deported /extradited including offenders for whom a deportation order has been enforced by Canada Border Services Agency.

Federal offenders on bail which includes offenders on a judicial interim release; they have appealed their conviction or sentence and have been released to await the results of a new trial.

Escaped includes offenders who have absconded from either a correctional facility or while on a temporary absence and whose whereabouts are unknown. 

Unlawfully at Large for 90 days or more. This includes offenders who have been released to the community on day parole, full parole, statutory release or a long term supervision order for whom a warrant for suspension has been issued at least 90 days ago, but has not yet been executed.

CSC Facilities include all federal institutions and federally funded Healing Lodges.

Total Offender Population

In custody includes all active offenders incarcerated in a CSC facility, offenders on temporary absence from a CSC facility, offenders who are temporarily detained in a CSC facility and offenders on remand in a CSC facility.

In Community Under Supervision includes all active offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, in the community supervised on a long-term supervision order, offenders who are temporarily detained in a non-CSC facility, offenders who are unlawfully at large for less than 90 days, offenders on remand in a non-CSC facility, and offenders supervised and subject to an immigration hold by Canada Border Services Agency.

Actively Supervised includes all active offenders on day parole, full parole or statutory release, as well as those who are in the community on long-term supervision orders.

Temporarily Detained includes offenders who are physically held in a CSC facility or a non-CSC facility after being suspended for a breach of a parole condition or to prevent a breach of parole conditions.

Table C1: Total offender population (2019-20)Table C1 footnote *

Status

Offenders under the responsibility of CSC (2019-20)

#

%

In-Custody Population (CSC Facility)

13,720

59.4

 Incarcerated in CSC Facility

13,056

56.5

 Temporarily Detained in CSC Facility

664

2.9

In Community under Supervision

9,382

40.6

Temporarily Detained in Non-CSC Facility

216

0.9

Actively Supervised

9,166

39.7

Day Parole

1,509

6.5

Full Parole

4,540

19.7

Statutory Release

2,647

11.5

Long-Term Supervision Order

470

2.0

Total

23,102

100

Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The number of in-custody offenders

Figure C2 (A): Number of in-custody offenders in a CSC facility at fiscal yearFigure C2 (A) footnote * end

Figure C2 (A)
Image description
Figure C2(A) Number of in-custody offenders in a CSC facility at fiscal year end

Year

Number of in-custody offenders in a CSC facility at fiscal year end

2010-11

14,840

2011-12

15,131

2012-13

15,318

2013-14

15,342

2014-15

14,886

2015-16

14,712

2016-17

14,159

2017-18

14,092

2018-19

14,149

2019-20

13,720

Source: Correctional Service of Canada

Figure C2 (B): Number of in-custody offenders in a provincial/territorial facilityFigure C2 (B) footnote *

Figure C2 (b)
Image description
Figure C2(B) Number of in-custody offenders in a provincial/territorial facility

Year

Number of in-custody offenders in a provincial/territorial facility 

2009-10

24,092

2010-11

24,435

2011-12

24,814

2012-13

25,185

2013-14

21,704

2014-15

24,455

2015-16

25,405

2016-17

25,448

2017-18

24,658

2018-19

23,783

Source: Table: 35-10-0154-01, Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Figure C2 (A) and (B) Notes:

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table C2: In-custody offenders

Year

In Custody in a CSCTable C2 footnote 1 FacilityTable C2 footnote *

Provincial/TerritorialTable C2 footnote 2

Total

Sentenced

Remand

Other/ Temporary Detention

Total

2009-10

14,197

10,045

13,739

308

24,092

38,289

2010-11

14,840

10,922

13,086

427

24,435

39,275

2011-12

15,131

11,138

13,369

308

24,814

39,945

2012-13

15,318

11,138

13,739

308

25,185

40,503

2013-14

15,342

9,888

11,494

322

21,704

37,046

2014-15

14,886

10,364

13,650

441

24,455

39,341

2015-16

14,712

10,091

14,899

415

25,405

40,117

2016-17

14,159

9,710

15,417

321

25,448

39,607

2017-18

14,092

9,543

15,417

303

24,658

38,750

2018-19

14,149

8,708

14,778

297

23,783

37,932

2019-20

13,720

Not availableTable C2 footnote **

Not availableTable C2 footnote **

Not availableTable C2 footnote **

Not availableTable C2 footnote **

Not availableTable C2 footnote **

Table C2 Notes:

Sources:

The figures for provincial and territorial offenders reflect annual average counts.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

The number of admissions to CSC facilities

Figure C3: Number of admissions to CSC facilities

Figure C3
Image description
Figure C3 Number of admissions to CSC facilities

 

Warrant of Committal

Revocations

OtherFigure C3 footnote *

2010-11

5,333

2,651

120

2011-12

5,031

2,577

127

2012-13

5,043

2,893

133

2013-14

5,071

2,716

114

2014-15

4,817

2,503

76

2015-16

4,890

2,476

82

2016-17

4,907

2,146

98

2017-18

4,996

2,131

64

2018-19

5,019

2,255

72

2019-20

4,595

2,285

66

Figure C3 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Revocation is when an offender is admitted to federal custody after conditional release and before reaching warrant expiry.

These numbers refer to the total number of admissions to a federal institution or Healing Lodge during each fiscal year and may be greater than the actual number of offenders admitted, since an individual offender may be admitted more than once in a given year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC's Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year's publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis. 

Table C3: Number of admissions to CSC facilities

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

Females

Males

Females

Males

Females

Males

Females

Males

Females

Males

Warrant of Committal

1st Federal Sentence

348

3321

376

3,354

336

3,363

347

3,461

320

3,150

2nd or Subsequent Federal Sentence

39

1,173

37

1,130

45

1,238

36

1,166

29

1,092

Provincial Sentence

1

8

1

9

2

12

0

9

1

3

Subtotal

388

4,502

414

4,493

383

4,613

383

4,636

350

4,245

Total

4,890

4,907

4,996

5,019

4,595

Revocations

149

2,327

132

2,014

149

1,982

145

2,110

176

2,109

Total

2,476

2,146

2,131

2,255

2,285

OtherTable C3 footnote *

4

78

4

95

9

55

5

67

4

62

Total

82

99

64

72

66

Total Admissions

541

6,907

550

6,602

541

6,650

533

6,813

530

6,416

7,448

7,152

7,191

7,346

6,946

Table C3 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Revocation is when an offender is admitted to federal custody after conditional release and before reaching warrant expiry.

These numbers refer to the total number of admissions to a federal institution or Healing Lodge during each fiscal year and may be greater than the actual number of offenders admitted, since an individual offender may be admitted more than once in a given year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year. 

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC's Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year's publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis. 

Over the last ten years, the number of females admitted from the courts to CSC facilities has fluctuated

Figure C4: Warrant of committal admissions for females

Figure C4
Image description
Figure C4 Warrant of committal admissions for females
Year Number
2010-11

328

2011-12

337

2012-13

265

2013-14

312

2014-15

343

2015-16

388

2016-17

414

2017-18

383

2018-19

383

2019-20

350

Figure C4 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC’s Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year’s publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis.

Table C4: Warrant of committal admissions for females and males

Year

Females

Males

Total

#

%

#

%

2010-11

328

6.2

5,005

93.8

5,333

2011-12

337

6.7

4,695

93.3

5,032

2012-13

265

5.3

4,779

94.7

5,044

2013-14

312

6.2

4,759

93.8

5,071

2014-15

343

7.1

4,474

92.9

4,817

2015-16

388

7.9

4,502

92.1

4,890

2016-17

414

8.4

4,493

91.6

4,907

2017-18

383

7.7

4,613

92.3

4,996

2018-19

383

7.6

4,636

92.4

5,019

2019-20

350

7.6

4,245

92.4

4,595

Table C4 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC's Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year's publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis.  

About half of the total offender population in CSC facilities were serving a sentence of less than five years

Figure C5: Sentence length of total offender population (2019-20)Figure C5 footnote *

Figure C5
Image description
Figure C5 Sentence length of total offender population (2019-20)
 

Sentence Length

Number

< than 2 yearsFigure C5 footnote **

307

2 years to < 3 years

5,149

3 years to < 4 years

3,389

4 years to < 5 years

2,371

5 years to < 6 years

1,692

6 years to < 7 years

1,153

7 years to < 10 years

1,841

10 years to < 15 years

1,010

15 years or more

426

IndeterminateFigure C5 footnote ***

5,764

Figure C5 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Table C5: Sentence length of total offender populationTable C5 footnote *

Sentence Length

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

< than 2 yearsTable C5 footnote **

306

1.3

307

1.3

348

1.5

307

1.3

307

1.3

2 years to < 3 years

5,367

23.3

5,391

23.4

5,412

23.3

5,457

23.3

5,149

22.3

3 years to < 4 years

3,503

15.2

3,377

14.7

3,378

14.5

3,436

14.6

3,389

14.7

4 years to < 5 years

2,393

10.4

2,382

10.3

2,342

10.1

2,368

10.1

2,371

10.3

5 years to < 6 years

1,692

7.3

1,691

7.3

1,674

7.2

1,711

7.3

1,692

7.3

6 years to < 7 years

1,136

4.9

1,143

5.0

1,186

5.1

1,172

5.0

1,153

5.0

7 years to < 10 years

1,805

7.8

1,810

7.9

1,811

7.8

1,857

7.9

1,841

8.0

10 years to < 15 years

940

4.1

951

4.1

979

4.2

998

4.3

1,010

4.4

15 years or more

522

2.3

501

2.2

474

2.0

445

1.9

426

1.8

IndeterminateTable C5 footnote ***

5,393

23.4

5,492

23.8

5,619

24.2

5,713

24.3

5,764

25.0

Total

23,057

100

23,045

100

23,223

100

23,464

100

23,102

100

Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Admission of older offenders to CSC facilities has increased

Figure C6: Percentage of warrant of committal admissions by age (2019-20)

Figure C6
Image description
Figure C6 Percentage of warrant of committal admissions by age (2019-20)

Age at Admission

2010-11 Percent

2019-20 Percent

18 and 19

3.4

1.5

20 to 24

18

13.9

25 to 29

19.2

18.6

30 to 34

15.2

17.5

35 to 39

12.3

15.1

40 to 44

11

9.7

45 to 49

8.9

7

50 to 59

9

11

60 to 69

2.3

4

70 and over

0.7

1.8

Figure C6 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC's Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year's publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis.

Table C6: Warrant of committal admissions by age and sex

Age at Admission

2010-11

2019-20

Females

Males

Total

Females

Males

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

18 and 19

12

3.7

167

3.3

179

3.4

4

1.1

65

1.5

69

1.5

20 to 24

50

15.2

912

18.2

962

18.0

51

14.6

587

13.8

638

13.9

25 to 29

67

20.4

959

19.2

1,026

19.2

75

21.4

781

18.4

856

18.6

30 to 34

57

17.4

752

15.0

809

15.2

60

17.1

743

17.5

803

17.5

35 to 39

43

13.1

613

12.2

656

12.3

57

16.3

635

15.0

692

15.1

40 to 44

39

11.9

545

10.9

584

11.0

31

8.9

416

9.8

447

9.7

45 to 49

30

9.1

446

8.9

476

8.9

24

6.9

296

7.0

320

7.0

50 to 59

26

7.9

455

9.1

481

9.0

36

10.3

469

11.0

505

11.0

60 to 69

2

0.6

122

2.4

124

2.3

11

3.1

173

4.1

184

4.0

70 and over

2

0.6

34

0.7

36

0.7

1

0.3

80

1.9

81

1.8

Total

328

5,005

5,333

350

4,245

4,595

Table C6 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC's Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year's publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis.

The average age at admission to CSC facilities was lower for Indigenous offenders

Figure C7: Percentage of warrant of committal admissions for Indigenous and Non-Indigenous offenders (2019-20)

Figure C7
Image description
Figure C7 Percentage of warrant of committal admissions for Indigenous and Non-Indigenous offenders (2019-20)

Age at Admission

Percent Indigenous

Percent Non-Indigenous

18 and 19

2.9

1

20 to 24

16.2

13

25 to 29

21.5

17.5

30 to 34

19.1

16.9

35 to 39

16.1

14.7

40 to 44

8.5

10.2

45 to 49

6.1

7.3

50 to 59

7.4

12.4

60 to 69

1.9

4.8

70 and over

0.3

2.3

Figure C7 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC's Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year's publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis.  

Table C7: Warrant of committal admissions for Indigenous and Non-Indigenous offenders

Age at Admission

2010-11

2019-20

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Total

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

18 and 19

72

5.8

107

2.6

179

3.4

37

2.9

32

1.0

69

1.5

20 to 24

290

23.4

672

16.4

962

18.0

205

16.2

433

13.0

638

13.9

25 to 29

255

20.6

771

18.8

1,026

19.2

272

21.5

584

17.5

856

18.6

30 to 34

180

14.5

629

15.4

809

15.2

241

19.1

562

16.9

803

17.5

35 to 39

150

12.1

506

12.4

656

12.3

204

16.1

488

14.7

692

15.1

40 to 44

138

11.1

446

10.9

584

11.0

108

8.5

339

10.2

447

9.7

45 to 49

80

6.5

396

9.7

476

8.9

77

6.1

243

7.3

320

7.0

50 to 59

64

5.2

417

10.2

481

9.0

93

7.4

412

12.4

505

11.0

60 to 69

7

0.6

117

2.9

124

2.3

24

1.9

160

4.8

184

4.0

70 and over

2

0.2

34

0.8

36

0.7

4

0.3

77

2.3

81

1.8

Total

1,238

4,095

5,333

1,265

3,330

4,595

Table C7 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC's Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year's publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis.

25% of the in-custodyFigure C8 footnote * offender population in a CSC facility was aged 50 or over

Figure C8: Percentage of in-custodyFigure C8 footnote * offender population (2019-20) vs. Canadian adult population (2020)

Figure C8
Image description
Figure C8 Percentage of in-custody offender population (2019-20) vs. Canadian adult population (2020)
Age Percent of 2019-20 in-custody populationFigure C8 footnote * Percent of Canadian adult population
18 and 19

0.3

2.9

20 to 24

8

8.1

25 to 29

15.8

8.6

30 to 34

16.6

8.7

35 to 39

14.3

8.6

40 to 44

11

8

45 to 49

9

7.8

50 to 54

8.3

8

55 to 59

7.1

8.9

60 to 64

4.6

8.3

65 to 69

2.5

7

70 and over

2.6

15.2

Figure C8 Notes:

Sources: Correctional Service of Canada; Table 17-10-0005-01, Annual Demographic Estimates: Canada, Provinces, and Territories, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Due to rounding, percentage may not add to 100 percent.

Table C8: In-custodyTable C8 footnote * and in community under supervisionTable C8 footnote ** offender populations (2019-20)

Age

In CustodyTable C8 footnote *

In Community Under SupervisionTable C8 footnote **

Total

% of Canadian Adult Population

#

%

#

%

#

%

%

18 and 19

37

0.3

2

0.0

39

0.2

2.9

20 to 24

1,102

8.0

392

4.2

1,494

6.5

8.1

25 to 29

2,171

15.8

1,004

10.7

3,175

13.7

8.6

30 to 34

2,273

16.6

1,191

12.7

3,464

15.0

8.7

35 to 39

1,963

14.3

1,236

13.2

3,199

13.8

8.6

40 to 44

1,504

11.0

975

10.4

2,479

10.7

8.0

45 to 49

1,229

9.0

928

9.9

2,157

9.3

7.8

50 to 54

1,133

8.3

892

9.5

2,025

8.8

8.0

55 to 59

978

7.1

874

9.3

1,852

8.0

8.9

60 to 64

629

4.6

643

6.9

1,272

5.5

8.3

65 to 69

342

2.5

529

5.6

871

3.8

7.0

70 and over

359

2.6

716

7.6

1,075

4.7

15.2

Total

13,720

100

9,382

100

23,102

100

100

Table C8 Notes:

Sources: Correctional Service of Canada; Table 17-10-0005-01, Annual Demographic Estimates: Canada, Provinces, and Territories, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Due to rounding, percentage may not add to 100 percent.

54% of offenders in CSC facilities were White

Figure C9: Percentage of total offender population by self-reported raceFigure C9 footnote * (2019-20)

Figure C9
Image description
Figure C9 Percentage of total offender population by self-reported race (2019-20)
   Percent
WhiteFigure C8 footnote **

53.7

IndigenousFigure C8 footnote ***

26.1

BlackFigure C8 footnote ****

8.1

AsianFigure C8 footnote *****

5.9

Other/UnknownFigure C8 footnote ******

5.1

HispanicFigure C8 footnote *******

1.1

Figure C9 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data reflect all active offenders, who are incarcerated in a CSC facility, offenders on temporary absence from a CSC facility, offenders who are temporarily detained, offenders who are actively supervised, and offenders who are unlawfully at large for less than 90 days.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

Table C9: Total offender population by self-reported raceTable C9 footnote *

2015-16

2019-20

#

%

#

%

WhiteTable C9 footnote **

13,553

58.8

12,402

53.7

IndigenousTable C9 footnote ***

5,277

22.7

6,027

26.1

First Nations

3,520

15.3

4,109

17.8

Métis

1,478

6.4

1,721

7.4

Inuit

229

1.0

197

0.9

BlackTable C9 footnote ****

1,787

7.8

1,866

8.1

AsianTable C9 footnote *****

1,263

5.5

1,371

5.9

AsiaticTable C9 footnote ******

322

1.4

431

1.9

Arab

167

0.7

195

0.8

Arab / West Asian

177

0.8

185

0.8

South East Asian

222

1.0

180

0.8

South Asian

148

0.6

156

0.7

Chinese

118

0.5

105

0.5

Filipino

76

0.3

83

0.4

East Indian

12

0.1

14

0.1

Korean

17

0.1

14

0.1

Japanese

4

0.0

8

0.0

HispanicTable C9 footnote *******

240

1.0

258

1.1

Latin American

234

1.0

251

1.1

Hispanic

6

0.0

7

0.0

Other/UnknownTable C9 footnote ********

987

4.3

1,178

5.1

Total

23,057

100

23,102

100

Table C9 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Multiracial/Ethnic, Oceania, British Isles, Caribbean, Sub-Sahara African, offenders unable to identify to one race, other and unknown.

The data reflect all active offenders, who are incarcerated in a CSC facility, offenders on temporary absence from a CSC facility, offenders who are temporarily detained, offenders who are actively supervised, and offenders who are unlawfully at large for less than 90 days.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year. 

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The religious identification of the CSC offender population was diverse

Figure C10: Percentage of total offender population by religious identification (2019-20)

Figure C10
Image description
Figure C10 Percentage of total offender population by religious identification (2019-20)

 

Percent

Christian

45.0

Unknown

16.0

No Religious Affiliation

15.3

Muslim

7.5

Traditional Aboriginal Spirituality

7.1

Other Religions

2.4

Buddhist

2.1

Wicca/Pagan

1.5

Jewish

1.1

Rastafarian

0.8

Sikh

0.8

Hindu

0.3

Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Religious identification is self-declared by offenders while they are incarcerated, and the categories are not comprehensive; therefore, the reader should interpret these data with caution.

Christian includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Amish, Anglican (Episcopal Church of England), Antiochian Orthodox, Apostolic Christian Church, Armenian Orthodox/Apostolic, Associated Gospel, Assyrian Chaldean Catholic, Baptist, Brethren In Christ, Bulgarian Orthodox, Canadian Reformed Church, Catholic- Greek, Catholic-Roman, Catholic-Ukranian, Catholic Non-Specific, Churches of Christ/Christian Churches, Charismatic, Christadelphian, Christian & Missionary Alliance, Christian Congregational, Christian Non Specific, Christian Or Plymouth Brethren, Christian Orthodox, Christian Reformed, Christian Reformed Church, Christian Science, Church of Christ Scientist, Church of God, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saint, Community of Christ, Coptic Orthodox, Doukhobor, Dutch Reformed Church, Ethiopian Orthodox, Evangelical, Evangelical Free Church , Evangelical Missionary Church, Free Methodist, Free Reformed Church, Grace Communion International, Greek Orthodox, Hutterite, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witnesses, Lutheran, Macedonian Orthodox, Maronite, Melkite, Mennonite, Methodist Christian, Metropolitan Community Church, Mission de l'Esprit Saint, Moravian, Mormon (Latter Day Saints), Nazarene Christian, Netherlands Reformed, New Apostolic, Pentecostal (4-Square), Pentecostal Assembly of God, Pentecôtiste, Philadelphia Church of God, Presbyterian, Protestant Non-Specific, Quaker (Society of Friends), Reformed Christian, Romanian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Salvation Army, Serbian Orthodox, Seventh Day Adventist, Shaker, Swedenborgian (New Church), Syrian/Syriac Orthodox, Ukrainian Catholic, Ukrainian Orthodox, United Church, United Reformed Church, Vineyard Christian Fellowship, Wesleyan Christian and Worldwide Church of God.

Muslim includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Muslim and Sufism.

Traditional Indigenous Spirituality includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Indigenous Spirituality Catholic, Traditional Indigenous Protestant, Native Spirituality, Catholic - Native Spirituality, Native Spirituality Protestant and Indigenous Spirituality.

Other Religion includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Baha'i, Eckankar, Gnostic, Independent Spirituality, Jain, Krishna, New Age, New Thought-Unity-Religious Science, Other, Pantheist, Rosicrucian, Satanist, Scientology, Shintoïste, Spiritualist, Taoism, Transcendental Meditation, Unification Church, Unitarian, Visnabha and Zoroastrian.

No religion Affiliation includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Agnostic, Atheist, Humanist and offenders who have no religion affiliation.

Buddhist includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Buddhist, Mahayana Buddhist, Theravadan Buddhist and Vajrayana Buddhist.

Wiccan/Pagan includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Asatru Paganism, Druidry Paganism, Pagan and Wicca.

Jewish includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Jewish Orthodox, Jewish Reformed and Judaism.

Sikh includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Sikh.

Rastafarian includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Rastafarian.

Hindu includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Hindu and Siddha Yoga.

The data reflect all active offenders, who are incarcerated in a CSC facility, offenders on temporary absence from a CSC facility, offenders who are temporarily detained, offenders who are actively supervised, and offenders who are unlawfully at large for less than 90 days.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year. 

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

Table C10: Total offender population by religious identification

2015-16

2019-20

#

%

#

%

Christian

12,145

52.7

10,406

45.0

Muslim

1,317

5.7

1,736

7.5

Traditional Aboriginal Spirituality

1,349

5.9

1,646

7.1

Buddhist

473

2.1

478

2.1

Wicca/Pagan

173

0.8

350

1.5

Jewish

163

0.7

257

1.1

Rastafarian

171

0.7

175

0.8

Sikh

140

0.6

196

0.8

Hindu

43

0.2

74

0.3

Other Religions

463

2.0

555

2.4

No Religious Affiliation

3,627

15.7

3,540

15.3

Unknown

2,993

13.0

3,689

16.0

Total

23,057

100

23,102

100

Table C10 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Religious identification is self-declared by offenders while they are incarcerated, and the categories are not comprehensive; therefore, the reader should interpret these data with caution.

Christian includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Amish, Anglican (Episcopal Church of England), Antiochian Orthodox, Apostolic Christian Church, Armenian Orthodox/Apostolic, Associated Gospel, Assyrian Chaldean Catholic, Baptist, Brethren In Christ, Bulgarian Orthodox, Canadian Reformed Church, Catholic- Greek, Catholic-Roman, Catholic-Ukranian, Catholic Non-Specific, Churches of Christ/Christian Churches, Charismatic, Christadelphian, Christian & Missionary Alliance, Christian Congregational, Christian Non Specific, Christian Or Plymouth Brethren, Christian Orthodox, Christian Reformed, Christian Reformed Church, Christian Science, Church of Christ Scientist, Church of God, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saint, Community of Christ, Coptic Orthodox, Doukhobor, Dutch Reformed Church, Ethiopian Orthodox, Evangelical, Evangelical Free Church , Evangelical Missionary Church, Free Methodist, Free Reformed Church, Grace Communion International, Greek Orthodox, Hutterite, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witnesses, Lutheran, Macedonian Orthodox, Maronite, Melkite, Mennonite, Methodist Christian, Metropolitan Community Church, Mission de l'Esprit Saint, Moravian, Mormon (Latter Day Saints), Nazarene Christian, Netherlands Reformed, New Apostolic, Pentecostal (4-Square), Pentecostal Assembly of God, Pentecôtiste, Philadelphia Church of God, Presbyterian, Protestant Non-Specific, Quaker (Society of Friends), Reformed Christian, Romanian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Salvation Army, Serbian Orthodox, Seventh Day Adventist, Shaker, Swedenborgian (New Church), Syrian/Syriac Orthodox, Ukrainian Catholic, Ukrainian Orthodox, United Church, United Reformed Church, Vineyard Christian Fellowship, Wesleyan Christian and Worldwide Church of God.

Muslim includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Muslim and Sufism.

Traditional Indigenous Spirituality includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Indigenous Spirituality Catholic, Traditional Indigenous Protestant, Native Spirituality, Catholic - Native Spirituality, Native Spirituality Protestant and Indigenous Spirituality.

Other Religion includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Baha'i, Eckankar, Gnostic, Independent Spirituality, Jain, Krishna, New Age, New Thought-Unity-Religious Science, Other, Pantheist, Rosicrucian, Satanist, Scientology, Shintoïste, Spiritualist, Taoism, Transcendental Meditation, Unification Church, Unitarian, Visnabha and Zoroastrian.

Buddhist includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Buddhist, Mahayana Buddhist, Theravadan Buddhist and Vajrayana Buddhist.

Wiccan/Pagan includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Asatru Paganism, Druidry Paganism, Pagan and Wicca.

Jewish includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Jewish Orthodox, Jewish Reformed and Judaism.

Rastafarian includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Rastafarian.

Sikh includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Sikh.

Hindu includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Hindu and Siddha Yoga.

No religion Affiliation includes offenders who belong to the following groups: Agnostic, Atheist, Humanist and offenders who have no religion affiliation.

The data reflect all active offenders, who are incarcerated in a CSC facility, offenders on temporary absence from a CSC facility, offenders who are temporarily detained, offenders who are actively supervised, and offenders who are unlawfully at large for less than 90 days.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year. 

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The proportion of Indigenous offenders in CSC custody vs in the community under supervision continued to be higher than non-Indigenous offenders

Figure C11: Percentage of Indigenous and non-Indigenous offenders in custodyFigure C11 footnote *

Figure C11
Image description
Figure C11 Percentage of Indigenous and non-Indigenous offenders in custody
Indigenous Offenders Percent Non-Indigenous Offenders Percent

2010-11

74.6

63.4

2011-12

75.3

63.8

2012-13

74.2

64.7

2013-14

72.9

64.5

2014-15

73.0

62.6

2015-16

72.4

61.3

2016-17

71.4

58.5

2017-18

70.3

57.7

2018-19

70.5

56.9

2019-20

68.6

56.1

Figure C11 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year. 

Table C11: Indigenous and non-Indigenous offenders in custodyTable C11 footnote * vs in the community under supervisionTable C11 footnote **

In-Custody PopulationTable C11 footnote *

In Community Under SupervisionTable C11 footnote **

TotalTable C11 footnote ***

#

%

#

%

Males

2015-16

Indigenous

3,532

73.2

1,293

26.8

4,825

Non-Indigenous

10,485

61.8

6,468

38.2

16,953

Total

14,017

64.4

7,761

35.6

21,778

2016-17

Indigenous

3,545

72.2

1,362

27.8

4,907

Non-Indigenous

9,922

59.0

6,885

41.0

16,807

Total

13,467

62.0

8,247

38.0

21,714

2017-18

Indigenous

3,647

71.4

1,464

28.6

5,111

Non-Indigenous

9,769

58.4

6,946

41.6

16,715

Total

13,416

61.5

8,410

38.5

21,826

2018-19

Indigenous

3,877

71.5

1,548

28.5

5,425

Non-Indigenous

9,571

57.6

7,036

42.4

16,607

Total

13,448

61.0

8,584

39.0

22,032

2019-20

Indigenous

3,855

69.6

1,684

30.4

5,539

Non-Indigenous

9,177

56.8

6,966

43.2

16,143

Total

13,032

60.1

8,650

39.9

21,682

Females

2015-16

Indigenous

251

62.4

151

37.6

402

Non-Indigenous

444

50.6

433

49.4

877

Total

695

54.3

584

45.7

1,279

2016-17

Indigenous

253

61.0

162

39.0

415

Non-Indigenous

439

47.9

477

52.1

916

Total

692

52.0

639

48.0

1,331

2017-18

Indigenous

270

58.6

191

41.4

461

Non-Indigenous

406

43.4

530

56.6

936

Total

676

48.4

721

51.6

1,397

2018-19

Indigenous

291

59.5

198

40.5

489

Non-Indigenous

410

43.5

533

56.5

943

Total

701

49.0

731

51.0

1,432

2019-20

Indigenous

279

57.3

208

42.7

487

Non-Indigenous

406

43.7

523

56.3

929

Total

685

48.4

731

51.6

1,416

Another Sex

2019-20

Indigenous

1

100

0

0.0

1

Non-Indigenous

2

66.7

1

33.3

3

Total

3

75.0

1

25.0

4

Table C11 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The majority of in-custodyFigure C12 footnote * offenders in a CSC facility were classified as medium security risk

Figure C12: Percentage of classified in-custodyFigure C12 footnote * offenders (2019-20)

Figure C12
Image description
Figure C12 Percentage of classified in-custody offenders (2019-20)
Security Risk Level Indigenous Percent Non-Indigenous Percent Total Percent
Minimum

16.0

22.5

20.5

Medium

66.9

64.3

65.1

Maximum

17.1

13.2

14.4

Figure C12 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data represent the offender security level decision as of end of fiscal year 2019-20.

Table C12: Total of classified in-custody offendersTable C12 footnote * (2019-20)

Security Risk Level

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

Minimum

619

16.0

1,958

22.5

2,577

20.5

Medium

2,591

66.9

5,608

64.3

8,199

65.1

Maximum

663

17.1

1,153

13.2

1,816

14.4

Total

3,873

100

8,719

100

12,592

100

Not Yet DeterminedTable C12 footnote **

262

866

1,128

Total

4,135

9,585

13,720

Table C12 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data represent the offender security level decision as of end of fiscal year 2019-20.

Admissions to federal jurisdiction with a life and/or indeterminateFigure C13 footnote * sentence

Figure C13: Number of warrant of committal admissions for life and/or indeterminateFigure C13 footnote * sentences

Figure C13
Image description
Figure C13 Number of warrant of committal admissions for life and/or indeterminate* sentences
Year Non-Indigenous Offenders Indigenous Offenders
2010-11

135

39

2011-12

121

54

2012-13

117

54

2013-14

126

48

2014-15

128

41

2015-16

132

54

2016-17

140

46

2017-18

148

80

2018-19

128

59

2019-20

136

40

Figure C13 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Total offender population includes all active offenders, who are incarcerated in a CSC facility, offenders on temporary absence from a CSC facility, offenders who are temporarily detained, offenders who are actively supervised, and offenders who are unlawfully at large for less than 90 days.

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC's Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year's publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis.

Table C13: Number of warrant of committal admissions for life and/or indeterminate sentencesTable C13 footnote *

Year

Indigenous Offenders

Non-Indigenous Offenders

Total

Females

Males

Total

Females

Males

Total

Females

Males

Total

2010-11

4

35

39

5

130

135

9

165

174

2011-12

6

48

54

11

110

121

17

158

175

2012-13

6

48

54

2

115

117

8

163

171

2013-14

7

41

48

7

119

126

14

160

174

2014-15

1

40

41

8

120

128

9

160

169

2015-16

5

49

54

6

126

132

11

175

186

2016-17

2

44

46

11

129

140

13

173

186

2017-18

6

74

80

12

136

148

18

210

228

2018-19

6

53

59

4

124

128

10

177

187

2019-20

1

39

40

8

128

136

9

167

176

Table C13 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

There is a lag in the data entry of admissions into CSC's Offender Management System. The admission figures for the most recent year are under-reported by 200-400 at the time of our year end extraction. More accurate figures will be available in the next year's publication. Please use caution when including the most recent year in any trend analysis. 

Offenders with life and/or indeterminate sentences represented 25% of the CSC total offender population

Figure C14: Sentence imposed for the total offender populationFigure C14 footnote * (2019-20)

Figure C14
Image description
Figure C14 Sentence imposed for the total offender population (2019-20)

Life and/or indeterminate sentences

25.0%

Life

22.0%

Indeterminate

2.8%

Life and indeterminate

0.1%

Determinate sentences

75.0%

Figure C14 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Table C14: Total offender population (2019-20)

Total Offender PopulationTable C14 footnote *

In CustodyTable C14 footnote ** in a CSC Facility

In Community Under SupervisionTable C14 footnote ***

#

%

Incarcerated

Day Parole

Full Parole

OtherTable C14 footnote ****

Offenders with a life sentence for:

1st Degree Murder

1,293

5.6

1,010

69

214

0

2nd Degree Murder

3,604

15.6

1,920

235

1,449

0

Other OffencesTable C14 footnote *****

190

0.8

102

12

76

0

Total

5,087

22.0

3,032

316

1,739

0

Offenders with indeterminate sentences resulting from the special designation of:

Dangerous Offender

643

2.8

603

18

22

0

Dangerous Sexual Offender

11

0.0

7

0

4

0

Habitual Offender

2

0.0

0

0

2

0

Total

656

2.8

610

18

28

0

Offenders serving an indeterminate sentence (due to a special designation) and a life sentence (due to an offence)Table C14 footnote ******

21

0.1

19

0

2

0

Total offenders with life and/or indeterminate sentenceTable C14 footnote *******

5,764

25.0

3,661

334

1,769

0

Offenders Serving Determinate sentencesTable C14 footnote ********

17,338

75.0

10,059

1,205

2,802

3,272

Total

23,102

100

13,720

1,539

4,571

3,272

Table C14 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

72% of the CSC total offender population was serving a sentence for a violent offence

Figure C15: Percentage of total offender populationFigure C15 footnote * (2019-20)

Figure
Image description
Figure C15 Percentage of total offender population (2019-20)
Offence Category  Indigenous Offenders Percent Non-Indigenous Offenders Percent

Murder I

4.3

6.1

Murder II

14.1

16.3

Schedule I

60.5

46.9

Schedule II

10.3

19.6

Non-Schedule

10.8

11

Figure C15 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

In cases where the offender is serving a sentence for more than one offence, the data reflect the most serious offence.

Table C15: Total offender populationTable C15 footnote * (2019-20)

Offence Category

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Total

Female

Male

Another Sex

Total

Female

Male

AnotherSex

Total

Female

Male

Another Sex

Total

Murder I

12

248

0

260

47

1,002

1

1,050

59

1,250

1

1,310

%

2.5

4.5

0.0

4.3

5.1

6.2

33.3

6.1

4.2

5.8

25.0

5.7

Murder II

65

784

1

850

122

2,653

2

2,777

187

3,437

3

3,627

%

13.3

14.2

100

14.1

13.1

16.4

66.7

16.3

13.2

15.9

75.0

15.7

Schedule ITable C15 footnote **

252

3,397

0

3,649

247

7,763

0

8,010

499

11,160

0

11,659

%

51.7

61.3

0.0

60.5

26.6

48.1

0.0

46.9

35.2

51.5

0.0

50.5

Schedule IITable C15 footnote ***

98

520

0

618

347

3,007

0

3,354

445

3,527

0

3,972

%

20.1

9.4

0.0

10.3

37.4

18.6

0.0

19.6

31.4

16.3

0.0

17.2

Non-Schedule

60

590

0

650

166

1,718

0

1,884

226

2,308

0

2,534

%

12.3

10.7

0.0

10.8

17.9

10.6

0.0

11.0

16.0

10.6

0.0

11.0

Total

487

5,539

1

6,027

929

16,143

3

17,075

1,416

21,682

4

23,102

Table C15 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

In cases where the offender is serving a sentence for more than one offence, the data reflect the most serious offence.

The number of Indigenous offenders under CSC supervision has increased

Figure C16: Indigenous offender population

Figure C16
Image description
Figure C16 Indigenous offender population

Year

Total 

In CustodyFigure C16 footnote *

In Community Under SupervisionFigure C16 footnote **

2010-11

4282

3193

1089

2011-12

4483

3376

1107

2012-13

4799

3561

1238

2013-14

4856

3542

1314

2014-15

5009

3657

1352

2015-16

5227

3783

1444

2016-17

5322

3798

1524

2017-18

5572

3917

1655

2018-19

5914

4168

1746

2019-20

6027

4,135

1892

Figure C16 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Table C16: Indigenous offender population

Indigenous Offenders

Fiscal Year

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

In CustodyTable C16 footnote *

Atlantic Region

Males

157

175

184

224

234

Females

12

8

14

19

18

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

0

Quebec Region

Males

425

384

392

449

370

Females

24

14

11

16

13

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

0

Ontario Region

Males

453

487

534

558

612

Females

39

37

43

50

49

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

0

Prairie Region

Males

1,868

1,861

1,879

1,955

1,968

Females

133

155

163

158

152

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

0

Pacific Region

Males

629

638

658

691

671

Females

43

39

39

48

47

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

1

National Total

Males

3,532

3,545

3,647

3,877

3,855

Females

251

253

270

291

279

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

1

Total

3,783

3,798

3,917

4,168

4,135

In Community Under SupervisionTable C16 footnote **

Atlantic Region

Males

68

71

88

83

106

Females

10

11

9

10

13

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

0

Quebec Region

Males

185

185

181

162

182

Females

18

10

6

9

8

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

0

Ontario Region

Males

204

201

231

239

277

Females

24

31

29

31

28

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

0

Prairie Region

Males

560

604

645

720

750

Females

77

78

111

113

119

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

0

Pacific Region

Males

276

301

319

344

369

Females

22

32

36

35

40

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

0

National Total

Males

1,293

1,362

1,464

1,548

1,684

Females

151

162

191

198

208

Another Sex

NR

NR

NR

NR

0

Total

1,444

1,524

1,655

1,746

1,892

Total Offender PopulationTable C16 footnote ***

5,227

5,322

5,572

5,914

6,027

Table C16 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Regional statistics for the Correctional Service of Canada account for data relating to the northern territories in the following manner: data for Nunavut are reported in the Ontario Region, data for the Northwest Territories are reported in the Prairies Region, and data for the Yukon are reported in the Pacific Region.

NR is the short form for not reported.

The total number of admissions to administrative segregationFigure C17 footnote * in a federal institution has decreased

Figure C17: Number of admissions to administrative segregationFigure C17 footnote *

Figure C17
Image description
Figure C17 Number of admissions to administrative segregation(2019-20)

Year

Males 

Non-Indigenous

Indigenous

Females 

2015-16

6,411

4,651

2,137

377

2016-17

5,746

3,929

2,108

290

2017-18

5,089

3,322

1,972

205

2018-19

5,282

3,319

2,120

157

2019-20Figure C17 footnote **

2,822

1,752

1,143

73

Figure C17 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

These reports count admissions, not offenders. Offenders admitted multiple times to segregation are counted once for each admission.

Table C17: Number of admissions to administrative segregationTable C17 footnote *

Year and Type of Administrative SegregationTable C17 footnote *

By Sex

By Race

Females

Males

Another Sex

Total

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Total

2015-16

CCRA 31(3-A) Involuntary

342

4,200

0

4,542

1,378

3,164

4,542

CCRA 31(3-B)

2

235

0

237

94

143

237

CCRA 31(3-C)

33

1,976

0

2,009

665

1,344

2,009

Total

377

6,411

0

6,788

2,137

4,651

6,788

2016-17

CCRA 31(3-A) Involuntary

271

3,825

0

4,096

1,381

2,715

4,096

CCRA 31(3-B)

3

273

0

276

75

201

276

CCRA 31(3-C)

16

1,648

1

1,665

652

1,013

1,665

Total

290

5,746

1

6,037

2,108

3,929

6,037

2017-18

CCRA 31(3-A) Involuntary

183

3,162

0

3,345

1,195

2,150

3,345

CCRA 31(3-B)

10

229

0

239

79

160

239

CCRA 31(3-C)

12

1,698

0

1,710

698

1,012

1,710

Total

205

5,089

0

5,294

1,972

3,322

5,294

2018-19

CCRA 31(3-A) Involuntary

134

3,010

0

3,144

1,175

1,969

3,144

CCRA 31(3-B)

5

161

0

166

52

114

166

CCRA 31(3-C)

18

2,111

0

2,129

893

1,236

2,129

Total

157

5,282

0

5,439

2,120

3,319

5,439

2019-20Table C17 footnote **

CCRA 31(3-A)Involuntary

57

1,599

0

1,656

661

995

1,656

CCRA 31(3-B)

5

60

0

65

25

40

65

CCRA 31(3-C)

11

1,163

0

1,174

457

717

1,174

Total

73

2,822

0

2,895

1,143

1,752

2,895

Table C17 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

These reports count admissions, not offenders. Offenders admitted multiple times to segregation are counted once for each admission. 

72% of placements in administrative segregationFigure C18 footnote * in a CSC facility were for less than 30 days

Figure C18: Percentage of federal offenders admitted to administrative segregation (2019-20)**

Figure C18
Image description
Figure C18 Percentage of federal offenders admitted to administrative segregation (2019-20)

By race

Non-Indigenous Offenders Percent

Indigenous Offenders Percent

Less than 30 days

73

71.1

30-60 days

15.5

17.0

61-90 days

6.5

6.7

91-120 days

2.5

2.7

More than 120 days

2.5

2.6

By sex

Females Percent

Males Percent

Less than 30 days

97.3

71.7

30-60 days

2.7

16.4

61-90 days

0.0

6.7

91-120 days

0.0

2.6

More than 120 days

0.0

2.6

Figure C18 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

These reports count admissions, not offenders. Offenders admitted multiple times to segregation are counted once for each admission.

Table C18: Number of federal offenders admitted to administrative segregation (2019-20)Table C18 footnote **

Length of Stay in Administrative SegregationTable C18 footnote *

By Sex

By Race

Total

Females

Males

Indigenous

Non- Indigenous

2019-20

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

< 30 days

71

97.3

2,252

71.7

909

71.1

1,414

73.0

2,323

72.2

30-60 days

2

2.7

515

16.4

217

17.0

300

15.5

517

16.1

61-90 days

0

0.0

212

6.7

86

6.7

126

6.5

212

6.6

91-120 days

0

0.0

83

2.6

34

2.7

49

2.5

83

2.6

> 120 days

0

0.0

81

2.6

33

2.6

48

2.5

81

2.5

Total

73

100

3,143

100

1,279

100

1,937

100

3,216

100

Table C18 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

These reports count admissions, not offenders. Offenders admitted multiple times to segregation are counted once for each admission. 

The number of offender deaths while in custody

Figure C19: The number of deaths in federal and provincial/territorial custody by cause of death

Figure C19
Image description
Table 19
Year Homicide Suicide Other Causes* Total
Federal # % # % # % #
2009/2010 1 2 9 18.4 39 79.6 49
2010/2011 5 10 4 8 41 82 50
2011/2012 3 5.7 8 15.1 42 79.2 53
2012/2013 1 1.8 11 20 43 78.2 55
2013/2014 1 2.1 9 18.8 38 79.2 48
2014/2015 1 1.5 13 19.4 53 79.1 67
2015/2016 3 4.6 9 13.8 53 81.5 65
2016/2017 0 0 3 6.4 44 93.6 47
2017/2018 2 3.6 6 10.9 47 85.5 55
2018/2019 5 9.8 6 11.8 40 78.4 51
Total 22 4.1 78 14.4 440 81.5 540
Provincial and Territories # % # % # % #
2009/2010 1 2.6 5 12.8 33 84.6 39
2010/2011 0 0 5 14.3 30 85.7 35
2011/2012 0 0 16 42.1 22 57.9 38
2012/2013 1 2.3 8 18.2 35 79.5 44
2013/2014 1 2.4 10 24.4 30 73.2 41
2014/2015 0 0 9 24.3 28 75.7 37
2015/2016 0 0 6 14.3 36 85.7 42
2016/2017 0 0 7 17.1 34 82.9 41
2017/2018 0 0 14 25 42 75 56
2018/2019 0 0 7 14 43 86 50
Total 3 0.7 87 20.6 333 78.7 423
Total Federal and Provincial Offender Deaths 25 4.8 165 35 773 160.2 963

Figure C19 Notes:

Source: Adult Correctional Services Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

The data on cause of death are subject to change following an official review or investigation, and should be used/interpreted with caution. The data presented were provided by the Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics at Statistics Canada, and may not reflect the outcome of recent reviews or investigations or cause of death.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table C19: Deaths in federal and provincial/territorial custody by cause of death

Year

Homicide

Suicide

Other CausesTable C19 footnote *

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

Federal

2009/2010

1

2.0

9

18.4

39

79.6

49

2010/2011

5

10.0

4

8.0

41

82.0

50

2011/2012

3

5.7

8

15.1

42

79.2

53

2012/2013

1

1.8

11

20.0

43

78.2

55

2013/2014

1

2.1

9

18.8

38

79.2

48

2014/2015

1

1.5

13

19.4

53

79.1

67

2015/2016

3

4.6

9

13.8

53

81.5

65

2016/2017

0

0.0

3

6.4

44

93.6

47

2017/2018

2

3.6

6

10.9

47

85.5

55

2018/2019

5

9.8

6

11.8

40

78.4

51

Total

22

4.1

78

14.4

440

81.5

540

Provincial and Territories

2009/2010

1

2.6

5

12.8

33

84.6

39

2010/2011

0

0.0

5

14.3

30

85.7

35

2011/2012

0

0.0

16

42.1

22

57.9

38

2012/2013

1

2.3

8

18.2

35

79.5

44

2013/2014

1

2.4

10

24.4

30

73.2

41

2014/2015

0

0.0

9

24.3

28

75.7

37

2015/2016

0

0.0

6

14.3

36

85.7

42

2016/2017

0

0.0

7

17.1

34

82.9

41

2017/2018

0

0.0

14

25.0

42

75.0

56

2018/2019

0

0.0

7

14.0

43

86.0

50

Total

3

0.7

87

20.6

333

78.7

423

Total Federal and Provincial Offender Deaths

25

4.8

165

35.0

773

160.2

963

Table C19 Notes:

Source: Adult Correctional Services Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

The data on cause of death are subject to change following an official review or investigation, and should be used/interpreted with caution. The data presented were provided by the Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics at Statistics Canada and may not reflect the outcome of recent reviews or investigations on cause of death.

The number of escapees from federal institutions

Figure C20: Number of escapees from federal institutions

Figure C20
Image description
Figure C20 Number of escapees from federal institutions

Exercice

Total Number of Escapees

2010-11

17

2011-12

16

2012-13

24

2013-14

13

2014-15

15

2015-16

18

2016-17

8

2017-18

15

2018-19

10

2019-20

12

Figure C20 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data represent the number of escape incidents from federal facilities during each fiscal year. An escape can involve more than one offender.

These numbers are subject to change further to new information becoming available.

A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

Table C20: Number of escapees from federal institutions

Escapes

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

Total Number of Escape Incidents

14

15

8

11

10

10

Total Number of Escapees

15

18

8

15

10

12

Table C20 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data represent the number of escape incidents from federal facilities during each fiscal year. An escape can involve more than one offender.

These numbers are subject to change further to new information becoming available.

A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The population of offenders in the community under supervision by CSC has increased

Figure C21: In community under supervision population at fiscal year endFigure C21 footnote *

Figure C21
Image description
Figure C21 In community under supervision population at fiscal year end

Year

Total

Full Parole

Statutory Release

Day Parole

2010-11

7558

3755

2707

1096

2011-12

7445

3411

2788

1246

2012-13

7316

3157

2937

1222

2013-14

7463

3242

3011

1210

2014-15

7714

3304

3059

1351

2015-16

7947

3549

3026

1372

2016-17

8463

3903

3010

1550

2017-18

8681

4233

2789

1659

2018-19

8875

4429

2754

1692

2019-20

8894

4570

2784

1539

Figure C21 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data reflect the offender population in the community under supervision which includes all active offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, offenders who are temporarily detained in a non-CSC facility, offenders who are unlawfully at large for less than 90 days, offenders on remand in a non-CSC facility, and offenders supervised and subject to an immigration hold by Canada Border Services Agency.

The data presented above do not include offenders who were on long term supervision orders (See Figure/Table E4).

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada whereby offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada whereby the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

Statutory release refers to a conditional release that is subject to supervision after the offender has served two-thirds of the sentence.

Percent change is measured from the previous year.

Table C21: In community under supervision population at fiscal year end

Year

Day Parole

Full Parole

Statutory Release

Totals

% changeTable C21 footnote *

Females

Males

Another Sex

Females

Males

Another Sex

Females

Males

Another Sex

Females

Males

Another Sex

Total

Both

2010-11

79

1,017

NR

314

3,441

NR

109

2,598

NR

502

7,056

NR

7,558

NR

2011-12

123

1,123

NR

257

3,154

NR

127

2,661

NR

507

6,938

NR

7,445

-1.5

2012-13

116

1,106

NR

225

2,932

NR

136

2,801

NR

477

6,839

NR

7,316

-1.7

2013-14

106

1,104

NR

225

3,017

NR

153

2,858

NR

484

6,979

NR

7,463

2.0

2014-15

115

1,236

NR

239

3,065

NR

150

2,909

NR

504

7,210

NR

7,714

3.4

2015-16

124

1,248

NR

273

3,276

NR

177

2,849

NR

574

7,373

NR

7,947

3.0

2016-17

158

1,392

NR

316

3,587

NR

154

2,856

NR

628

7,835

NR

8,463

6.5

2017-18

197

1,462

NR

369

3,864

NR

145

2,644

NR

711

7,970

NR

8,681

2.6

2018-19

192

1,500

NR

370

4,059

NR

159

2,595

NR

721

8,154

NR

8,875

2.2

2019-20

163

1,376

0

406

4,164

1

152

2,632

0

721

8,172

1

8,894

0.2

Table C21 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data reflect the offender population in the community under supervision which includes all active offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, offenders who are temporarily detained in a non-CSC facility, offenders who are unlawfully at large for less than 90 days, offenders on remand in a non-CSC facility, and offenders supervised and subject to an immigration hold by Canada Border Services Agency.

The data presented above do not include offenders who were on long term supervision orders (See Figure/Table E4).

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada whereby offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada whereby the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

Statutory release refers to a conditional release that is subject to supervision after the offender has served two-thirds of the sentence.

These cases reflect the number of offenders on active supervision at fiscal year end. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

NR is the short form for not reported.

The provincial/territorial community corrections population has decreased

Figure C22: Average monthly offender counts

Figure C22
Image description
Figure C22 Average monthly offender counts

Year

Total

Probation

Conditional Sentences

2009-10

112,603

99,498

13,105

2010-11

114,794

101,825

12,969

2011-12

111,459

98,843

12,616

2012-13

108,318

96,116

12,202

2013-14

94,982

84,905

10,077

2014-15

89,451

80,705

8,746

2015-16

94,104

85,845

8,259

2016-17

92,227

84,978

7,249

2017-18

93,871

87,342

6,529

2018-19

88,582

82,500

6,082

Figure C22 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0154-01, Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

A conditional sentence is a disposition of the court where the offender serves a term of imprisonment in the community under specified conditions. This type of sentence can only be imposed in cases where the term of imprisonment would be less than two years. Conditional sentences have been a provincial and territorial sentencing option since September 1996.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table C22: Average monthly offender counts

Year

Average Monthly Offender Counts on Probation

Average Monthly Offender Counts on Conditional Sentence

Total

2008-09

97,529

13,124

110,653

2009-10

99,498

13,105

112,603

2010-11

101,825

12,969

114,794

2011-12

98,843

12,616

111,459

2012-13

96,116

12,202

108,318

2013-14

84,905

10,077

94,982

2014-15

80,705

8,746

89,451

2015-16

85,845

8,259

94,104

2016-17

84,978

7,249

92,227

2017-18

87,342

6,529

93,871

2018-19

82,500

6,082

88,582

Table C22 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0154-01, Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

A conditional sentence is a disposition of the court where the offender serves a term of imprisonment in the community under specified conditions. This type of sentence can only be imposed in cases where the term of imprisonment would be less than two years. Conditional sentences have been a provincial and territorial sentencing option since September 1996.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

The number of offenders on provincial parole has increased

Figure C23: Average monthly count of offenders on provincial day or full parole

Figure C23
Image description
Figure C23 Average monthly count of offenders on provincial day or full parole

Year

Total

2009-10

868

2010-11

820

2011-12

804

2012-13

769

2013-14

853

2014-15

972

2015-16

985

2016-17

1058

2017-18

1197

2018-19

1408

Figure C23 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0154-01, Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Provincial parole boards operate in Quebec and Ontario. On April 1, 2007, the Parole Board of Canada assumed responsibility for parole decisions relating to offenders serving sentences in British Columbia's provincial correctional facilities. The Parole Board of Canada has jurisdiction over granting parole to provincial offenders in the Atlantic and Prairie provinces, British Columbia, and to territorial offenders in Yukon, Nunavut and the Northwest Territories.

The figure includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Table C23: Average monthly count of offenders on provincial day or full parole

Year

Provincial Boards

Parole Board of CanadaTable C23 footnote *

Total

% ChangeTable C23 footnote **

Quebec

Ontario

Total

2008-09

533

217

750

190

940

2009-10

506

194

700

168

868

-8.3

2010-11

482

171

653

167

820

-5.9

2011-12

481

179

660

144

804

-2.0

2012-13

462

164

626

143

769

-4.6

2013-14

527

172

699

154

853

9.8

2014-15

612

207

821

151

972

12.2

2015-16

639

207

846

139

985

1.3

2016-17

701

205

907

151

1,058

6.9

2017-18

792

242

1,034

163

1,197

11.6

2018-19

858

398

1,256

152

1,408

15.0

Table C23 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0154-01, Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

On April 1, 2007, the Parole Board of Canada assumed responsibility for parole decisions relating to offenders serving sentences in British Columbia's provincial correctional facilities.

The table includes data from the most recent year available at the time of publication.

Section D. Conditional Release

The percentageFigure D1 footnote * of offenders released from a federal institution or a Healing Lodge on statutory release

Figure D1: PercentageFigure D1 footnote * of offenders released on statutory releaseFigure D1 footnote **

Figure D1
Image description
Figure D1 Percentage of offenders released on statutory release

Year

Percent

2010-11

70.1

2011-12

73.2

2012-13

74.2

2013-14

73.4

2014-15

71.3

2015-16

69.7

2016-17

64.4

2017-18

61.0

2018-19

59.1

2019-20

61.7

Figure D1 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data includes all releases from a federal institution or Healing Lodge in a given fiscal year excluding offenders with quashed sentences, offenders who died in custody, LTSO releases, offenders released at warrant expiry and offenders transferred to foreign countries. An offender may be released more than once during the reporting timeframe in cases where a previous release was subject to revocation, suspension, temporary detention, interruption or in cases where an offender served more than one sentence.

A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

Table D1 Offenders released on statutory releaseTable D1 footnote **

Year

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Total Offender Population

Statutory ReleaseTable D1 footnote **

Total Releases

%Table D1 footnote *

Statutory ReleaseTable D1 footnote **

Total Releases

%Table D1 footnote *

Statutory ReleaseTable D1 footnote **

Total Releases

%Table D1 footnote *

2010-11

1,351

1,617

83.5

3,729

5,629

66.2

5,080

7,246

70.1

2011-12

1,493

1,795

83.2

3,808

5,445

69.9

5,301

7,240

73.2

2012-13

1,617

1,944

83.2

3,971

5,589

71.1

5,588

7,533

74.2

2013-14

1,724

2,029

85.0

3,912

5,652

69.2

5,636

7,681

73.4

2014-15

1,738

2,059

84.4

3,634

5,473

66.4

5,372

7,532

71.3

2015-16

1,674

2,027

82.6

3,634

5,589

65.0

5,308

7,616

69.7

2016-17

1,585

2,032

78.0

3,298

5,545

59.5

4,883

7,577

64.4

2017-18

1,528

2,050

74.5

2,892

5,200

55.6

4,420

7,250

61.0

2018-19

1,420

2,008

70.7

2,754

5,056

54.5

4,174

7,064

59.1

2019-20

1,618

2,157

75.0

2,738

4,905

55.8

4,356

7,062

61.7

Table D1 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data includes all releases from a federal institution or Healing Lodge in a given fiscal year excluding offenders with quashed sentences, offenders who died in custody, LTSO releases, offenders released at warrant expiry and offenders transferred to foreign countries. An offender may be released more than once during the reporting timeframe in cases where a previous release was subject to revocation, suspension, temporary detention, interruption or in cases where an offender served more than one sentence. 

A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The percentageFigure D2 footnote * of offenders released from a federal institution or a Healing Lodge on day parole and full parole

Figure D2: PercentageFigure D2 footnote * of offenders released from a federal institution or Healing Lodge

Figure D2
Image description
Figure D2 Percentage of offenders released from a federal institution or Healing Lodge
Year Day ParoleFigure D2 footnote ** Percent Full ParoleFigure D2 footnote *** Percent
2010-11

27.8

2.0

2011-12

25.0

1.8

2012-13

24.3

1.6

2013-14

24.5

2.1

2014-15

26.2

2.5

2015-16

28.0

2.3

2016-17

33.4

2.2

2017-18

36.2

2.9

2018-19

38.0

2.9

2019-20

36.0

2.3

Figure D2 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data includes all releases from a federal institution or Healing Lodge in a given fiscal year excluding offenders with quashed sentences, offenders who died in custody, LTSO releases, offenders released at warrant expiry and offenders transferred to foreign countries. An offender may be released more than once during the reporting timeframe in cases where a previous release was subject to revocation, suspension, temporary detention, interruption or in cases where an offender served more than one sentence. 

A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

Table D2: Offenders released from a federal institution or Healing Lodge

Year

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Total Offender Population

DayTable D2 footnote ** Parole

FullTable D2 footnote *** Parole

Total Releases

DayTable D2 footnote ** Parole

FullTable D2 footnote *** Parole

Total Releases

DayTable D2 footnote ** Parole

FullTable D2 footnote *** Parole

Total Releases

2010-11

#

255

11

1,617

1,763

137

5,629

2,018

148

7,246

7,246

%

15.8

0.7

31.3

2.4

27.8

2.0

2011-12

#

290

12

1,795

1,521

116

5,445

1,811

128

7,240

%

16.2

0.7

27.9

2.1

25.0

1.8

2012-13

#

320

7

1,944

1,508

110

5,589

1,828

117

7,533

%

16.5

0.4

27.0

2.0

24.3

1.6

2013-14

#

287

18

2,029

1,595

145

5,652

1,882

163

7,681

%

14.1

0.9

28.2

2.6

24.5

2.1

2014-15

#

311

10

2,059

1,664

175

5,473

1,975

185

7,532

%

15.1

0.5

30.4

3.2

26.2

2.5

2015-16

#

339

14

2,027

1,791

164

5,589

2,130

178

7,616

%

16.7

0.7

32.0

2.9

28.0

2.3

2016-17

#

433

14

2,032

2,094

153

5,545

2,527

167

7,577

%

21.3

0.7

37.8

2.8

33.4

2.2

2017-18

#

497

25

2,050

2,125

183

5,200

2,622

208

7,250

%

24.2

1.2

40.9

3.5

36.2

2.9

2018-19

#

555

33

2,008

2,128

174

5,056

2,683

207

7,064

%

27.6

1.6

42.1

3.4

38.0

2.9

2019-20

#

515

24

2,157

2,027

140

4,905

2,542

164

7,062

%

23.9

1.1

41.3

2.9

36.0

2.3

Table D2 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The data includes all releases from a federal institution or Healing Lodge in a given fiscal year excluding offenders with quashed sentences, offenders who died in custody, LTSO releases, offenders released at warrant expiry and offenders transferred to foreign countries. An offender may be released more than once during the reporting timeframe in cases where a previous release was subject to revocation, suspension, temporary detention, interruption or in cases where an offender served more than one sentence.

A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The federal day and full parole grant rate has increased

Figure D3: Federal parole grant rateFigure D3 footnote *

Figure D3
Image description
Figure D3 Federal parole grant rate

Year

Day ParoleFigure D3 footnote ** Percent

Full ParoleFigure D3 footnote *** Percent

2010-11

62.6

16.6

2011-12

64.5

22.8

2012-13

67.6

28.9

2013-14

69.8

30.0

2014-15

71.3

30.4

2015-16

75.0

33.7

2016-17

77.9

35.1

2017-18

79.1

37.5

2018-19

79.5

38.3

2019-20

80.0

39.8

Figure D3 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Not included were offenders in the category "Other Gender". Between 2010-11 and 2019-20, five offenders in that category were granted/denied day parole and three offenders were granted/denied full parole.

On March 28, 2011, Bill C-59 (Abolition of Early Parole Act) eliminated the accelerated parole review (APR) process, affecting first-time non-violent offenders serving sentences for Schedule II and non-Schedule offences, who in 2011-12 were no longer eligible for an APR review. These offenders are now assessed on general reoffending as compared to the APR risk assessment, which considered the risk of committing a violent offence only. To better illustrate historical trends, APR decisions were excluded.

Even though comparisons were made between federal regular day parole and full parole grant rates only, they nevertheless contain an APR residual effect between 2011-12 and 2015-16 as a sufficiently large proportion of the APR-affected population was granted regular federal day parole and full parole, perhaps inflating the grant rates.

The federal day and full parole grant rate has increased.

Table D3: Federal parole grant rateTable D3 footnote *

Type of Release

Year

Granted

Denied

Grant RateTable D3 footnote * (%)

APRTable D3 footnote **

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Total

Directed

Total

Day ParoleTable D3 footnote ***

2010-11

136

1,854

43

1,147

76.0

61.8

62.6

970

1,591

2011-12

249

2,491

66

1,441

79.0

63.4

64.5

0

0

2012-13

289

2,821

73

1,415

79.8

66.6

67.6

14

21

2013-14

248

2,824

52

1,274

82.7

68.9

69.8

39

47

2014-15

297

3,022

51

1,282

85.3

70.2

71.3

38

45

2015-16

291

3,092

52

1,078

84.8

74.1

75.0

86

90

2016-17

399

3,445

47

1,041

89.5

76.8

77.9

80

83

2017-18

437

3,612

30

1,039

93.6

77.7

79.1

100

106

2018-19

471

3,735

27

1,056

94.6

78.0

79.5

56

58

2019-20

437

3,590

35

972

92.6

78.7

80.0

48

48

Full ParoleTable D3 footnote ****

2010-11

20

436

87

2,205

18.7

16.5

16.6

1,046

1,059

2011-12

77

644

127

2,316

37.7

21.8

22.8

0

0

2012-13

90

914

142

2,328

38.8

28.2

28.9

26

26

2013-14

84

904

103

2,202

44.9

29.1

30.0

126

142

2014-15

87

969

105

2,307

45.3

29.6

30.4

119

137

2015-16

96

1,062

127

2,154

43.0

33.0

33.7

166

185

2016-17

138

1,237

157

2,383

46.8

34.2

35.1

122

126

2017-18

153

1,363

175

2,357

46.6

36.6

37.5

161

165

2018-19

157

1,451

175

2,420

47.3

37.5

38.3

66

67

2019-20

182

1,385

159

2,208

53.4

38.5

39.8

60

60

Table D3 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Even though comparisons were made between federal regular day parole and full parole grant rates only, they nevertheless contain an APR residual effect between 2011-12 and 2015-16 as a sufficiently large proportion of the APR-affected population was granted regular federal day parole and full parole, perhaps inflating the grant rates.

Not included were offenders in the category "Other Gender". Between 2010-11 and 2019-20, five offenders in that category were granted/denied day parole and three offenders were granted/denied full parole.

The federal full parole grant rate for Indigenous offenders has increased

Figure D4: Federal parole grant rateFigure D4 footnote *

Figure D4
Image description
Figure D4 Federal parole grant rate

Day ParoleFigure D4 footnote ** Percent

Year

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous 

2010-11

56.6

64.2

2011-12

57.3

66.3

2012-13

63.7

68.6

2013-14

63.2

71.4

2014-15

68.3

72.0

2015-16

69.5

76.3

2016-17

73.5

79.0

2017-18

73.8

80.6

2018-19

76.5

80.4

2019-20

76.0

81.2

Full ParoleFigure D4 footnote *** Percent

Year

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous 

2010-11

13.0

17.5

2011-12

13.7

24.7

2012-13

17.6

31.1

2013-14

22.5

31.5

2014-15

19.4

32.6

2015-16

23.7

35.7

2016-17

24.8

37.1

2017-18

22.7

40.8

2018-19

27.6

40.9

2019-20

29.0

42.6

Figure D4 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

On March 28, 2011, Bill C-59 (Abolition of Early Parole Act) eliminated the accelerated parole review (APR) process, affecting first-time non-violent offenders serving sentences for schedule II and non-scheduled offences, who in 2011-12 were no longer eligible for an APR review. These offenders are now assessed on general reoffending as compared to the APR risk assessment, which considered the risk of committing a violent offence only. To better illustrate historical trends, APR were excluded. Grant rates should be read with caution. Even though comparisons were made between federal regular day parole and full parole grant rates only, they nevertheless contain an APR residual effect between 2011-12 and 2015-16 as a sufficiently large proportion of the APR-affected population were granted regular federal day parole and full parole, perhaps inflating the grant rates.

The federal full parole grant rate for Indigenous offenders has increased.

Table D4: Federal parole grant rateTable D4 footnote *

Type of Release

Year

Granted

Denied

Grant RateTable D4 footnote * (%)

Total

Indigenous

Non-Ind.

Indigenous

Non-Ind.

Indigenous

Non-Ind.

Granted/Denied

Grant RateTable D4 footnote * (%)

Day ParoleTable D4 footnote **

2010-11

379

1,611

291

900

56.6

64.2

3,181

62.6

2011-12

475

2,265

354

1,153

57.3

66.3

4,247

64.5

2012-13

567

2,543

323

1,165

63.7

68.6

4,598

67.6

2013-14

530

2,542

309

1,017

63.2

71.4

4,398

69.8

2014-15

573

2,748

266

1,067

68.3

72.0

4,654

71.4

2015-16

611

2,773

268

862

69.5

76.3

4,514

75.0

2016-17

715

3,129

258

831

73.5

79.0

4,933

77.9

2017-18

819

3,230

291

778

73.8

80.6

5,118

79.1

2018-19

942

3,264

289

794

76.5

80.4

5,289

79.5

2019-20

901

3,126

285

722

76.0

81.2

5,034

80.0

Full ParoleTable D4 footnote ***

2010-11

72

384

483

1,809

13.0

17.5

2,748

16.6

2011-12

76

645

477

1,966

13.7

24.7

3,164

22.8

2012-13

102

902

476

1,994

17.6

31.1

3,474

28.9

2013-14

124

864

427

1,878

22.5

31.5

3,293

30.0

2014-15

109

947

452

1,961

19.4

32.6

3,469

30.4

2015-16

136

1,023

439

1,842

23.7

35.7

3,440

33.7

2016-17

154

1,221

467

2,074

24.8

37.1

3,916

35.1

2017-18

169

1,347

574

1,958

22.7

40.8

4,048

37.5

2018-19

233

1,375

611

1,984

27.6

40.9

4,203

38.3

2019-20

232

1,335

568

1,799

29.0

42.6

3,934

39.8

Table D4 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

On March 28, 2011, Bill C-59 (Abolition of Early Parole Act) eliminated the accelerated parole review (APR) process, affecting first-time non-violent offenders serving sentences for schedule II and non-scheduled offences, who in 2011-12 were no longer eligible for an APR review. These offenders are now assessed on general reoffending as compared to the APR risk assessment, which considered the risk of committing a violent offence only. To better illustrate historical trends, APR were excluded. Grant rates should be read with caution. Even though comparisons were made between federal regular day parole and full parole grant rates only, they nevertheless contain an APR residual effect between 2011-12 and 2015-16 as a sufficiently large proportion of the APR-affected population were granted regular federal day parole and full parole, perhaps inflating the grant rates.

The number of federal Elder-Assisted parole hearings have increased

Figure D5: Federal Elder-AssistedFigure D5 footnote * parole hearings

Figure D5
Image description
Figure D5 Federal Elder-Assisted parole hearings

Year

Hearings with Indigenous Offenders

Hearings with Non-Indigenous Offenders

2010-11

440

49

2011-12

431

37

2012-13

423

46

2013-14

347

29

2014-15

359

43

2015-16

371

30

2016-17

554

49

2017-18

632

42

2018-19

679

40

2019-20

700

40

Figure D5 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

The presence of an Elder is an alternative approach to the traditional parole hearing, and was introduced by the Parole Board of Canada to ensure that conditional release hearings are sensitive to Indigenous cultural values and traditions. This type of hearing is available to both Indigenous and non-Indigenous offenders.

Table D5: Federal Elder-AssistedTable D5 footnote * parole hearings

Year

Indigenous Offenders

Non-Indigenous Offenders

All Offenders

Total Hearings

With an ElderTable D5 footnote *

Total Hearings

With an ElderTable D5 footnote *

Total Hearings

With an ElderTable D5 footnote *

#

#

%

#

#

%

#

#

%

2010-11

1,248

440

35.3

4,296

49

1.1

5,544

489

8.8

2011-12

1,282

431

33.6

4,597

37

0.8

5,879

468

8.0

2012-13

1,319

423

32.1

4,625

46

1.0

5,944

469

7.9

2013-14

935

347

37.1

3,652

29

0.8

4,587

376

8.2

2014-15

888

359

40.4

3,812

43

1.1

4,700

402

8.6

2015-16

959

371

38.7

3,951

30

0.8

4,910

401

8.2

2016-17

1,295

554

42.8

4,485

49

1.1

5,780

603

10.4

2017-18

1,542

632

41.0

4,843

42

0.9

6,385

674

10.6

2018-19

1,629

679

41.7

4,931

40

0.8

6,560

719

11.0

2019-20

1,590

700

44.0

4,542

40

0.9

6,132

740

12.1

Table D5 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

The presence of an Elder is an alternative approach to the traditional parole hearing, and was introduced by the Parole Board of Canada to ensure that conditional release hearings are sensitive to Indigenous cultural values and traditions. This type of hearing is available to both Indigenous and non-Indigenous offenders.

Proportion of sentence served prior to being released on parole

Figure D6: Percentage of sentence served

Figure D6
Image description
Figure D6 Percentage of sentence served

Year

First Full ParoleFigure D6 footnote * Percent

First Day ParoleFigure D6 footnote ** Percent

2010-11

37.1

30.5

2011-12

40.7

36.5

2012-13

45.9

37.1

2013-14

45.7

36.9

2014-15

44.9

36.5

2015-16

45.8

37.5

2016-17

45

36

2017-18

44.1

35.7

2018-19

44.4

36.6

2019-20

44.5

36.5

Figure D6 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole. These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences. Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at six months before full parole eligibility.

The increases in the average proportion of time served after 2010-11 are in part due to the effect of Bill C-59 and were driven primarily by offenders serving sentences for Schedule II and non-Schedule offences (some of whom were former APR-eligible offenders).

Table D6: Percentage of sentence served

Year

First Federal Day ParoleTable D6 footnote *

First Federal Full ParoleTable D6 footnote **

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

2010-11

28.3

30.7

30.5

35.7

37.2

37.1

2011-12

34.2

36.8

36.5

39.9

40.8

40.7

2012-13

37.8

37.0

37.1

44.9

46.0

45.9

2013-14

33.9

37.2

36.9

43.3

45.9

45.7

2014-15

34.3

36.8

36.5

43.8

45.0

44.9

2015-16

36.1

37.7

37.5

44.6

46.0

45.8

2016-17

32.6

36.5

36.0

42.9

45.3

45.0

2017-18

32.2

36.2

35.7

41.5

44.4

44.1

2018-19

31.8

37.2

36.6

41.2

44.8

44.4

2019-20

30.6

37.3

36.5

41.3

45.0

44.5

Table D6 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole. These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences. Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at six months before full parole eligibility.

The increases in the average proportion of time served after 2010-11 are in part due to the effect of Bill C-59 and were driven primarily by offenders serving sentences for Schedule II and non-Schedule offences (some of whom were former APR-eligible offenders).

Indigenous offenders served a higher proportion of their sentences before being released on parole

Figure D7: Percentage of sentence served in custody before first federal parole

Figure D7
Image description
Figure D7 Percentage of sentence served in custody before first federal parole

First Federal Full ParoleFigure D7 footnote * Percent

Year

Indigenous 

Non-Indigenous 

2010-11

40.3

36.8

2011-12

42.8

40.5

2012-13

48

45.7

2013-14

48

45.4

2014-15

46.2

44.8

2015-16

49.8

45.4

2016-17

47.8

44.7

2017-18

47.7

43.6

2018-19

47.2

44

2019-20

47.4

44.1

First Federal Day ParoleFigure D7 footnote ** Percent

Year

Indigenous 

Non- Indigenous

2010-11

35.7

29.7

2011-12

39.9

35.9

2012-13

40.6

36.3

2013-14

41.5

36.1

2014-15

39.2

36.1

2015-16

42.1

36.7

2016-17

39.3

35.4

2017-18

39.7

34.8

2018-19

41.1

35.4

2019-20

40.2

35.6

Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at six months before full parole eligibility.

The increases in the average proportion of time served after 2010-11 are in part due to the effect of Bill C-59 and were driven primarily by offenders serving sentences for Schedule II and non-Schedule offences (some of whom were former APR-eligible offenders).

Table D7: Percentage of sentence served in custody before first federal parole

Year

First Federal Day ParoleTable D7 footnote *

First Federal Full ParoleTable D7 footnote **

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Total

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

Total

2010-11

35.7

29.7

30.5

40.3

36.8

37.1

2011-12

39.9

35.9

36.5

42.8

40.5

40.7

2012-13

40.6

36.3

37.1

48.0

45.7

45.9

2013-14

41.5

36.1

36.9

48.0

45.4

45.7

2014-15

39.2

36.1

36.5

46.2

44.8

44.9

2015-16

42.1

36.7

37.5

49.8

45.4

45.8

2016-17

39.3

35.4

36.0

47.8

44.7

45.0

2017-18

39.7

34.8

35.7

47.7

43.6

44.1

2018-19

41.1

35.4

36.6

47.2

44.0

44.4

2019-20

40.2

35.6

36.5

47.4

44.1

44.5

Table D7 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at six months before full parole eligibility.

The increases in the average proportion of time served after 2010-11 are in part due to the effect of Bill C-59 and were driven primarily by offenders serving sentences for Schedule II and non-Schedule offences (some of whom were former APR-eligible offenders).

The successful completion rate of federal day parole supervision periods has remained stable

Figure D8 : Day parole outcomesFigure D8 footnote * – 10-year trend

Figure D8
Image description
Figure Day parole outcomes – 10-year trend

 

2010-11 Percent

2011-12 Percent

2012-13 Percent

2013-14 Percent

2014-15 Percent

2015-16 Percent

2016-17 Percent

2017-18 Percent

2018-19 Percent

2019-20 Percent

Successful CompletionFigure D8 footnote **

87.9

87.7

88.6

89.3

90.5

90.6

91.7

91.0

90.4

91.1

Revocation for Breach of ConditionsFigure D8 footnote ***

9.6

10.3

9.2

9.4

8.3

8.2

7.1

7.5

8.1

8.0

Revocation with Offence

2.5

2.0

2.2

1.4

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.6

1.5

0.9

Figure D8 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Table D8: Day parole outcomesTable D8 footnote *

Federal Day Parole Outcomes

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Successful CompletionTable D8 footnote **

Regular

2,982

90.5

3,172

91.5

3,466

90.9

3,626

90.3

3,696

91.1

Accelerated

38

100

86

97.7

84

93.3

75

98.7

57

95.0

Total

3,020

90.6

3,258

91.7

3,550

91.0

3,701

90.4

3,753

91.1

Revocation for Breach of ConditionsTable D8 footnote ***

Regular

272

8.3

249

7.2

286

7.5

330

8.2

327

8.1

Accelerated

0

0.0

2

2.3

6

6.7

1

1.3

3

5.0

Total

272

8.2

251

7.1

292

7.5

331

8.1

330

8.0

Revocation with Non-Violent Offence

Regular

32

1.0

37

1.1

54

1.4

52

1.3

32

0.8

Accelerated

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

Total

32

1.0

37

1.0

54

1.4

52

1.3

32

0.8

Revocation with Violent OffenceTable D8 footnote ****

Regular

9

0.3

7

0.2

7

0.2

8

0.2

4

0.1

Accelerated

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

Total

9

0.3

7

0.2

7

0.2

8

0.2

4

0.1

Total Regular

3,295

98.9

3,465

97.5

3,813

97.7

4,016

98.1

4,059

98.5

Total Accelerated

38

1.1

88

2.5

90

2.3

76

1.9

60

1.5

Total (Regular and Accelerated)

3,333

100

3,553

100

3,903

100

4,092

100

4,119

100

Table D8 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

The successful completion rate of federal full parole supervision periods has remained stable

Figure D9: Full parole outcomesFigure D9 footnote * – 10-year trend

Figure D9
Image description
Figure D9 Full parole outcomes – 10-year trend

 

2010-11 Percent

2011-12 Percent

2012-13 Percent

2013-14 Percent

2014-15 Percent

2015-16 Percent

2016-17 Percent

2017-18 Percent

2018-19 Percent

2019-20 Percent

Successful CompletionFigure D9 footnote **

76.4

78.6

84.9

85.0

86.9

87.4

89.6

90.4

87.8

88.0

Revocation for Breach of ConditionsFigure D9 footnote ***

16.6

15.3

10.5

10.5

9.1

8.9

7.0

6.8

9.5

9.8

Revocation with Offence

7.1

6.1

4.6

4.5

4.0

3.7

3.4

2.8

2.8

2.2

Figure D9 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Table D9: Full parole outcomesTable D9 footnote *

Federal Full Parole Outcomes

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Successful CompletionTable D9 footnote **

Regular

757

87.5

848

89.7

968

90.6

1,061

87.0

1,168

87.8

Accelerated

95

86.4

87

87.9

102

88.7

114

95.8

104

91.2

Total

852

87.4

935

89.6

1,070

90.4

1,175

87.8

1,272

88.0

Revocation for Breach of ConditionsTable D9 footnote ***

Regular

76

8.8

64

6.8

73

6.8

123

10.1

132

9.9

Accelerated

11

10.0

9

9.1

8

7.0

4

3.4

9

7.9

Total

87

8.9

73

7.0

81

6.8

127

9.5

141

9.8

Revocation with Non-Violent Offence

Regular

25

2.9

28

3.0

23

2.2

27

2.2

26

2.0

Accelerated

4

3.6

2

2.0

5

4.3

1

0.8

1

0.9

Total

29

3.0

30

2.9

28

2.4

28

2.1

27

1.9

Revocation with Violent OffenceTable D9 footnote ****

Regular

7

0.8

5

0.5

5

0.5

9

0.7

5

0.4

Accelerated

0

0.0

1

1.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

Total

7

0.7

6

0.6

5

0.4

9

0.7

5

0.3

Total Regular

865

88.7

945

90.5

1,069

90.3

1,220

91.1

1,331

92.1

Total Accelerated

110

11.3

99

9.5

115

9.7

119

8.9

114

7.9

Total (Regular and Accelerated)

975

100

1,044

100

1,184

100

1,339

100

1,445

100

Table D9 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

The successful completion rate of statutory release supervision periods has remained stable

Figure D10: Statutory release outcomesFigure D10 footnote * – 10-year trend

Figure D10
Image description
Statutory release outcomes – 10-year trend
  2010-11 Percent 2011-12 Percent 2012-13 Percent 2013-14 Percent 2014-15 Percent 2015-16 Percent 2016-17 Percent 2017-18 Percent 2018-19 Percent 2019-20 Percent
Successful CompletionFigure D10 footnote **

61.8

61.3

59.9

61.3

62.7

62.7

66.7

66.1

65.1

65.9

Revocation for Breach of ConditionsFigure D10 footnote ***

26.4

27.6

29.6

28.0

27.5

27.6

24.9

24.0

24.5

26.5

Revocation with Offence

11.9

11.1

10.5

10.6

9.8

9.7

8.4

9.9

10.3

7.5

Figure D10 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

An offender serving a determinate sentence, if he/she is not detained, will be subject to statutory release after serving 2/3 of his/her sentence if he/she is not on full parole at that time. On statutory release, an offender is subject to supervision until the end of his/her sentence.

Table D10: Statutory release outcomesTable D10 footnote *

Statutory Release Outcomes

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Successful CompletionTable D10 footnote **

3,778

62.7

3,776

66.7

3,562

66.1

3,303

65.1

3,372

65.9

Revocation for Breach of ConditionsTable D10 footnote ***

1,661

27.6

1,407

24.9

1,291

24.0

1,244

24.5

1,358

26.5

Revocation with Non-Violent Offence

485

8.1

386

6.8

456

8.5

444

8.8

328

6.4

Revocation with Violent OffenceTable D10 footnote ****

98

1.6

89

1.6

79

1.5

79

1.6

57

1.1

Total

6,022

100

5,658

100

5,388

100

5,070

100

5,115

100

Table D10 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

An offender serving a determinate sentence, if he/she is not detained, will be subject to statutory release after serving 2/3 of his/her sentence if he/she is not on full parole at that time. On statutory release, an offender is subject to supervision until the end of his/her sentence.

Over the last ten years, the rates of conviction for violent offences for offenders on federal conditional release have declined

Figure D11: Rate of conviction for violent offencesFigure D11 footnote * per 1,000 supervised offendersFigure D11 footnote **

Figure D11
Image description
Rate of conviction for violent offences per 1,000 supervised offenders

Year

Statutory ReleaseFigure D11 footnote ***

Day ParoleFigure D11 footnote ****

Full ParoleFigure D11 footnote ****

2009-10

46

13

4

2010-11

40

8

5

2011-12

38

6

3

2012-13

39

7

3

2013-14

34

6

3

2014-15

26

1

1

2015-16

27

6

2

2016-17

24

4

2

2017-18

23

4

2

2018-19

23

4

3

2019-20Figure D11 footnote **

17

2

1

Figure D11 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

The dotted line between 2018-19 and 2019-20 is intended to signify that due to delays in the court process, these numbers under-represent the actual number of convictions, as verdicts may not have been reached by year-end.

Table D11: Rate of conviction for violent offencesTable D11 footnote * per 1,000 supervised offendersTable D11 footnote **

Year

# of Convictions for Violent OffencesTable D11 footnote *

Rates per 1,000 Supervised OffendersTable D11 footnote **

Day ParoleTable D11 footnote ***

Full ParoleTable D11 footnote ***

Statutory ReleaseTable D11 footnote ****

Total

Day ParoleTable D11 footnote ***

Full ParoleTable D11 footnote ***

Statutory ReleaseTable D11 footnote ****

2009-10

17

16

149

182

13

4

46

2010-11

10

19

129

158

8

5

40

2011-12

8

10

135

153

6

3

38

2012-13

9

11

136

156

7

3

39

2013-14

7

10

120

137

6

3

34

2014-15

1

4

92

97

1

1

26

2015-16

9

9

98

116

6

2

27

2016-17

7

9

89

105

4

2

24

2017-18

7

7

79

93

4

2

23

2018-19

8

13

79

100

4

3

23

2019-20

4

5

57

66

2

1

17

Table D11 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

The number of CSC offenders granted temporary absences

Figure D12: Number of offenders granted temporary absencesFigure D12 footnote * and work releasesFigure D12 footnote **

Figure D12
Image description
Figure D12: Number of offenders granted temporary absences and work releases
Year Temporary AbsencesFigure D12 footnote * Work ReleasesFigure D12 footnote **
Escorted Unescorted
# of Offenders # of Offenders # of Offenders
2010-11 2,303 353 339
2011-12 2,685 418 435
2012-13 2,753 448 455
2013-14 2,740 448 400
2014-15 2,574 411 345
2015-16 2,437 445 304
2016-17 2,537 442 323
2017-18 2,541 428 312
2018-19 2,527 411 302
2019-20 2,332 363 238

Figure D12 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

These numbers depict the number of offenders who received at least one temporary absence permit (excluding those for medical purposes) or at least one work release. An offender may be granted more than one temporary absence permit or work release over a period of time.

Table D12: Number of offenders granted temporary absencesTable D12 footnote * and work releasesTable D12 footnote **

Year

Temporary AbsencesTable D12 footnote *

Work ReleasesTable D12 footnote **

Escorted

Unescorted

# of Offenders

# of Permits

# of Offenders

# of Permits

# of Offenders

# of Permits

2010-11

2,303

40,070

353

3,117

339

1,343

2011-12

2,685

44,396

418

3,891

435

875

2012-13

2,753

47,814

448

3,709

455

815

2013-14

2,740

49,502

448

4,005

400

643

2014-15

2,574

49,630

411

3,563

345

489

2015-16

2,437

47,072

445

4,077

304

418

2016-17

2,537

48,569

442

3,778

323

481

2017-18

2,541

50,483

428

3,165

312

443

2018-19

2,527

55,929

411

2,819

302

434

2019-20

2,332

51,188

363

2,910

238

333

Table D12 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Section E. Statistics on Special Applications of Criminal Justice

The number of initial detention reviews

Figure E1: Number of initial detention reviews

Figure E1
Image description
Number of initial detention reviews
Year Detained Not Detained
2010-11

239

14

2011-12

207

7

2012-13

232

4

2013-14

200

8

2014-15

164

10

2015-16

167

6

2016-17

131

4

2017-18

110

9

2018-19

77

8

2019-20

105

7

Figure E1 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

According to the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, an offender entitled to statutory release after serving two-thirds of the sentence may be held in custody until warrant expiry if it is established that the offender is likely to commit, before the expiry of his/her sentence, an offence causing death or serious harm, a serious drug offence or a sex offence involving a child.

Table E1: Number of initial detention reviews

Year

Detained

Statutory Release

Total

Total

Ind.Table E1 footnote *

Non- Ind.Table E1 footnote **

Total

%

Ind.Table E1 footnote *

Non- Ind.Table E1 footnote **

Total

%

Ind.Table E1 footnote *

Non- Ind.Table E1 footnote **

2010-11

112

127

239

94.5

5

9

14

5.5

117

136

253

2011-12

89

118

207

96.7

3

4

7

3.3

92

122

214

2012-13

91

141

232

98.3

4

0

4

1.7

95

141

236

2013-14

88

112

200

96.2

4

4

8

3.8

92

116

208

2014-15

70

94

164

94.3

5

5

10

5.7

75

99

174

2015-16

74

93

167

96.5

2

4

6

3.5

76

97

173

2016-17

55

76

131

97.0

2

2

4

3.0

57

78

135

2017-18

51

59

110

92.4

5

4

9

7.6

56

63

119

2018-19

38

39

77

90.6

5

3

8

9.4

43

42

85

2019-20

47

58

105

93.8

4

3

7

6.3

51

61

112

Total

1,162

1,689

2,851

94.1

68

111

179

5.9

1,230

1,800

3,030

Table E1 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

According to the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, an offender entitled to statutory release after serving two-thirds of the sentence may be held in custody until warrant expiry if it is established that the offender is likely to commit, before the expiry of his/her sentence, an offence causing death or serious harm, a serious drug offence or a sex offence involving a child.

76% of judicial review hearings have resulted in earlier parole eligibility

Figure E2: Judicial reviewFigure E2 footnote * hearings at the end of the fiscal year (2019-20)

Figure E2
Image description
Judicial review hearings at the end of the fiscal year (2019-20)
Total number of offenders with case applicable for judicial reviewFigure E2 footnote *

1,743

Total number of offenders eligible now or in the future for a judicial review* hearing

599

Total number of court decisions

239

Earlier eligibility

181

Released on parole

170

Table E2 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Table E2: Judicial reviewTable E2 footnote * hearings at the end of the fiscal year (2019-20)

Province/Territory of Judicial ReviewTable E2 footnote *

Parole Ineligibility Reduced by Court

Reduction Denied by Court

Total

1st Degree Murder

2nd Degree Murder

1st Degree Murder

2nd Degree Murder

1st Degree Murder

2nd Degree Murder

British Columbia

26

1

7

0

33

1

Alberta

19

0

7

1

26

1

Saskatchewan

7

0

3

0

10

0

Manitoba

8

3

1

0

9

3

Ontario

23

0

29

1

52

1

Quebec

76

15

6

2

82

17

New Brunswick

1

0

0

0

1

0

Nova Scotia

1

1

1

0

2

1

Prince Edward Island

0

0

0

0

0

0

Newfoundland & Labrador

0

0

0

0

0

0

Yukon

0

0

0

0

0

0

Northwest Territories

0

0

0

0

0

0

Nunavut

0

0

0

0

0

0

Sub-total

161

20

54

4

215

24

Total

181

58

239

Table E2 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

The number of Dangerous Offender designations

Figure E3: Number of Dangerous OffendersFigure E3 footnote * designated

Figure E3
Image description
Number of dangerous offenders designated- 10-year trend

Fiscal Year

Number of Offenders

1978-1979

6

1979-1980

3

1980-1981

7

1981-1982

6

1982-1983

11

1983-1984

9

1984-1985

8

1985-1986

8

1986-1987

5

1987-1988

16

1988-1989

9

1989-1990

11

1990-1991

10

1991-1992

9

1992-1993

8

1993-1994

16

1994-1995

22

1995-1996

19

1996-1997

18

1997-1998

28

1998-1999

16

1999-2000

24

2000-2001

23

2001-2002

26

2002-2003

20

2003-2004

19

2004-2005

18

2005-2006

23

2006-2007

27

2007-2008

28

2008-2009

30

2009-2010

35

2010-2011

31

2011-2012

42

2012-2013

43

2013-2014

42

2014-2015

56

2015-2016

66

2016-2017

50

2017-2018

64

2018-2019

49

2019-2020

53

Figure E3 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

In addition to the DOs, there were 11 Dangerous Sexual Offenders and 3 offenders with an Habitual Offender designation under the responsibility of Correctional Service of Canada at the end of fiscal 2019-20.

The number of Dangerous Offenders designated per year does not include overturned decisions.

Offenders who have died since receiving designations are no longer classified as "active"; however, they are still represented in the above graph, which depicts the total number of offenders '"designated".

Determinate sentence for Dangerous Offenders must be a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of two years — and have an order that the offender be subject to long-term supervision for a period that does not exceed 10 years.

Table E3 Number of Dangerous OffendersTable E3 footnote * designated

Province/Territory of Designation

All Designations (Designated Since 1978)

Active Dangerous OffendersTable E3 footnote *

# of Indeterminate Offenders

# of Determinate OffendersTable E3 footnote **

Total

British Columbia

168

114

21

135

Alberta

69

53

6

59

Saskatchewan

105

57

37

94

Manitoba

31

25

3

28

Ontario

439

280

93

373

Quebec

134

93

27

120

New Brunswick

8

4

0

4

Nova Scotia

26

16

3

19

Prince Edward Island

0

0

0

0

Newfoundland & Labrador

14

8

2

10

Yukon

6

1

3

4

Northwest Territories

11

10

1

11

Nunavut

3

1

2

3

Total

1,014

662

198

860

Table E3 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

In addition to the DOs, there were 11 Dangerous Sexual Offenders and 3 offenders with an Habitual Offender designation under the responsibility of Correctional Service of Canada at the end of fiscal 2019-20. 

The number of Dangerous Offenders designated per year does not include overturned decisions.

Offenders who have died since receiving designations are no longer classified as "active"; however, they are still represented in the above graph, which depicts the total number of offenders '"designated".

Numbers presented are current up to the end of fiscal year 2019-20.

Most long-term supervision orders were for a 10-year period

Figure E4: Number of long-term supervision ordersFigure E4 footnote * imposed (2019-20)

Figure E4
Image description
Number of long-term supervision orders imposed (2019-20)

Length of Supervision Order (Years)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Total

1

2

11

15

148

57

94

69

4

998

Figure E4 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Ninety-five offenders under these provisions have died, and 284 offenders have completed their long term supervision period.

Table E4: Number of long-term supervision ordersTable E4 footnote * imposed

Province or Territory of Order

Length of Supervision Order (Years)

Current Status 2019-20

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Total

Incarcerated

DP, FP or SRTable E4 footnote **

LTSO period

LTSOTable E4 footnote *** interrupted

Total

Sentencing Province

British Columbia

0

0

0

2

14

4

5

7

0

130

162

31

5

56

7

99

Alberta

0

0

0

0

9

1

1

1

0

73

85

13

2

29

7

51

Saskatchewan

0

1

0

1

11

10

13

11

2

84

133

44

7

36

14

101

Manitoba

0

0

0

0

1

2

3

1

0

39

46

5

0

12

5

22

Ontario

0

0

1

7

21

16

23

27

0

312

407

75

15

162

32

284

Quebec

1

1

9

5

79

21

45

16

2

304

483

127

24

157

33

341

New Brunswick

0

0

1

0

2

0

0

1

0

8

12

1

0

3

3

7

Nova Scotia

0

0

0

0

5

0

1

3

0

14

23

1

2

6

3

12

Prince Edward Island

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

2

0

0

0

0

0

Newfoundland & Labrador

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

11

12

2

1

7

0

10

Yukon

0

0

0

0

2

0

3

0

0

16

21

2

1

12

1

16

Northwest Territories

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

3

5

1

0

1

1

3

Nunavut

0

0

0

0

2

2

0

1

0

3

8

0

0

6

0

6

Total

1

2

11

15

148

57

94

69

4

998

1,399

302

57

487

106

952

Table E4 Notes:

Source: Correctional Service of Canada.

Remand is the temporary detention of a person while awaiting trial, sentencing or the commencement of a custodial disposition.

The number of record suspension applications received

Figure E5: Number of record suspension and pardon applications receivedFigure E5 footnote *

Figure E5
Image description
Number of record suspension and pardon applications received

Year

Total

2015-16

12,384

2016-17

11,566

2017-18

14,662

2018-19

13,827

2019-20

12,441

Figure E5 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

On March 13, 2012, Bill C-10 amended the CRA by replacing the term "pardon" with the term "record suspension". The Record Suspension and Clemency program involves the review of record suspension applications, the ordering of record suspensions and the making of clemency recommendations. The amendments to the CRA increased the waiting periods for a record suspension to five years for all summary convictions and to ten years for all indictable offences. Individuals convicted of sexual offences against minors (with certain exceptions) and those who have been convicted of more than three indictable offences, each with a sentence of two or more years, became ineligible for a record suspension.

Table E5: Number of record suspension and pardon applications receivedTable E5 footnote *

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

Record Suspension Applications Processed

Received

12,384

11,563

9,460

7,364

7,019

Accepted

8,875

8,153

6,502Table E5 footnote **

5,347

5,227

% Accepted

71.7%

70.5%

68.7%

72.6%

74.5%

Record Suspensions

Ordered

8,427

8,340

7,037

6,028

5,287

Refused

523

438

142

225

209

Total Ordered/Refused

8,950

8,778

7,179

6,253

5,496

% Ordered

94.2%

95.0%

98.0%

96.4%

96.2%

Pardon Applications Processed

Received

NA

NA

5,202

6,463

5,422

Accepted

NA

NA

4,366

5,184

4,360

% Accepted

NA

NA

83.9%

80.2%

80.4%

Pardons

Granted

1,628

3,740

227

2,631

3,157

Issued

NA

NA

1,730

1,772

1,552

Denied

348

125

133

42

210

Total Granted/Issued/Denied

1,976Table E5 footnote ***

3,865Table E5 footnote ***

2,090Table E5 footnote ****

4,445Table E5 footnote ****

4,919Table E5 footnote ****

% Granted

82.4%

96.8%

93.6%

99.1%

95.7%

Pardon/Record Suspension Revocations/Cessations

RevocationsTable E5 footnote *****

667

501

85

59

410

Cessations

634

769

690

527

440

Total Revocations/Cessations

1,301

1,270

775

586

850

Cumulative # Granted/Issued and OrderedTable E5 footnote ******

504,112

516,192

525,186

535,617

545,613

Cumulative # Revocations/CessationsTable E5 footnote ******

24,638

25,908

26,683

27,269

28,119

Table E5 Notes:

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

The number of applications accepted is lower than in previous reports as discontinued pardons and record suspensions were excluded.

NA is the short form for not applicable.

Section F. Victims of Crime

The most common type of self-reported victimization was theft of personal property

Figure F1: Victims of self-reported crime by type rate per 1,000 (2019)

Figure F1
Image description
Figure F1: Victims of self-reported crime by type rate per 1,000 (2019)

Type of Violent Victimization

Rate

Theft of Personal PropertyFigure F1 footnote *

98

Theft of Household PropertyFigure F1 footnote **

65

Physical AssaultFigure F1 footnote *

46

VandalismFigure F1 footnote **

45

Break and EnterFigure F1 footnote **

42

Sexual AssaultFigure F1 footnote *

30

Motor Vehicle/Parts TheftFigure F1 footnote **

20

RobberyFigure F1 footnote *

7

Total Household VictimizationFigure F1 footnote ***

172

Total Violent VictimizationFigure F1 footnote ****

83

Figure F1 Notes:

Source: General Social Survey (GSS), Statistics Canada.

Excludes those under age 15.

The most common type of self-reported victimization was theft of personal property

Table F1: Victims of self-reported crime by type rate per 1,000 (2019)

Type of Violent Victimization

Rate

Theft of Personal PropertyTable F1 footnote *

98

Theft of Household PropertyTable F1 footnote **

65

Physical AssaultTable F1 footnote *

46

VandalismTable F1 footnote **

45

Break and EnterTable F1 footnote **

42

Sexual AssaultTable F1 footnote *

30

Motor Vehicle/Parts TheftTable F1 footnote **

20

RobberyTable F1 footnote *

7

Total Household VictimizationTable F1 footnote ***

172

Total Violent VictimizationTable F1 footnote ****

83

Table F1 Notes:

Source: General Social Survey (GSS), Statistics Canada.

Excludes those under age 15.

Women were more likely to be victims of violent crime than men, this gap is larger at younger ages

Figure F2a: Self-reported violent victimization rate per 1,000 population by type and gender

Figure F2a
Image description
Figure F2A: Self-reported violent victimization per 1,000 population by type and gender

Type of Violent Victimization

Women

Men

Robbery

7

7

Sexual Assault

50

9

Physical Assault

49

43

Total Violent VictimizationFigure F2 footnote *

106

59

Figure F2b. Self-reported violent victimization rate per 1,000 population by age

Figure F2b
Image description
Figure F2b. Self-reported violent victimization rate per 1,000 population by age

Age Group

Women

Men

15 to 24

257

103

25 to 34

179

91

35 to 44

83

75

45 to 54

98

42

55 to 64

45

39

65 and older

24

15

Figure F2a and F2b Notes:

Source: General Social Survey (GSS), Statistics Canada.

Excludes those under age 15.

Table F2a: Self-reported violent victimization per 1,000 population by type and gender

Type of Violent Victimization

Women

Men

Sexual Assault

50

9

Robbery

7

7

Physical Assault

49

43

Total Violent VictimizationTable F2 footnote *

106

59

Table F2b. Self-reported violent victimization rate per 1,000 population by age

Age Group

Women

Men

15 to 24

257

103

25 to 34

179

91

35 to 44

83

75

45 to 54

98

42

55 to 64

45

39

65 and older

24

15

Table F2a and F2b Notes:

Source: General Social Survey (GSS), Statistics Canada.

Excludes those under age 15.

Sexual assault was the least likely crime to be reported to police

Figure F3: Percentage of self-reported crime reported to police (2019)

Figure F3
Image description
Figure F3: Percentage of self-reported reported to police (2019)

Type of Victimization

Percent Reported to Police

Motor Vehicle/Parts Theft

52

Robbery

47

Break and Enter

45

Vandalism

37

Physical Assault

36

Theft of Personal Property

28

Theft of Household Property

20

Sexual Assault

6

Total Household VictimizationFigure F3 footnote *

35

Total Violent VictimizationFigure F3 footnote **

24

Total VictimizationFigure F3 footnote ***

29

Figure F3 Notes:

Source: General Social Survey (GSS), Statistics Canada.

Excludes those under age 15.

Table F3: Percentage of self-reported reported to police (2019)

Type of Victimization

Percent Reported to Police

Motor Vehicle/Parts Theft

52

Robbery

47

Break and Enter

45

Vandalism

37

Physical Assault

36

Theft of Personal Property

28

Theft of Household Property

20

Sexual Assault

6

Total Household VictimizationTable F3 footnote *

35

Total Violent VictimizationTable F3 footnote **

24

Total VictimizationTable F3 footnote ***

29

Table F3 Notes:

Source: General Social Survey (GSS), Statistics Canada.

Excludes those under age 15.

Police-reported violent victimization has increased

Figure F4: Police-reported violent victimization from 2015 to 2019

Figure F4
Image description
Figure F4: Police-reported violent victimization from 2015 to 2019

Type of Crime

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Assaults

215,011

218,252

225,365

234,419

258,399

Other violent violations

92,987

92,186

95,581

96,326

102,653

Sexual assault (levels 1, 2, 3)

20,388

20,748

23,908

27,562

30,035

Sexual violations against childrenFigure F4 footnote *

4,640

6,428

7,424

8,240

9,014

Criminal Code traffic violations causing death or bodily harmFigure F4 footnote **.

2,970

2,910

2,883

2,842

2,703

Violations causing death and attempted murder

1,446

1,472

1,538

1,579

1,597

Total

337,442

341,996

356,699

370,968

404,401

Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0049-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Excludes victims where age is over 89.

Table F4: Police-reported violent victimization from 2015 to 2019

Type of Crime

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Assaults

215,011

218,252

225,365

234,419

258,399

Other violent violations

92,987

92,186

95,581

96,326

102,653

Sexual assault (levels 1, 2, 3)

20,388

20,748

23,908

27,562

30,035

Sexual violations against childrenTable F4 footnote *

4,640

6,428

7,424

8,240

9,014

Criminal Code traffic violations causing death or bodily harmTable F4 footnote **.

2,970

2,910

2,883

2,842

2,703

Violations causing death and attempted murder

1,446

1,472

1,538

1,579

1,597

Total

337,442

341,996

356,699

370,968

404,401

Table F4 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0049-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Excludes victims where age is over 89.

Police-reported violent victimization was most frequent amongst 12-17 year olds

Figure F5a: Police-reported victimization of non-sexual violent offencesFigure F5 footnote * by age. Rate per 1,000

Figure F5a
Image description
Figure F5A: Victims of police-reported violent crime by age, sex, and sexual or non-sexual violence Rate per 1,000

Year

Total Age

Under 12

Age 12 - 17

Ages 18+

Total Sex

Male

Female

Total Sex

Male

Female

Total Sex

Male

Female

Total Sex

Male

Female

Victimization of non-sexual violent offencesFigure F5 footnote *

2015-16

8.8

8.6

9.1

2.2

1.8

2.6

13.0

12.1

13.8

9.5

9.4

9.6

2016-17

8.8

8.5

9.0

2.2

1.8

2.6

13.1

12.4

13.7

9.5

9.3

9.6

2017-18

9.0

8.7

9.2

2.4

2.0

2.8

13.7

12.8

14.3

9.7

9.5

9.7

2018-19

9.1

8.9

9.3

2.5

2.1

2.8

13.5

12.8

13.9

9.8

9.7

9.9

2019-20

9.8

9.6

10.0

2.9

2.4

3.3

15.0

14.2

15.6

10.4

10.3

10.5

Figure F5b: Police-reported victimization of sexual violent offencesFigure F5 footnote ** by age. Rate per 1,000

Figure F5b
Image description
Figure F5B : Victims of police-reported violent crime by age, sex, and sexual or non-sexual violence Rate per 1,000

Year

Total Age

Under 12

Age 12 - 17

Ages 18+

Total Sex

Male

Female

Total Sex

Male

Female

Total Sex

Male

Female

Total Sex

Male

Female

Victimization of sexual violent offencesFigure F5 footnote **

2015-16

0.7

0.2

1.2

1.1

0.6

1.6

3.6

0.8

6.6

0.4

0.7

0.8

2016-17

0.8

0.2

1.3

1.1

0.6

1.6

3.9

0.8

7.1

0.5

0.7

0.8

2017-18

0.9

0.2

1.5

1.2

0.6

1.8

4.6

0.9

8.5

0.5

0.1

0.9

2018-19

1.0

0.2

1.7

1.3

0.6

2.0

5.1

1.0

9.3

0.6

0.1

1.1

2019-20

1.1

0.3

1.8

1.4

0.7

2.2

5.6

1.1

10.2

0.6

0.1

1.1

Figure F5a and F5b Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0049-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Excludes victims where age is over 89.

Table F5: Victims of police-reported violent crime by age, sex, and sexual or non-sexual violence Rate per 1,000

Year

Total Age

Under 12

Age 12 - 17

Ages 18+

Total Sex

Male

Female

Total Sex

Male

Female

Total Sex

Male

Female

Total Sex

Male

Female

Victimization of non-sexual violent offencesTable F5 footnote *

2015-16

8.8

8.6

9.1

2.2

1.8

2.6

13.0

12.1

13.8

9.5

9.4

9.6

2016-17

8.8

8.5

9.0

2.2

1.8

2.6

13.1

12.4

13.7

9.5

9.3

9.6

2017-18

9.0

8.7

9.2

2.4

2.0

2.8

13.7

12.8

14.3

9.7

9.5

9.7

2018-19

9.1

8.9

9.3

2.5

2.1

2.8

13.5

12.8

13.9

9.8

9.7

9.9

2019-20

9.8

9.6

10.0

2.9

2.4

3.3

15.0

14.2

15.6

10.4

10.3

10.5

Victimization of sexual violent offencesTable F5 footnote **

2015-16

0.7

0.2

1.2

1.1

0.6

1.6

3.6

0.8

6.6

0.4

0.7

0.8

2016-17

0.8

0.2

1.3

1.1

0.6

1.6

3.9

0.8

7.1

0.5

0.7

0.8

2017-18

0.9

0.2

1.5

1.2

0.6

1.8

4.6

0.9

8.5

0.5

0.1

0.9

2018-19

1.0

0.2

1.7

1.3

0.6

2.0

5.1

1.0

9.3

0.6

0.1

1.1

2019-20

1.1

0.3

1.8

1.4

0.7

2.2

5.6

1.1

10.2

0.6

0.1

1.1

Table F5 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0049-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Excludes victims where age is over 89.

The most common type of police-reported violent crime was assault

Figure F6a: Victims of police-reported violent crime by type (2019)

Figure F6a
Image description
Figure F6a. Victims of police-reported violent crime by type (2019)

Type of Crime

Total

Assaults

258,399

Other violent violations 

102,653

Sexual assault

30,035

Sexual violations against childrenFigure F6a footnote *

9,014

Criminal Code traffic violations causing death or bodily harmFigure F6a footnote **

2,703

Violations causing death and attempted murder

1,597

Figure F6b: Victims of police-reported violent crime by type and sex of victim (2019)

Figure F6b
Image description
Figure 6b. Victims of police-reported violent crime by type and sex of victim (2019)

Type of Crime

Percent Females

Percent Males

Percent Not Reported

Assaults

48.5

51.3

1.0

Other violent violations 

50.8

49.1

1.0

Sexual assault

89.0

10.8

0.2

Sexual violations against childrenFigure F6b footnote *

83.9

15.9

0.3

Criminal Code traffic violations causing death or bodily harmFigure F6b footnote ** 

45.7

54.1

1.1

Violations causing death and attempted murder

23.7

73.2

1.5

Figure F6a and F6b Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0049-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada

Excludes victims where age is over 89.

Table F6: Police-reported violent crime by type and sex (2019)

Type of Crime

Sex of Victim

Total

Females

Males

Not Reported

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Assaults

125,206

48.5

132,556

51.3

637

1

258,399

64

Other violent violations

52,168

50.8

50,364

49.1

121

1

102,653

25

Sexual assault

26,728

89

3,245

10.8

62

0.2

30,035

7

Sexual violations against childrenTable F6 footnote *

7,567

83.9

1,432

15.9

15

0.3

9,014

2

Criminal Code traffic violations causing death or bodily harmTable F6 footnote **.

1,235

45.7

1,462

54.1

6

1.1

2,703

1

Violations causing death and attempted murder

378

23.7

1,169

73.2

50

1.5

1,597

0

Total

213,282

190,228

891

404,401

Table F6 Notes:

Source: Table 35-10-0049-01, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Statistics Canada

Excludes victims where age is over 89.

The number of registered victims with the federal correctional system has increased in the last 3 years

Figure F7: Number of registered victims and offenders with a registered victim

Figure F7
Image description
Figure F7: Number of registered victims and offenders with a registered victim

Year

Number of Registered Victims

Number of Offenders with a Registered Victim

2017-18

8,041

4,570

2018-19

8,477

4,847

2019-20

8,857

5,045

Figure F7 Notes:

Source: Data Warehouse, Correctional Service of Canada.

Victim Contact records are from the new Victims Application Module (VAM). This data cannot be compared to victim data prior to 2017 due to a change in how victims are counted. This was done because CSC changed from management of victim files within OMS, offender file based, to the newly built Victims Application Module (VAM), victim file based and no data was available until year end due to data migration. When Victim Services used OMS as its database, the prior indicator could not account for victims who were registered for more than one offender. Since the move to VAM, CSC can accurately capture the number of registered victims. For example, in the old system (OMS), one victim who was registered for six offenders would have counted as six registered victims; whereas in the new system (VAM), one registered victim who is registered for six offenders is accurately counted as one registered victim.

Table F7: Number of registered victims and offenders with a registered victim

Year

Number of Registered Victims

Number of Offenders with a Registered Victim

2017-18

8,041

4,570

2018-19

8,477

4,847

2019-20

8,857

5,045

Table F7 Notes:

Source: Data Warehouse, Correctional Service of Canada.

In order to register to receive information, a person must meet the definition of a victim in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (CCRA) and register with the Correctional Service of Canada or the Parole Board of Canada. Victims must be at least 18 years-old or legally emancipated or demonstrate they can act for themselves.

Victim Contact records are from the new Victims Application Module (VAM). This data cannot be compared to victim data prior to 2017 due to a change in how victims are counted. This was done because CSC changed from management of victim files within OMS, offender file based, to the newly built Victims Application Module (VAM), victim file based and no data was available until year end due to data migration. When Victim Services used OMS as its database, the prior indicator could not account for victims who were registered for more than one offender. Since the move to VAM, CSC can accurately capture the number of registered victims. For example, in the old system (OMS), one victim who was registered for six offenders would have counted as six registered victims; whereas in the new system (VAM), one registered victim who is registered for six offenders is accurately counted as one registered victim.

Registered victims are impacted by serious offences

Figure F8: Offences of victimizationFigure F8 footnote * (2019-20)

Figure F8
Image description
Offences of victimization (2019-20)

 

Percent

Offences Causing DeathFigure F8 footnote **

47.8

Sexual Offenses

21.4

Assaults

7.9

Involving violence or Threats

6.5

Property Crimes

4.6

Other Offenses

4.6

Deprivation of Freedom

2.9

Attempts to Cause Death

2.4

Driving Offenses

2.0

Figure F8 Notes:

Source: Data Warehouse, Correctional Service of Canada.

More than one offence of victimization may be recorded for each victim of crime.

Table F8: Offences of victimizationTable F8 footnote *

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

#

%

#

%

#

%

Offences Causing DeathTable F8 footnote **

5,153

49.8

5,413

48.5

5,643

47.8

Sexual Offences

2,141

20.7

2,381

21.3

2,528

21.4

Assaults

788

7.6

883

7.9

938

7.9

Involving Violence or Threats

606

5.9

688

6.2

767

6.5

Property Crimes

485

4.7

504

4.5

541

4.6

Deprivation of Freedom

296

2.9

317

2.8

338

2.9

Attempts to Cause Death

250

2.4

263

2.4

281

2.4

Driving Offences

160

1.5

214

1.9

233

2

Other Offences

464

4.5