2010 Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview

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Table of Contents

Section A: Context - Crime and the Criminal Justice System

Section B: Corrections Administration

Section C: Offender Population

Section D: Conditional Release

Section E: Statistics on Special Applications of Criminal Justice

Section F: Victims of Crime

Section A: Context - Crime and the Criminal Justice System

Police-reported crime rate has been decreasing since 1998

Police-reported crime rate has been decreasing since 1991
Enlarge image

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

**The definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

These crime statistics are based on crimes that are reported to the police. Since not all crimes are reported to the police, these figures underestimate actual crime. See Figure F1 for rates based on victimization surveys (drawn from the General Social Survey), an alternative method of measuring crime.

Police-reported crime rate has been decreasing since 1998

Year

Type of offence

Violent**

Property**

Traffic

Other CCC**

Drugs

Other Fed. Statutes

Total*

1998

1,345

5,696

469

1,051

235

119

8,915

1999

1,440

5,345

388

910

264

128

8,474

2000

1,494

5,189

370

924

287

113

8,376

2001

1,473

5,124

393

989

288

123

8,390

2002

1,441

5,080

379

991

296

128

8,315

2003

1,435

5,299

373

1,037

274

115

8,532

2004

1,404

5,123

379

1,072

306

107

8,391

2005

1,389

4,884

378

1,052

290

97

8,090

2006

1,386

4,808

376

1,049

295

87

8,002

2007

1,352

4,519

402

1,028

307

90

7,697

2008

1,331

4,247

436

1,037

307

99

7,457

2009

1,314

4,081

434

1,011

289

94

7,224

Source: Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

**The definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Rates are based on incidents reported per 100,000 population.

Due to rounding, rates may not add to Totals.

Crime rates are higher in the west and highest in the north

Crime rates are higher in the west and highest in the north
Enlarge image

Note:

*Rates are based on 100,000 population.

Unlike Statistics Canada, the Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada. In addition, the definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Crime rates are higher in the west and highest in the north

Province/Territory

Crime Rate *

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Newfoundland & Labrador

6,708

6,664

7,050

7,143

7,340

Prince Edward Island

8,313

7,510

6,793

6,900

7,057

Nova Scotia

8,795

8,747

8,217

7,752

7,731

New Brunswick

7,190

6,701

6,306

6,504

6,394

Quebec

6,030

6,133

5,892

5,950

5,846

Ontario

5,826

5,969

5,682

5,455

5,270

Manitoba

12,576

12,318

11,654

10,629

10,518

Saskatchewan

15,866

15,266

15,125

14,555

14,345

Alberta

10,627

10,173

10,058

10,045

9,515

British Columbia

12,904

12,375

11,702

10,800

10,207

Yukon

23,981

21,496

22,970

24,162

25,332

Northwest Territories

46,473

43,699

46,508

47,948

45,848

Nunavut

36,600

33,053

31,972

37,220

39,888

Canada

8,090

8,002

7,697

7,457

7,224

Source: Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Rates are based on 100,000 population.

Unlike Statistics Canada, the Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada. In addition, the definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Canada's incarceration rate is high relative to most western European countries

Canada's incarceration rate is high relative to most western European countries
Enlarge image

Note:

The incarceration rate, in this figure, is a measure of the number of people (i.e., adults and youth) in custody per 100,000 people in the general population. Incarceration rates from the World Prison Population List are based on the most recently available data at the time the list was compiled. Due to variations in the availability of information, the 2006 and 2008 dates reported in Table A3 refer to when the World Prison Population Lists were published, but may not necessarily correspond to the date the data were obtained. Additionally, different practices and variations in measurement in different countries limit the comparability of these figures.

These statistics were previously reported in the 2009 Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview. No new data are available.

Canada's incarceration rate is high relative to most western European countries

 

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

20061*

20082*

United States

649

682

682

699

700

701

714

723

738

756

New Zealand

137

150

149

149

145

155

168

168

186

185

England & Wales

120

125

125

124

125

141

142

141

148

153

Scotland

119

119

118

115

120

129

132

136

139

152

Australia

95

110

108

108

110

115

117

120

126

129

Canada

126

123

118

116

116

116

108

107

107

116

France

90

88

91

89

80

93

91

91

85

96

Austria

86

86

85

84

85

100

106

110

105

95

Italy

86

85

89

94

95

100

98

96

104

92

Germany

90

96

97

97

95

98

96

98

95

89

Switzerland

88

85

81

79

90

68

81

81

83

76

Sweden

59

60

59

64

65

73

75

81

82

74

Norway

53

57

56

-

60

59

65

65

66

69

Finland

56

54

46

52

50

70

71

66

75

64

Denmark

62

64

66

61

60

64

70

70

77

63

Source: 1 World Prison Population List (Seventh Edition), International Centre for Prison Studies, 2 World Prison Population List (Eighth Edition), International Centre for Prison Studies.

Note:

*Incarceration rates from the World Prison Population List are based on the most recently available data at the time the list was compiled. Due to variations in the availability of information, the 2006 and 2008 dates reported in Table A3 refer to when the World Prison Population Lists were published, but may not necessarily correspond to the date the data were obtained. Additionally, different practices and variations in measurement in different countries limit the comparability of these figures.

Rates are based on 100,000 population.

-- Figures not available.

These statistics were previously reported in the 2009 Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview. No new data are available.

The rate of adults charged has declined since 2001

PThe rate of adults charged has declined since 2001
Enlarge image

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

**The definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment.

Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle thefts, other thefts, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson.

The rate of adults charged has declined since 2001

Year

Type of offence

Violent**

Property**

Traffic

Other CCC**

Drugs

Other Fed. Statutes

Total Charged*

1998

568

677

372

425

168

24

2,234

1999

587

632

371

399

185

30

2,203

2000

611

591

346

414

198

26

2,187

2001

638

584

340

454

202

28

2,247

2002

613

569

328

464

199

29

2,202

2003

595

573

318

478

172

23

2,160

2004

581

573

307

493

187

30

2,172

2005

587

550

294

481

185

29

2,125

2006

593

533

293

499

198

27

2,142

2007

578

498

298

518

208

28

2,127

2008

575

485

306

537

207

31

2,141

2009

573

479

304

520

194

33

2,103

Source: Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

**The definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Rates are based on 100,000 population, 18 years of age and older.

Due to rounding, rates may not add to Totals.

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment.

Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle thefts, other thefts, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson.

Administration of Justice charges account for 21% of charges in adult courts

Administration of justice charges account for 21% of charges in adult courts
Enlarge image

Note:

The concept of a case has changed from previous editions of this report to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Adult Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to those in previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

The graph excludes Youth Criminal Justice Act / Young Offenders Act offences.

The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

Administration of justice charges account for 21% of charges in adult courts

Type of Charge

Criminal Code and Other Federal Statute Charges

 

2006-07

 

2007-08

 

2008-09

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

Crimes Against the Person

92,329

24.34

94,043

23.99

94,004

24.00

Homicide and Related

309

0.08

301

0.08

268

0.07

Attempted Murder

229

0.06

235

0.06

163

0.04

Robbery

4,378

1.15

4,486

1.14

4,350

1.11

Sexual Assault

4,019

1.06

4,137

1.06

4,054

1.04

Other Sexual Offences

1,843

0.49

1,905

0.49

2,004

0.51

Major Assault (Levels 2 & 3)

20,170

5.32

20,859

5.32

21,213

5.42

Common Assault (Level 1)

36,933

9.74

37,623

9.60

37,237

9.51

Uttering Threats

18,184

4.79

18,191

4.64

18,368

4.69

Criminal Harassment

3,182

0.84

3,099

0.79

3,163

0.81

Other Crimes Against Persons

3,082

0.81

3,207

0.82

3,184

0.81

Crimes Against Property

94,262

24.85

94,549

24.12

91,923

23.47

Theft

38,686

10.20

39,037

9.96

38,467

9.82

Break and Enter

11,869

3.13

11,886

3.03

11,465

2.93

Fraud

15,632

4.12

15,181

3.87

14,416

3.68

Mischief

12,900

3.40

13,614

3.47

13,849

3.54

Possession of Stolen Property

12,938

3.41

12,671

3.23

11,768

3.00

Other Property Crimes

2,237

0.59

2,160

0.55

1,958

0.50

Administration of Justice

75,535

19.91

82,091

20.95

82,573

21.08

Fail to Appear

5,049

1.33

5,292

1.35

5,009

1.28

Breach of probation

28,295

7.46

30,084

7.68

30,321

7.74

Unlawfully at large

2,656

0.70

2,661

0.68

2,524

0.64

Fail to Comply with Order

31,427

8.29

35,356

9.02

35,879

9.16

Other Admin. Justice

8,108

2.14

8,698

2.22

8,840

2.26

Other Criminal Code

19,778

5.21

19,288

4.92

18,676

4.77

Weapons

9,877

2.60

9,913

2.53

9,748

2.49

Prostitution

2,009

0.53

1,811

0.46

1,624

0.41

Disturbing the Peace

2,145

0.57

2,069

0.53

1,810

0.46

Residual Criminal Code

5,747

1.52

5,495

1.40

5,494

1.40

Criminal Code Traffic

52,907

13.95

55,515

14.16

56,841

14.51

Impaired Driving

42,232

11.13

44,237

11.29

45,068

11.51

Other CC Traffic

10,675

2.81

11,278

2.88

11,773

3.01

Other Federal Statutes

44,490

11.73

46,442

11.85

47,668

12.17

Drug Possession

14,038

3.70

15,340

3.91

15,574

3.98

Drug Trafficking

11,570

3.05

12,242

3.12

12,587

3.21

Residual Federal Statutes

18,882

4.98

18,860

4.81

19,507

4.98

Total Offences

379,301

100.00

391,928

100.00

391,685

100.00

Source: Adult Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The table excludes Youth Criminal Justice Act / Young Offenders Act offences. The Adult Criminal Court Survey groups these offences under "Other Federal Statutes". Superior Court data are not reported to the Adult Criminal Court Survey for Quebec, Ontario and Saskatchewan. The concept of a case has changed from previous editions of this report to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Adult Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to those in previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

Most adult custodial sentences ordered by the court are short

Most adult custodial sentences ordered by the court are short
Enlarge image

Note:

Due to rounding, totals may not add to 100 percent.

Excludes Youth Criminal Justice Act / Young Offenders Act offences and cases where length of prison sentence and/or gender was not known

Excludes data for Manitoba as information on both sentence length and gender were not available.

Superior Court data are not reported to the Adult Criminal Court Survey for Quebec, Ontario and Saskatchewan.

The concept of a case has changed in the Adult Criminal Court Survey to more closely reflect court processing. As a result, these figures should not be compared to the court statistics reported in previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

Most adult custodial sentences ordered by the court are short

Length of Prison Sentence

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

 

%

%

%

%

%

1 Month or Less

 

 

 

 

 

Women

68.5

68.7

69.5

69.6

67.7

Men

52.2

52.3

52.6

53.4

54.1

Total

53.8

54.0

54.5

55.2

55.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Than 1 Month to 6 Months

 

 

 

 

 

Women

22.9

23.1

22.2

22.3

24.2

Men

32.6

32.6

32.2

31.7

31.5

Total

31.7

31.6

31.0

30.6

30.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Than 6 Months to 12 Months

 

 

 

 

 

Women

4.8

4.1

4.1

4.3

4.1

Men

6.8

6.9

7.0

7.0

6.9

Total

6.6

6.6

6.7

6.7

6.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Than 1 Year to Less Than 2 Years

 

 

 

 

 

Women

1.8

2.0

2.1

1.9

1.9

Men

3.6

3.8

3.7

3.7

3.7

Total

3.5

3.6

3.5

3.5

3.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 Years or More

 

 

 

 

 

Women

2.1

2.1

2.1

1.9

2.1

Men

4.6

4.3

4.6

4.2

3.9

Total

4.3

4.1`

4.3

4.0

3.7

Source: Adult Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

Due to rounding, totals may not add to 100 percent.

Excludes Youth Criminal Justice Act / Young Offenders Act offences and cases where length of prison sentence and/or gender was not known.

Excludes data for Manitoba as information on both sentence length and gender were not available.

Superior Court data are not reported to the Adult Criminal Court Survey for Quebec, Ontario and Saskatchewan.

The concept of a case has changed in the Adult Criminal Court Survey to more closely reflect court processing. As a result, these figures should not be compared to the court statistics reported in previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

Relatively few crimes result in sentences to federal penitentiaries

Relatively few crimes result in sentences to federal penitentiaries
Enlarge image

Note:

*This figure only includes cases convicted in provincial court and partial data from Superior Court. The concept of a case has changed in the Adult Criminal Court Survey to more closely reflect court processing. As a result, these figures should not be compared to the court statistics reported in previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Police data are reported on a calendar year basis whereas court and prison data are reported on a fiscal year basis (April 1 through March 31).

Relatively few crimes result in sentences to federal penitentiaries

 

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

Total Number of Offences Reported to Police1

2,608,741

2,606,887

2,534,730

2,485,207

2,437,299

Convicted cases in Adult Court1*

249,126

247,484

255,422

260,649

Not available

Sentenced Admissions to Provincial/Territorial Custody1**

78,850

79,862

79,724

80,387

Not available

Warrant of Committal Admissions to Federal Facilities2

4,783

5,110

5,007

4,831

5,243

Source: 1 Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Adult Criminal Court Survey and Adult Corrections Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada; 2 Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*This figure only includes cases convicted in provincial court and partial data from Superior Court. The concept of a case has changed in the Adult Criminal Court Survey to more closely reflect court processing. As a result, these figures should not be compared to the court statistics reported in previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

**In order to make comparisons, data exclude Prince Edward Island and Nunavut.

Police data are reported on a calendar year basis whereas court and prison data are reported on a fiscal year basis (April 1 through March 31).

The rate of youth charged has declined since 2001

The rate of youth charged has declined since 2001
Enlarge image

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada. In addition, the definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report a re not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

**For criminal justice purposes, youth are defined under Canadian law as persons aged 12 to 17 years.

***Rates for females are based on the number of female youth charged per 100,000 female youth population (12 to 17 years) and rates for males are based on the number of male youth charged per 100,000 male youth population (12 to 17 years).

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment.

Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle thefts, other thefts, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson.

The rate of youth charged has declined since 2001

Year

Type of offence

Violent*

Property*

Traffic

Other CCC*

Drugs

Other Fed. Statutes

Total Charged*

1998

998

2,500

19

867

226

184

4,794

1999

1,034

2,237

1

754

266

209

4,501

2000

1,109

2,176

30

788

317

198

4,618

2001

1,143

2,119

82

855

343

195

4,737

2002

1,075

2,009

82

820

337

235

4,557

2003

937

1,570

78

743

208

204

3,740

2004

907

1,395

76

702

230

222

3,533

2005

913

1,276

54

671

214

212

3,341

2006

914

1,216

69

683

240

216

3,339

2007

944

1,214

75

734

261

239

3,467

2008

917

1,137

75

731

269

260

3,388

2009

889

1,145

68

699

238

260

3,300

Source: Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada. In addition, the definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

For criminal justice purposes, youth are defined under Canadian law as persons aged 12 to 17 years.

Rates for "Total" are based on 100,000 youth population (12 to 17 years).

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment.

Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle thefts, other thefts, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson.

The most common youth court case is theft

The most common youth court case is theft
Enlarge image

Note:

*"Other Administration of Justice" includes the offences failure to appear, failure to comply, and breach of recognizance.

**Youth Criminal Justice Act offences include failure to comply with a disposition or undertaking, contempt against youth court, assisting a youth to leave a place of custody and harbouring a youth unlawfully at large. Also included are similar offences under the Young Offenders Act, which preceded the Youth Criminal Justice Act.

***The data exclude cases where gender is unknown. In Manitoba, gender is unknown for all cases.

The concept of a case has changed in the Youth Court Survey to more closely reflect court processing. As a result, these figures should not be compared to the youth court statistics reported in previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

The most common youth court case is theft

Type of Case

Number of Youth Court Cases

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Crimes Against the Person

14,296

14,838

14,793

15,393

15,457

Homicide and Related Offences

64

68

70

70

76

Robbery

2,038

2,112

2,377

2,637

2,723

Sexual Assault / Sexual Offences

1,377

1,367

1,254

1,140

1,265

Major Assault

3,457

3,657

3,618

3,844

3,688

Common Assault

4,800

4,871

4,575

4,695

4,746

Other Crimes Against the Person

2,560

2,763

2,899

3,007

2,959

Crimes Against Property

23,599

22,808

22,517

22,612

22,001

Theft

8,409

7,992

8,079

8,026

8,182

Break and Enter

6,007

5,734

5,162

5,203

4,799

Fraud

1,012

840

830

852

805

Mischief

3,742

3,944

4,159

4,362

4,304

Possession of Stolen Property

3,528

3,531

3,586

3,416

3,226

Other Crimes Against Property

901

767

701

753

685

Administration of Justice

5,920

6,053

6,230

6,327

6,284

Escape / Unlawfully at Large

655

615

566

592

524

Other Administration of Justice*

5,265

5,438

5,664

5,735

5,760

Other Criminal Code

2,883

3,117

3,187

3,038

3,021

Weapons / Firearms

1,918

2,000

2,164

2,064

2,055

Prostitution

11

25

19

12

16

Disturbing the Peace

224

226

233

207

231

Residual Criminal Code

730

866

771

755

719

Criminal Code Traffic

1,125

1,089

1,113

1,236

1,127

Impaired Driving / Other CC traffic

1,125

1,089

1,113

1,236

1,127

Other Federal Statutes

9,853

9,563

9,643

10,102

10,489

Drug Possession

2,196

2,252

2,445

2,725

2,912

Drug Trafficking

1,322

1,304

1,339

1,476

1,444

Youth Criminal Justice Act**

6,168

5,777

5,605

5,649

5,880

Residual Federal Statutes

167

230

254

252

253

Total

57,676

57,468

57,483

58,708

58,379

Source: Youth Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*"Other Administration of Justice" includes the offences failure to appear, failure to comply, and breach of recognizance.

**Youth Criminal Justice Act offences include failure to comply with a disposition or undertaking, contempt against youth court, assisting a youth to leave a place of custody and harbouring a youth unlawfully at large. Also included are similar offences under the Young Offenders Act, which preceded the Youth Criminal Justice Act.

The concept of a case has changed in the Youth Court Survey to more closely reflect court processing. As a result, these figures should not be compared to the youth court statistics reported in previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

The most common disposition for youth is probation

The most common disposition for youth is probation
Enlarge image

Note:

*"Other" includes absolute discharge, restitution, prohibition, seizure, forfeiture, compensation, pay purchaser, essays, apologies, counselling programs and conditional discharge, conditional sentence, intensive support and supervision, attendance at non-residential program and reprimand.

Data for Saskatchewan on Deferred Custody and Supervision would be reported under the "Other" category as YCJA sentencing data are not available.

Each case may receive more than one disposition. Therefore, sanctions are not mutually exclusive and will not add to 100%.

The concept of a case has changed in the Youth Court Survey to more closely reflect court processing. As a result, these figures should not be compared to the youth court statistics reported in previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

The most common disposition for youth is probation

Type of Disposition

Gender

Year

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

Probation

Female

60.0

59.8

57.6

58.1

59.7

 

Male

63.0

61.6

60.1

61.6

60.8

 

Total

62.4

60.9

59.2

60.8

60.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Custody

Female

16.1

15.1

13.4

13.0

12.4

 

Male

22.4

20.0

18.1

17.5

17.0

 

Total

21.1

18.4

16.6

15.9

15.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Community Service Order

Female

25.0

23.7

21.9

21.6

22.6

 

Male

27.1

26.0

25.1

25.6

25.6

 

Total

26.6

24.6

23.8

24.0

24.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fine

Female

4.9

4.1

4.1

4.3

3.8

 

Male

6.0

5.8

5.8

5.8

6.2

 

Total

5.8

5.5

5.4

5.4

5.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred Custody and Supervision*

Female

2.7

3.0

2.6

3.4

3.2

 

Male

3.1

3.7

3.5

3.9

4.1

 

Total

3.0

3.5

3.2

3.6

3.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other**

Female

39.3

36.4

36.2

38.1

38.7

 

Male

41.5

40.2

39.9

41.3

43.4

 

Total

41.1

37.8

37.5

39.0

40.4

Source: Youth Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Data for Saskatchewan on Deferred Custody and Supervision would be reported under the "Other" category as YCJA sentencing data are not available.

**"Other" includes absolute discharge, restitution, prohibition, seizure, forfeiture, compensation, pay purchaser, essays, apologies, counselling programs and conditional discharge, conditional sentence, intensive support and supervision, attendance at non-residential program and reprimand.

Each case may receive more than one disposition. Therefore, sanctions are not mutually exclusive and will not add to 100%.

The concept of a case has changed in the Youth Court Survey to more closely reflect court processing. As a result, these figures should not be compared to the youth court statistics reported in previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Section B: Corrections Administration

Federal expenditures on corrections increased in 2008-09

Federal expenditures on corrections increased in 2008-09
Enlarge image

Note:

*The percentage changes omit data from Prince Edward Island and Nunavut as information from these jurisdictions were not available for 2004-05.

Federal expenditures on corrections include spending by the Correctional Service Canada (CSC), the Parole Board of Canada (PBC) and the Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI). The expenditures for the CSC include both operating and capital costs. CSC expenditures exclude CORCAN (a Special Operating Agency that conducts industrial operations within penitentiaries).

Constant dollars represent dollar amounts calculated on a one-year base (2002) that adjusts for inflation, thus allowing the yearly amounts to be directly comparable. Changes in the Consumer Price Index were used to calculate constant dollars.

Federal expenditures on corrections increased in 2008-09

Year

Current Dollars

Constant 2002 Dollars

Operating

Capital

Total

Per capita

Operating

Capital

Total

Per capita

 

$'000

 

 

$

$'000

 

 

$

2004-05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CSC

1,480,721

105,893

1,586,614

49.67

1,422,813

101,752

1,524,564

47.73

PBC

41,100

--

41,100

1.29

39,493

--

39,493

1.23

OCI

2,871

--

2,871

0.09

2,759

--

2,759

0.09

Total

1,524,692

105,893

1,630,585

51.05

1,465,064

101,752

1,566,816

49.05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005-06

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CSC

1,533,498

116,843

1,650,341

51.18

1,440,716

109,774

1,550,489

48.08

PBC

42,800

--

42,800

1.33

40,210

--

40,210

1.25

OCI

3,115

--

3,115

0.10

2,927

--

2,927

0.09

Total

1,579,413

116,843

1,696,256

52.60

1,483,853

109,774

1,593,626

49.42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2006-07

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CSC

1,743,847

124,538

1,868,386

57.35

1,608,418

114,866

1,723,285

52.90

PBC

43,400

--

43,400

1.33

40,030

--

40,030

1.23

OCI

3,156

--

3,156

0.10

2,911

--

2,911

0.09

Total

1,790,403

124,538

1,914,942

58.78

1,651,359

114,866

1,766,226

54.21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2007-08

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CSC

1,827,839

140,641

1,968,480

59.78

1,650,717

127,013

1,777,730

53.99

PBC

43,400

--

43,400

1.32

39,194

--

39,194

1.19

OCI

3,132

--

3,132

0.10

2,829

--

2,829

0.09

Total

1,874,371

140,641

2,015,012

61.20

1,692,740

127,013

1,819,753

55.27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008-09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CSC

2,024,839

197,992

2,222,831

66.73

1,822,015

178,160

2,000,175

60.04

PBC

48,600

--

48,600

1.46

43,732

--

43,732

1.31

OCI

3,854

--

3,854

0.12

3,468

--

3,468

0.10

Total

2,077,293

197,992

2,275,285

68.30

1,869,215

178,160

2,047,375

61.46

Source: Correctional Service Canada; Parole Board of Canada; Office of the Correctional Investigator; Statistics Canada Consumer Price Index.

Note:

Due to rounding, constant dollar amounts may not add to "Total".

Per capita cost is calculated by dividing the total expenditures by the total Canadian population and thus represents the cost per Canadian for federal correctional services.

Constant dollars represent dollar amounts calculated on a one-year base (2002) that adjusts for inflation allowing the yearly amounts to be directly comparable. Changes in the Consumer Price Index were used to calculate constant dollars.

CSC employees are concentrated in custody centres

CSC employees are concentrated in custody centres
Enlarge image

Note:

*These parole officers are situated within institutions, with the responsibility of preparing offenders for release.

**CSC has changed its definition of employee. Previously, the total number of employees included casual employees, employees on leave without pay and suspended employees. These categories have been removed from the total as of 2005-06. These numbers represent active employees and employees on leave with pay as of March 31, 2010.

CSC employees are concentrated in custody centres

Service Area

Number of Staff

Percent

Headquarters and Central Services

2,819

16.1

Administrative Support

2,394

13.7

Program Staff

115

0.7

Health Care Workers

112

0.6

Correctional Officers

42

0.2

Instructors / Supervisors

14

0.1

Parole Officers / Parole Supervisors

2

0.0

Other*

140

0.8

 

 

 

Custody Centres

13,287

76.0

Correctional Officers

7,115

40.7

Administrative Support

2,071

11.8

Health Care Workers

1,001

5.7

Parole Officers / Parole Supervisors**

699

4.0

Program Staff

852

4.9

Instructors / Supervisors

443

2.5

Other*

1,106

6.3

 

 

 

Community Supervision

1,372

7.8

Parole Officers / Parole Supervisors

742

4.2

Administrative Support

345

2.0

Program Staff

186

1.1

Health Care Workers

74

0.4

Correctional Officers

22

0.1

Other*

3

0.0

 

 

 

Total***

17,478

100.0

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*The "Other" category represents job classifications such as trades and food services.

**These parole officers are situated within institutions, with the responsibility of preparing offenders for release.

***CSC has changed its definition of employee. Previously, the total number of employees included casual employees, employees on leave without pay and suspended employees. These categories have been removed from the total as of 2005-06. These numbers represent active employees and employees on leave with pay as of March 31, 2010.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100.

The cost of keeping an inmate incarcerated has increased

The cost of keeping an inmate incarcerated has increased
Enlarge image

Note:

The average daily inmate cost includes those costs associated with the operation of the institutions, such as salaries and employee benefit plan contributions, but excludes capital expenditures and expenditures related to CORCAN (a Special Operating Agency that conducts industrial operations within penitentiaries). In 2001-02, the cost allocation methodology was refined to better reflect expenditures directly related to offenders. In additio n, the cost of keeping a woman incarcerated includes the cost of maximum security units for women co-located within institutions for men.

The cost of keeping an inmate incarcerated has increased

Categories

Annual Average Costs per Offender (current $)

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Incarcerated Offenders

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum Security (males only)

113,591

113,645

121,294

135,870

147,135

Medium Security (males only)

75,661

75,251

80,545

87,498

93,782

Minimum Security (males only)

83,643

82,676

83,297

89,377

93,492

Women's Facilities

166,642

170,684

166,830

182,506

203,061

Exchange of Services Agreements

65,932

71,605

77,428

77,762

87,866

Incarcerated Average

87,919

88,067

93,030

101,664

109,699

 

 

 

 

 

 

Offenders in the Community

21,343

23,105

23,076

24,825

29,476

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Incarcerated and Community

69,473

71,004

74,261

81,932

91,498

Source: Public Accounts of Canada, Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

The average daily inmate cost includes those costs associated with the operation of the institutions, such as salaries and employee benefit plan contributions, but excludes capital expenditures and expenditures related to CORCAN (a Special Operating Agency that conducts industrial operations within penitentiaries). In 2001-02, the cost allocation methodology was refined to better reflect expenditures directly related to offenders. In addition, the cost of keeping a woman incarcerated includes the cost of maximum security units for women co-located within institutions for men.

The number of Parole Board of Canada employees

The number of Parole Board of Canada employees
Enlarge image

Note:

Section 103 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act limits the Parole Board of Canada to 45 full-time members.

The number of Parole Board of Canada employees

 

Full-Time Equivalents

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

Strategic Outcome*

 

 

 

 

 

Conditional Release Decisions

305

278

288

291

299

Conditional Release Openness and Accountability

--

57

53

58

64

Pardon Decisions and Clemency Recommendations

65

32

36

39

40

Corporate Management

34

49

39

40

39

Total

404

416

416

428

442

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type of Employees

 

 

 

 

 

Full-time Board Members

43

40

41

37

40

Part-time Board Members

18

19

22

25

25

Staff

343

357

353

366

377

Total

404

416

416**

428

442

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*As of 2006-07, the Receiver General and Treasury Board Secretariat reporting requirements have been changed from Business Line to Strategic Outcome. Consequently, data regarding Conditional Release Openness and Accountability is unavailable prior to 2006-07.

**The Parole Board of Canada transferred the Information Technology function to the Correctional Service of Canada effective April 1st, 2007. This represented a reduction of 23 full-time equivalents.

Section 103 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act limits the Parole Board of Canada to 45 full-time members.

The number of employees in the Office of the Correctional Investigator

The number of employees in the Office of the Correctional Investigator
Enlarge image

Note:

*The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) may commence an investigation on receipt of a complaint by or on behalf of an offender or on its own initiative. Complaints are made by telephone, letter and during interviews with the OCI's investigative staff at federal correctional facilities. The dispositions in response to complaints involve a combination of internal responses (where the information or assistance sought by the offender can generally be provided by the OCI's investigative staff) and investigations (where, further to a review/analysis of law, policies and documentation, OCI investigative staff make an inquiry or several interventions with Correctional Service Canada and submit recommendations to address the complaint). Investigations vary considerably in terms of scope, complexity, duration and resources required.

The number of employees in the Office of the Correctional Investigator

 

Full-Time Equivalents

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

Type of Employees

 

 

 

 

 

Correctional Investigator

1

1

1

1

1

Senior Management and Legal Counsel/Advisor

5

5

5

5

5

Investigative Services

13

13

13

16

20

Administrative Services

4

4

4

2

2

Total

23

23

23

24

28

Source: Office of the Correctional Investigator.

Health care is the most common area of offender complaint received by the Office of the Correctional Investigator

Health care is the most common area of offender complaint received by the Office of the Correctional Investigator
Enlarge image

Note:

*The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) may commence an investigation on receipt of a complaint by or on behalf of an offender or on its own initiative. Complaints are made by telephone, letter and during interviews with the OCI's investigative staff at federal correctional facilities. The dispositions in response to complaints involve a combination of internal responses (where the information or assistance sought by the offender can generally be provided by the OCI's investigative staff) and investigations (where, further to a review/analysis of law, policies and documentation, OCI investigative staff make an inquiry or several interventions with Correctional Service Canada and submit recommendations to address the complaint). Investigations vary considerably in terms of scope, complexity, duration and resources required.

Health care is the most common area of offender complaint received by the Office of the Correctional Investigator

Category of Complaint

Number of Complaints*

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

 

#

#

#

#

#

Health Care

913

916

849

851

821

Institutional Transfers

613

610

555

447

393

Administrative Segregation

467

453

406

423

390

Cell Property

617

686

520

416

388

Staff Performance

363

452

316

357

370

Visits

384

357

315

311

277

Grievance Procedures

293

296

264

209

236

Telephone

195

180

189

195

165

Programs

291

239

180

186

163

Case Preparation for Decisions

410

429

379

257

157

File Information

284

343

297

253

152

Safety/Security of Offender

199

167

176

165

137

Security Classification

227

193

172

138

102

Financial Matters

275

248

196

140

89

Employment

149

146

100

101

74

Cell Placement

118

128

79

43

38

Conditions of Confinement

427

374

350

373

-- **

Other**

1,046

1,155

852

978

1,357

Outside OCI's Mandate

320

290

203

216

174

Total

7,591

7,662

6,398

6,059

5,483

Source: Office of the Correctional Investigator.

Note:

*The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) may commence an investigation on receipt of a complaint by or on behalf of an offender or on its own initiative. Complaints are made by telephone, letter and during interviews with the OCI's investigative staff at federal correctional facilities. The dispositions in response to complaints involve a combination of internal responses (where the information or assistance sought by the offender can generally be provided by the OCI's investigative staff) and investigations (where, further to a review/analysis of law, policies and documentation, OCI investigative staff make an inquiry or several interventions with Correctional Service Canada and submit recommendations to address the complaint). Investigations vary considerably in terms of scope, complexity, duration and resources required.

**OCI has updated the categories of complaints to better reflect their corporate priorities and the changing nature of the complaints that they received in the 2009-10 fiscal year. As a result, some categories reported in previous years have been changed or removed.

The number of individual complaints processed by the OCI has decreased in recent years because the OCI has reallocated resources to sharpen its focus on systemic issues and death in custody investigations.

Section C: Offender Population

Federal offenders under the jurisdiction of the Correctional Service of Canada

Federal offenders under the jurisdiction of the Correctional Service of Canada
Enlarge image

Definitions:

Total Offender Population includes male and female federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions and those on temporary absence), offenders who are temporarily detained, actively supervised and those that have been deported.

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions.

Community Supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

Actively Supervised includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole or statutory release, as well as those who are in the community on long-term supervision orders.

Temporarily Detained includes offenders who are physically held in a provincial detention centre or a federal institution after being suspended for a breach of a parole condition or to prevent a breach of parole conditions.

Deported includes offenders for whom a deportation order has been enforced by Citizenship and Immigration Canada.

In addition to that total offender population, there are excluded groups such as:

On Bail includes offenders on a judicial interim release; they have appealed their conviction or sentence and have been released to await the results of a new trial.

Escaped includes offenders who have absconded from either a correctional facility or while on a temporary absence and whose whereabouts are unknown.

Unlawfully at Large includes offenders who have been released to the community on day parole, full parole, statutory release or a long term supervision order for whom a warrant for suspension has been issued, but has not yet been executed.

Note:

*The definition of "Offender Population" has changed from previous years. As such, comparisons to previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview should be done with caution.

Federal offenders under the jurisdiction of the Correctional Service of Canada

Status

Federal Offenders

 

#

 

 

%

 

 

Incarcerated

13,531

 

 

60.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Community Supervision

8,709

 

 

39.2

 

 

Actively Supervised

 

7,338

 

 

33.0

 

Day Parole

 

 

1,088

 

 

4.9

Full Parole

 

 

3,584

 

 

16.1

Statutory Release

 

 

2,429

 

 

10.9

Long Term Supervision Order

 

 

237

 

 

1.1

Temporarily Detained, while on:

 

1,011

 

 

4.5

 

Day Parole

 

 

133

 

 

0.6

Full Parole

 

 

139

 

 

0.6

Statutory Release

 

 

708

 

 

3.2

Long Term Supervision Order

 

 

31

 

 

0.1

Deported

 

360

 

 

1.6

 

Total

22,240*

 

 

100.0

 

 

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*In addition to this total offender population, 79 offenders were on bail, 124 offenders had escaped, and 488 offenders were unlawfully at large.

It is possible for an offender under federal jurisdiction to serve his or her sentence in a provincial institution. The data presented include these offenders as they are still under federal jurisdiction.

The definition of "Offender Population" has changed from previous years. As such, comparisons to previous editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview should be done with caution.

The number of incarcerated federal offenders increased in 2009-10

The number of incarcerated federal offenders increased in 2009-10
Enlarge image

Note:

*The data reflect the number of offenders incarcerated at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The term "Incarcerated Federal Offenders" refers to those offenders who are currently serving a sentence of two years or more in a federal or provincial correctional facility. These numbers include those offenders who are in the community on some form of temporary absence at the time of the count. These numbers do not include those offenders who have had their supervision period suspended and are temporarily detained.

**Source: Adult Correctional Services Survey - Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Young Offenders, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada

The number of incarcerated federal offenders increased in 2009-10

Year

Incarcerated Offenders

Federal1

Provincial/Territorial2

Total

Sentenced

Remand

Other/Temporary Detention

Total

2000-01

12,794

10,842

7,392

412

18,646

31,440

2001-02

12,663

10,850

7,933

316

19,099

31,762

2002-03

12,652

10,499

8,686

332

19,516

32,168

2003-04

12,413

9,750

9,118

336

19,204

31,617

2004-05

12,624

9,727

9,587

339

19,653

32,277

2005-06

12,671

9,560

10,875

301

20,736

33,407

2006-07

13,171

9,915

12,104

302

22,321

35,492

2007-08

13,581

9,665

12,914

340

22,919

36,500

2008-09

13,286

9,815

13,486

334

23,635

36,921

2009-10

13,531

--

--

--

--

--

Source: 1Correctional Service Canada.; 2Adult Correctional Survey - Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Young Offenders, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada

Note:

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders who are currently serving a sentence of two years or more in a federal or provincial correctional facility. These numbers include those offenders who are in the community on some form of temporary absence at the time of the count. These numbers do not include those offenders who have had their supervision period suspended and are temporarily detained.

The figures for federal offenders reflect yearly snapshots as of the last day of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The figures for provincial and territorial offenders reflect annual average counts.

-- Data not available.

The number of admissions to federal jurisdiction has increased

The number of admissions to federal jurisdiction has increased
Enlarge image

Note:

*"Other" includes transfers from other jurisdictions (exchange of services), terminations, transfers from foreign countries, and admissions where a release is interrupted as a consequence of a new conviction.

These numbers refer to the federal jurisdiction admissions during each fiscal year and may be greater than the actual number of offenders admitted, since an individual offender may be admitted more than once in a given year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The number of admissions to federal jurisdiction has increased

 

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2007-08

2009-10

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Warrant of Committal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Federal Sentence

239

3,159

276

3,402

274

3,351

279

3,275

282

3,582

All Others

35

1,350

42

1,390

34

1,348

35

1,242

31

1,348

Subtotal

274

4,509

318

4,792

308

4,699

314

4,517

313

4,930

Total

4,783

5,110

5,007

4,831

5,243

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revocations

162

3,124

156

3,219

147

3,237

167

3,098

179

2,857

Total

3,286

3,375

3,384

3,265

3,036

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other*

12

149

8

116

11

156

20

151

5

96

 

161

124

167

171

101

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

448

7,782

482

8,127

466

8,092

501

7,766

497

7,883

Total Admissions

8,230

8,609

8,558

8,267

8,380

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*"Other" includes transfers from other jurisdictions through exchange of services, terminations, transfers from foreign countries, and admissions where a release is interrupted as a consequence of a new conviction.

These numbers refer to the federal jurisdiction admissions during each fiscal year and may be greater than the actual number of offenders admitted, since an individual offender may be admitted more than once in a given year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The number of women admitted from the courts to federal jurisdiction has increased over the past decade

The number of women admitted from the courts to federal jurisdiction has increased over the past decade
Enlarge image

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

The number of women admitted from the courts to federal jurisdiction has increased over the past decade

Year

Warrant of Committal Admissions

Total

 

Women

 

Men

 

#

%

#

%

 

2000-01

231

5.4

4,044

94.6

4,275

2001-02

202

4.9

3,914

95.1

4,116

2002-03

204

4.8

4,070

95.2

4,274

2003-04

237

5.6

3,990

94.4

4,227

2004-05

236

5.2

4,315

94.8

4,551

2005-06

274

5.7

4,509

94.3

4,783

2006-07

318

6.2

4,792

93.8

5,110

2007-08

308

6.2

4,699

93.8

5,007

2008-09

314

6.5

4,517

93.5

4,831

2009-10

313

6.0

4,930

94.0

5,243

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Offender age at admission to federal jurisdiction is increasing

Offender age at admission to federal jurisdiction is increasing
Enlarge image

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Offender age at admission to federal jurisdiction is increasing

Age at Admission

2000-01

2009-10

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Under 18

3

1.3

5

0.1

8

0.2

2

0.6

1

0.02

3

0.1

18 and 19

5

2.2

203

5.0

208

4.9

6

1.9

188

3.8

194

3.7

20 to 24

37

16.0

821

20.3

858

20.1

54

17.3

899

18.2

953

18.2

25 to 29

40

17.3

726

18.0

766

17.9

66

21.1

901

18.3

967

18.4

30 to 34

54

23.4

662

16.4

716

16.7

48

15.3

741

15.0

789

15.0

35 to 39

33

14.3

654

16.2

687

16.1

44

14.1

580

11.8

624

11.9

40 to 44

36

15.6

421

10.4

457

10.7

35

11.2

575

11.7

610

11.6

45 to 49

15

6.5

224

5.5

239

5.6

26

8.3

429

8.7

455

8.7

50 to 59

6

2.6

247

6.1

253

5.9

27

8.6

417

8.5

444

8.5

60 to 69

2

0.9

61

1.5

63

1.5

4

1.3

155

3.1

159

3.0

70 and over

0

0.0

20

0.5

20

0.5

1

0.3

44

0.9

45

0.9

Total

231

 

4,044

 

4,275

 

313

 

4,930

 

5,243

 

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The average age at admission is lower for Aboriginal offenders than for non-Aboriginal offenders

The average age at admission is lower for Aboriginal offenders than for non-Aboriginal offenders
Enlarge image

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

The average age at admission is lower for Aboriginal offenders than for non-Aboriginal offenders

Age at Admission

2000-01

2009-10

Aboriginal

Non- Aboriginal

Total

Aboriginal

Non- Aboriginal

Total

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Under 18

3

0.4

5

0.1

8

0.2

1

0.1

2

0.0

3

0.1

18 and 19

37

4.9

171

4.9

208

4.9

52

5.1

142

3.4

194

3.7

20 to 24

177

23.6

681

19.3

858

20.1

245

24.0

708

16.8

953

18.2

25 to 29

183

24.4

583

16.5

766

17.9

221

21.7

746

17.7

967

18.4

30 to 34

124

16.5

592

16.8

716

16.7

155

15.2

634

15.0

789

15.0

35 to 39

112

14.9

575

16.3

687

16.1

123

12.1

501

11.9

624

11.9

40 to 44

57

7.6

400

11.4

457

10.7

103

10.1

507

12.0

610

11.6

45 to 49

33

4.4

206

5.8

239

5.6

72

7.1

383

9.1

455

8.7

50 to 59

21

2.8

232

6.6

253

5.9

37

3.6

407

9.6

444

8.5

60 to 69

3

0.4

60

1.7

63

1.5

9

0.9

150

3.6

159

3.0

70 and over

1

0.1

19

0.5

20

0.5

1

0.1

44

1.0

45

0.9

Total

751

 

3,524

 

4,275

 

1,019

 

4,224

 

5,243

 

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

19% of the federal incarcerated offender population is aged 50 or over

19% of the federal incarcerated offender population is aged 50 or over
Enlarge image

Note:

*Preliminary Postcensal Estimates, July 1, 2010; Demography Division, Statistics Canada.

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, as well as those on temporary absence.

19% of the federal incarcerated offender population is aged 50 or over

Age

Incarcerated

Community

Total

% of Canadian Adult Population

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

%

Under 18

3

0.02

0

0.0

3

0.01

--

18 and 19

119

0.9

13

0.1

132

0.6

3.4

20 to 24

1,603

11.8

661

7.6

2,264

10.2

8.7

25 to 29

2,153

15.9

1,106

12.7

3,259

14.7

8.8

30 to 34

1,929

14.3

1,048

12.0

2,977

13.4

8.5

35 to 39

1,750

12.9

1,008

11.6

2,758

12.4

8.4

40 to 44

1,814

13.4

1,086

12.5

2,900

13.0

8.9

45 to 49

1,584

11.7

1,138

13.1

2,722

12.2

10.3

50 to 54

1,088

8.0

861

9.9

1,949

8.8

9.6

55 to 59

653

4.8

654

7.5

1,307

5.9

8.4

60 to 64

442

3.3

490

5.6

932

4.2

7.2

65 to 69

233

1.7

299

3.4

532

2.4

5.4

70 and over

160

1.2

345

4.0

505

2.3

12.3

Total

13,531

100.0

8,709

100.0

22,240

100.0

100.0

Source: Correctional Service Canada; Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Preliminary Postcensal Estimates, July 1, 2010; Demography Division, Statistics Canada.

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, and those on temporary absence.

Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The data presented is a snapshot of the offender population as of April 25, 2010.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

65% of federal offenders are Caucasian

65% of federal offenders are Caucasian
Enlarge image

Note:

These data are self-identified by offenders while they are incarcerated, and the categories are not comprehensive; therefore, the reader should interpret these data with caution.

"Aboriginal" includes offenders who are Inuit, Innu, Métis and North American Indian.

"Asian" includes offenders who are Arab, Asiatic, Chinese, East Indian, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, South East Asian and South Asian.

"Hispanic" includes offenders who are Hispanic and Latin American.

The data reflects the total offender population, which includes male and female federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, and those on temporary absence) and offenders who are on community supervision. Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

65% of federal offenders are Caucasian

 

Offender Population

 

 

2004-05

 

2009-10

 

#

%

#

%

Aboriginal

3,498

16.1

3,989

17.9

Inuit

129

0.6

189

0.8

Métis

968

4.5

1,006

4.5

North American Indian

2,401

11.1

2,794

12.6

Asian

860

4.0

1,091

4.9

Arab/West Asian

131

0.6

235

1.1

Asiatic

191

0.9

80

0.4

Chinese

104

0.5

127

0.6

East Indian

44

0.2

25

0.1

Filipino

30

0.1

60

0.3

Japanese

6

<0.1

6

0.0

Korean

17

0.1

12

0.1

South East Asian

226

1.0

361

1.6

South Asian

111

0.5

185

0.8

Black

1,344

6.2

1,746

7.9

Caucasian

15,266

70.3

14,582

65.6

Hispanic

138

0.6

208

0.9

Hispanic

32

0.1

13

0.1

Latin American

106

0.5

195

0.9

Other/Unknown

596

2.7

624

2.8

Total

21,702

100.0

22,240

100.0

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

The data reflects the total offender population, which includes male and female federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions and those on temporary absence) and offenders who are on community supervision. Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

These data are self-identified by offenders while they are incarcerated, and the categories are not comprehensive; therefore, the reader should interpret these data with caution.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The religious identification of the offender population is diverse

The religious identification of the offender population is diverse
Enlarge image

Note:

Religious identification is self-declared by offenders while they are incarcerated, and the categories are not comprehensive; therefore, the reader should interpret these data with caution.

"Catholic" includes offenders who are Catholic, Roman-Catholic, Greek-Catholic, Native-Catholic and Ukrainian-Catholic.

"Orthodox" includes offenders who are Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox and Ukrainian Orthodox.

"Protestant" includes offenders who are Anglican, Baptist, Christian Missionary, Christian Reform, Church of Science, Hutterite, Lutheran, Mennonite, Moravian, Native Spirit, Nazarene Christ, Pentecostal, Philadelphia Church of God, Presbyterian, Protestant, Salvation Army, Seventh Day Adventist, United Church, Christ Methodist, Christ Wesleyan and Worldwide Church.

"Other" includes other declared identifications such as Agnostic, Atheist, Baha'i, Christian Science, Hindu, Independent Spirit, Jehovah's Witness, Mormon, Rastafarian, Scientology, Siddha Yoga, Taoism, Unitarian, Pagan, Sufiism, Wicca and Zoroastrian.

The data reflect the total offender population, which includes federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, and those on temporary absence) and federal offenders who are on community supervision. Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The religious identification of the offender population is diverse

 

Offender Population

 

 

2004-05

 

2009-10

 

#

%

#

%

Catholic

9,194

42.4

8,581

38.6

Protestant

4,519

20.8

4,430

19.9

Muslim

761

3.5

948

4.3

Native Spirituality

753

3.5

828

3.7

Buddhist

387

1.8

452

2.0

Jewish

159

0.7

156

0.7

Orthodox

104

0.5

108

0.5

Sikh

102

0.5

127

0.6

Other

1,437

6.6

1,495

6.7

None

3,072

14.2

3,460

15.6

Unknown

1,214

5.5

1,655

7.4

Total

21,702

100.0

22,240

100.0

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

Religious identification is self-declared by offenders while they are incarcerated, and the categories are not comprehensive; therefore, the reader should interpret these data with caution.

The data reflect the total offender population, which includes federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, and those on temporary absence) and federal offenders who are on community supervision. Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The proportion of Aboriginal offenders incarcerated is higher than for non-Aboriginal offenders

The proportion of Aboriginal offenders incarcerated is higher than for non-Aboriginal offenders
Enlarge image

Note:

*2006 Census, Statistics Canada.

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions as well as those on temporary absence. The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The proportion of Aboriginal offenders incarcerated is higher than for non-Aboriginal offenders

 

 

Incarcerated

Community

Total

 

 

#

%

#

%

 

Men

 

 

 

 

 

 

2006-07

Aboriginal

2,432

71.1

989

28.9

3,421

 

Non-Aboriginal

10,263

59.6

6,944

40.4

17,207

 

Total

12,695

61.5

7,933

38.5

20,628

2007-08

Aboriginal

2,493

70.7

1,031

29.3

3,524

 

Non-Aboriginal

10,593

60.8

6,842

39.2

17,435

 

Total

13,086

62.4

7,873

37.6

20,959

2008-09

Aboriginal

2,460

69.9

1,058

30.1

3,518

 

Non-Aboriginal

10,326

59.3

7,083

40.7

17,409

 

Total

12,786

61.1

8,141

38.9

20,927

2009-10

Aboriginal

2,629

70.6

1,097

29.4

3,726

 

Non-Aboriginal

10,399

59.6

7,048

40.4

17,447

 

Total

13,028

61.5

8,145

38.5

21,173

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Women

 

 

 

 

 

 

2006-07

Aboriginal

148

59.0

103

41.0

251

 

Non-Aboriginal

328

44.4

410

55.6

738

 

Total

476

48.1

513

51.9

989

2007-08

Aboriginal

164

58.8

115

41.2

279

 

Non-Aboriginal

331

42.6

446

57.4

777

 

Total

495

46.9

561

53.1

1,056

2008-09

Aboriginal

157

58.1

113

41.9

270

 

Non-Aboriginal

343

42.6

462

57.4

805

 

Total

500

46.5

575

53.5

1,075

2009-10

Aboriginal

164

62.4

99

37.6

263

 

Non-Aboriginal

339

42.2

465

57.8

804

 

Total

503

47.1

564

52.9

1,067

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, as well as those on temporary absence.

Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The majority of incarcerated federal offenders are classified as medium security risk

The majority of incarcerated federal offenders are classified as medium security risk
Enlarge image

Note:

The data represent the offender security level decision, as of April 25, 2010.

The majority of incarcerated federal offenders are classified as medium security risk

Security Risk Level

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

Total

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

Minimum

367

14.1

2,142

21.5

2,509

20.0

Medium

1,772

68.2

6,356

63.8

8,128

64.7

Maximum

460

17.7

1,459

14.7

1,919

15.3

Total

2,599

100.0

9,957

100.0

12,556

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Not Yet Determined*

194

 

781

 

975

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

2,793

 

10,738

 

13,531

 

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*The "Not Yet Determined" category includes offenders who have not yet been classified.

The data represent the offender security level decision, as of April 25, 2010.

Incarcerated offenders include male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, as well as those on temporary absence.

Admissions with a life or indeterminate sentence increased in 2009-10

Admissions with a life or indeterminate sentence increased in 2009-10
Enlarge image

Note:

*Although life sentences and indeterminate sentences both may result in imprisonment for life, they are different. A life sentence is a sentence of life imprisonment, imposed by a judge at the time of sentence, for example, for murder. An indeterminate sentence is a result of a designation, where an application is made to the court to declare an offender a Dangerous Offender, and the consequence of this designation is imprisonment for an indeterminate period.

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Admissions with a life or indeterminate sentence increased in 2009-10

Year

Aboriginal Offenders

Non-Aboriginal Offenders

Total

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

2000-01

2

31

33

8

124

132

10

155

165

2001-02

2

35

37

4

117

121

6

152

158

2002-03

1

33

34

3

112

115

4

145

149

2003-04

0

19

19

2

121

123

2

140

142

2004-05

1

24

25

5

118

123

6

142

148

2005-06

4

40

44

9

123

132

13

163

176

2006-07

4

34

38

11

123

134

15

157

172

2007-08

4

27

31

3

143

146

7

170

177

2008-09

4

31

35

2

133

135

6

164

170

2009-10

5

38

43

9

142

151

14

180

194

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

This table combines offenders serving life sentences and offenders serving indeterminate sentences.

Although life sentences and indeterminate sentences both may result in imprisonment for life, they are different. A life sentence is a sentence of life imprisonment, imposed by a judge at the time of sentence, for example, for murder. An indeterminate sentence is a result of a designation, where an application is made to the court to declare an offender a Dangerous Offender, and the consequence of this designation is imprisonment for an indeterminate period.

Offenders with life or indeterminate sentences represent 23% of the total offender population

Offenders with life or indeterminate sentences represent 23% of the total offender population
Enlarge image

Note:

*Although life sentences and indeterminate sentences may both result in imprisonment for life, they are different. A life sentence is a sentence of life imprisonment, imposed by a judge at the time of sentence, for example, for murder. An indeterminate sentence is a result of a designation, where an application is made to the court to declare an offender a Dangerous Offender, and the consequence of this designation is imprisonment for an indeterminate period. The Dangerous Sexual Offender and Habitual Offender designations were replaced with Dangerous Offender Legislation in 1977.

Offenders with life or indeterminate sentences represent 23% of the total offender population

 

Offenders under
CSC Jurisdiction

Current Status

Custody

Community

Incarcerated

Day Parole

Full Parole

Other***

 

#

%

 

 

 

 

Offenders with a life sentence for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Degree Murder

1,044

4.7

828

41

175

0

2nd Degree Murder

3,308

14.9

1,795

231

1,282

0

Other Offences*

215

1.0

109

7

99

0

Total

4,567

20.5

2,732

279

1,556

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Offenders with indeterminate sentences resulting from the special designation of:

Dangerous Offender

419

1.9

402

6

11

0

Dangerous Sexual Offender

36

0.2

1

0

2

0

Habitual Offenders

3

0.0

1

0

2

0

Total

458

2.1

418

9

31

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Offenders serving an indeterminate sentence (due to a special designation) and a life sentence (due to an offence):

 

19

0.1

17

0

2

0

Total offenders with Life and/or Indeterminate sentence

5,044

22.7

3,167

288

1,589

0

Offenders Serving Determinate sentences**

17,196

77.3

10,364

942

2,413

3,477

Total

22,240

100.0

13,531

1,230

4,002

3,477

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*"Other offences" include Schedule 1, Schedule 2 and Non-Schedule types of offences.

**This includes three offenders designated as Dangerous Offenders who are serving determinate sentences.

***Other in the Community includes federal offenders on statutory release or on a long term supervision order.

Among the 19 offenders serving an indeterminate sentence (due to a special designation) and a life sentence (due to an offence), there is one Dangerous Sexual Offender and one Habitual Offender.

69% of federal offenders are serving a sentence for a violent offence*

69% of federal offenders are serving a sentence for a violent offence
Enlarge image

Note:

*Violent offences include Murder I, Murder II and Schedule I offences.

Schedule I is comprised of sexual offences and other violent crimes excluding first and second degree murder (see the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

Schedule II is comprised of serious drug offences or conspiracy to commit serious drug offences (see the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

In cases where the offender is serving a sentence for more than one offence, the data reflect the most serious offence.

69% of federal offenders are serving a sentence for a violent offence*

Offence Category

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

Total

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

Murder I

4

153

157

28

876

904

32

1,029

1,061

Percent

1.5

4.1

3.9

3.5

5.0

5.0

3.0

4.9

4.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Murder II

40

544

584

106

2,632

2,738

146

3,176

3,322

Percent

15.2

14.6

14.6

13.2

15.1

15.0

13.7

15.0

14.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Schedule I

160

2,333

2,493

242

8,206

8,448

402

10,539

10,941

Percent

60.8

62.6

62.5

30.1

47.0

46.3

37.7

49.8

49.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Schedule II

37

237

274

284

3,233

3,517

321

3,470

3,791

Percent

14.1

6.4

6.9

35.3

18.5

19.3

30.1

16.4

17.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-Schedule

22

459

481

144

2,500

2,644

166

2,959

3,125

Percent

8.4

12.3

12.1

17.9

14.3

14.5

15.6

14.0

14.1

 

263

3,726

 

804

17,447

 

1,067

21,173

 

Total

3,989

 

18,251

 

22,240

 

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*Violent offences include Murder I, Murder II and Schedule I offences.

Schedule I is comprised of sexual offences and other violent crimes excluding first and second degree murder (see the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

Schedule II comprises serious drug offences or conspiracy to commit serious drug offences (see the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

The data reflect the total offender population, which includes male and female federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, and those on temporary absence) and federal offenders who are on community supervision. Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

These figures are based on the offender population as of April 25, 2010.

The number of Aboriginal offenders under federal jurisdiction has increased

The number of Aboriginal offenders under federal jurisdiction has increased
Enlarge image

Note:

*Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, as well as those on temporary absence.

**Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The number of Aboriginal offenders under federal jurisdiction has increased

Aboriginal Offenders

 

Fiscal Year

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

Incarcerated

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atlantic Region

Men

75

110

120

118

111

 

Women

9

7

4

5

9

Quebec Region

Men

201

218

226

250

273

 

Women

3

6

14

10

12

Ontario Region

Men

296

323

351

373

398

 

Women

12

24

25

25

24

Prairie Region

Men

1,268

1,367

1,357

1,292

1,418

 

Women

85

93

99

89

100

Pacific Region

Men

405

414

439

427

429

 

Women

19

18

22

28

19

National Total

Men

2,245

2,432

2,493

2,460

2,629

 

Women

128

148

164

157

164

 

Total

2,373

2,580

2,657

2,617

2,793

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Community

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atlantic Region

Men

33

25

37

45

50

 

Women

8

8

10

6

6

Quebec Region

Men

82

85

81

83

103

 

Women

3

1

1

2

1

Ontario Region

Men

109

121

152

142

165

 

Women

9

12

21

21

18

Prairie Region

Men

605

550

543

574

534

 

Women

66

68

62

64

54

Pacific Region

Men

212

208

218

214

245

 

Women

14

14

21

20

20

National Total

Men

1,041

989

1,031

1,058

1,097

 

Women

100

103

115

113

99

 

Total

1,141

1,092

1,146

1,171

1,196

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Incarcerated & Community

3,514

3,672

3,803

3,788

3,989

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

Regional statistics for the Correctional Service of Canada account for data relating to the northern territories in the following manner: data for Nunavut are reported in the Ontario Region, data for the Northwest Territories are reported in the Prairies region and data for the Yukon Territories are reported in the Pacific Region.

The total number of admissions to administrative segregation has fluctuated

The total number of admissions to administrative segregation has fluctuated
Enlarge image

Note:

These reports count admissions, not offenders. Offenders admitted multiple times to segregation are counted once for each admission. Offenders segregated under paragraph (f), subsection 44(1) of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (Disciplinary sanctions) are not included.

Administrative segregation is the involuntary or voluntary separation, when specific legal requirements are met, of an inmate from the general population, other than pursuant to a disciplinary decision.

Voluntary administrative segregation is when the inmate requests placement in administrative segregation, and the Institution al Head believes, on reasonable grounds, that the continued presence of the inmate in the general population would jeopardize the inmate's own safety and that there is no reasonable alternative to placement in administrative segregation.

Involuntary administrative segregation is when the placement meets the requirements of subsection 31(3) of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and the placement in administrative segregation is not voluntary.

The total number of admissions to administrative segregation has fluctuated

Year and Type of Administrative Segregation

By Gender

By Race

Women

Men

Total

Aboriginal

Non- Aboriginal

Total

2005-06

 

 

 

 

 

 

Involuntary

287

5,355

5,642

1,381

4,261

5,642

Voluntary

35

1,903

1,938

382

1,556

1,938

Total

322

7,258

7,580

1,763

5,817

7,580

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2006-07

 

 

 

 

 

 

Involuntary

291

5,346

5,637

1,301

4,336

5,637

Voluntary

28

1,812

1,840

400

1,440

1,840

Total

319

7,158

7,477

1,701

5,776

7,477

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2007-08

 

 

 

 

 

 

Involuntary

326

5,070

5,396

1,228

4,168

5,396

Voluntary

42

1,794

1,836

405

1,431

1,836

Total

368

6,864

7,232

1,633

5,599

7,232

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008-09

 

 

 

 

 

 

Involuntary

388

5,752

6,140

1,418

4,722

6,140

Voluntary

33

1,446

1,479

376

1,103

1,479

Total

421

7,198

7,619

1,794

5,825

7,619

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2009-10

 

 

 

 

 

 

Involuntary

329

5,889

6,218

1,486

4,732

6,218

Voluntary

18

1,272

1,290

355

935

1,290

Total

347

7,161

7,508

1,841

5,667

7,508

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

These reports count admissions, not offenders. Offenders admitted multiple times to segregation are counted once for each admission. Offenders segregated under paragraph (f), subsection 44(1) of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (Disciplinary sanctions) are not included.

Administrative segregation is the involuntary or voluntary separation, when specific legal requirements are met, of an inmate from the general population, other than pursuant to a disciplinary decision.

Voluntary administrative segregation is when the inmate requests placement in administrative segregation, and the Institutional Head believes, on reasonable grounds, that the continued presence of the inmate in the general population would jeopardize the inmate's own safety and that there is no reasonable alternative to placement in administrative segregation.

Involuntary administrative segregation is when the placement meets the requirements of subsection 31(3) of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and the placement in administrative segregation is not voluntary.

The number of offender deaths while in custody has fluctuated

The number of offender deaths while in custody has fluctuated
Enlarge image

Note:

*Other causes of death include: natural causes, accidental deaths, death as a result of a legal intervention, other causes of death and where cause of death was not stated.

**For the calculation of rates, the total actual in-count numbers between 1999-00 and 2008-09 was used as the denominator.

The data on cause of death are subject to change following an official review or investigation, and should be used/interprete d with caution. The data presented were provided by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics at Statistics Canada, and may not reflect the outcome of recent reviews or investigations on cause of death.

The number of offender deaths while in custody has fluctuated

Year

Type of Death

 

Homicide

 

Suicide

 

Other*

Total

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

Federal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1999-00

8

13.6

11

18.6

40

67.8

59

2000-01

0

0.0

9

20.9

34

79.1

43

2001-02

1

2.0

13

25.5

37

72.5

51

2002-03

2

4.1

12

24.5

35

71.4

49

2003-04

8

11.9

11

16.4

48

71.6

67

2004-05

3

6.1

9

18.4

37

75.5

49

2005-06

3

6.1

10

20.4

36

73.5

49

2006-07

3

4.9

10

16.4

48

78.7

61

2007-08

1

2.5

5

12.5

34

85.0

40

2008-09

2

3.1

9

13.8

54

83.1

65

Total

31

5.8

99

18.6

403

75.6

533

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provincial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1999-00

3

6.4

26

55.3

18

38.3

47

2000-01

1

2.0

27

55.1

21

42.9

49

2001-02

0

0.0

17

41.5

24

58.5

41

2002-03

2

7.1

14

50.0

12

42.9

28

2003-04

0

0.0

7

38.9

11

61.1

18

2004-05

0

0.0

12

25.0

36

75.0

48

2005-06

2

4.0

20

40.0

28

56.0

50

2006-07

0

0.0

8

23.5

26

76.5

34

2007-08

0

0.0

6

20.7

23

79.3

29

2008-09

1

3.1

7

21.9

24

75.0

32

Total

9

2.4

144

38.3

223

59.3

376

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Federal and Provincial Offender Deaths

40

4.4

243

26.7

626

68.9

909

Source: Adult Correctional Services Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada

Note:

*Other causes of death include: natural causes, accidental deaths, death as a result of a legal intervention, other causes of death and where cause of death was not stated.

Percent calculation include deaths where the cause was unknown. Between 1999-00 and 2008-09, there were 14 deaths in federal custody and 53 deaths in provincial custody where the cause was unknown.

The data on cause of death are subject to change following an official review or investigation, and should be used/interpreted with caution. The data presented were provided by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics at Statistics Canada, and may not reflect the outcome of recent reviews or investigations on cause of death.

The number of escapes has increased

The number of escapes has increased
Enlarge image

The number of escapes has increased

Type of Escapes

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

Escapes from Multi-level Institutions

0

0

0

1

0

Number of Escapees

0

0

0

1

0

Escapes from Maximum Security Level Institutions

0

0

0

0

0

Number of Escapees

0

0

0

0

0

Escapes from Medium Security Level Institutions

0

0

0

0

1

Number of Escapees

0

0

0

0

1

Escapes from Minimum Security Level Institutions

23

31

29

21

28

Number of Escapees

26

37

33

23

30

Total Number of Escape Incidents

23

31

29

22

29

Total Number of Escapees

26

37

33

24

31

Source: Security, Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

The data represent the number of escape incidents from federal facilities during each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

An escape incident can involve more than one offender.

The supervised federal offender population in the community has increased since 2004-05

The supervised federal offender population in the community has increased since 2004-05
Enlarge image

Note:

*A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

**The data presented above do not include offenders temporarily detained following suspension of a conditional release, offenders who were on long term supervision orders (See Figure/Table E4), offenders paroled for deportation or offenders unlawfully at large.

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada whereby offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada .

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada whereby the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

Statutory release refers to a conditional release that is subject to supervision after the offender has served two-thirds of the sentence.

The supervised federal offender population in the community has increased since 2004-05

Year

Supervision Type of Federal Offenders

Day Parole

Full Parole

Statutory Release

Totals

% change*

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Both

Both

2000-01

68

1,097

328

3,925

51

2,112

447

7,134

7,581

-3.4

2001-02

55

1,018

298

3,654

56

2,109

409

6,781

7,190

-5.2

2002-03

71

969

267

3,469

54

2,132

392

6,570

6,962

-3.2

2003-04

67

986

259

3,412

42

2,120

368

6,518

6,886

-1.1

2004-05

90

872

249

3,296

69

1,999

408

6,167

6,575

-4.5

2005-06

75

1,002

285

3,231

64

1,998

424

6,231

6,655

1.2

2006-07

97

973

289

3,243

64

2,116

450

6,332

6,782

1.9

2007-08

102

957

292

3,251

89

2,100

483

6,308

6,791

0.1

2008-09

86

927

322

3,263

103

2,386

511

6,576

7,087

4.4

2009-10

100

988

313

3,271

82

2,347

495

6,606

7,101

0.2

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*Percent change is measured from the previous year.

These cases reflect the number of offenders on active supervision at fiscal year end. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The data presented above do not include offenders temporarily detained following suspension of a conditional release, offenders who were on long term supervision orders (See Figure/Table E4), offenders paroled for deportation or offenders unlawfully at large.

 

Over the past year, the provincial/territorial community corrections population has increased

Over the past year, the provincial/territorial community corrections population has increased
Enlarge image

Note:

A conditional sentence is a disposition of the court where the offender serves a term of imprisonment in the community under specified conditions. This type of sentence can only be imposed in cases where the term of imprisonment would be less than two years. Conditional sentences have been a provincial and territorial sentencing option since September 1996.

To allow for comparisons, the numbers exclude information from Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, as complete statistics for these jurisdictions were not available. As a result of these changes, the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Over the past year, the provincial/territorial community corrections population has increased

Year

Average Monthly Offender
Counts on Probation

Average Monthly Offender
Counts on Conditional Sentence

Total

1999-00

95,118

8,984

104,102

2000-01

95,500

9,866

105,366

2001-02

97,092

11,511

108,603

2002-03

98,493

12,490

110,983

2003-04

94,130

12,874

107,004

2004-05

91,744

13,110

104,854

2005-06

91,437

13,182

104,619

2006-07

92,436

12,680

105,116

2007-08

92,751

12,449

105,200

2008-09

95,433

13,096

108,529

Source: Adult Correctional Services Survey - Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Young Offenders, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

A conditional sentence is a disposition of the court where the offender serves a term of imprisonment in the community under specified conditions. This type of sentence can only be imposed in cases where the term of imprisonment would be less than two years. Conditional sentences have been a provincial and territorial sentencing option since September 1996.

To allow for comparisons, the numbers exclude information from Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, as complete statistics for these jurisdictions were not available. As a result of these changes, the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

The number of offenders on provincial parole has decreased over the past decade

The number of offenders on provincial parole has decreased over the past decade
Enlarge image

Note:

Provincial parole boards operate in Quebec and Ontario. On April 1, 2007, the Parole Board of Canada assumed responsibility for parole decisions relating to offenders serving sentences in British Columbia's provincial correctional facilities. The Parole Board of Canada has jurisdiction over granting parole to provincial offenders in the Atlantic and Prairie provinces and to territorial offenders in the Yukon, Nunavut and Northwest Territories.

The number of offenders on provincial parole has decreased over the past decade

Year

Average Monthly Counts on Provincial Parole

Provincial Boards

Parole Board of Canada*

Total

Percent Change

Quebec

Ontario

British Columbia

Total

1999-00

1,291

406

203

1,900

336

2,236

-8.1

2000-01

903

322

249

1,474

287

1,761

-21.2

2001-02

846

276

265

1,387

229

1,616

-8.2

2002-03

581

210

223

1,014

195

1,209

-25.1

2003-04

550

146

189

885

190

1,075

-11.1

2004-05

517

127

166

810

176

986

-8.3

2005-06

628

152

147

927

163

1,090

10.3

2006-07

593

142

120

855

136

991

-9.1

2007-08

531

205

n/a

736

237

973

-1.8

2008-09

479

217

n/a

696

190

886

-8.9

Source: Adult Corrections Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada

Note:

*The data represent the number of provincial offenders who are released from custody on the authority of the Parole Board of Canada and supervised by the Correctional Service of Canada.

Provincial parole boards operate in Quebec and Ontario. On April 1, 2007, the Parole Board of Canada assumed responsibility for parole decisions relating to offenders serving sentences in British Columbia's provincial correctional facilities. The Parole Board of Canada has jurisdiction over granting parole to provincial offenders in the Atlantic and Prairie provinces and to territorial offenders in the Yukon, Nunavut and Northwest Territories.

Section D: Conditional Release

The federal day and full parole grant rates are decreasing

The federal day and full parole grant rates are decreasing
Enlarge image

Note:

The grant rate represents the percentage of pre-release reviews resulting in a grant by the Parole Board of Canada.

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada.

Not all offenders apply for day parole, and some apply more than once before being granted day parole.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

The Parole Board of Canada must review the cases of all offenders for full parole at the time prescribed by legislation, unless the offender advises the Parole Board of Canada in writing that he/she does not wish to be considered for full parole.

The federal day and full parole grant rates are decreasing

Type of Release

Year

Granted

Denied

Grant Rate (%)

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Total

Day Parole

2000-01

224

3,235

27

1,325

89.2

70.9

71.9

 

2001-02

189

2,981

29

1,228

86.7

70.8

71.6

 

2002-03

196

2,830

24

1,181

89.1

70.6

71.5

 

2003-04

213

2,909

25

1,047

89.5

73.5

74.4

 

2004-05

258

2,819

24

1,027

91.5

73.3

74.5

 

2005-06

247

2,960

33

1,087

88.2

73.1

74.1

 

2006-07

263

2,902

41

1,312

86.5

68.9

70.1

 

2007-08

285

2,855

38

1,265

88.2

69.3

70.7

 

2008-09

277

2,766

38

1,336

87.9

67.4

68.9

 

2009-10

289

2,768

56

1,496

83.8

64.9

66.3

Full Parole

2000-01

173

1,640

57

2,407

75.2

40.5

42.4

 

2001-02

148

1,512

53

2,128

73.6

41.5

43.2

 

2002-03

112

1,391

57

1,965

66.2

41.4

42.7

 

2003-04

156

1,449

48

1,897

76.5

43.3

45.2

 

2004-05

155

1,376

72

1,750

68.3

44.0

45.7

 

2005-06

168

1,486

67

1,957

71.5

43.1

45.0

 

2006-07

168

1,450

82

2,058

67.2

41.3

43.1

 

2007-08

168

1,399

70

2,008

70.6

41.1

43.0

 

2008-09

209

1,427

61

2,020

77.4

41.4

44.0

 

2009-10

188

1,310

86

2,085

68.6

38.6

40.8

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

The grant rate represents the percentage of pre-release reviews resulting in a grant by the Parole Board of Canada.

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada.

Not all offenders apply for day parole, and some apply more than once before being granted day parole.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

The Parole Board of Canada must review the cases of all offenders for full parole at the time prescribed by legislation, unless the offender advises the Parole Board of Canada in writing that he/she does not wish to be considered for full parole.

The federal parole grant rate for Aboriginal offenders decreased in 2009-10

The federal parole grant rate for Aboriginal offenders decreased in 2009-10
Enlarge image

Note:

The grant rate represents the percentage of pre-release reviews resulting in a grant by the Parole Board of Canada.

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada.

Not all offenders apply for day parole, and some apply more than once before being granted day parole.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

The Parole Board of Canada must review the cases of all offenders for full parole at the time prescribed by legislation, unless the offender advises the Parole Board of Canada in writing that he/she does not wish to be considered for full parole.

The federal parole grant rate for Aboriginal offenders decreased in 2009-10

Type of Release

Year

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

Total Number Granted/Denied

Number Granted

Number Denied

Grant Rate (%)

Number Granted

Number Denied

Grant Rate (%)

Day Parole

2000-01

535

195

73.2

2,924

1,157

71.7

4,811

 

2001-02

484

163

74.6

2,686

1,094

72.0

4,427

 

2002-03

488

180

73.1

2,538

1,025

71.2

4,231

 

2003-04

499

161

75.9

2,623

911

74.2

4,194

 

2004-05

489

154

76.6

2,588

897

74.3

4,128

 

2005-06

573

196

74.6

2,634

924

74.0

4,327

 

2006-07

514

247

67.6

2,651

1,106

70.6

4,518

 

2007-08

482

211

69.5

2,658

1,092

70.9

4,443

 

2008-09

458

247

65.0

2,585

1,127

69.7

4,417

 

2009-10

452

286

61.2

2,605

1,266

67.3

4,609

Full Parole

2000-01

207

368

36.0

1,606

2,096

43.4

4,277

 

2001-02

185

317

37.0

1,475

1,864

44.1

3,841

 

2002-03

174

327

34.7

1,329

1,695

43.9

3,525

 

2003-04

201

295

40.5

1,404

1,650

46.0

3,550

 

2004-05

187

291

39.1

1,344

1,531

46.7

3,353

 

2005-06

195

380

34.0

1,459

1,644

47.0

3,678

 

2006-07

154

378

29.0

1,464

1,762

45.4

3,758

 

2007-08

167

331

33.6

1,400

1,747

44.5

3,645

 

2008-09

152

361

29.6

1,484

1,720

46.3

3,717

 

2009-10

115

370

23.7

1,383

1,801

43.4

3,669

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

The grant rate represents the percentage of pre-release reviews resulting in a grant by the Parole Board of Canada.

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada.

Not all offenders apply for day parole, and some apply more than once before being granted day parole.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

The Parole Board of Canada must review the cases of all offenders for full parole at the time prescribed by legislation, unless the offender advises the Parole Board of Canada in writing that he/she does not wish to be considered for full parole.

Federal parole hearings involving an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor decreased for the fourth year

Federal parole hearings involving an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor decreased for the fourth year
Enlarge image

Note:

The presence of an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor is an alternative approach to the traditional parole hearing, and was introduced by the Parole Board of Canada to ensure that conditional release hearings were sensitive to Aboriginal cultural values and traditions. This type of hearing is available to both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal offenders.

Federal parole hearings involving an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor decreased for the fourth year

Year

Hearings held with an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor

Aboriginal Offenders

Non-Aboriginal Offenders

All Offenders

Total Hearings

With Cultural Advisor

Total Hearings

With Cultural Advisor

Total Hearings

With Cultural Advisor

 

#

#

%

#

#

%

#

#

%

2000-01

1,153

331

28.7

5,240

33

0.6

6,393

364

5.7

2001-02

1,120

430

38.4

4,754

42

0.9

5,874

472

8.0

2002-03

1,186

477

40.2

5,010

51

1.0

6,196

528

8.5

2003-04

1,246

552

44.3

5,105

71

1.4

6,351

623

9.8

2004-05

1,312

616

47.0

5,064

96

1.9

6,376

712

11.2

2005-06

1,368

644

47.1

5,205

98

1.9

6,573

742

11.3

2006-07

1,327

600

45.2

5,306

85

1.6

6,633

685

10.3

2007-08

1,213

469

38.7

4,787

52

1.1

6,000

521

8.7

2008-09

1,165

423

36.3

4,454

55

1.2

5,619

478

8.5

2009-10

1,110

360

32.4

4,567

60

1.3

5,677

420

7.4

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

The presence of an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor is an alternative approach to the traditional parole hearing, and was introduced by the Parole Board of Canada to ensure that conditional release hearings were sensitive to Aboriginal cultural values and traditions. This type of hearing is available to both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal offenders.

Offenders granted full parole serve about 40% of their sentence prior to starting full parole

Offenders granted full parole serve about 40% of their sentence prior to starting full parole
Enlarge image

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility or at 1/6 of the sentence for cases that meet the accelerated parole review criteria (see Section 125 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

Offenders granted full parole serve about 40% of their sentence prior to starting full parole

Year

Type of Supervision

First Day Parole

First Full Parole

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

 

Percentage of sentence incarcerated

2000-01

25.9

31.2

30.7

36.8

39.3

39.0

2001-02

26.8

32.0

31.6

36.6

39.1

38.8

2002-03

26.9

31.5

31.1

37.4

39.0

38.8

2003-04

27.5

33.4

33.0

37.5

39.6

39.4

2004-05

28.8

33.3

32.9

37.2

39.6

39.4

2005-06

28.5

32.9

32.5

36.1

39.3

39.0

2006-07

27.4

33.2

32.6

37.2

39.3

39.1

2007-08

30.3

32.3

32.1

37.9

38.3

38.2

2008-09

28.2

32.3

31.9

36.2

38.6

38.3

2009-10

29.5

33.0

32.6

36.1

38.4

38.1

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility or at 1/6 of the sentence for cases that meet the accelerated parole review criteria (see Section 125 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

Aboriginal offenders serve a higher proportion of their sentences before being released on parole

Aboriginal offenders serve a higher proportion of their sentences before being released on parole
Enlarge image

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction,excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility or at 1/6 of the sentence for cases that meet the accelerated parole review criteria (see Section 125 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

Aboriginal offenders serve a higher proportion of their sentences before being released on parole

Year

Type of Supervision

First Day Parole

First Full Parole

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

Total

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

Total

 

Percentage of sentence incarcerated

2000-01

34.4

30.1

30.7

40.1

38.9

39.0

2001-02

37.0

30.7

31.6

42.7

38.4

38.8

2002-03

35.5

30.3

31.1

40.8

38.6

38.8

2003-04

38.8

31.9

33.0

42.9

38.9

39.4

2004-05

37.0

32.2

32.9

42.1

39.0

39.4

2005-06

36.6

31.8

32.5

42.4

38.5

39.0

2006-07

37.7

31.9

32.6

41.0

38.9

39.1

2007-08

38.3

31.2

32.1

40.8

38.0

38.2

2008-09

38.2

31.0

31.9

41.1

38.1

38.3

2009-10

38.4

31.8

32.6

40.8

37.8

38.1

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility or at 1/6 of the sentence for cases that meet the accelerated parole review criteria (see Section 125 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

Women serve a lower proportion of their sentences than men before being released on parole

Women serve a lower proportion of their sentences than men before being released on parole
Enlarge image

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility or at 1/6 of the sentence for cases that meet the accelerated parole review criteria (see Section 125 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

Women serve a lower proportion of their sentences than men before being released on parole

Year

Type of Supervision

First Day Parole

First Full Parole

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

 

Percentage of sentence incarcerated

2000-01

25.9

31.2

30.7

36.8

39.3

39.0

2001-02

26.8

32.0

31.6

36.6

39.1

38.8

2002-03

26.9

31.5

31.1

37.4

39.0

38.8

2003-04

27.5

33.4

33.0

37.5

39.6

39.4

2004-05

28.8

33.3

32.9

37.2

39.6

39.4

2005-06

28.5

32.9

32.5

36.1

39.3

39.0

2006-07

27.4

33.2

32.6

37.2

39.3

39.1

2007-08

30.3

32.3

32.1

37.9

38.3

38.2

2008-09

28.2

32.3

31.9

36.2

38.6

38.3

2009-10

29.5

33.0

32.6

36.1

38.4

38.1

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility or at 1/6 of the sentence for cases that meet the accelerated parole review criteria (see Section 125 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

The majority of federal day paroles are successfully completed

The majority of federal day paroles are successfully completed
Enlarge image

Note:

*Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

A day parole is considered successful if it was completed without a return to prison for a breach of conditions or for a new offence.

The majority of federal day paroles are successfully completed

Federal Day Parole Outcomes

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Successful Completion

Regular

1,740

81.4

1,785

81.6

1,705

81.2

1,786

84.1

1,720

86.3

Accelerated

743

82.1

762

81.8

812

82.1

814

84.3

809

86.8

Total

2,483

81.6

2,547

81.7

2,517

81.5

2,600

84.1

2,529

86.5

Revocation for Breach of Conditions*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regular

313

14.6

279

12.8

302

14.4

275

12.9

220

11.0

Accelerated

84

9.3

102

11.0

121

12.2

99

10.2

101

10.8

Total

397

13.0

381

12.2

423

13.7

374

12.1

321

11.0

Revocation with Non-Violent Offence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regular

69

3.2

101

4.6

79

3.8

48

2.3

43

2.2

Accelerated

73

8.1

66

7.1

55

5.6

47

4.9

22

2.4

Total

142

4.7

167

5.4

134

4.3

95

3.1

65

2.2

Revocation with Violent Offence**

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regular

16

0.7

22

1.0

14

0.7

15

0.7

10

0.5

Accelerated

5

0.6

1

0.1

1

0.1

6

0.6

0

0.0

Total

21

0.7

23

0.7

15

0.5

21

0.7

10

0.3

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regular

2,138

70.3

2,187

70.1

2,100

68.0

2,124

68.7

1,993

68.1

Accelerated

905

29.7

931

29.9

989

32.0

966

31.3

932

31.9

Total

3,043

100.0

3,118

100.0

3,089

100.0

3,090

100.0

2,925

100.0

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

**Violent offences include murder and Schedule I offences (listed in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act) such as assaults, sexual offences, arson, abduction, robbery and some weapon offences.

Day parole is a type of conditional release in which offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada.

Eligibility for day parole release normally occurs 6 months prior to full parole. Eligibility for accelerated parole review cases occurs after the offender serves 6 months or 1/6 of the sentence, whichever is greater.

The majority of federal full paroles are successfully completed

The majority of federal full paroles are successfully completed
Enlarge image

Note:

*Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

A full parole is considered successful if it was completed without a return to prison for a breach of conditions or for a new offence.

These data do not include offenders serving life or indeterminate sentences as these offenders, by definition, remain under supervision for life.

The majority of federal full paroles are successfully completed

Federal Day Parole Outcomes

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Successful Completion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regular

437

77.5

390

74.7

414

78.1

388

81.0

359

81.2

Accelerated

548

66.2

582

68.6

581

69.6

643

71.6

631

74.1

Total

985

70.8

972

70.9

995

72.9

1,031

74.9

990

76.5

Revocation for Breach of Conditions**

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regular

90

16.0

83

15.9

86

16.2

61

12.7

54

12.2

Accelerated

172

20.8

173

20.4

168

20.1

186

20.7

165

19.4

Total

262

18.8

256

18.7

254

18.6

247

17.9

219

16.9

Revocation with Non-Violent Offence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regular

27

4.8

42

8.0

22

4.2

22

4.6

25

5.7

Accelerated

101

12.2

91

10.7

80

9.6

67

7.5

54

6.3

Total

128

9.2

133

9.7

102

7.5

89

6.5

79

6.1

Revocation with Violent Offence***

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regular

10

1.8

7

1.3

8

1.5

8

1.7

4

0.9

Accelerated

7

0.8

3

0.4

6

0.7

2

0.2

2

0.2

Total

17

1.2

10

0.7

14

1.0

10

0.7

6

0.5

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regular

564

40.5

522

38.1

530

38.8

479

34.8

442

34.2

Accelerated

828

59.5

849

61.9

835

61.2

898

65.2

852

65.8

Total

1,392

100.0

1,371

100.0

1,365

100.0

1,377

100.0

1,294

100.0

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*Excludes offenders serving indeterminate sentences because they do not have a warrant expiry date and can only successfully complete full parole by dying.

**Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

***Violent offences include murder and Schedule I offences (listed in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act) such as assaults, sexual offences, arson, abduction, robbery and some weapon offences.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which a portion of the sentence is served under supervision in the community. Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less.

The majority of statutory releases are successfully completed

The majority of statutory releases are successfully completed
Enlarge image

Note:

*Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

A statutory release is considered successful if it was completed without a return to prison for a breach of conditions or for a new offence.

Statutory release refers to a conditional release that is subject to supervision after the offender has served two-thirds of the sentence.

The majority of statutory releases are successfully completed

Statutory Release Outcomes

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Successful Completion

3,245

58.5

3,272

58.4

3,399

58.5

3,513

60.1

3,737

62.2

Revocation for Breach of Conditions*

1,653

29.8

1,650

29.4

1,735

29.9

1,740

29.8

1,679

27.9

Revocation with Non-Violent Offence

520

9.4

543

9.7

543

9.4

502

8.6

507

8.4

Revocation with Violent Offence**

132

2.4

142

2.5

129

2.2

87

1.5

85

1.4

Total

5,550

100.0

5,607

100.0

5,806

100.0

5,842

100.0

6,008

100.0

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

**Violent offences include murder and Schedule I offences (listed in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act) such as assaults, sexual offences, arson, abduction, robbery and some weapon offences.

Over the past decade, the rate of violent conviction for offenders while under supervision has declined

Over the past decade, the rate of violent conviction for offenders while under supervision has declined
Enlarge image

Note:

*Supervised offenders include offenders who are on parole, statutory release, those temporarily detained in federal institutions, and those who are unlawfully at large.

**Violent offences include murder and Schedule I offences (listed in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act) such as assaults, sexual offences, arson, abduction, robbery and some weapon offences.

The dotted line between 2008-09 and 2009-10 is intended to signify that due to delays in the court process, these numbers under-represent the actual number of convictions, as verdicts may not have been reached by year-end.

Over the past decade, the rate of violent conviction for offenders while under supervision has declined

Year

# of Offenders Convicted for Violent Offences

Rate per 1,000 Supervised Offenders*

Day Parole

Full Parole

Statutory Release

Total

Day Parole

Full Parole

Statutory Release

2000-01

35

40

167

242

25

9

60

2001-02

33

33

149

215

25

8

52

2002-03

23

27

148

198

18

7

51

2003-04

20

21

149

190

15

5

50

2004-05

22

28

137

187

18

7

46

2005-06

21

21

132

174

15

5

43

2006-07

22

14

142

178

16

4

45

2007-08

17

19

129

165

13

5

41

2008-09

21

13

87

121

17

3

26

2009-10**

8

6

79

93

6

2

24

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*Supervised offenders include offenders who are on parole, statutory release, those temporarily detained in federal institutions, and those who are unlawfully at large.

**Due to delays in the court processes, the numbers under-represent the actual number of convictions, as verdicts may not have been reached by year-end.

Violent offences include murder and Schedule I offences (listed in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act) such as assaults, sexual offences, arson, abduction, robbery and some weapon offences.

Day and full parole include those offenders serving determinate and indeterminate sentences.

Over 25% of offenders serving determinate sentences were not reviewed for parole

Over 25% of offenders serving determinate sentences were not reviewed for parole
Enlarge image

Note:

*Data include only those offenders who commenced their determinate sentence during the fiscal year indicated (April 1 to March 31 of the following year) and had completed their sentence by March 31, 2010.

Over 25% of offenders serving determinate sentences were not reviewed for parole

 

Year that Determinate Sentence Commenced

1999-00

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Reviewed by Board

2,922

77.0

2,768

74.7

2,496

69.5

2,540

70.3

2,877

81.2

Parole Granted

2,103

55.4

1,923

51.9

1,722

47.9

1,799

49.8

1,775

50.1

Parole Denied

819

21.6

845

22.8

774

21.5

741

20.5

1,102

31.1

Not Reviewed by Board*

875

23.0

938

25.3

1,096

30.5

1,075

29.7

665

18.8

Total Sentences

3,797

100.0

3,706

100.0

3,592

100.0

3,615

100.0

3,542

100.0

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*These are determinate sentences where the offender either waived all parole reviews, withdrew all parole applications, or postponed until statutory release.

Data include only those offenders who commenced their determinate sentence during the fiscal year indicated (April 1 to March 31 of the following year) and had completed their sentence by March 31, 2010.

The number of offenders granted temporary absences has decreased since 2000-01

The number of offenders granted temporary absences has decreased since 2000-01
Enlarge image

Note:

A temporary absence is permission given to an eligible offender to be away from the normal place of confinement for medical, administrative, community service, family contact, personal development for rehabilitative purposes, or compassionate reasons, including parental responsibilities.

A work release is a structured program of release of specified duration for work or community service outside the penitentiary, under the supervision of a staff member or other authorized person or organization.

These numbers depict the number of offenders who received at least one temporary absence permit (excluding those for medical purposes) or at least one work release. An offender may be granted more than one temporary absence permit or work release over a period of time.

The number of offenders granted temporary absences has decreased since 2000-01

Year

Temporary Absences

Work Releases

Escorted

Unescorted

 

# of Offenders

# of Permits

# of Offenders

# of Permits

# of Offenders

# of Permits

2000-01

3,142

34,227

1,089

6,643

686

1,823

2001-02

2,877

30,053

838

5,174

618

1,391

2002-03

2,722

34,186

725

4,910

595

1,352

2003-04

2,691

38,112

715

4,133

494

1,049

2004-05

2,519

35,276

526

3,599

330

763

2005-06

2,570

37,138

505

3,056

355

996

2006-07

2,530

39,780

502

4,169

335

719

2007-08

2,516

41,613

469

3,801

298

606

2008-09

2,335

36,390

436

3,802

237

648

2009-10

2,182

35,653

389

3,330

212

952

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

A temporary absence is permission given to an eligible offender to be away from the normal place of confinement for medical, administrative, community service, family contact, personal development for rehabilitative purposes, or compassionate reasons, including parental responsibilities.

A work release is a structured program of release of specified duration for work or community service outside the penitentiary, under the supervision of a staff member or other authorized person or organization.

These numbers depict the number of offenders who received at least one temporary absence permit (excluding those for medical purposes) or at least one work release. An offender may be granted more than one temporary absence permit or work release over a period of time.

Section E: Statistics on Special Applications of Criminal Justice

The number of detention reviews has fluctuated over the past five years

The number of detention reviews has fluctuated over the past five years
Enlarge image

Note:

According to the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, an offender entitled to statutory release after serving two-thirds of the sentence may be held in custody until warrant expiry if it is established that the offender is likely to commit, before the expiry of sentence, an offence causing death or serious harm, a serious drug offence or a sex offence involving a child.

The number of detention reviews has fluctuated over the past five years

Year

Outcome of Initial Detention Reviews

Total

Detained

Statutory Release

Total

Abor.

Non - Abor.

Total

%

Abor.

Non - Abor.

Total

%

Abor.

Non - Abor.

1995-96

143

341

484

91.3

13

33

46

8.7

156

374

530

1996-97

106

325

431

93.3

10

21

31

6.7

116

346

462

1997-98

78

234

312

93.1

9

14

23

6.9

87

248

335

1998-99

80

154

234

91.4

3

19

22

8.6

83

173

256

1999-00

80

128

208

93.7

3

11

14

6.3

83

139

222

2000-01

68

147

215

93.9

6

8

14

6.1

74

155

229

2001-02

72

185

257

94.5

2

13

15

5.5

74

198

272

2002-03

81

164

245

86.3

14

25

39

13.7

95

189

284

2003-04

69

210

279

92.1

8

16

24

7.9

77

226

303

2004-05

68

152

220

91.3

5

16

21

8.7

73

168

241

2005-06

69

148

217

89.7

9

16

25

10.3

78

164

242

2006-07

65

145

210

89.4

2

23

25

10.6

67

168

235

2007-08

77

152

229

93.9

5

10

15

6.1

82

162

244

2008-09

95

139

234

95.5

5

6

11

4.5

100

145

245

2009-10

93

159

252

94.0

2

14

16

6.0

95

173

268

Total

1,244

2,783

4,027

92.2

96

245

341

7.8

1,340

3,028

4,368

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

According to the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, an offender entitled to statutory release after serving two-thirds of the sentence may be held in custody until warrant expiry if it is established that the offender is likely to commit, before the expiry of sentence, an offence causing death or serious harm, a serious drug offence or a sex offence involving a child.

82% of judicial review hearings result in earlier parole eligibility

82% of judicial review hearings result in earlier parole eligibility
Enlarge image

Note:

*Of the 29 offenders no longer under active supervision, nine are incarcerated, 13 are deceased, two are being temporarily detained, one is on bail, and four have been deported.

Judicial review is an application to the court for a reduction in the time required to be served before being eligible for parole. Judicial review procedures apply to offenders who have been sentenced to imprisonment for life without eligibility for parole until more than fifteen years of their sentence has been served. Offenders can apply when they have served at least 15 years of their sentence.

82% of judicial review hearings result in earlier parole eligibility

Province/Territory of Judicial Review

Parole Ineligibility Reduced by Court

Reduction Denied by Court

Total

1st degree murder

2nd degree murder

1st degree murder

2nd degree murder

1st degree murder

2nd degree murder

Northwest Territories

0

0

0

0

0

0

Nunavut

0

0

0

0

0

0

Yukon

0

0

0

0

0

0

Newfoundland & Labrador

0

0

0

0

0

0

Prince Edward Island

0

0

0

0

0

0

Nova Scotia

0

1

1

0

1

1

New Brunswick

1

0

0

0

1

0

Quebec

58

15

6

2

64

17

Ontario

20

0

11

1

31

1

Manitoba

7

3

1

0

8

3

Saskatchewan

6

0

2

0

8

0

Alberta

16

0

5

0

21

0

British Columbia

17

1

4

0

21

1

Sub-total

125

20

30

3

155

23

Total

145

33

178

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

These numbers represent total decisions as of April 25, 2010.

Judicial reviews are conducted in the province where the conviction took place.

The number of dangerous offender designations has increased since 2004-05

The number of dangerous offender designations has increased since 2004-05
Enlarge image

Note:

*The number of Dangerous Offenders designated per year does not include overturned decisions.

Two offenders who received Dangerous Offender designations did not have a designation date entered in their file, and are therefore not represented in the graph. However, they are counted in the total number of offenders who received a designation.

Offenders who have died since receiving designations are no longer classified as “active”; however, they are still represente d in the above graph, which depicts the total number of offenders "designated”.

Dangerous Offender legislation came into effect in Canada on October 15, 1977, replacing the Habitual Offender and Dangerous Sexual Offender provisions that were abolished. A Dangerous Offender (DO) is an individual given an indeterminate sentence on the basis of a particularly violent crime or pattern of serious violent offences where it is judged that the offender&apos;s behaviour is unlikely to be inhibited by normal standards of behavioural restraint (see section 752 of the Criminal Code of Canada). Until August 1997, a determinate sentence was possible for those designated as DOs. In addition to the DOs, there remain within federal jurisdiction 38 Dangerous Sexual Offenders and 9 Habitual Offenders.

The number of dangerous offender designations has increased since 2004-05

Province/Territory
of Designation

All Designations (# designated since 1978)

Active Dangerous Offenders

# of Indeterminate Offenders

# of Determinate Offenders

Total

Newfoundland & Labrador

11

8

0

8

Nova Scotia

17

14

0

14

Prince Edward Island

0

0

0

0

New Brunswick

8

7

0

7

Quebec

59

55

0

55

Ontario

209

171

1

172

Manitoba

9

8

0

8

Saskatchewan

48

42

1

43

Alberta

41

34

0

34

British Columbia

113

92

1

93

Yukon

1

1

0

1

Northwest Territories

5

5

0

5

Nunavut

1

1

0

1

Total

522

438

3

441

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

Numbers presented are as of April 25, 2010.

The number of Dangerous Offenders declared per year does not include overturned decisions.

Offenders who have died since receiving designations are no longer classified as “active”; however, they are still represented in the total number of offenders “designated”.

Most long term supervision orders are for a 10-year period

Most long term supervision orders are for a 10-year period
Enlarge image

Note:

Long Term Supervision Order (LTSO) legislation, which came into effect in Canada on August 1, 1997, allows the court to impose a sentence of two years or more for the predicate offence and order that the offender be supervised in the community for a further period not exceeding 10 years.

Twenty-two offenders under these provisions have died and 29 offenders have completed their long term supervision period.

Most long term supervision orders are for a 10-year period

Province or Territory of Order

Length of Supervision Order (years)

Current Status

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

10

Total

Incarcerated

DP, FP or SR*

LTSO period

LTSO** interrupted

Total

Newfoundland & Labrador

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

5

2

0

2

1

5

Nova Scotia

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

10

13

2

1

8

1

12

Prince Edward Island

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

2

0

0

0

0

0

New Brunswick

0

1

0

1

0

0

1

5

8

3

0

4

1

8

Quebec

0

2

0

38

6

19

7

123

195

83

16

75

3

177

Ontario

0

0

2

8

4

14

12

141

181

63

10

85

12

170

Manitoba

0

0

0

1

1

2

1

24

29

10

2

13

2

27

Saskatchewan

1

0

1

8

6

4

7

26

53

27

5

14

3

49

Alberta

0

0

0

7

1

0

1

43

52

19

2

23

1

45

British Columbia

0

0

0

8

3

4

5

81

101

44

4

42

2

92

Yukon

0

0

0

1

0

2

0

3

6

2

0

4

0

6

Northwest Territories

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

2

3

0

0

2

1

3

Nunavut

0

0

0

2

0

0

1

3

6

4

0

2

0

6

Total

1

3

3

79

21

45

35

467

654

259

40

274

27

600

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*This category includes offenders whose current status is either supervised on day parole (DP), full parole (FP) or statutory release (SR).

**This category includes offenders convicted of a new offence while on the supervision portion of an LTSO. When this occurs, the LTSO supervision period is interrupted until the offender has served the new sentence to its warrant expiry date. At that time, the LTSO supervision period resumes where it left off.

These numbers are as of April 25, 2010.

Twenty-two offenders under these provisions have died and 29 offenders have completed their long term supervision period.

The number of pardon applications processed has decreased

The number of pardon applications processed has decreased
Enlarge image

Note:

*Source: Royal Canadian Mounted Police Criminal Records Division, 2009.

Pardons allow people who were convicted of a criminal offence but have completed their sentence and demonstrated that they are law-abiding citizens to have their criminal record sealed. A person convicted of a summary offence may apply for a pardon three years after the completion of the sentence, and a person convicted of an indictable offence may apply after five years.

The number of pardon applications processed has decreased

Type of Decision

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

Granted

3,951

7,076

14,514

30,317

16,250

Issued

4,402

7,672

10,332

9,311

7,889

Denied

196

103

175

800

437

Total Granted/Issued/Denied

8,549

14,851

25,021

40,428

24,576

Percentage Granted/Issued

97.7

99.3

99.3

98.0

98.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revocations*

79

133

34

123

194

Cessations

377

2,264

547

584

727

Total Revocations/Cessations

456

2,397

581

707

921

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cumulative Granted/Issued**

337,883

352,631

377,477

417,105

441,244

Cumulative Revocations/Cessations**

11,607

14,004

14,585

15,292

16,213

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*Revocations fluctuate due to resource re-allocation to deal with backlogs.

**Cumulative data reflects pardon activity since 1970, when the pardon process was established under the Criminal Records Act.

Pardons are issued for summary offences, upon application, following a three-year conviction-free period after the completion of the sentence. In cases of indictable offences, pardons are granted at the discretion of the Parole Board of Canada (PBC) following a five-year period of good conduct after the completion of the sentence. The cessation of a pardon automatically occurs following a subsequent conviction for an indictable offence or hybrid offence, with some exceptions, including impaired driving, driving with more than 80 mg of alcohol in the blood or fail to provide a breath sample. Revocations are at the discretion of the PBC following a subsequent summary conviction, or for lack of good conduct. The Board may also render a decision of cessation when it is convinced by new information that the person was not eligible for a pardon at the time it was awarded.

Section F: Victims of Crime

Victimization rates for theft of personal property have increased

Victimization rates for theft of personal property have increased
Enlarge image

Note:

*Assault data includes incidents of spousal violence. In previous editions of this document, the victimization data excluded incidents of spousal violence.

Rates are based on 1,000 population, 15 years of age and older, across the 10 provinces.

Victimization rates for theft of personal property have increased

Type of Incident

Year

1999

2004

2009

Theft of Personal Property

75

93

108

Sexual Assault

21

21

24

Robbery

9

11

13

Assault*

81

75

80

Source: General Social Survey, Statistics Canada, 1999, 2004 and 2009.

Note:

*Assault data includes incidents of spousal violence. In previous editions of this document, the victimization data excluded incidents of spousal violence.

Rates are based on 1,000 population, 15 years of age and older, across the 10 provinces.

The majority of victims of violent crime are under 30

The majority of victims of violent crime are under 30
Enlarge image

Note:

*Population estimates are as of July 1, 2009.

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, robbery and traffic offences causing bodily harm and death.

The data do not represent 100% coverage. The data excludes 4,563 cases where age was unknown, 1,005 cases where sex was unknown and 1,051 cases where both age and sex were unknown.

Due to rounding, totals may not add to 100 percent.

The majority of victims of violent crime are under 30

Age of Victim

Males

Females

Total

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

0 to 4 years

1,858

1.0

2,079

1.0

3,937

1.0

5 to 9 years

3,779

1.9

3,614

1.8

7,393

1.9

10 to 14 years

14,512

7.5

13,452

6.7

27,964

7.1

15 to 19 years

31,326

16.1

32,114

16.0

63,440

16.1

20 to 24 years

27,562

14.2

31,150

15.5

58,712

14.9

25 to 29 years

22,457

11.6

25,435

12.7

47,892

12.1

30 to 34 years

18,019

9.3

20,970

10.5

38,989

9.9

35 to 39 years

17,128

8.8

19,615

9.8

36,743

9.3

40 to 44 years

16,628

8.6

17,553

8.8

34,181

8.7

45 to 49 years

15,187

7.8

14,287

7.1

29,474

7.5

50 to 54 years

10,762

5.5

8,807

4.4

19,569

5.0

55 to 59 years

6,529

3.4

4,779

2.4

11,308

2.9

60 to 64 years

3,932

2.0

2,776

1.4

6,708

1.7

65 to 69 years

2,027

1.0

1,474

0.7

3,501

0.9

70 to 74 years

1,148

0.6

854

0.4

2,002

0.5

75 and over

1,192

0.6

1,400

0.7

2,592

0.7

Total

194,046

100.0

200,359

99.9

394,405

100.0

Source: Incident-based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

The data do not represent 100% coverage. The data excludes 4,563 cases where age was unknown, 1,005 cases where sex was unknown and 1,051 cases where both age and sex were unknown.

Due to rounding, totals may not add to 100 percent.

Contact with victims by the Parole Board of Canada has increased

Contact with victims by the Parole Board of Canada has increased
Enlarge image

Note:

*A victim contact refers to each time a victim contacts the Parole Board of Canada by mail, fax, or by telephone.

Contact with victims by the Parole Board of Canada has increased

Year

Total Number of Contacts*

1995-96

5,930

1996-97

6,525

1997-98

8,043

1998-99

9,883

1999-00

11,177

2000-01

12,718

2001-02

14,013

2002-03

14,270

2003-04

15,263

2004-05

15,479

2005-06

16,711

2006-07

21,434

2007-08

20,457

2008-09

20,039

2009-10

22,181

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*A victim contact refers to each time a victim contacts the Parole Board of Canada by mail, fax, or by telephone.

The number of victims registered with the Correctional Service of Canada has increased

The number of victims registered with the Correctional Service of Canada has increased
Enlarge image

Note:

*In order to register to receive information under section 26 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, a person must meet the definition of a victim that appears in section 2 or subsection 26(3) of the Act. Victims can register with the Correctional Service of Canada or the Parole Board of Canada by completing a Victims Request for Information form, though a signed letter of request can be considered as meeting this requirement.

**Violent crimes include assault, attempt to cause death, offences causing death, sexual offences and offences involving violence or threats.

***A notification is a contact with a registered victim, by phone or mail, to provide information to which section 26 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act entitles them.

The number of victims registered with the Correctional Service of Canada has increased

Year

Number of Offenders with Registered Victims

Number of Registered Victims*

Number of Notifications** to Registered Victims

2007

3,147

4,979

--

2008

3,295

5,637

16,288

2009

3,412

5,874

28,119

2010

3,654

6,361

37,523

Source: Correctional Service Canada

Note:

*In order to register to receive information under section 26 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, a person must meet the definition of a victim that appears in section 2 or subsection 26(3) of the Act. Victims can register with the Correctional Service of Canada or the Parole Board of Canada by completing a Victims Request for Information form, though a signed letter of request can be considered as meeting this requirement.

**A notification is a contact with a registered victim, by phone or mail, to provide information to which section 26 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act entitles them.

-- Data not available

The majority of victims receiving services are victims of violent crime

The majority of victims receiving services are victims of violent crime
Enlarge image

Note:

Victim services are defined as agencies that provide direct services to primary or secondary victims of crime, and that are funded in whole or in part by a ministry responsible for justice matters.

The majority of victims receiving services are victims of violent crime

Type of Crime

Gender of Victim

Women

Men

Not Reported

Total

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Homicide

156

2.6

61

3.0

9

0.5

226

2.3

Other offences causing death

63

1.1

51

2.5

1

0.1

115

1.2

Sexual assault

1,632

27.5

298

14.9

95

5.1

2,025

20.6

Criminal harassment

243

4.1

44

2.2

12

0.6

299

3.0

Other violent offences

2,786

46.9

809

40.4

318

17.0

3,913

39.9

Other criminal offences*

396

6.7

429

21.4

118

6.3

943

9.6

Other Incidents**

330

5.6

205

10.2

78

4.2

613

6.3

Unknown type of crime

335

5.6

634

31.7

705

37.8

1,674

17.1

Total

5,941

100.0

2,001

100.0

1,866

100.0

9,808

100.0

Source: Victim Services in Canada, 2007/2008; Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Other criminal offences include arson, property crimes, traffic offences, and other Criminal Code offences.

**Other incidents include those of a non-criminal nature as well as those that are still under investigation to determine if they are criminal offences.

Victim services are defined as agencies that provide direct services to primary or secondary victims of crime, and that are funded in whole or in part by a ministry responsible for justice matters.

Date modified: