The GOC strengthens national emergency preparedness by identifying high-risk events that require coordination across departments and agencies. It does this by developing integrated Government of Canada contingency plans, ensures the plans are exercised, and that a process is in place for continuous improvement.
- Providing a common understanding of the emergency management planning environment to all federal organizations with these responsibilities
- Advising government institutions about the preparation, maintenance, testing and implementation of emergency management plans
- Conducting operational planning based on risk assessment and/or capability gaps to produce either contingency or response plans
- Determining emergency management planning priorities in collaboration with the federal community
- Based on provincial and territorial requirements, and when requested, helping to coordinate the resources and capabilities of federal departments and agencies, other provinces, territories, non-governmental organizations and the private sector
The GOC is ready to respond to any situation, at any time. Its all-hazards approach to planning, response and support recognizes the initial commonalities across different types of emergencies and provides the framework for swift response, under any circumstance.
The all-hazards approach means the Government of Canada can adapt quickly when a province or territory asks for help. Learn more about the All-Hazards Risk Assessment.
Every year, three types of natural hazards impact Canadians in different ways, often requiring federal response: floods, wildfires and hurricanes. The GOC works with federal, provincial and territorial partners to review their contingency plans to deal with these hazards annually.
The GOC prepares the Government of Canada's Cyclical Event Response Plan to guide federal partners, such as departments and agencies including Public Safety regional offices, in their efforts to support provinces and territories to respond using federal capabilities.
GOC National Exercise Program
The GOC National Exercise Program strengthens emergency management capabilities and capacity across all jurisdictions and functions.
A comprehensive program of training and exercises is an important component of emergency management and ensures preparedness for the challenges of incidents of all types.
All levels of government, first responders, non-government organizations and military officials work together to develop and deliver exercises that simulate emergency scenarios such as natural disasters, health threats and terrorist attacks in order to validate response plans and training; and to identify areas for improvement.
The program is responsible for
- Designing and delivering exercises to coordinate
- emergency management functions, responsibilities and plans at the federal level including for the GOC and Public Safety
- Public Safety's participation in domestic emergency management exercises delivered by other organizations
- Co-sponsoring key activities with lead departments
- Providing leadership, oversight and guidance in setting integrated national exercise priorities, and
- Leading the delivery of the national priority exercise
- The national priority exercise focusses on a specific hazard and is delivered over a two-year period. It brings together federal, provincial, territorial and non-government organizations and authorities to design and deliver inter-related exercise activities, ending with a final cross-jurisdictional exercise. It improves emergency management preparedness through integrated all-hazards exercise activities supporting the national interest.
The GOC's Continuous Improvement Program contributes to future planning and policy for emergency preparedness by identifying and integrating the lessons learned from emergency events and exercises.
- Conducts research
- Leads consultations
- Develops after-action reports with strategic-level analysis and recommendations.
Federal partners, including the GOC, develop after-action reports and lessons learned after major events. These reports capture best practices and recommendations to improve future responses.
This program coordinates and develops whole-of-government after-action reports and co-leads interdepartmental efforts to keep partners aware of best practices. By taking this centralized and coordinated approach, the GOC enhances the readiness of the federal government and provides the evidence to support decision-making by senior officials.
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