Tsunamis and storm surges
Tsunamis and storm surges are caused by different events but both result in flooding and damage to coastal areas. Tsunamis are immense sea waves (10 metres or more), which are produced by underwater events such as earthquakes, mudslides and volcanic eruptions. They start out small in the open seas but amplify in size as they reach shallow water. In 1929, when an earthquake-generated tsunami hit the south coast of Newfoundland, 28 people died.
Storm surges are elevated sea levels produced by intense marine low pressure systems. Storm surges at times of high tides can lead to coastal flooding and are often accompanied by large ocean waves.
For further information on specific events, see the Canadian Disaster Database.
To learn more about how individuals can get better prepared to cope with natural hazards, check out the information available from GetPrepared.
Emergency Management News Releases
Government of Canada announces assistance to Nova Scotia with recovery efforts following significant snow storm
February 6, 2024
Government of Canada launches targeted engagement on advancing a civilian response capacity in Canada
February 1, 2024
Minister Sajjan announces disaster recovery funding to Northwest Territories for 2023 wildfires
December 20, 2023
Emergency Management Publications and Reports
- Evaluation of the Initiatives to Address Post-Traumatic Stress Injuries (PTSI) Evaluation Report
- Summary of the Evaluation of the Initiatives to Address Post-Traumatic Stress Injuries (PTSI) Among Public Safety Officers
- The First Public Report of the National Risk Profile
- The National Search and Rescue Secretariat 406 megahertz (MHz) Personal Locator Beacon
- Canada’s Midterm Review of the Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030
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