Canadian Policing Research Catalogue

The role of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police during the Indian residential school system [electronic resource] / by Marcel-Eugène LeBeuf.

This page has been archived on the Web

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.


Canadian Policing Research Catalogue



Alternate Title

Le rôle de la Gendarmerie royale du Canada sous le régime des pensionnats Indiens.




1 online resource (iv, 463 p.)


Also available in French under title: Le rôle de la Gendarmerie royale du Canada sous le régime des pensionnats Indiens.


"This report is the first complete assessment of the RCMP’s involvement in the Indian Residential School (IRS) system. As the police force of jurisdiction in many areas where Indian Residential Schools were located, the RCMP sought to gain a better understanding of its role during this era. ... This study does not intend to shed light on the systemic problems that occurred in Indian Residential Schools nor on what the police could have done with regards to the various forms of abuse suffered in the system. The focus, rather, is to explain how police officers were linked with the school system and what actions the police took, if any, if they were aware of abuse. For the study and this report, the word 'abuse' refers to improper physical or sexual behavior and actions that contributed to the loss of cultural roots."--Summary.


Online Access


1. Introduction -- 1.1. Current study -- 1.2. Methodology -- 1.2.1. Former students' stories, historians and other published experts' work -- 1.2.2. Religious orders archives -- 1.2.3. RCMP files and archives -- 1.2.4. Historical files from DIAND and other archives -- 1.2.5. Interviews -- 1.3. Systemic issue: abuse as a generic term -- 1.4. Limits and challenges of the study -- 1.5. Map of the report -- 2. Contextualization: the Canadian Indian Residential School System -- 2.1. School systems -- 2.2. Recruitment -- 2.3. Discipline -- 2.4. School problems -- 2.5. Accounts from former students -- 3. Contextualization: the police role -- 3.1. Historical perspective -- 3.2. The RCMP and Aboriginal communities -- 3.3. The RCMP and the school system -- 3.4. RCMP past interest in the Indian Residential Schools issue -- 3.5. Review of the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs' cases -- 3.6. Summary of the police role --
4. Explanations from written history -- 4.1. RCMP work as described in religious archives -- 4.2. Summary of religious archives -- 4.3. RCMP activities and law enforcement records in government archive files -- 4.4. Summary of RCMP activities-- 4.5. RCMP investigations -- 4.6. Summary from written history -- 5. Explanations from oral history -- 5.1. School system -- 5.2. Abuse and physical punishment: what were the options available to students? -- 5.3. Police and schools -- 5.4. Summary from oral history -- 6. Interpretations of the police role -- 6.1. Police action -- 6.2. Enforcing the law: uniformed patrol, arrest and use of physical force -- 6.3. Referring to partner agencies -- 6.4. Providing services -- 6.5. Engaging with citizens -- 6.6. Students and the Police -- 7. Impacts and benefits of the study -- 8. References --
Appendices -- Appendix I. Notes on archives -- Appendix II. Residential schools attended by interviewees -- Appendix III. General information -- Appendix IV. Regulations relating to the education of Indian children -- Appendix V. The Indian Act -- Appendix VI. The RCMP in the north -- Appendix VII. RCMP activities according to government and church files -- Appendix VIII. Patrol reports in NWT 1912-1963 -- Appendix IX. Police activities as described in religious archives -- Appendix X. RCMP law enforcement activities in government archives files -- Appendix XI. RCMP investigations and files reviewed.

Date modified: