Main changes to firearms legislation

Amendments to the Criminal Code and the Firearms Act

Amendments to the Criminal Code and the Firearms Act
- Previous legislation Amendments to firearms legislation
Background check prior to issuing a firearms license Mandatory consideration of eligibility criteria, e.g. history of violence, for previous 5 years.

Mandatory consideration of eligibility criteria that may span a person’s lifetime including a history of domestic violence and making online threats.

It is anticipated this amendment will come into force at a later date once necessary administrative changes have been put in place.

Transfer of non-restricted firearms Verification of firearms licence with the RCMP before transfer has not been legally required since 2012.

Individuals and businesses must verify the firearms licence with the RCMP-Canadian Firearms Program before the transfer of a non-restricted firearm.

It is anticipated this amendment will come into force at a later date once necessary administrative changes have been put in place.

Business Record-Keeping No requirement for businesses to keep records related to non-restricted firearms.

Businesses that transfer ownership of non-restricted firearms must keep records confirming licence validation with the RCMP-Canadian Firearms Program and on the firearm being transferred, as was the case between 1979 and 2005.

Availability of business records and access, upon presentation of a judicial authorization, supports efforts by police to investigate crime.

Neither the RCMP nor the Government of Canada will hold information on the firearm transferred.

Individuals are not required to keep records of sale.

It is anticipated this amendment will come into force at a later date once necessary administrative changes have been put in place.

Classification of firearms The Governor-in-Council had authority to deem prohibited or restricted firearms as being a less restrictive class.

Legislation repeals this power for consistency with the definitions under the Criminal Code.

Some firearms (CZ858 and SA) that were classified as non-restricted or restricted will return to prohibited, consistent with their Criminal Code definitions.

Grandfathering may be available for those who owned the affected (CZ858 and SA) firearms on June 30, 2018.

This amendment will come into force at a later date once necessary administrative changes have been put in place. Consult the Canadian Firearms Program website for more information.

Transport of restricted and prohibited firearms

No authorization required to transport non-restricted firearms.

No change.

Authorization to transport restricted and prohibited firearms to certain locations were automatic.

Authorization to transport to a range remains automatic.

Re-instatement of requirement to apply for an authorization to transport restricted and prohibited firearms to locations other than a shooting range (i.e., gunsmith, gun show, port of entry, police or peace officer).

It is anticipated this amendment will come into force at a later date once necessary administrative changes have been put in place.



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