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An examination of racial disparities in bicycle stops and citations made by the Tampa Police Department / Greg Ridgeway, Ojmarrh Mitchell, Sheila Gunderman, Cedric Alexander, James Letten.

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Canadian Policing Research






Includes bibliographical references.


1 online resource (viii, 72 pages)


This report provides the findings and recommendations concerning Tampa Police Department’s bicycle stops and citations.


Online Access


1. Introduction and Overview. -- Critical response technical assistance origins. -- Background, scope, limitations, goals, and methodology. -- 2. TPD Bicycle Stops: Racial Disparity or Racial Profiling? -- Assessing allegations of racial profiling. -- Data. -- Analyses. -- Describing racial disparities in bicycle stops. -- Are the observed racial disparities in bicycle stops explained by race differences in bicycle ridership using bicycle crashes as a benchmark? -- Are the observed racial disparities in bicycle stops explained by place-based differences in bicycling enforcement? -- Are Blacks more likely to be cited for bicycle infractions given a bicycle stop? -- Findings regarding racial disparities. -- 3. TPD Bicycle Stops: Three Enforcement Rationales. -- Rationale 1. Bicycle law enforcement enhances bicycle safety. -- Rationale 2. Bicycle law enforcement reduces bicycle theft. -- Rationale 3. Bicycle law enforcement is part of a proactive crime prevention strategy in high crime areas. -- 4.Community Perceptions. -- Positive community perceptions. -- Negative community perceptions. -- Neutral community perceptions. -- Findings regarding community perceptions. -- Conclusions. -- Broad recommendations. -- Findings and recommendations specific to racial disparity in bicycle stops and citations. -- Findings regarding TPD bicycle law enforcement and bicycle safety. -- Findings and recommendations regarding TPD bicycle law enforcement and bicycle thefts. -- Findings and recommendations regarding TPD’s proactive crime prevention through enforcement of bicycle laws.

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