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Police and crime rates in Canada : a comparison of resources and outcomes / Livio Di Matteo.

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Canadian Policing Research Catalogue






Includes bibliographical references (pages 46-52).


1 online resource (vi, 58 pages) : charts


Copyright © 2014 by the Fraser Institute. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without prior written permission of The Fraser Institute except in the case of brief passages quoted in critical articles and reviews. Users may download or print one copy for their personal use.


"This study reviews the literature on the relationship between police resources and crime rates and then examines trends in crime rates and police resources in Canada. This study then estimates the “efficiency” of police staffing across Canadian census metropolitan areas (CMAs) using a determinants approach that first estimates the relationship between police officers per 100,000 population and the crime rate controlling for other factors, and then uses that relationship to estimate the predicted number of officers. This predicted number is then compared to the actual number to see if Canadian CMAs have more or fewer officers than predicted.--Page 2.


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Introduction -- Overview -- The determinants of crime and police resources -- The data -- Analysis -- Estimating the efficiency of police resources in major Canadian CMAs -- Conclusion -- Appendix 1. Regression variables -- Appendix 2. Population weighted regression results -- Data key -- References.

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