This paper deals with the evolution of Aboriginal policing in Canada, especially developments in Ontario. It begins with a chronology of major events over the past 40 years. An overview chapter then discusses the evolution of Aboriginal policing among the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) and the self-administered First Nations police services (SAs). Subsequent sections focus on the various types of SAs, describing the issues associate with each type, and providing at least two case studies.
1. Introduction. – 2. Chronology and phases. – 3. Effectiveness and sustainability issues. – 4. An overview of aboriginal policing in Canada. -- 5. The self-administered police service in Canada. – 5.1. Full service town SA policing: Ohsweken (Six Nations of the Grand River), Akwesasne, and the Blood Tribe Police Service of Alberta (BTPS). – 5.2. The Niche Model: Wikwemikong, Huron-Wendake and Tsuu T’ina. – 5.3. The regional SA model: Nishnawbe Aski and Anishnabek. – 5.4. The micro transitional model: Timiskaming, Whapmagoostui and Lac Seul. – 6. Future directions.