Crime Reduction and Education Division (CRED)

Program snapshot

Age group: Adolescence (12-17); Young adult (18-24)

Gender: Mixed (male and female)

Population served: Aboriginal/Indigenous; Gang-involved (and/or at risk); Youth in contact with law enforcement (and/or at risk)

Topic: Gang and/or related criminal activities

Setting: Urban area; Community-based setting

Location: British Columbia

Number of completed Canadian outcome evaluation studies: 1

Continuum of intervention: Secondary crime prevention

Brief Description

This project amplifies and builds on the achievements of the highly successful Crime Reduction and Education Division (CRED) program, a youth gang intervention and prevention program that intervenes to support female and male youth, including a significant focus on Aboriginal youth, in the Capital Region District (CRD) who are at high risk of gang involvement, youth displaying gang-related behaviors and youth who are gang-entrenched.

Targeted interventions and strengths-based strategies used by the project to support these youth include: one-on-one support plans and assessment; providing information, resources and pro-social opportunities and choices for youth participants, including boys’ and girls’ groups; providing support, resources and information to families and communities; coordinating and collaborating with other youth-serving agencies and actors in the community; supporting Aboriginal youth to engage or re-engage with their communities and cultural resources; and engaging in ongoing information-gathering through online media, walking the streets and networking.

As an example of some interrelated activities done by the program staff of the CRED program, there was in June 2017 a guest presentation by Mia Golden, CRED Program, and Cpl Pat Bryant, Mobile Youth Services Team, on Sexual Exploitation and Gang issues in Victoria.

The program is centered on conflict resolution; counselling and leadership and youth development; mentoring – tutoring, peer counseling; and intensive case management.


The main goals of the CRED program are to:

  • Prevent and reduce the involvement of youth in criminal gangs;
  • Prevent and decrease the number of female and male youth, including Aboriginal youth, who are engaged in gangs or gang-entrenched behaviors; and
  • Build the resilience and of female and male youth, including Aboriginal youth at high risk of gang involvement by providing critical opportunities for social, cognitive and emotional development, and by providing targeted intervention support to families and caregivers.


The appropriate clientele for the CRED program are high-risk youth (ages 12-24) who have had negative interactions with law enforcement or school officials and Aboriginal males and females involved in gang-associated behaviours.

Referrals for the program come from police and school officials.

Core Components

The CRED program components include the following:

  • Individualized intervention – Individualized intervention involves intake assessment, development and implementation of a needs-based intervention plan, and coordination of services and support for the gang-involved youth who have been referred to the program; and
  • Positive mentorship – All youth are matched with peer and adult mentors both in their ethno-specific communities and in the broad community. Staff members serve as mentorship coordinators and work closely with youth involved in the program.

Implementation Information

Some of the critical elements for the implementation of this program or initiative include the following:

  • Organizational requirements: The lead organization must have solid skills in outreach, case planning, and program delivery.
  • Partnerships: Important partnerships include the School Board, RCMP, Probation services, City of Victoria, and the Minstry of Children and Family Development.
  • Training and technical assistance: Limited information on this topic.
  • Risk assessment tools: YLS/CMI and PRIME (RCMP Database).
  • Materials & resources: Limited information on this topic.

International Endorsements

The most recognized classification systems of evidence-based crime prevention programs have classified this program or initiative as follows:

  • Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development: Not applicable.
  • Crime Solutions/OJJDP Model Program Guide: Not applicable.
  • SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices: Not applicable.
  • Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy: Not applicable.

Gathering Canadian Knowledge

Canadian Implementation Sites

The CRED program has been implemented in Victoria, British Columbia from 2006 up to now.

Main Findings from Canadian Outcome Evaluation Studies

The program has effectively and consistently supported youth in the CRD region. Positive developments have been documented for all youth who have participated in the program to date, including the successful exit of 3 prominent gang leaders within CRD gangs. Referrals have increased and the numbers of youth involved in the program increased by 77% in the last quarter alone as more service providers, schools and police are familiar with the program.

All youth who have been and stayed engaged in the program for the past 3+ months have made positive choices that represent alternatives to gang-related activities, relationships and behaviors.  One significant example during this reporting period includes a 16 year-old male former Aboriginal gang leader who has ceased his involvement in the gang.

Cost Information

No information available.


There is no Canadian reference available at this time.

For more information on this program, contact:

Pacific Centre Family Services Association
Mitzi Dean
345 Wale Road
Victoria, British Columbia
Telephone: (250)478-8357

Record Entry Date - 2018-02-21

Date modified: