Wraparound Surrey: A Youth Driven Plan for Gang Violence Prevention
Age group: Adolescence (12-17)
Gender: Mixed (male and female)
Population served: Gang-involved (and/or at risk)
Location: British Columbia
Number of completed Canadian outcome evaluation studies: 1
Continuum of intervention: Secondary crime prevention
Wraparound Surrey is an adaptation of the general Wraparound approach.Footnote1 Wraparound Surrey provides prosocial alternatives for youth at-risk of gang involvement, youth who display gang associated behaviours, and those currently involved in gangs.
The program is centered on community mobilization; conflict resolution; counselling and social work; leadership and youth development; skills training; parent training; and social emotional learning.
The main goal of Wraparound Surrey is to:
- Prevent gang-related crime in the community through the application of a Wraparound approach for supporting youth at risk of gang involvement, youth displaying gang-associated behaviours, and those currently in gangs.
The appropriate clientele for Wraparound Surrey are youth between the ages of 11 and 17 years old who are at risk of gang involvement, display gang-associated behaviours, or are currently involved in gangs.
Participants are referred to Wraparound Surrey by school staff, members of the RCMP, and other community-based organizations. To participate in the program, youth must be enrolled in Surrey’s School District #36.
Wraparound Surrey consists of:
- Tailored care plans: Each plan identifies the specific risk and protective factors of a youth and includes an inventory of family and community supports and resources that will be accessed; and
- Education program: Program staff implement an education program in the Surrey School District to educate youth and their parents about the realities of gang involvement and encourage the development of skills that prevent successful recruitment into gangs.
Some of the critical elements for the implementation of this program or initiative include the following:
- Organizational requirements: The lead organization must have solid skills in outreach, intake and assessment, case planning, and program delivery.
- Partnerships: The success of Wraparound Surrey depends on its partnerships with the Surrey School Board, the Surrey RCMP, and other community-based organizations.
- Training and technical assistance: Staff must be trained in the Wraparound approach and to adequately administer risk assessment tools.
- Risk assessment tools: Youth are evaluated using the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI), the Risk Assessment Tool (RAT), and the Surrey Gang Entrenchment Scale.
- Materials & resources: Limited information on this topic.
The most recognized classification systems of evidence-based crime prevention programs have classified this program or initiative as follows:
- Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development: Not applicable.
- Crime Solutions/OJJDP Model Program Guide: Not applicable.
- SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices: Not applicable.
- Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy: Not applicable.
Gathering Canadian Knowledge
Canadian Implementation Sites
Public Safety Canada’s National Crime Prevention Strategy provided funding to implement Wraparound Surrey in Surrey (British Columbia) between 2008 and 2013. Wraparound Surrey was implemented by the Surrey School District #36.
Main Findings from Canadian Outcome Evaluation Studies
As part of Public Safety Canada’s funding, an outcome evaluation studyFootnote2 of Wraparound Surrey was conducted in 2009 to 2011 by R.A. Malatest & Associates Ltd. A quasi-experimental matched comparison group design that incorporated multiple lines of evidence was used to evaluate Wraparound Surrey. Pre- and post-testing was also incorporated to assess the net impact of the program on the criminal activity of the participants.
Results from this evaluation showed the following:
- The evaluation showed a significant decline in the negative police contacts of the participant group relative to the comparison group. Specifically, it showed a 67% decrease in negative police contacts among Wraparound Surrey participants. Negative police contacts began to decline from the time of entry to the program with the average number of negative contacts reduced from 0.42 to 0.14 per month. There was a statistically significant difference between the pre-program average (M = 0.42, SD = .39113) and the post-program average (M = 0.14, SD = 0.23519) for the participant group (t (44) = -6.268, p<.001). In contrast, the comparison group showed an increase in negative police contacts, from 0.46 to 0.70 per month.
For more information, refer to the National Crime Prevention Centre’s (2013) publication.
In 2008, the cost per youth involved in Wraparound Surrey was approximately $120,000 (CAD) per youth per year (R. A. Malatest & Associates Ltd., 2011).
National Crime Prevention Centre. (2013). The Surrey Wraparound: A Youth Driven Plan for Gang Violence Prevention. Evaluation Summary. Ottawa, ON: Public Safety Canada. Available from: http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/cnt/rsrcs/pblctns/srr-wrprnd/index-eng.aspx
R.A. Malatest & Associates Ltd. (2011). An Evaluation of the Abbotsford Youth Crime Prevention and Surrey Anti-Gang Wraparound Projects. Final Evaluation Report. Submitted to the National Crime Prevention Centre, Public Safety Canada (Unpublished report).
For more information on this program, contact:
Surrey School District #36
14033 92 Avenue
Surrey, British Columbia V3V 0B7
Telephone: (604) 596-7733
Record Entry Date - 2018-03-15
- Date modified: