The Hub - Community Mobilization Prince Albert (CMPA)
Age group: Not age specific
Gender: Mixed (male and female)
Number of completed Canadian outcome evaluation studies: 1
Continuum of intervention: Secondary crime prevention; Tertiary crime prevention
The Community Mobilization Prince Albert (CMPA) approach (also known as the Hub Model)Footnote1 is a multi-agency team focused on crime prevention. This risk-driven, collaborative community intervention is initiated through a discussion between frontline workers from the participating agencies, and integrates the activities of multiple human service disciplines including government ministries and various community agencies. These groups work together to identify at-risk children and youth, share information on the individuals and families involved and develop integrated, targeted intervention strategies.
The Hub Model is not a service delivery mechanism, but rather a way of utilizing and mobilizing the systems and resources already in place in different, unified, and dynamic ways to address specific situations of elevated risk, for which an integrated approach is required. The Hub Model process operates from a risk-driven notion rather than an incident-driven response.
The main goals of the Hub Model are to:
- Develop immediate, coordinated and integrated responses to situations of acutely elevated risk through the mobilization of existing resources;
- Connect individuals at acutely-elevated risk to services within 24 to 48 hours;
- Achieve a dramatic and ongoing reduction in the levels of crime and victimization; and
- Improve all aspects of social wellness and give citizens and families at risk the supports needed to build positive and healthy lives.
The goal of the CMPA is not just a straight reduction in criminal offences or violence, but also improvement in all aspects of social wellness, such as (but not limited to): improved numbers in emergency room visits, reduced school truancy, a reduction in the workload for other member agencies, etc.
The appropriate clientele for the Hub Model is individuals or families (both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal) who are in situations or communities of acutely-elevated risk, needing either secondary or tertiary prevention efforts which cannot be addressed by a single agency alone. Acutely-elevated risk occurs where four conditions are present: significant interest at stake; probability of harm occurring; severe intensity of harm; and multi-disciplinary nature of elevated risk. The four criteria are upheld through a filter process that is used to determine whether collaborative intervention is necessary.
The Hub Model is comprised of a primary component, the Hub, and a supplementary component (optional), the Centre of Responsibility (COR),Footnote2 which works in different ways and at different levels to help address the growing needs of the community to improve community safety and wellness.
The Hub is the primary component and includes a team of designated staff from community agencies and government ministries that meets regularly to address specific situations regarding clients facing elevated levels of risk, and develops immediate, coordinated and integrated responses through the mobilization of resources. The Hub operates on a four filter process:
- Filter One: agencies determine if they can unilaterally meet the composite needs of a client;
- Filter Two: agencies provide de-identified information on client risk factors known to other human service professionals at the Hub table;
- Filter Three: Limited identifiable information of the client is shared in order to identify which agencies need to be involved in generating opportunities for risk reduction; and
- Filter Four: Only the lead and assisting agencies in a discussion meet to identify the assets or supports in the community which will become part of their collaborative intervention (Nilson, 2014, p.9).
When situations are brought to the Hub table by one of the partner agencies, the appropriate human service professionals are engaged in a discussion, which results in a collaborative intervention to connect services and offer supports. The Hub does not perform case management, nor does it have cases. Its purpose is to mitigate risk within 24-48 hours and connect individuals and families to services. Case management functions remain with the most appropriate agency as determined by the Hub table.
The COR is unique to the Hub Model in Prince Albert and focuses on the broader notion of community safety and wellness with an eye towards longer-term community goals and initiatives. The role of the COR is to engage in collaborative analysis of Hub data and other recognized trends and data sources which serve to inform the identification of high value opportunities for systemic change. The Hub and COR are part of the province’s Building Partnerships to Reduce Crime (BPRC) initiative.Footnote3
Some of the critical elements for the implementation of this program or initiative include the following:
- Organizational requirements: In-kind contributions from multiple human service disciplines including government ministries and various community agencies are needed to staff the weekly Hub tables. The COR requires specially qualified analysts, administrative support and an executive director. However, not all communities with a Hub require a COR as experience has shown that this level of analysis can be done effectively and efficiently on a regional basis, and a COR requires an additional investment of dedicated resources, tools, and specific skill sets.
- Partnerships: Partnerships should be established with multiple human service disciplines including government ministries and community agencies. A Memorandum of Understanding is needed such that these various agencies may collaborate and share the necessary information required to address the composite needs of individuals in situations of acutely-elevated risk.
- Training and technical assistance: Online training is available to all Hub Models across Canada through consultation with the Prince Albert Hub model and Building Partnerships to Reduce Crime (BPRC).
- Risk assessment tools: Limited information on this topic.
- Materials & resources: A provincial Hub database housed on a Microsoft Case Records Case Management platform (Saskatchewan and Ontario), as well as guides to help Hub Model practitioners understand the benefits of a systemic data collection process for Hub meetings and identify variables that can be gathered during a Hub discussion.
The most recognized classification systems of evidence-based crime prevention programs have classified this program or initiative as follows:
- Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development: Not applicable.
- Crime Solutions/OJJDP Model Program Guide: Not applicable.
- SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices: Not applicable.
- Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy: Not applicable.
Gathering Canadian Knowledge
Canadian Implementation Sites
The Hub Model was established in 2011 as a ‘first of its kind’ model to building safer communities and reducing crime. It is implemented in the city of Prince Albert, and its surrounding feeder communities, many of which extend well into northern Saskatchewan. The evaluation of this approach is ongoing.
There are currently many jurisdictions in Canada that are in the formative and implementation stages of adopting and developing their own variation of the Hub Model. Several of these are in Saskatchewan, but close to a dozen jurisdictions in the province of Ontario are working together to develop Hubs. The RCMP and Halifax Regional Police are similarly engaged with their local partners in several area communities adding an evidence-based youth evaluation methodology to focus their Hybrid Hub model on reducing the risk factors that can lead to anti-social, self-destructive and/or criminal behaviour among young people. Finally, the City of Winnipeg recently moved forward with their Block-by-Block model, inspired in part by the CMPA. Logistics such as start times and frequency of meetings vary dependent on community needs.
Main Findings from Canadian Outcome Evaluation Studies
A preliminary impact assessment of the Hub Model was conducted in 2014 by Nilson.Footnote4 This work was the first description of the Hub Model in Canada. To provide a preliminary assessment of the short-term outcomes generated, a three part methodology was designed and consisted of: ten illustrative case studies of select Hub discussions; interviews with 21 Hub discussants on their experience in the Hub; and interviews with 14 key stakeholders from the various agencies that played critical roles in the development and implementation of the project in Prince Albert.
Results from this evaluation showed the following:
- The project has broken down long-standing institutional silos. Human service agencies are now sharing limited but necessary information, and frontline professionals are more often collaborating around the needs of their shared clients;
- Clients are, for the most part, responding positively to collaborative interventions that are based upon offerings of support. Clients are not only gaining quicker access to services before harm even occurs, but they are gaining access to services that they were never able to reach (or successfully engage) before their situation was brought to the project;
- Risk in most discussions is being lowered from acutely-elevated to a more manageable level of risk. This lowers the severity and probability of harm to a significant interest of the individual, the family and the community.
For more information, refer to Nilson’s (2014) publication.
Additionally, Nilson (2015) conducted a study to explore the journey that community leaders and stakeholders took to develop their own Hub Model in the Samson Cree Nation (central Alberta). This is the first on-reserve application of the model in a First Nations community. The study explores the reason for the Samson Cree Hub Model, its implementation, and stakeholder perceptions of the impact that the Hub Model is having on police, human service providers, their agencies, and the clients they serve. Interviews with community safety and wellness stakeholders, along with first-hand observations of the Samson Cree Hub Model, provide information for this research.
Findings reveal that the Hub Model is a value-added and much-needed tool for human service providers to better meet the needs of their clients. Overall, the Hub Model shows considerable promise for other First Nation communities wishing to implement a collaborative approach to reducing risk and harm.
For more information, refer to Public Safety Canada publication’s (2016) publication.
No information available.
Nilson, C. (2014). Risk-driven collaborative intervention: A preliminary impact assessment of Community Mobilization Prince Albert’s Hub Model. Saskatoon, SK: Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science and Justice Studies, University of Saskatchewan. Available from: http://www.mobilizepa.ca/tools-docs/documents/risk-driven-collaborative-intervention
Public Safety Canada. (2016). Collaborative risk-driven intervention: A study of Samson Cree Nation’s application of the Hub Model. Source: Nilson, C. (2016). Research Report. Ottawa, ON: Public Safety Canada. Available from: https://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/cnt/rsrcs/pblctns/2016-s001/index-en.aspx
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Record Entry Date - 2018-03-14
The Hub Model allows for some flexibility in the way it is implemented and adapted to fit local needs, resources and specific crime issues. Indeed, the Hub Model is not a “one size fits all” or manualized program; rather it should be considered as a general crime prevention approach. For this reason, the Hub Model is described briefly here. To obtain detailed information on how the Hub Model has been adapted and implemented in local Canadian communities, refer to the information listed herein.
For more information about the COR, consult the program descriptive sheet entitled The Hub – Centre of Responsibility (COR).
For more information about the BPRC initiative, consult the program descriptive sheet entitled The Hub - Building Partnerships to Reduce Crime (BPRC) Initiative.
In 2012, the Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science and Justice Studies, University of Saskatchewan, was invited to conduct an ongoing evaluation of the CMPA approach. This report serves as the first of several deliverables to be produced on the approach.
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