Aboriginal Policing

First Nations Policing Program

Through the First Nations Policing Program (FNPP), Public Safety Canada provides contribution funding to support policing services that are professional, dedicated and responsive to the First Nation and Inuit communities they serve. The program is delivered through tripartite policing agreements among the federal government, provincial or territorial governments, and First Nation or Inuit communities. The federal and provincial/territorial governments provide parallel financial contributions for these agreements.

There are two main types of policing agreements under the FNPP:

The Aboriginal Policing Directorate, which administers the FNPP, also provides broad policy advice on Aboriginal public safety and justice issues and is the departmental lead on Aboriginal self-government as it pertains to the administration of justice.  The directorate also conducts relevant research and performance measurement to ensure that sound performance data is being collected to support effective program monitoring.

Program highlights in 2012-2013 included funding for:

FNPP Footprint from 1996 to 2013

Image Description
Population from 1996 to 2013
Year Population
1995 152,987
1996 177,162
1997 202,762
1998 211,398
1999 217,857
2000 222,546
2001 229,916
2002 224,421
2003 232,702
2004 233,789
2005 244,916
2006 279,198
2007 321,839
2008 323,815
2009 327,430
2010 330,922
2011 334,000
2012 339,989
2013 341,942
Footprint from 1996 to 2013
  Number of Agreements Number of Communities Negotiated Positions
Canada - 1996 81 244 716.6
Canada - 2012 163 396 1263.5
Atlantic - 1996 6 6 19
Atlantic - 2012 22 18 89
Québec - 1996 12 32 145
Québec - 2012 21 43 316
Ontario - 1996 8 87 346
Ontario - 2012 10 104 429
Praries - 1996 38 84 174.5
Praries - 2012 52 89 305
British Columbia and the North - 1996 17 35 32.1
British Columbia and the North - 2012 58 142 124.5

In March 2013, the federal government announced the five-year renewal of the FNPP.

Terms and Conditions

Terms and Conditions for Contribution Funding Under the First Nations Policing Program

History of the FNPP

A 1990 Task Force Report, the Indian Policing Policy Review, found that First Nations did not have access to the same police service models as did non-First Nations and that access to appropriate police services across bands was unequal. The FNPP was established in 1991 as a response to the Task Force Report, and to address pressing public safety issues in First Nation and Inuit communities.

Program Performance & Evaluation

In 2009-10, Public Safety Canada undertook an independent evaluation of the FNPP to examine the relevance and performance of the program. The evaluation concluded that the program was aligned to the Government of Canada's policy initiative of “Keeping Canadians Safe”, and the founding principles of the FNPP remain relevant today. First Nation and Inuit communities continue to have a need for police services that are professional, effective, culturally appropriate, and accountable to the communities they serve. For more information, please consult the 2009-10 Evaluation of the First Nations Policing Program (FNPP).

For further information about program performance, please consult the Public Safety Departmental Performance Report 2011-2012

Aboriginal Policing Publications

The Aboriginal Policing Directorate of Public Safety Canada undertakes various research and review assignments to observe progress, enhance information sharing and encourage open communication and discussion on matters related to public safety in First Nation and Inuit communities. We invite the public to learn about our latest research initiatives by reviewing the following reports:

First Nation and Inuit communities whose police services are provided through a Community Tripartite Agreement may establish a Community Consultative Group (CCG). A CCG is made up of members of the community, and its purpose is to identify and advocate for the community's policing priorities. Among other duties, it also promotes dialogue and good communication between the police service and members of the community. For more information, please see:

Other publications available from the Aboriginal Policing Directorate:

Aboriginal Policing News Releases

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