2012 Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview

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Table of Contents

Section A: Context - Crime and the Criminal Justice System

Section B: Corrections Administration

Section C: Offender Population

Section D: Conditional Release

Section E: Statistics on Special Applications of Criminal Justice

Section F: Victims of Crime

Section A: Context - Crime and the Criminal Justice System

Police-reported crime rate has been decreasing since 1998

Police-reported crime rate has been decreasing since 1998
Enlarge image

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

**The definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

These crime statistics are based on crimes that are reported to the police. Since not all crimes are reported to the police, these figures underestimate actual crime. See Figure F1 for rates based on victimization surveys (drawn from the General Social Survey), an alternative method of measuring crime.

Police-reported crime rate has been decreasing since 1998

Year

Type of offence

Violent**

Property**

Traffic

Other CCC**

Drugs

Other Fed. Statutes

Total*

1998

1,345

5,696

469

1,051

235

119

8,915

1999

1,440

5,345

388

910

264

128

8,474

2000

1,494

5,189

370

924

287

113

8,376

2001

1,473

5,124

393

989

288

123

8,390

2002

1,441

5,080

379

991

296

128

8,315

2003

1,435

5,299

373

1,037

274

115

8,532

2004

1,404

5,123

379

1,072

306

107

8,391

2005

1,389

4,884

378

1,052

290

97

8,090

2006

1,386

4,808

376

1,049

295

87

8,002

2007

1,352

4,519

402

1,028

307

90

7,697

2008

1,331

4,249

436

1,037

307

99

7,459

2009

1,318

4,110

433

1,015

290

94

7,260

2010

1,287

3,824

419

1,027

320

96

6,973

2011 1,231 3,520 424 1,005 328 96 6,604

Source: Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

**The definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Rates are based on incidents reported per 100,000 population.

Due to rounding, rates may not add to Totals.

Crime rates are higher in the west and highest in the north

Crime rates are higher in the west and highest in the north
Enlarge image

Note:

*Rates are based on 100,000 population.

Unlike Statistics Canada, the Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada. In addition, the definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Crime rates are higher in the west and highest in the north

Province/Territory

Crime Rate *

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Newfoundland & Labrador

7,052

7,144

7,375

7,692

7,377

Prince Edward Island

6,791

6,892

7,066

7,055

7,154

Nova Scotia

8,218

7,747

7,732

7,814

7,331

New Brunswick

6,307

6,505

6,397

6,341

6,022

Quebec

5,891

5,952

5,846

5,576

5,329

Ontario

5,683

5,456

5,280

5,038

4,764

Manitoba

11,658

10,634

11,260

10,532

9,771

Saskatchewan

15,124

14,551

14,434

14,411

14,184

Alberta

10,059

10,057

9,575

9,101

8,388

British Columbia

11,702

10,800

10,181

9,676

9,149

Yukon Territory

22,982

24,205

25,399

23,094

22,878

Northwest Territories

46,508

47,991

45,770

50,935

51,922

Nunavut

31,974

37,213

39,795

41,675

41,108

Canada

7,697

7,459

7,260

6,973

6,604

Source: Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Rates are based on 100,000 population.

Unlike Statistics Canada, the Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada. In addition, the definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Canada's incarceration rate is high relative to most western European countries

Canada's incarceration rate is high relative to most western European countries
Enlarge image

Note:

The incarceration rate, in this figure, is a measure of the number of people (i.e., adults and youth) in custody per 100,000 people in the general population. Incarceration rates from the World Prison Population List are based on the most recently available data at the time the list was compiled. Due to variations in the availability of information, the 2006 and 2008 dates reported in Figure A3 refer to when the World Prison Population Lists (Seventh and Eighth Editions respectively) were published, but may not necessarily correspond to the date the data were obtained. For 2012, the data was retrieved online on October 15, 2012 from www.prisonstudies.org/info/worldbrief/index.php which contains the most up-to-date information available. These data reflect incarceration rates based on the country's population in 2012 except where noted. Additionally, different practices and variations in measurement in different countries limit the comparability of these figures.

Canada's incarceration rate is high relative to most western European countries

 

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

20061*

20082*

20113*

20124*

United States

682

699

700

701

714

723

738

756

743b

730a

New Zealand

149

149

145

155

168

168

186

185

199

194

England & Wales

125

124

125

141

142

141

148

153

155

154

Scotland

118

115

120

129

132

136

139

152

155

151

Australia

108

108

110

115

117

120

126

129

133a

129z

Canada

118

116

116

116

108

107

107

116

117c

114b

Italy

89

94

95

100

98

96

104

92

110

109

Austria

85

84

85

100

106

110

105

95

104a

104a

France

91

89

80

93

91

91

85

96

102

102

Germany

97

97

95

98

96

98

95

89

87

83

Switzerland

81

79

90

68

81

81

83

76

79a

76z

Sweden

59

64

65

73

75

81

82

74

78a

70z

Denmark

66

61

60

64

70

70

77

63

74

74z

Norway

56

-

60

59

65

65

66

69

73

73z

Finland

46

52

50

70

71

66

75

64

59

59z

Source: International Centre for Prison Studies: 1 World Prison Population List (Seventh Edition); 2 World Prison Population List (Eighth Edition); 3 World Prison Population List online (retrieved October 7, 2011 at www.prisonstudies.org/info/worldbrief/index.php), 4 World Prison Population List online (retrieved October 15, 2012 at www.prisonstudies.org/info/worldbrief/index.php).

Note:

*Incarceration rates from the World Prison Population List are based on the most recently available data at the time the list was compiled. Due to variations in the availability of information, the 2006 and 2008 dates reported in Table A3 refer to when the World Prison Population Lists (Seventh and Eighth Editions respectively) were published, but may not necessarily correspond to the date the data were obtained. For 2012, the data was retrieved online on October 15, 2012 from www.prisonstudies.org/info/worldbrief/index.php which contains the most up to date information available. These data reflect incarceration rates based on the country's population in the year indicated except where noted: a indicates the estimate was based on the country's population in 2010, b based on the 2009 population, c based on the 2008 population, and z based on the 2011 population. Additionally, different practices and variations in measurement in different countries limit the comparability of these figures. Rates are based on 100,000 population.

-- Figures not available.

The rate of adults charged has declined since 2001

The rate of adults charged has declined since 2001
Enlarge image

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

**The definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment.

Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle thefts, other thefts, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson.

The rate of adults charged has declined since 2001

Year

Type of offence

Violent**

Property**

Traffic

Other CCC**

Drugs

Other Fed. Statutes

Total Charged*

1998

563

677

374

430

168

24

2,236

1999

590

632

371

396

185

30

2,203

2000

615

591

349

411

198

26

2,190

2001

641

584

349

451

202

28

2,256

2002

617

569

336

460

199

29

2,211

2003

598

573

326

476

172

23

2,168

2004

584

573

314

490

187

30

2,180

2005

589

550

299

479

185

29

2,131

2006

593

533

300

498

198

27

2,149

2007

576

499

298

520

208

28

2,128

2008

574

485

306

538

207

31

2,142

2009

582

488

309

530

200

33

2,142

2010

573

470

293

542

210

32

2,121

2011 543 437 271 521 210 34 2,016

Source: Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada.

**The definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Rates are based on 100,000 population, 18 years of age and older.

Due to rounding, rates may not add to Totals.

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment.

Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle thefts, other thefts, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson.

Administration of justice cases account for 21% of cases* in adult courts

Administration of justice cases account for 21% of cases* in adult courts
Enlarge image

Note:

*Cases completed in adult criminal courts.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Adult Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007. A case is one or more charges against an accused person or corporation, processed by the courts at the same time, and where all of the charges in the case received a final disposition. Where a case has more than one charge, it is necessary to select a charge to represent the case. An offence is selected by applying two rules. First, the “most serious decision” rule is applied. In cases where two or more offences have the same decision, the “most serious offence” rule is applied. All charges are ranked according to an offence seriousness scale.

Superior Court data are not reported to the Adult Criminal Court Survey for Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. In addition, information from Quebec's municipal courts (which account for approximately 25% of Criminal Code charges in the provinces) is not collected.

The graph excludes Youth Criminal Justice Act / Young Offenders Act offences. The Adult Criminal Court Survey groups these offences under “Other Federal Statutes”.

The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

Administration of justice cases account for 21% of cases* in adult courts

Type of Charge

Criminal Code and Other Federal Statute Charges

 

2008-2009

 

2009-2010

  2010-11

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

Crimes Against the Person

95,114

23.93

96,688

23.66

93,347 23.25

Homicide and Related

275

0.07

279

0.07

281 0.07

Attempted Murder

167

0.04

197

0.05

154 0.04

Robbery

4,466

1.12

4,472

1.09

4,118 1.03

Sexual Assault

4,145

1.04

4,092

1.00

3,989 0.99

Other Sexual Offences

2,046

0.51

2,062

0.50

2,286 0.57

Major Assault (Levels 2 & 3)

21,509

5.41

21,909

5.36

20,929 5.21

Common Assault (Level 1)

37,496

9.43

38,609

9.45

37,604 9.37

Uttering Threats

18,578

4.67

18,607

4.55

17,652 4.40

Criminal Harassment

3,185

0.80

3,200

0.78

3,239 0.81

Other Crimes Against Persons

3,247

0.82

3,261

0.80

3,095 0.77

Crimes Against Property

93,056

23.41

98,180

24.03

96,567 24.05

Theft

38,802

9.76

42,472

10.39

42,566 10.60

Break and Enter

11,722

2.95

11,708

2.87

11,244 2.80

Fraud

14,656

3.69

15,196

3.72

14,451 3.60

Mischief

13,952

3.51

14,843

3.63

14,691 3.66

Possession of Stolen Property

11,921

3.00

11,982

2.93

11,843 2.95

Other Property Crimes

2,003

0.50

1,979

0.48

1,772 0.44

Administration of Justice

83,499

21.01

84,683

20.72

84,697 21.09

Fail to Appear

5,123

1.29

4,764

1.17

4,983 1.24

Breach of Probation

30,581

7.69

31,583

7.73

31,157 7.76

Unlawfully at Large

2,552

0.64

2,529

0.62

2,531 0.63

Fail to Comply with Order

36,298

9.13

36,824

9.01

37,247 9.28

Other Admin. Justice

8,945

2.25

8,983

2.20

8,779 2.19

Other Criminal Code

19,048

4.79

19,475

4.77

18,639 4.64

Weapons

9,933

2.50

10,109

2.47

9,776 2.43

Prostitution

1,632

0.41

1,719

0.42

1,580 0.39

Disturbing the Peace

1,823

0.46

1,756

0.43

1,764 0.44

Residual Criminal Code

5,660

1.42

5,891

1.44

5,519 1.37

Criminal Code Traffic

58,282

14.66

61,244

14.99

59,452 14.81

Impaired Driving

46,268

11.64

49,462

12.10

48,033 11.96

Other CC Traffic

12,014

3.02

11,782

2.88

11,419 2.84

Other Federal Statutes

48,472

12.20

48,371

11.84

48,805 12.16

Drug Possession

15,713

3.95

15,442

3.78

16,363 4.08

Drug Trafficking

12,974

3.26

13,124

3.21

12,457 3.10

Residual Federal Statutes

19,785

4.98

19,805

4.85

19,985 4.98

Total Offences

397,471

100.00

408,641

100.0

401,507 100.00

Source: Adult Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Cases completed in adult criminal courts.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Adult Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007. The table excludes Youth Criminal Justice Act / Young Offenders Act offences. The Adult Criminal Court Survey groups these offences under “Other Federal Statutes”. Superior Court data are not reported to the Adult Criminal Court Survey for Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. In addition, information from Quebec's municipal courts (which account for approximately 25% of Criminal Code charges in the provinces) is not collected. The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates. Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

Most adult custodial sentences ordered by the court are short

Most adult custodial sentences ordered by the court are short
Enlarge image

Note:

*The type of decision group “guilty” includes guilty of the offence, of an included offence, of an attempt of the offence, or of an attempt of an included offence. This category also includes cases where an absolute or conditional discharge has been imposed.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Adult Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007.

Excludes Youth Criminal Justice Act / Young Offenders Act offences, cases where length of prison sentence and/or sex was not known, data for Manitoba as information on both sentence length and gender were not available, and data on corporations.

Superior Court data are not reported to the Adult Criminal Court Survey for Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. In addition, information from Quebec's municipal courts (which account for approximately 25% of Criminal Code charges in the provinces) is not collected.

The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

Due to rounding, totals may not add to 100 percent.

Most adult custodial sentences ordered by the court are short

Length of Prison Sentence

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10 2010-11

 

%

%

%

%

%

1 Month or Less

 

 

 

 

 

Women

69.6

69.6

67.6

67.7

66.9

Men

52.7

53.5

53.9

53.6

51.6

Total

54.6

55.3

55.5

55.2

53.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Than 1 Month to 6 Months

 

 

 

 

 

Women

22.2

22.3

24.2

23.3

24.6

Men

32.1

31.6

31.4

31.6

33.9

Total

31.0

30.6

30.6

30.7

32.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Than 6 Months to 12 Months

 

 

 

 

 

Women

4.1

4.3

4.2

4.4

3.8

Men

7.0

7.0

6.9

6.7

6.7

Total

6.6

6.7

6.6

6.4

6.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Than 1 Year to Less Than 2 Years

 

 

 

 

 

Women

2.1

1.9

1.9

2.2

2.4

Men

3.7

3.7

3.7

3.7

3.5

Total

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.6

3.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 Years or More

 

 

 

 

 

Women

2.1

1.9

2.1

2.3

2.4

Men

4.6

4.2

4.0

4.4

4.3

Total

4.3

4.0

3.8

4.2

4.1

Source: Adult Criminal Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Adult Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007.

Excludes Youth Criminal Justice Act / Young Offenders Act offences, cases where length of prison sentence and/or sex was not known, data for Manitoba as information on both sentence length and gender were not available, and data on corporations.

Superior Court data are not reported to the Adult Criminal Court Survey for Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. In addition, information from Quebec's municipal courts (which account for approximately 25% of Criminal Code charges in the provinces) is not collected.

The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

Due to rounding, totals may not add to 100 percent.

Relatively few crimes result in sentences to federal penitentiaries

Relatively few crimes result in sentences to federal penitentiaries
Enlarge image

Note:

*The type of decision group “guilty” includes guilty of the offence, of an included offence, of an attempt of the offence, or of an attempt of an included offence. This category also includes cases where an absolute or conditional discharge has been imposed.

**This figure only includes cases in provincial court and partial data from Superior Court. Superior Court data are not reported to the Adult Criminal Court Survey for Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Information from Quebec's municipal courts (which account for approximately 25% of Criminal Code charges in the provinces) is not collected. Data excludes admissions to BC and Nunavut as data has been unavailable since 2009-10.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Adult Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007. A case is one or more charges against an accused person or corporation, processed by the courts at the same time, and where all of the charges in the case received a final disposition.

Police data are reported on a calendar year basis whereas court and prison data are reported on a fiscal year basis (April 1 through March 31).

Relatively few crimes result in sentences to federal penitentiaries

 

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

Total Number of Offences Reported to Police1

2,534,730

2,485,207

2,448,805

2,379,667

2,277,258

Cases with guilty* findings in Adult Criminal Court1**

255,487

263,948

266,430

257,420

Not available

Sentenced Admissions to Provincial/Territorial Custody1***

71,233

73,151

73,620

74,356

Not available

Warrant of Committal Admissions to Federal Facilities2

5,000

4,827

5,219

5,432

5,115

Source: 1 Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Adult Criminal Court Survey, and Adult Correctional Services Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada; 2 Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*The type of decision group “guilty” includes guilty of the offence, of an included offence, of an attempt of the offence, or of an attempt of an included offence. This category also includes cases where an absolute or conditional discharge has been imposed.

**This figure only includes cases convicted in provincial court and partial data from Superior Court. Superior Court data are not reported to the Adult Criminal Court Survey for Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Information from Quebec's municipal courts (which account for approximately 25% of Criminal Code charges in the provinces) is not collected. Data excludes admissions to BC and Nunavut as data has been unavailable since 2009-10.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Adult Criminal Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007. A case is one or more charges against an accused person or corporation, processed by the courts at the same time, and where all of the charges in the case received a final disposition.

***In order to make comparisons, data exclude Prince Edward Island and Nunavut.

Police data are reported on a calendar year basis whereas court and prison data are reported on a fiscal year basis (April 1 through March 31).

The rate of youth charged has fluctuated over the past five years

The rate of youth charged has fluctuated over the past five years
Enlarge image

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada. In addition, the definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

**For criminal justice purposes, youth are defined under Canadian law as persons aged 12 to 17 years.

***Rates for females are based on the number of female youth charged per 100,000 female youth population (12 to 17 years) and rates for males are based on the number of male youth charged per 100,000 male youth population (12 to 17 years).

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment.

Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle thefts, other thefts, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson.

The rate of youth charged has declined over the past five years

Year

Type of Offence

Violent*

Property*

Traffic

Other CCC*

Drugs

Other Fed. Statutes

Total Charged*

1998

994

2,500

-

870

226

184

4,775

1999

1,060

2,237

-

728

266

209

4,500

2000

1,136

2,177

-

760

317

198

4,589

2001

1,157

2,119

-

840

343

195

4,656

2002

1,102

2,009

-

793

337

235

4,476

2003

953

1,570

-

726

208

204

3,662

2004

918

1,395

-

691

230

222

3,457

2005

924

1,276

-

660

214

212

3,287

2006

917

1,217

-

680

240

216

3,270

2007

945

1,214

75

733

261

239

3,467

2008

915

1,137

75

734

269

260

3,390

2009

898

1,156

69

706

241

263

3,333

2010

872

1,053

63

681

259

271

3,203

2011 835 930 59 650 279 258 3,011

Source: Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Unlike Statistics Canada, the Total Crime Rate in the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview includes traffic offences and offences against federal statutes to provide a measure of all criminal offences. As a result, the Total Crime Rate reported here is higher than that reported by Statistics Canada. In addition, the definitions for Violent, Property and Other Criminal Code offences have been revised by Statistics Canada to better reflect definitions used by the policing community. As a result of these changes, comparable data are only available starting in 1998 and the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

**Data for Youth Charged and Youth Not Charged for Impaired Driving are not available prior to 2007. As a result, comparisons to Total Charged and Other CCC (including traffic) over time should be made with caution.

For criminal justice purposes, youth are defined under Canadian law as persons aged 12 to 17 years.

Rates for “Total” are based on 100,000 youth population (12 to 17 years).

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, extortion, robbery, firearms, and other violent offences such as uttering threats and criminal harassment.

Property crimes include break and enter, motor vehicle thefts, other thefts, possession of stolen property, fraud, mischief and arson.

The most common youth court case is theft

The most common youth court case is theft
Enlarge image

Note:

*“Administration of Justice” includes the offences failure to appear, failure to comply, and breach of recognizance.

**Youth Criminal Justice Act offences include failure to comply with a disposition or undertaking, contempt against youth court, assisting a youth to leave a place of custody and harbouring a youth unlawfully at large. Also included are similar offences under the Young Offenders Act, which preceded the Youth Criminal Justice Act.

***“Drug Offences” includes possession and trafficking.

****The data exclude cases where gender is unknown.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Youth Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007. A case is one or more charges against an accused person or corporation, processed by the courts at the same time, and where all of the charges in the case received a final disposition. Where a case has more than one charge, it is necessary to select a charge to represent the case. An offence is selected by applying two rules. First, the “most serious decision” rule is applied. In cases where two or more offences have the same decision, the “most serious offence” rule is applied. All charges are ranked according to an offence seriousness scale.

The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

The most common youth court case is theft

Type of Case

Number of Youth Court Cases

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

Crimes Against the Person

14,793

15,395

15,614

14,823

14,084

Homicide and Attempted Murder

70

70

76

70

68

Robbery

2,377

2,637

2,768

2,539

2,562

Sexual Assault / Other Sexual Offences

1,254

1,140

1,283

1,255

1,289

Major Assault

3,618

3,845

3,729

3,561

3,310

Common Assault

4,575

4,696

4,767

4,477

4,183

Other Crimes Against the Person*

2,899

3,007

2,991

2,921

2,672

Crimes Against Property

22,517

22,612

22,219

22,242

20,194

Theft

8,079

8,026

8,262

8,454 7,832

Break and Enter

5,162

5,203

4,855

4,835 4,331

Fraud

830

852

818

837 631

Mischief

4,159

4,362

4,330

4,253 3,716

Possession of Stolen Property

3,586

3,416

3,258

3,249 3,113

Other Crimes Against Property

701

753

696

614

571

Administration of Justice

6,230

6,327

6,353

6,104

5,635

Escape / Unlawfully at Large

566

592

527

420

423

Other Administration of Justice**

5,664

5,735

5,826

5,684

5,212

Other Criminal Code

3,187

3,038

3,064

2,967

2,668

Weapons / Firearms

2,164

2,064

2,083

2,016 1,813

Prostitution

19

12

17

10 14

Disturbing the Peace

233

207

232

187 164

Residual Criminal Code

771

755

732

754 677

Criminal Code Traffic

1,112

1,237

1,170

1,118

943

Impaired Driving / Other CC traffic

1,112

1,237

1,170

1,118 943

Other Federal Statutes

9,643

10,101

10,548

9,605

9,380

Drug Possession

2,445

2,725

2,919

2,556 2,551

Drug Trafficking

1,339

1,475

1,459

1,279 1,209

Youth Criminal Justice Act***

5,605

5,649

5,917

5,685 5,566

Residual Federal Statutes

254

252

253

85 54

Total

57,482

58,710

58,968

56,859

52,904

Source: Youth Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*“Other Crimes Against the Person” includes the offences uttering threats and criminal harassment.

**“Other Administration of Justice” includes the offences failure to appear, failure to comply, and breach of recognizance.

***Youth Criminal Justice Act offences include failure to comply with a disposition or undertaking, contempt against youth court, assisting a youth to leave a place of custody and harbouring a youth unlawfully at large. Also included are similar offences under the Young Offenders Act, which preceded the Youth Criminal Justice Act.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Youth Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007. A case is one or more charges against an accused person or corporation, processed by the courts at the same time, and where all of the charges in the case received a final disposition. Where a case has more than one charge, it is necessary to select a charge to represent the case. An offence is selected by applying two rules. First, the “most serious decision” rule is applied. In cases where two or more offences have the same decision, the “most serious offence” rule is applied. All charges are ranked according to an offence seriousness scale.

The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics continues to make updates to the offence library used to classify offence data sent by the provinces and territories. These improvements have resulted in minor changes in the counts of charges and cases as well as the distributions by type of offence. Data presented have been revised to account for these updates.

The most common sentence for youth is probation

The most common sentence for youth is probation
Enlarge image

Note:

*“Other Sentence” includes absolute discharge, restitution, prohibition, seizure, forfeiture, compensation, pay purchaser, essays, apologies, counselling programs and conditional discharge, conditional sentence, intensive support and supervision, attendance at non-residential program(s) and reprimand. This category also includes deferred custody and supervision, intensive support and supervision, attendance at non-residential program(s) and reprimand where sentencing data under the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) are not available.

Unlike previous years, this data represents the most serious sentence and therefore, sanctions are mutually exclusive. However, each case may receive more than one sentence.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Youth Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007.

The most common sentence for youth is probation

Type of Sentence

Gender

Year

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

Probation

Female

50.4

50.4

52.2

50.0

47.5

 

Male

48.8

50.3

49.3

50.0

47.6

 

Total

49.4 50.8 50.3 50.3 48.2

 

 

         

Custody

Female

13.4 12.9 12.4 12.5 12.6

 

Male

18.1 17.5 17.0 16.2 17.2

 

Total

16.6 15.9 15.4 14.8 15.5

 

 

         

Community Service Order

Female

8.0 7.9 8.1 9.3 9.5

 

Male

6.7 7.2 7.5 8.0 8.5

 

Total

7.3 7.6 7.9 8.9 9.2

 

 

         

Fine

Female

3.6 3.9 3.3 2.8 3.2

 

Male

4.8 4.7 5.2 4.1 3.7

 

Total

4.6 4.5 4.7 3.7 3.6

 

 

         

Deferred Custody and Supervision

Female

2.4 3.2 3.0 4.0 4.3

 

Male

3.2 3.6 3.8 4.6 4.7

 

Total

3.0 3.4 3.5 4.3 4.4

 

 

         

Other Sentence*

Female

22.2 21.7 21.0 21.4 22.9

 

Male

18.4 16.8 17.3 17.0 18.4

 

Total

19.2 17.8 18.1 18.0 19.2

Source: Youth Court Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*“Other Sentence” includes absolute discharge, restitution, prohibition, seizure, forfeiture, compensation, pay purchaser, essays, apologies, counselling programs and conditional discharge, conditional sentence, intensive support and supervision, attendance at non-residential program(s) and reprimand. This category also includes deferred custody and supervision, intensive support and supervision, attendance at non-residential program(s) and reprimand where sentencing data under the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) are not available.

Unlike previous years, this data represents the most serious sentence and therefore, sanctions are mutually exclusive. However, each case may receive more than one sentence.

The concept of a case has changed to more closely reflect court processing. Statistics from the Youth Court Survey used in this report should not be compared to editions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview prior to 2007.

Section B: Corrections Administration

Federal expenditures on corrections increased in 2010-11

Federal expenditures on corrections increased in 2010-11
Enlarge image

Note:

Federal expenditures on corrections include spending by the Correctional Service Canada (CSC), the Parole Board of Canada (PBC), and the Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI). The expenditures for the CSC include both operating and capital costs. CSC expenditures exclude CORCAN (a Special Operating Agency that conducts industrial operations within penitentiaries).

Constant dollars represent dollar amounts calculated on a one-year base that adjusts for inflation, thus allowing the yearly amounts to be directly comparable. Changes in the Consumer Price Index were used to calculate constant dollars.

Federal expenditures on corrections increased in 2010-11

Year

Current Dollars

Constant 2002 Dollars

Operating

Capital

Total

Per capita

Operating

Capital

Total

Per capita

 

$'000

 

 

$

$'000

 

 

$

2006-07

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CSC

1,743,847

124,538

1,868,386

57.35

1,591,101

113,630

1,704,732

52.33

PBC

43,400

--

43,400

1.33

39,599

--

39,599

1.22

OCI

3,156

--

3,156

0.10

2,880

--

2,880

0.09

Total

1,790,403

124,538

1,914,942

58.78

1,633,579

113,630

1,747,210

53.63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2007-08

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CSC

1,827,839

140,641

1,968,480

59.78

1,633,458

125,685

1,759,142

53.42

PBC

43,400

--

43,400

1.32

38,785

--

38,785

1.18

OCI

3,132

--

3,132

0.10

2,799

--

2,799

0.09

Total

1,874,371

140,641

2,015,012

61.20

1,675,041

125,685

1,800,726

54.69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008-09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CSC

2,024,839

197,992

2,222,831

66.72

1,803,062

176,306

1,979,369

59.41

PBC

48,600

--

48,600

1.46

43,277

--

43,277

1.30

OCI

3,854

--

3,854

0.12

3,432

--

3,432

0.10

Total

2,077,293

197,992

2,275,285

68.29

1,849,771

176,306

2,026,078

60.81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2009-10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CSC

2,065,085

200,357

2,265,442

67.17

1,870,439

181,472

2,051,911

60.84

PBC

47,300

--

47,300

1.40

42,842

--

42,842

1.27

OCI

4,375

--

4,375

0.13

3,963

--

3,963

0.12

Total

2,116,760

200,357

2,317,117

68.70

1,917,243

181,472

2,098,715

62.23

                 

2010-11

               

CSC

2,156,955 22,849 2,379,803 69.73 1,980,276 20,977 2,184,870 64.02

PBC

46,000   46,000 1.35 42,232   42,232 1.24

OCI

4,162   4,162 0.12 3,821   3,821 0.11

Total

2,207,117 22,849 2,429,965 71.20 2,026,329 20,977 2,230,923 65.37

Source: Correctional Service Canada; Parole Board of Canada; Office of the Correctional Investigator; Statistics Canada Consumer Price Index.

Note:

Due to rounding, constant dollar amounts may not add to “Total”.

Per capita cost is calculated by dividing the total expenditures by the total Canadian population and thus represents the cost per Canadian for federal correctional services.

Constant dollars represent dollar amounts calculated on a one-year base (2002) that adjusts for inflation allowing the yearly amounts to be directly comparable. Changes in the Consumer Price Index were used to calculate constant dollars.

CSC employees are concentrated in custody centres

CSC employees are concentrated in custody centres
Enlarge image

Note:

*These parole officers are situated within institutions, with the responsibility of preparing offenders for release.

**The “Other” category represents job classifications such as trades and food services.

***CSC has changed its definition of employee. Previously, the total number of employees included casual employees, employees on leave without pay and suspended employees. These categories have been removed from the total as of 2005-06. These numbers represent Indeterminate and Term substantive employment; and Employee Status of Active and Paid Leave as of March 31, 2012.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

CSC employees are concentrated in custody centres

Service Area

Number of Staff

Percent

Headquarters and Central Services

2,955 15.9

Administration

2,592 13.9

Health Care

99 0.5

Program Staff

79 0.5

Correctional Officers

19 0.1

Instructors/Supervisors

12 0.1

Parole Officers/Parole Supervisors

2 0.0

Other*

152 0.8

 

   

Custody Centres

14,126 75.9

Correctional Officers

7,629 41.0

Administration

2,140 11.5

Health Care

1,040 5.6

Program Staff

1,024 5.5

Parole Officers/Parole Supervisors**

678 3.6

Instructors/Supervisors

410 2.2

Other*

1,205 6.5

 

   

Community Supervision

1,532 8.2

Parole Officers/Parole Supervisors

701 3.8

Administration

396 2.1

Program Staff

339 1.8

Health Care

83 0.4

Correctional Officers

12 0.1

Other*

1 0.0

Total***

18,613 100.0

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*The “Other” category represents job classifications such as trades and food services.

**These parole officers are situated within institutions, with the responsibility of preparing offenders for release.

***CSC has changed its definition of employee. Previously, the total number of employees included casual employees, employees on leave without pay and suspended employees. These categories have been removed from the total as of 2005-06. These numbers represent Indeterminate and Term substantive employment; and Em-ployee Status of Active and Paid Leave as of March 31, 2012.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The cost of keeping an inmate incarcerated has increased

The cost of keeping an inmate incarcerated has increased
Enlarge image

Note:

The average daily inmate cost includes those costs associated with the operation of the institutions, such as salaries and employee benefit plan contributions, but excludes capital expenditures and expenditures related to CORCAN (a Special Operating Agency that conducts industrial operations within penitentiaries).

In 2001-02, the cost allocation methodology was refined to better reflect expenditures directly related to offenders. In addition, the cost of keeping a woman incarcerated includes the cost of maximum security units for women co-located within institutions for men.

The cost of keeping an inmate incarcerated has increased

Categories

Annual Average Costs per Offender (current $)

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

Incarcerated Offenders

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum Security (males only)

121,294

135,870

147,135

150,808

147,418

Medium Security (males only)

80,545

87,498

93,782

98,219

99,519

Minimum Security (males only)

83,297

89,377

93,492

95,038

95,034

Women's Facilities

166,830

182,506

203,061

211,093

214,614

Exchange of Services Agreements

77,428

77,762

87,866

89,800

90,712

Incarcerated Average

93,030

101,664

109,699

113,974

114,364

 

 

 

 

 

 

Offenders in the Community

23,076

24,825

29,476

29,537

31,148

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Incarcerated and Community

74,261

81,932

91,498

93,916

96,412

Source: Accountability and Financial Reports, Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

The average daily inmate cost includes those costs associated with the operation of the institutions, such as salaries and employee benefit plan contributions, but excludes capital expenditures and expenditures related to CORCAN (a Special Operating Agency that conducts industrial operations within penitentiaries).

In 2001-02, the cost allocation methodology was refined to better reflect expenditures directly related to offenders. In addition, the cost of keeping a woman incarcerated includes the cost of maximum security units for women co-located within institutions for men.

The number of Parole Board of Canada employees

The number of Parole Board of Canada employees
Enlarge image

The number of Parole Board of Canada employees

 

Full-Time Equivalents

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

Strategic Outcome*

         

Conditional Release Decisions

288

291

299

297

310

Conditional Release Openness and Accountability

53

58

64

57

60

Pardon Decisions and Clemency Recommendations

36

39

40

38

37

Internal Services

39

40

39

46

54

Total

416

428

442

438

461

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type of Employees

 

 

 

 

 

Full-time Board Members

41

37

40

40

43

Part-time Board Members

22

25

25

21

21

Staff

353

366

377

377

397

Total

416**

428

442

438

461

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*As of 2006-07, the Receiver General and Treasury Board Secretariat reporting requirements have been changed from Business Line to Strategic Outcome. Consequently, data regarding Conditional Release Openness and Accountability is unavailable prior to 2006-07.

**The Parole Board of Canada transferred the Information Technology function to the Correctional Service of Canada effective April 1st, 2007. This represented a reduction of 23 full-time equivalents.

The number of employees in the Office of the Correctional Investigator

The number of employees in the Office of the Correctional Investigator
Enlarge image

Note:

*The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) may commence an investigation on receipt of a complaint by or on behalf of an offender or on its own initiative. Complaints are made by telephone, letter and during interviews with the OCI's investigative staff at federal correctional facilities. The dispositions in response to complaints involve a combination of internal responses (where the information or assistance sought by the offender can generally be provided by the OCI's investigative staff) and investigations (where, further to a review/analysis of law, policies and documentation, OCI investigative staff make an inquiry or several interventions with Correctional Service Canada and submit recommendations to address the complaint). Investigations vary considerably in terms of scope, complexity, duration and resources required.

The number of employees in the Office of the Correctional Investigator

 

Full-Time Equivalents

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

Type of Employees

 

 

 

 

 

Correctional Investigator

1

1

1

1

1

Senior Management and Legal Counsel/Advisor

5

5

5

5

5

Investigative Services

13

16

20

20

21

Administrative Services

4

2

2

4

5

Total

23

24

28

30

32

Source: Office of the Correctional Investigator.

Health care is the most common area of offender complaint received by the Office of the Correctional Investigator

Health care is the most common area of offender complaint received by the Office of the Correctional Investigator
Enlarge image

Note:

*The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) may commence an investigation on receipt of a complaint by or on behalf of an offender or on its own initiative. Complaints are made by telephone, letter and during interviews with the OCI's investigative staff at federal correctional facilities. The dispositions in response to complaints involve a combination of internal responses (where the information or assistance sought by the offender can generally be provided by the OCI's investigative staff) and investigations (where, further to a review/analysis of law, policies and documentation, OCI investigative staff make an inquiry or several interventions with Correctional Service Canada and submit recommendations to address the complaint). Investigations vary considerably in terms of scope, complexity, duration and resources required.

Health care is the most common area of offender complaint received by the Office of the Correctional Investigator

Category of Complaint

Number of Complaints*

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

 

#

#

#

#

#

Health Care (including Dental)

849

851

821

797

730

Conditions of Confinement

350

373

-- **

469

483

Administrative Segregation

406

423

390

346

428

Institutional Transfers

555

447

393

369

408

Cell Property

520

416

388

407

386

Staff Performance

316

357

370

347

310

Grievance Procedures

264

209

236

284

255

Visits (includes Private Family Visits)

315

311

277

205

253

Decisions (General) - Implementation

-- ***

-- ***

-- ***

129

227

File Information

297

253

152

202

166

Telephone

189

195

165

168

141

Correspondence

-- ***

-- ***

-- ***

115

127

Programs/Services

180

186

163

188

122
Harassment       88 119
Financial Matters       78 108

Security Classification

172

138

102

135

92

Safety/Security of Offender

176

165

137

90

87

Mental Health

-- ***

-- ***

-- ***

112

54

Other****

852

978

1,357

1,087

1,061

Outside OCI's Terms of Reference

203

216

174

187

232

Total

6,023

5,775

5,282

5,914

5,789

Source: Office of the Correctional Investigator.

Note:

*The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) may commence an investigation on receipt of a complaint by or on behalf of an offender or on its own initiative. Complaints are made by telephone, letter and during interviews with the OCI's investigative staff at federal correctional facilities. The dispositions in response to complaints involve a combination of internal responses (where the information or assistance sought by the offender can generally be provided by the OCI's investigative staff) and investigations (where, further to a review/analysis of law, policies and documentation, OCI investigative staff make an inquiry or several interventions with Correctional Service Canada and submit recommendations to address the complaint). Investigations vary considerably in terms of scope, complexity, duration and resources required.

OCI has updated the categories of complaints to better reflect their corporate priorities and the changing nature of the complaints that they received in the 2010-11 fiscal year. As a result, some categories reported in previous years have been changed or removed.

The number of individual complaints processed by the OCI has decreased in recent years because the OCI has reallocated resources to sharpen its focus on systemic issues and death in custody investigations.

Section C: Offender Population

Federal offenders under the jurisdiction of the Correctional Service of Canada

Federal offenders under the jurisdiction of the Correctional Service of Canada
Enlarge image

Definitions:

Total Offender Population includes male and female federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions and those on temporary absence), offenders who are temporarily detained, actively supervised and those that have been deported.

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions.

Community Supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

Actively Supervised includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole or statutory release, as well as those who are in the community on long term supervision orders.

Temporarily Detained includes offenders who are physically held in a provincial detention centre or a federal institution after being suspended for a breach of a parole condition or to prevent a breach of parole conditions.

Deported includes offenders for whom a deportation order has been enforced by Citizenship and Immigration Canada.

In addition to that total offender population, there are excluded groups such as:

On Bail includes offenders on a judicial interim release; they have appealed their conviction or sentence and have been released to await the results of a new trial.

Escaped includes offenders who have absconded from either a correctional facility or while on a temporary absence and whose whereabouts are unknown.

Unlawfully at Large includes offenders who have been released to the community on day parole, full parole, statutory release or a long term supervision order for whom a warrant for suspension has been issued, but has not yet been executed.

Note:

*The definition of “Offender Population” changed in the 2010 edition of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview (CCRSO). As such, comparisons to editions of the CCRSO prior to December 2010 should be done with caution.

Federal offenders under the jurisdiction of the Correctional Service of Canada

Status

Federal Offenders

 

#

 

 

%

 

 

Incarcerated

14,419

 

 

62.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Community Supervision

8,737

 

 

37.7

 

 

Actively Supervised

 

7,372

 

 

31.8

 

Day Parole

 

 

1,154

 

 

5.0

Full Parole

 

 

3,313

 

 

14.3

Statutory Release

 

 

2,600

 

 

11.2

Long Term Supervision Order

 

 

305

 

 

1.3

Temporarily Detained, while on:

 

990

 

 

4.3

 

Day Parole

 

 

106

 

 

0.5

Full Parole

 

 

81

 

 

0.3

Statutory Release

 

 

777

 

 

3.4

Long Term Supervision Order

 

 

26

 

 

0.1

Deported

 

375

 

 

1.6

 

Total

23,156*

 

 

100.0

 

 

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*In addition to this total offender population, 117 offenders were on bail, 120 offenders had escaped, and 441 offenders were unlawfully at large.

It is possible for an offender under federal jurisdiction to serve his or her sentence in a provincial institution. The data presented include these offenders as they are still under federal jurisdiction.

The definition of “Offender Population” changed in the 2010 edition of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview (CCRSO). As such, comparisons to editions of the CCRSO prior to December 2010 should be done with caution.

The number of incarcerated federal offenders increased in 2011-12

The number of incarcerated federal offenders increased in 2011-12
Enlarge image

Note:

*The data reflect the number of offenders incarcerated at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The term “Incarcerated Federal Offenders” includes male and female offenders and refers to those offenders who are currently serving a sentence of two years or more in a federal or provincial correctional facility. These numbers include those offenders who are in the community on some form of temporary absence at the time of the count. These numbers do not include those offenders who have had their supervision period suspended and are temporarily detained.

**Source: Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada

The number of incarcerated federal offenders increased in 2011-12

Year

Incarcerated Offenders

Federal1

Provincial/Territorial2

Total

Sentenced

Remand

Other/Temporary Detention

Total

2002-03

12,652

10,555 8,703 337 19,595 32,247

2003-04

12,413

9,801 9,149 328 19,278 31,691

2004-05

12,624

9,778 9,619 330 19,727 32,351

2005-06

12,671

9,560 10,875 290 20,725 33,396

2006-07

13,171

9,978 12,128 297 22,403 35,574

2007-08

13,581

9,750 12,931 332 23,013 36,594

2008-09

13,286

9,887 13,502 328 23,717 37,003

2009-10

13,531

10,002 13,691 319 24,012 37,543
2010-11

14,221

10,873 13,033 433 24,339 38,560

2011-12

14,419

--

--

--

--

--

Source: 1Correctional Service Canada.; 2Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada

Note:

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders who are currently serving a sentence of two years or more in a federal or provincial correctional facility. These numbers include those offenders who are in the community on some form of temporary absence at the time of the count. These numbers do not include those offenders who have had their supervision period suspended and are temporarily detained.

The figures for federal offenders reflect yearly snapshots as of the last day of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The figures for provincial and territorial offenders reflect annual average counts. Provincial and territorial data exclude Prince Edward Island and Nunavut.

-- Data not available.

The number of admissions to federal jurisdiction has fluctuated

The number of admissions to federal jurisdiction has fluctuated
Enlarge image

Note:

*“Other” includes transfers from other jurisdictions (exchange of services), terminations, transfers from foreign countries, and admissions where a release is interrupted as a consequence of a new conviction.

These numbers refer to the federal jurisdiction admissions during each fiscal year and may be greater than the actual number of offenders admitted, since an individual offender may be admitted more than once in a given year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The number of admissions to federal jurisdiction has fluctuated

 

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Warrant of Committal

                   

1st Federal Sentence

274

3,345

280

3,268

280

3,560

294

3,709

302

3,501

All Others

35 1,346 35 1,244 31 1,348 39 1,390 44 1,268

Subtotal

309 4,691 315 4,512 311 4,908 333 5,099 346 4,769

Total

5,000 4,827 5,219 5,432 5,115

 

                   

Revocations

147 3,237 167 3,098 179 2,864 152 2,635 134 2,540

Total

3,384 3,265 3,043 2,787 2,674

 

                   

Other*

11 156 20 151 5 96 8 125 17 113

Total

167 171 101 133 130

 

                   

 

467 8,084 502 7,761 495 7,868 493 7,859 497 7,422

Total Admissions

8,551 8,263 8,363 8,352 7,919

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*“Other” includes transfers from other jurisdictions (exchange of services), terminations, transfers from foreign countries, and admissions where a release is interrupted as a consequence of a new conviction.

These numbers refer to the federal jurisdiction admissions during each fiscal year and may be greater than the actual number of offenders admitted, since an individual offender may be admitted more than once in a given year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The number of women admitted from the courts to federal jurisdiction has increased over the past decade

The number of women admitted from the courts to federal jurisdiction has increased over the past ddecade
Enlarge image

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

The number of women admitted from the courts to federal jurisdiction has increased over the past decade

Year

Warrant of Committal Admissions

Total

 

Women

 

Men

 

#

%

#

%

 

2002-03

204

4.8

4,070

95.2

4,274

2003-04

237

5.6

3,990

94.4

4,227

2004-05

236

5.2

4,315

94.8

4,551

2005-06

274

5.7

4,508

94.3

4,782

2006-07

318

6.2

4,789

93.8

5,107

2007-08

309

6.2

4,691

93.8

5,000

2008-09

315

6.5

4,512

93.5

4,827

2009-10

311

6.0

4,908

94.0

5,219

2010-11

333

6.1

5,099

93.9

5,432

2011-12

346

6.8

4,769

93.2

5,115

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Almost half of offenders under federal jurisdiction are serving a sentence of 5 years or longer

Almost half of offenders under federal jurisdiction are serving a sentence of 5 years or longer
Enlarge image

Note:

Total Offender Population includes male and female federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions and those on temporary absence), offenders who are temporarily detained, actively supervised, and those that have been deported.

Offenders serving a sentence less than 2 years includes offenders transferred from foreign countries or offenders under a long term supervision order who received a new sentence of less than 2 years.

Almost half of offenders under federal jurisdiction are serving a sentence of 5 years or longer

Sentence Length

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

< than 2 years

79

0.4

95

0.4

102

0.5

92

0.4

97

0.4

2 years to < 3 years 5,963 27.1 5,796 26.3 5,723 25.7 5,945 26.0 5,836 25.2
3 years to < 4 years 3,155 14.3 3,238 14.7 3,372 15.2 3,562 15.6 3,669 15.8
4 years to < 5 years 2,079 9.4 2,110 9.6 2,165 9.7 2,230 9.8 2,319 10.0
5 years to < 6 years 1,452 6.6 1,476 6.7 1,517 6.8 1,543 6.7 1,616 7.0
6 years to < 7 years 917 4.2 945 4.3 965 4.3 1,011 4.4 1,018 4.4
7 years to < 10 years 1,523 6.9 1,530 7.0 1,557 7.0 1,612 7.1 1,686 7.3
10 years to < 15 years 1,132 5.1 1,072 4.9 1,044 4.7 1,025 4.5 1,008 4.4
15 years and more 879 4.0 824 3.7 742 3.3 701 3.1 647 2.8
Indeterminate 4,836 22.0 4,916 22.3 5,053 22.7 5,142 22.5 5,260 22.7
Total 22,002 100 20,330 100 22,240 100 22,863 100 23,156 100

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

Total Offender Population includes male and female federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions and those on temporary absence), offenders who are temporarily detained, actively supervised, and those that have been deported.

Offenders serving a sentence less than 2 years includes offenders transferred from foreign countries or offenders under a long term supervision order who received a new sentence of less than 2 years.

Offender age at admission to federal jurisdiction is increasing

Offender age at admission to federal jurisdiction is increasing
Enlarge image

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

Offender age at admission to federal jurisdiction is increasing

Age at Admission

2002-03

2011-12

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Under 18

0

0.0

1

0.0

1

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

18 and 19

5

2.5

210

5.2

215

5.0

11

3.2

147

3.1

158

3.1

20 to 24

39

19.1

801

19.7

840

19.7

57

16.5

889

18.6

946

18.5

25 to 29

31 15.2 652 16.0 683 16.0 75 21.7 893 18.7 968 18.9

30 to 34

42 20.6 660 16.2 702 16.4 50 14.5 732 15.3 782 15.3

35 to 39

38 18.6 637 15.7 675 15.8 48 13.9 577 12.1 625 12.2

40 to 44

24 11.8 490 12.0 514 12.0 34 9.8 514 10.8 548 10.7

45 to 49

15 7.4 274 6.7 289 6.8 29 8.4 415 8.7 444 8.7

50 to 59

8 3.9 246 6.0 254 5.9 34 9.8 418 8.8 452 8.8

60 to 69

1 0.5 83 2.0 84 2.0 7 2.0 142 3.0 149 2.9

70 and over

1 0.5 16 0.4 17 0.4 1 0.3 42 0.9 43 0.8

Total

204

 

4,070

 

4,274

 

346

 

4,769

 

5,115

 

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The average age at admission is lower for Aboriginal offenders than for non-Aboriginal offenders

The average age at admission is lower for Aboriginal offenders than for non-Aboriginal offenders
Enlarge image

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The average age at admission is lower for Aboriginal offenders than for non-Aboriginal offenders

Age at Admission

2002-03

2011-12

Aboriginal

Non- Aboriginal

Total

Aboriginal

Non- Aboriginal

Total

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Under 18

0

0.0

1

0.0

1

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

18 and 19

54

6.7

161

4.6

215

5.0

53

5.2

105

2.6

158

3.1

20 to 24

208 25.8 632 18.2 840 19.7 218 21.2 728 17.8 946 18.5

25 to 29

146 18.1 537 15.5 683 16.0 224 21.8 744 18.2 968 18.9

30 to 34

140 17.4 562 16.2 702 16.4 168 16.4 614 15.0 782 15.3

35 to 39

112 13.9 563 16.2 675 15.8 107 10.4 518 12.7 625 12.2

40 to 44

83 10.3 431 12.4 514 12.0 119 11.6 429 10.5 548 10.7

45 to 49

29 3.6 260 7.5 289 6.8 75 7.3 369 369 444 8.7

50 to 59

24 3.0 230 6.6 254 5.9 49 4.8 403 9.9 452 8.8

60 to 69

8 1.0 76 2.2 84 2.0 10 1.0 139 3.4 149 2.9

70 and over

1 0.1 16 0.5 17 0.4 4 0.4 39 1.0 43 0.8

Total

805   3,469   4,274   1,027   4,088   5,115  

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

21% of the federal incarcerated offender population is aged 50 or over

21% of the federal incarcerated offender population is aged 50 or over
Enlarge image

Note:

*2012 Postcensal Estimates, Demography Division, Statistics Canada.

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, as well as those on temporary absences.

Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The data presented is a snapshot of the offender population as of April 15, 2012.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

21% of the federal incarcerated offender population is aged 50 or over

Age

Incarcerated

Community

Total

% of Canadian Adult Population*

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

%

Under 18

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

19.8

18 and 19

119 0.8 7 0.1 126 0.5 2.6

20 to 24

1,681 11.7 623 7.1 2,304 9.9 7.0

25 to 29

2,331 16.2 1,128 12.9 3,459 14.9 7.0

30 to 34

2,140 14.8 1,073 12.3 3,213 13.9 6.9

35 to 39

1,820 12.6 1,000 11.4 2,820 12.2 6.6

40 to 44

1,757 12.2 1,025 11.7 2,782 12.0 6.8

45 to 49

1,602 11.1 1,036 11.9 2,638 11.4 7.7

50 to 54

1,252 8.7 900 10.3 2,152 9.3 7.7

55 to 59

764 5.3 686 7.9 1,450 6.3 7.0

60 to 64

478 3.3 497 5.7 975 4.2 5.9

65 to 69

274 1.9 364 4.2 638 2.8 4.7

70 and over

201 1.4 398 4.6 599 2.6 10.2

Total

14,419

100.0

8,737

100.0

23,156

100.0

100.0

Source: Correctional Service Canada; Statistics Canada.

Note:

*2012 Postcensal Estimates, Demography Division, Statistics Canada.

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, as well as those on temporary absences.

Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The data presented is a snapshot of the offender population as of April 15, 2012.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

62% of federal offenders are Caucasian

62% of federal offenders are Caucasian
Enlarge image

Note:

These data are self-identified by offenders while they are incarcerated, and the categories are not comprehensive; therefore, the reader should interpret these data with caution.

“Aboriginal” includes offenders who are Inuit, Innu, Métis and North American Indian.

“Asian” includes offenders who are Arab, Asiatic, Chinese, East Indian, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, South East Asian and South Asian.

“Hispanic” includes offenders who are Hispanic and Latin American.

The data reflects the total offender population, which includes male and female federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, and those on temporary absence) and offenders who are on community supervision. Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

62% of federal offenders are Caucasian

 

Offender Population

 

 

2006-07

 

2011-12

 

#

%

#

%

Aboriginal

3,810

16.9

4,465

19.3

Inuit

147 0.7 211 0.9

Métis

1,090 4.8 1,166 5.0

North American Indian

2,573 11.4 3,088 13.3

Asian

971

4.3

1,258

5.4

Arab/West Asian

152 0.7 298 1.3

Asiatic

151 0.7 65 0.3

Chinese

118 0.5 161 0.7

East Indian

35 0.2 21 0.1

Filipino

40 0.2 66 0.3

Japanese

6 0.0 6 0.0

Korean

18 0.1 21 0.1

South East Asian

309 1.4 393 1.7

South Asian

142 0.6 227 1.0

Black

1,478

6.6

1,998

8.6

Caucasian

15,440

68.7

14,433

62.3

Hispanic

145

0.6

219

0.9

Hispanic

20 0.1 12 0.1

Latin American

125 0.6 207 0.9

Other/Unknown

648

2.9

783

3.4

Total

22,482

100.0

23,156

100.0

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

These data are self-identified by offenders while they are incarcerated, and the categories are not comprehensive; therefore, the reader should interpret these data with caution.

“Aboriginal” includes offenders who are Inuit, Innu, Métis and North American Indian.

“Asian” includes offenders who are Arab, Asiatic, Chinese, East Indian, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, South East Asian and South Asian.

“Hispanic” includes offenders who are Hispanic and Latin American.

The data reflects the total offender population, which includes male and female federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, and those on temporary absence) and offenders who are on community supervision. Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The religious identification of the offender population is diverse

The religious identification of the offender population is diverse
Enlarge image

Note:

Religious identification is self-declared by offenders while they are incarcerated, and the categories are not comprehensive; therefore, the reader should interpret these data with caution.

“Catholic” includes offenders who are Catholic, Roman-Catholic, Greek-Catholic, Native-Catholic and Ukrainian-Catholic.

“Orthodox” includes offenders who are Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox and Ukrainian Orthodox.

“Protestant” includes offenders who are Anglican, Baptist, Christian Missionary, Christian Reform, Church of Science, Hutterite, Lutheran, Mennonite, Moravian, Native Spirit, Nazarene Christ, Pentecostal, Philadelphia Church of God, Presbyterian, Protestant, Salvation Army, Seventh Day Adventist, United Church, Christ Methodist, Christ Wesleyan and Worldwide Church.

“Other” includes other declared identifications such as Agnostic, Atheist, Baha'i, Christian Science, Hindu, Independent Spirit, Jehovah's Witness, Mormon, Rastafarian, Scientology, Siddha Yoga, Taoism, Unitarian, Pagan, Sufiism, Wicca, Zoroastrian, Krisha and Asatruar Pagan.

The data reflect the total offender population, which includes federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, and those on temporary absence) and federal offenders who are on community supervision. Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The religious identification of the offender population is diverse

 

Offender Population

 

 

2006-07

 

2011-12

 

#

%

#

%

Catholic

9,237

41.1

8,412

36.3

Protestant

4,580 20.4 4,070 17.6

Muslim

857 3.8 1,091 4.7

Native Spirituality

844 3.8 998 4.3

Buddhist

381 1.7 493 2.1

Jewish

172 0.8 188 0.8

Orthodox

115 0.5 104 0.4

Sikh

123 0.5 175 0.8

Other

1,437 6.4 1,976 8.5

None

3,551 15.8 3,770 16.3

Unknown

1,185 5.3 1,879 8.1

Total

22,482 100.0 23,156 100.0

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

Religious identification is self-declared by offenders while they are incarcerated, and the categories are not comprehensive; therefore, the reader should interpret these data with caution.

“Catholic” includes offenders who are Catholic, Roman-Catholic, Greek-Catholic, Native-Catholic and Ukrainian-Catholic.

“Orthodox” includes offenders who are Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox and Ukrainian Orthodox.

“Protestant” includes offenders who are Anglican, Baptist, Christian Missionary, Christian Reform, Church of Science, Hutterite, Lutheran, Mennonite, Moravian, Native Spirit, Nazarene Christ, Pentecostal, Philadelphia Church of God, Presbyterian, Protestant, Salvation Army, Seventh Day Adventist, United Church, Christ Methodist, Christ Wesleyan and Worldwide Church.

“Other” includes other declared identifications such as Agnostic, Atheist, Baha'i, Christian Science, Hindu, Independent Spirit, Jehovah's Witness, Mormon, Rastafarian, Scientology, Siddha Yoga, Taoism, Unitarian, Pagan, Sufiism, Wicca, Zoroastrian, Krisha and Asatruar Pagan.

The data reflect the total offender population, which includes federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, and those on temporary absence) and federal offenders who are on community supervision. Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100 percent.

The proportion of Aboriginal offenders incarcerated is higher than for non-Aboriginal offenders

The proportion of Aboriginal offenders incarcerated is higher than for non-Aboriginal offenders
Enlarge image

Note:

*2006 Census, Statistics Canada.

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, as well as those on temporary absence. The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The proportion of Aboriginal offenders incarcerated is higher than for non-Aboriginal offenders

 

 

Incarcerated

Community

Total

 

 

#

%

#

%

 

Men

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008-09

Aboriginal

2,460

69.9

1,058

30.1

3,518

 

Non-Aboriginal

10,326

59.3

7,083

40.7

17,409

 

Total

12,786

61.1

8,141

38.9

20,927

2009-10

Aboriginal

2,629

70.6

1,097

29.4

3,726

 

Non-Aboriginal

10,399

59.6

7,048

40.4

17,447

 

Total

13,028

61.5

8,145

38.5

21,173

2010-11

Aboriginal

2,875

72.8

1,072

27.2

3,947

 

Non-Aboriginal

10,776

60.5

7,041

39.5

17,817

 

Total

13,651

62.7

8,113

37.3

21,764

2011-12

Aboriginal

2,966

71.5

1,184

28.5

4,150

 

Non-Aboriginal

10,850

60.7

7,017

39.3

17,867

 

Total

13,816

62.8

8,201

37.2

22,017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Women

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008-09

Aboriginal

157

58.1

113

41.9

270

 

Non-Aboriginal

343

42.6

462

57.4

805

 

Total

500

46.5

575

53.5

1,075

2009-10

Aboriginal

164

62.4

99

37.6

263

 

Non-Aboriginal

339

42.2

465

57.8

804

 

Total

503

47.1

564

52.9

1,067

2010-11

Aboriginal

182

63.0

107

37.0

289

 

Non-Aboriginal

388

47.9

422

52.1

810

 

Total

570

51.9

529

48.1

1,099

2011-12

Aboriginal

205

65.1 110 34.9 315

 

Non-Aboriginal

398

48.3 426 51.7 824

 

Total

603

52.9 536 47.1 1,139

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, as well as those on temporary absence.

Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The data reflect the number of offenders active at the end of each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The majority of incarcerated federal offenders are classified as medium security risk

The majority of incarcerated federal offenders are classified as medium security risk
Enlarge image

Note:

The data represent the offender security level decision, as of April 15, 2012.

Incarcerated offenders include male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, as well as those on temporary absence.

The majority of incarcerated federal offenders are classified as medium security risk

Security Risk Level

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

Total

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

Minimum

479 16.1 2,444 23.7 2,923 22.0

Medium

1,950 65.5 6,335 61.4 8,285 62.3

Maximum

546 18.4 1,545 15.0 2,091 15.7

Total

2,975

100.0

10,324

100.0

13,299

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Not Yet Determined*

196

 

924

 

1,120

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

3,171

 

11,248

 

14,419

 

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

The data represent the offender security level decision, as of April 15, 2012.

*The “Not Yet Determined” category includes offenders who have not yet been classified.

Incarcerated offenders include male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, as well as those on temporary absence.

Admissions with a life or indeterminate sentence were stable in 2011-12

Admissions with a life or indeterminate sentence were stable in 2011-12
Enlarge image

Note:

*Although life sentences and indeterminate sentences both may result in imprisonment for life, they are different. A life sentence is a sentence of life imprisonment, imposed by a judge at the time of sentence, for example, for murder. An indeterminate sentence is a result of a designation, where an application is made to the court to declare an offender a Dangerous Offender, and the consequence of this designation is imprisonment for an indeterminate period.

A warrant of committal is a new admission to federal jurisdiction from the courts.

Admissions with a life or indeterminate sentence were stablein 2011-12

Year

Aboriginal Offenders

Non-Aboriginal Offenders

Total

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

2002-03

1

35

36

3

110

113

4

145

149

2003-04

0

22

22

2

117

119

2

139

141

2004-05

1

26

27

5

117

122

6

143

149

2005-06

4

40

44

9

123

132

13

163

176

2006-07

5

33

38

9

121

130

14

154

168

2007-08

4

31

35

4

136

140

8

167

175

2008-09

4

33

37

2

131

133

6

164

170

2009-10

6

41

47

7

140

147

13

181

194

2010-11

3

28

31

6

134

140

9

162

171

2011-12

5

34

39

10

122

132

15

156

171

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

This table combines offenders serving life sentences and offenders serving indeterminate sentences.

Although life sentences and indeterminate sentences both may result in imprisonment for life, they are different. A life sentence is a sentence of life imprisonment, imposed by a judge at the time of sentence, for example, for murder. An indeterminate sentence is a result of a designation, where an application is made to the court to declare an offender a Dangerous Offender, and the consequence of this designation is imprisonment for an indeterminate period.

Offenders with life or indeterminate sentences represent 23% of the total offender population

Offenders with life or indeterminate sentences represent 23% of the total offender population
Enlarge image

Note:

*Although life sentences and indeterminate sentences may both result in imprisonment for life, they are different. A life sentence is a sentence of life imprisonment, imposed by a judge at the time of sentence, for example, for murder. An indeterminate sentence is a result of a designation, where an application is made to the court to declare an offender a Dangerous Offender, and the consequence of this designation is imprisonment for an indeterminate period. The Dangerous Sexual Offender and Habitual Offender designations were replaced with Dangerous Offender Legislation in 1977.

Offenders with life or indeterminate sentences represent 23% of the total offender population

 

Offenders under
CSC Jurisdiction

Current Status

Custody

Community

Incarcerated

Day Parole

Full Parole

Other***

 

#

%

 

 

 

 

Offenders with a life sentence for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Degree Murder

1,084 4.7 877 35 172 0

2nd Degree Murder

3,431 14.8 1,891 213 1,327 0

Other Offences*

220 1.0 112 14 94 0

Total

4,735

20.4

2,880

262

1,593

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Offenders with indeterminate sentences resulting from the special designation of:

Dangerous Offender

465 2.0 447 5 13 0

Dangerous Sexual Offender

30 0.1 12 1 17 0

Habitual Offenders

3 0.0 0 1 2 0

Total

498

2.2

459

7

32

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Offenders serving an indeterminate sentence (due to a special designation) and a life sentence (due to an offence):

 

21 0.1 19 0 2 0

Total offenders with Life and/or Indeterminate sentence

5,254

22.7

3,358

269

1,627

0

Offenders Serving Determinate sentences**

17,902 77.3 11,061 1,003 2,037 3,801

Total

23,156

100.0

14,419

1,272

3,664

3,801

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*“Other offences” include Schedule 1, Schedule 2 and Non-Schedule types of offences.

**This includes two offenders designated as Dangerous Offenders who are serving determinate sentences.

***“Other” in the Community includes federal offenders on statutory release or on a long term supervision order.

Among the 21 offenders serving an indeterminate sentence (due to a special designation) and a life sentence (due to an offence), there is one Dangerous Sexual Offender and one Habitual Offender.

67% of federal offenders are serving a sentence for a violent offence*

67% of federal offenders are serving a sentence for a violent offence*
Enlarge image

Note:

*Violent offences include Murder I, Murder II and Schedule I offences.

Schedule I is comprised of sexual offences and other violent crimes excluding first and second degree murder (see the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

Schedule II is comprised of serious drug offences or conspiracy to commit serious drug offences (see the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

In cases where the offender is serving a sentence for more than one offence, the data reflect the most serious offence.

67% of federal offenders are serving a sentence for a violent offence*

Offence Category

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

Total

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

Women

Men

Total

Murder I

8 168 176 35 892 927 43 1,060 1,103

Percent

2.5 4.0 3.9 4.2 5.0 5.0 3.8 4.8 4.8

 

                 

Murder II

44 586 630 108 2,708 2,816 152 3,294 3,446

Percent

14.0 14.1 14.1 13.1 15.2 15.1 13.3 15.0 14.9

 

                 

Schedule I

179 2,478 2,657 249 8,090 8,339 428 10,568 10,996

Percent

56.8 59.7 59.5 30.2 45.3 44.6 37.6 48.0 47.5

 

                 

Schedule II

43 294 337 261 3,156 3,417 304 3,450 3,754

Percent

13.7 7.1 7.5 31.7 17.7 18.3 26.7 15.7 16.2

 

                 

Non-Schedule

41 624 665 171 3,021 3,192 212 3,645 3,857

Percent

13.0 15.0 14.9 20.8 16.9 17.1 18.6 16.6 16.7

 

315

4,150

 

824

17,867

 

1,139

22,017

 

Total

4,465

 

18,691

 

23,156

 

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*Violent offences include Murder I, Murder II and Schedule I offences.

Schedule I is comprised of sexual offences and other violent crimes excluding first and second degree murder (see the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

Schedule II is comprised of serious drug offences or conspiracy to commit serious drug offences (see the Corrections and Conditional Release Act).

In cases where the offender is serving a sentence for more than one offence, the data reflect the most serious offence.

The data reflect the total offender population, which includes male and female federal offenders who are incarcerated (serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, and those on temporary absence) and federal offenders who are on community supervision. Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

These figures are based on the offender population as of April 15, 2012.

The number of Aboriginal offenders under federal jurisdiction has increased

The number of Aboriginal offenders under federal jurisdiction has increased
Enlarge image

Note:

*Incarcerated includes male and female federal offenders serving their sentences in federal or provincial institutions, as well as those on temporary absence.

**Community supervision includes federal offenders on day parole, full parole, statutory release, or in the community supervised on a long term supervision order, as well as those who are temporarily detained or paroled for deportation.

The number of Aboriginal offenders under federal jurisdiction has increased

Aboriginal Offenders

 

Fiscal Year

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

Incarcerated

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atlantic Region

Men

120

118

111

109

125

 

Women

4

5

9

9

17

Quebec Region

Men

226

250

273

323

361

 

Women

14

10

12

10

11

Ontario Region

Men

351

373

398

417

460

 

Women

25

25

24

40

36

Prairie Region

Men

1,357

1,292

1,418

1,577

1,542

 

Women

99

89

100

94

111

Pacific Region

Men

439

427

429

449

478

 

Women

22

28

19

29

30

National Total

Men

2,493

2,460

2,629

2,875

2,966

 

Women

164

157

164

182

205

 

Total

2,657

2,617

2,793

3,057

3,171

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Community

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atlantic Region

Men

37

45

50

48

39

 

Women

10

6

6

9

8

Quebec Region

Men

81

83

103

105

140

 

Women

1

2

1

6

4

Ontario Region

Men

152

142

165

170

167

 

Women

21

21

18

21

25

Prairie Region

Men

543

574

534

526

595

 

Women

62

64

54

56

55

Pacific Region

Men

218

214

245

223

243

 

Women

21

20

20

15

18

National Total

Men

1,031

1,058

1,097

1,072

1,184

 

Women

115

113

99

107

110

 

Total

1,146

1,171

1,196

1,179

1,294

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Incarcerated & Community

3,803

3,788

3,989

4,236

4,465

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

Regional statistics for the Correctional Service of Canada account for data relating to the northern territories in the following manner: data for Nunavut are reported in the Ontario Region, data for the Northwest Territories are reported in the Prairies region, and data for the Yukon Territories are reported in the Pacific Region.

The total number of admissions to administrative segregation has fluctuated

The total number of admissions to administrative segregation has fluctuated
Enlarge image

Note:

These reports count admissions, not offenders. Offenders admitted multiple times to segregation are counted once for each admission. Offenders segregated under paragraph (f), subsection 44(1) of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (Disciplinary Segregation) are not included.

Administrative segregation is the involuntary or voluntary separation, when specific legal requirements are met, of an inmate from the general population, other than pursuant to a disciplinary decision.

Voluntary administrative segregation is when the inmate requests placement in administrative segregation, and the Institutional Head believes, on reasonable grounds, that the continued presence of the inmate in the general population would jeopardize the inmate's own safety and that there is no reasonable alternative to placement in administrative segregation.

Involuntary administrative segregation is when the placement meets the requirements of subsection 31(3) of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and the placement in administrative segregation is not voluntary.

The total number of admissions to administrative segregation has fluctuated

Year and Type of Administrative Segregation

By Gender

By Race

Women

Men

Total

Aboriginal

Non- Aboriginal

Total

2007-08

 

 

 

 

 

 

Involuntary

326

5,070

5,396

1,255

4,141

5,396

Voluntary

42

1,794

1,836

419

1,417

1,836

Total

368

6,864

7,232

1,674

5,558

7,232

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008-09

 

 

 

 

 

 

Involuntary

388

5,752

6,140

1,461

4,679

6,140

Voluntary

33

1,446

1,479

399

1,080

1,479

Total

421

7,198

7,619

1,860

5,759

7,619

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2009-10

 

 

 

 

 

 

Involuntary

332

5,886

6,218

1,556

4,662

6,218

Voluntary

18

1,272

1,290

370

920

1,290

Total

350

7,158

7,508

1,926

5,582

7,508

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2010-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

Involuntary

384

6,293

6,677

1,763

4,914

6,677

Voluntary

11

1,403

1,414

436

978

1,414

Total

395

7,696

8,091

2,199

5,892

8,091

             

2011-12

 

 

 

 

 

 

Involuntary

393

6,549

6,942

1,755

5,187

6,942

Voluntary

24

1,358

1,382

427

955

1,382

Total

417

7,907

8,324

2,182

6,142

8,324

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

These reports count admissions, not offenders. Offenders admitted multiple times to segregation are counted once for each admission. Offenders segregated under paragraph (f), subsection 44(1) of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (Disciplinary Segregation) are not included.

Administrative segregation is the involuntary or voluntary separation, when specific legal requirements are met, of an inmate from the general population, other than pursuant to a disciplinary decision.

Voluntary administrative segregation is when the inmate requests placement in administrative segregation, and the Institutional Head believes, on reasonable grounds, that the continued presence of the inmate in the general population would jeopardize the inmate's own safety and that there is no reasonable alternative to placement in administrative segregation.

Involuntary administrative segregation is when the placement meets the requirements of subsection 31(3) of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and the placement in administrative segregation is not voluntary.

The number of offender deaths while in custody has fluctuated

The number of offender deaths while in custody has fluctuated
Enlarge image

Note:

*Other causes of death include: natural causes, accidental deaths, death as a result of a legal intervention, other causes of death and where cause of death was not stated.

**For the calculation of rates, the total actual in-count numbers between 2001-02 and 2010-11 was used as the denominator.

The data on cause of death are subject to change following an official review or investigation, and should be used/interpreted with caution. The data presented were provided by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics at Statistics Canada, and may not reflect the outcome of recent reviews or investigations on cause of death.

The number of offender deaths while in custody has fluctuated

Year

Type of Death

 

Homicide

 

Suicide

 

Other*

Total

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

Federal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2001-02

1

2.0

13

25.5

37

72.5

51

2002-03

2

4.1

12

24.5

35

71.4

49

2003-04

8

11.9

11

16.4

48

71.6

67

2004-05

3

6.1

9

18.4

37

75.5

49

2005-06

3

6.1

10

20.4

36

73.5

49

2006-07

3

4.9

10

16.4

48

78.7

61

2007-08

1

2.5

5

12.5

34

85.0

40

2008-09

2

3.1

9

13.8

54

83.1

65

2009-10

1

2.0

9 18.4 39 79.6 49

2010-11

5 10.0 4 8.0 41 82.0 50

Total

29

5.5

92

17.4

409

77.2

530

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provincial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2001-02

0

0.0

17

41.5

24

58.5

41

2002-03

2

7.1

14

50.0

12

42.9

28

2003-04

0

0.0

7

38.9

11

61.1

18

2004-05

0

0.0

12

25.0

36

75.0

48

2005-06

2

4.0

20

40.0

28

56.0

50

2006-07

0

0.0

8

23.5

26

76.5

34

2007-08

0

0.0

6

20.7

23

79.3

29

2008-09

1

3.0

7

21.2

25

75.8

33

2009-10

0 0.0 0 0.0 24 100.0 24

2010-11

0 0.0 1 4.3 22 95.7 23

Total

5

1.5

92

28.1

231

70.3

328

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Federal and Provincial Offender Deaths

34

4.0

184

21.5

640

74.6

858

Source: Adult Correctional Services Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada

Note:

*Other causes of death include: natural causes, accidental deaths, death as a result of a legal intervention, other causes of death and where cause of death was not stated.

Percent calculation include deaths where the cause was unknown. Between 1999-00 and 2010-11, there were 29 deaths in federal custody and 83 deaths in provincial custody where the cause was unknown.

The data on cause of death are subject to change following an official review or investigation, and should be used/interpreted with caution. The data presented were provided by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics at Statistics Canada, and may not reflect the outcome of recent reviews or investigations on cause of death.

The number of escapes has fluctuated

The number of escapes has fluctuated
Enlarge image

The number of escapes has fluctuated

Type of Escapes

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

Escapes from Multi-level Institutions

0

1

0

0

0

Number of Escapees

0

1

0

0

0

Escapes from Maximum Security Level Institutions

0

0

0

0

0

Number of Escapees

0

0

0

0

0

Escapes from Medium Security Level Institutions

0

0

1

0

0

Number of Escapees

0

0

1

0

0

Escapes from Minimum Security Level Institutions

29

21

28

14

15

Number of Escapees

33

23

30

17

16

Total Number of Escape Incidents

29

22

29

14

15

Total Number of Escapees

33

24

31

17

16

Source: Security, Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

The data represent the number of escape incidents from federal facilities during each fiscal year. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

An escape incident can involve more than one offender.

The supervised federal offender population in the community has remained stable since 2008-09

The supervised federal offender population in the community has remained stable since 2008-09
Enlarge image

Note:

*A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

**The data presented above do not include offenders temporarily detained following suspension of a conditional release, offenders who were on long term supervision orders (See Figure/Table E4), offenders paroled for deportation or offenders unlawfully at large.

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada whereby offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada .

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada whereby the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

Statutory release refers to a conditional release that is subject to supervision after the offender has served two-thirds of the sentence.

The supervised federal offender population in the community has remained stable since 2008-09

Year

Supervision Type of Federal Offenders

Day Parole

Full Parole

Statutory Release

Totals

% change*

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Both

Both

2002-03

71

969

267

3,469

54

2,132

392

6,570

6,962

-3.2

2003-04

67

986

259

3,412

42

2,120

368

6,518

6,886

-1.1

2004-05

90

872

249

3,296

69

1,999

408

6,167

6,575

-4.5

2005-06

75

1,002

285

3,231

64

1,998

424

6,231

6,655

1.2

2006-07

97

973

289

3,243

64

2,116

450

6,332

6,782

1.9

2007-08

102

957

292

3,251

89

2,100

483

6,308

6,791

0.1

2008-09

86

927

322

3,263

103

2,386

511

6,576

7,087

4.4

2009-10

100

988

313

3,271

82

2,347

495

6,606

7,101

0.2

2010-11

69

943

302

3,331

97

2,358

468

6,632

7,100

-0.1

2011-12

112 1,042 240 3,073 119 2,481 471 6,596 7,067 -0.5

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*Percent change is measured from the previous year.

These cases reflect the number of offenders on active supervision at fiscal year end. A fiscal year runs from April 1 to March 31 of the following year.

The data presented above do not include offenders temporarily detained following suspension of a conditional release, offenders who were on long term supervision orders (See Figure/Table E4), offenders paroled for deportation or offenders unlawfully at large.

Over the last six years, the provincial/territorial community corrections population has increased

Over the last six years, the provincial/territorial community corrections population has increased
Enlarge image

Note:

A conditional sentence is a disposition of the court where the offender serves a term of imprisonment in the community under specified conditions. This type of sentence can only be imposed in cases where the term of imprisonment would be less than two years. Conditional sentences have been a provincial and territorial sentencing option since September 1996.

To allow for comparisons, the numbers exclude information from Newfoundland & Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, as complete statistics for these jurisdictions were not available. As a result of these changes, the data presented in this year's report are not comparable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

Over the last six years, the provincial/territorial community corrections population has increased

Year

Average Monthly Offender
Counts on Probation

Average Monthly Offender
Counts on Conditional Sentence

Total

2001-02

96,961 11,709 108,669

2002-03

98,280 12,688 110,968

2003-04

94,162 13,050 107,212

2004-05

91,991 13,319 105,309

2005-06

91,663 13,401 105,064

2006-07

92,835 12,907 105,741

2007-08

94,709 12,605 107,314

2008-09

95,874 13,186 109,060

2009-10

99,427 13,363 112,790

2010-11

99,907 12,987 112,894

Source: Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

A conditional sentence is a disposition of the court where the offender serves a term of imprisonment in the community under specified conditions. This type of sentence can only be imposed in cases where the term of imprisonment would be less than two years. Conditional sentences have been a provincial and territorial sentencing option since September 1996.

To allow for comparisons, the numbers exclude information from Newfoundland & Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, as complete statistics for these jurisdictions were not available. As a result of these changes, the data presented in this year's report are not compa-rable to the data reported in previous versions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview.

The number of offenders on provincial parole has decreased over the past decade

The number of offenders on provincial parole has decreased over the past decade
Enlarge image

Note:

Provincial parole boards operate in Quebec and Ontario. On April 1, 2007, the Parole Board of Canada assumed responsibility for parole decisions relating to offenders serving sentences in British Columbia's provincial correctional facilities. The Parole Board of Canada has jurisdiction over granting parole to provincial offenders in the Atlantic and Prairie provinces, British Columbia, and to territorial offenders in the Yukon, Nunavut and Northwest Territories.

The number of offenders on provincial parole has decreased over the past decade

Year

Average Monthly Counts on Provincial Parole

Provincial Boards

Parole Board of Canada**

Total

Percent Change

Quebec

Ontario

British Columbia*

Total

2001-02

846

276

265

1,387

227

1,614

-8,2

2002-03

581

210

223

1,014

195

1,209

-25,1

2003-04

550

146

189

885

190

1,075

-11,1

2004-05

517

127

166

810

176

986

-8,3

2005-06

628

152

147

926

163

1,089

10.4

2006-07

593

142

120

855

136

991

-9.0

2007-08

581

205

n/a

785

237

1,022

3.1

2008-09

533

217

n/a

750

190

940

-8.0

2009-10

506

194

n/a

700

168

868

-7.7

2010-11

482

171

n/a

653

151

804

-7.4

Source: Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*On April 1, 2007, the Parole Board of Canada assumed responsibility for parole decisions relating to offenders serving sentences in British Columbia's provincial correctional facilities.

**The data represent the number of provincial offenders who are released from custody on the authority of the Parole Board of Canada and supervised by the Correctional Service of Canada.

Provincial parole boards operate in Quebec and Ontario. The Parole Board of Canada has jurisdiction over granting parole to provincial offenders in the Atlantic and Prairie provinces, British Columbia, and to territorial offenders in the Yukon, Nunavut and Northwest Territories.

Section D: Conditional Release

The federal day and full parole grant rates are increased in 2011-12

The federal day and full parole grant rates are increased in 2011-12
Enlarge image

Note:

The grant rate represents the percentage of pre-release reviews resulting in a grant by the Parole Board of Canada.

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada. Not all offenders apply for day parole, and some apply more than once before being granted day parole.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

The Parole Board of Canada must review the cases of all offenders for full parole at the time prescribed by legislation, unless the offender advises the Parole Board of Canada in writing that he/she does not wish to be considered for full parole.

Comparison of the grant rates for federal day parole and full parole should be done with caution. On March 28, 2011, Bill C-59 eliminated the accelerated parole review (APR) process, affecting first-time non-violent offenders serving sentences for schedule II and non-scheduled offences, and altering their parole assessment criteria. To better illustrate historical trends, APR decisions between 2002-03 to 2010-11 were excluded.

The federal day and full parole grant rates are increased in 2011-12

Type of Release

Year

Granted

Denied

Grant Rate (%)

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Total

Day Parole

2002-03

119 2,050 17 868 87.5 70.3 71.0

 

2003-04

113 2,117 18 770 86.3 73.3 73.9

 

2004-05

169 2,062 22 724 88.5 74.0 74.9

 

2005-06

128 2,111 25 719 83.7 74.6 75.1

 

2006-07

143 2,039 31 876 82.2 69.9 70.6

 

2007-08

162 2,001 22 776 88.0 72.1 73.0

 

2008-09

134 1,909 24 825 84.8 69.8 70.6

 

2009-10

150 1,960 40 967 78.9 67.0 67.7

 

2010-11 134 1,854 40 1,151 77.0 61.7 62.5

 

2011-12 248 2,489 64 1,445 79.5 63.3 64.5

Full Parole

2002-03

31 540 57 1,942 35.2 21.8 22.2

 

2003-04

50 551 48 1,864 51.0 22.8 23.9

 

2004-05

56 545 71 1,724 44.1 24.0 25.1

 

2005-06

38 533 67 1,924 36.2 21.7 22.3

 

2006-07

41 523 81 2,035 33.6 20.4 21.0

 

2007-08

40 489 70 1,990 36.4 19.7 20.4

 

2008-09

43 495 61 2,017 41.3 19.7 20.6

 

2009-10

32 459 88 2,078 26.7 18.1 18.5

 

2010-11

20 436 85 2,207 19.0 16.5 16.6

 

2011-12 76 643 125 2,307 37.8 21.8 22.8

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

The grant rate represents the percentage of pre-release reviews resulting in a grant by the Parole Board of Canada.

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada. Not all offenders apply for day parole, and some apply more than once before being granted day parole.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

The Parole Board of Canada must review the cases of all offenders for full parole at the time prescribed by legislation, unless the offender advises the Parole Board of Canada in writing that he/she does not wish to be considered for full parole.

Comparison of the grant rates for federal day parole and full parole should be done with caution. On March 28, 2011, Bill C-59 eliminated the accelerated parole review (APR) process, affecting first-time non-violent offenders serving sentences for schedule II and non-scheduled offences, and altering their parole assessment criteria. To better illustrate historical trends, APR decisions between 2002-03 to 2010-11 were excluded.

The federal full parole grant rate for Aboriginal offenders increased for the second consecutive year

The federal full parole grant rate for Aboriginal offenders increased for the second consecutive year
Enlarge image

Note:

The grant rate represents the percentage of pre-release reviews resulting in a grant by the Parole Board of Canada.

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada. Not all offenders apply for day parole, and some apply more than once before being granted day parole.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

The Parole Board of Canada must review the cases of all offenders for full parole at the time prescribed by legislation, unless the offender advises the Parole Board of Canada in writing that he/she does not wish to be considered for full parole.

Comparison of the grant rates for federal day and full parole should be done with caution. On March 28, 2011, Bill C-59 (Abolition of Early Parole Act) eliminated the accelerated parole review (APR) process, affecting first-time non-violent offenders serving sentences for schedule II and non-scheduled offences, who in 2011-12 were no longer eligible for an APR review. These offenders are now assessed on general reoffending as compared to the APR risk assessment, which considered the risk of committing a violent offence only. As a result, the grant rates in 2011-12 are not easily comparable to previous years as the assessment criteria were significantly different for a substantial proportion of the population.

To better illustrate historical trends, APR decisions between 2002-03 to 2010-11 have been excluded.

The federal full parole grant rate for Aboriginal offenders increased for the second consecutive year

Type of Release

Year

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

Total Number Granted/Denied

Number Granted

Number Denied

Grant Rate (%)

Number Granted

Number Denied

Grant Rate (%)

Day Parole

2002-03

415 116 78.2 1,754 769 69.5 3,054

 

2003-04

426 110 79.5 1,804 678 72.7 3,018

 

2004-05

430 97 81.6 1,801 649 73.5 2,977

 

2005-06

487 118 80.5 1,752 626 73.7 2,983

 

2006-07

437 166 72.5 1,745 741 70.2 3,089

 

2007-08

396 122 76.4 1,767 676 72.3 2,961

 

2008-09

380 148 72.0 1,663 701 70.3 2,892

 

2009-10

394 189 67.6 1,716 818 67.7 3,117

 

2010-11

360 267 57.4 1,628 924 63.8 3,179

 

2011-12 446 310 59.0 2,291 1,199 65.6 4,246

Full Parole

2002-03

92 334 21.6 479 1,665 22.3 2,570

 

2003-04

114 305 27.2 487 1,607 23.3 2,513

 

2004-05

113 296 27.6 488 1,499 24.6 2,396

 

2005-06

107 382 21.9 464 1,609 22.4 2,562

 

2006-07

74 383 16.2 490 1,733 22.0 2,680

 

2007-08

80 337 19.2 449 1,723 20.7 2,589

 

2008-09

74 369 16.7 464 1,709 21.4 2,616

 

2009-10

50 379 11.7 441 1,787 19.8 2,657

 

2010-11 71 446 13.7 385 1,846 17.3 2,748

 

2011-12 73 429 14.5 646 2,003 24.4 3,151

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

The grant rate represents the percentage of pre-release reviews resulting in a grant by the Parole Board of Canada.

Day parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada. Not all offenders apply for day parole, and some apply more than once before being granted day parole.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which the remainder of the sentence is served under supervision in the community.

The Parole Board of Canada must review the cases of all offenders for full parole at the time prescribed by legislation, unless the offender advises the Parole Board of Canada in writing that he/she does not wish to be considered for full parole.

Comparison of the grant rates for federal day and full parole should be done with caution. On March 28, 2011, Bill C-59 (Abolition of Early Parole Act) elimi-nated the accelerated parole review (APR) process, affecting first-time non-violent offenders serving sentences for schedule II and non-scheduled offences, who in 2011-12 were no longer eligible for an APR review. These offenders are now assessed on general reoffending as compared to the APR risk assess-ment, which considered the risk of committing a violent offence only. As a result, the grant rates in 2011-12 are not easily comparable to previous years as the assessment criteria were significantly different for a substantial proportion of the population.

To better illustrate historical trends, APR decisions between 2002-03 to 2010-11 have been excluded.

Federal parole hearings involving an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor decreased in 2011-12

Federal parole hearings involving an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor decreased in 2011-12
Enlarge image

Note:

The presence of an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor is an alternative approach to the traditional parole hearing, and was introduced by the Parole Board of Canada to ensure that conditional release hearings were sensitive to Aboriginal cultural values and traditions. This type of hearing is available to both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal offenders.

Federal parole hearings involving an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor decreased in 2011-12

Year

Hearings held with an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor

Aboriginal Offenders

Non-Aboriginal Offenders

All Offenders

Total Hearings

With Cultural Advisor

Total Hearings

With Cultural Advisor

Total Hearings

With Cultural Advisor

 

#

#

%

#

#

%

#

#

%

2002-03

1,201 477 39.7 4,993 51 1.0 6,194 528 8.5

2003-04

1,260 551 43.7 5,088 72 1.4 6,348 623 9.8

2004-05

1,340 617 46.0 5,040 95 1.9 6,380 712 11.2

2005-06

1,386 643 46.4 5,193 99 1.9 6,579 742 11.3

2006-07

1,342 600 44.7 5,294 85 1.6 6,636 685 10.3

2007-08

1,227 468 38.1 4,773 53 1.1 6,000 521 8.7

2008-09

1,184 423 35.7 4,436 55 1.2 5,620 478 8.5

2009-10

1,135 361 31.8 4,546 59 1.3 5,681 420 7.4

2010-11

1,176 434 36.9 4,412 55 1.2 5,588 489 8.8

2011-12

1,177 412 35.0 4,721 57 1.2 5,898 469 8.0

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

The presence of an Aboriginal Cultural Advisor is an alternative approach to the traditional parole hearing, and was introduced by the Parole Board of Canada to ensure that conditional release hearings were sensitive to Aboriginal cultural values and traditions. This type of hearing is available to both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal offenders.

Proportion of sentence served prior to being released on parole is the highest since 2002-03

Proportion  of sentence served prior to being released on parole is the highest since  2002-03
Enlarge image

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility.

Proportion of sentence served prior to being released on parole is the highest since 2002-03

Year

Type of Supervision

First Day Parole

First Full Parole

Female

Male

Total

Female

Male

Total

 

Percentage of sentence incarcerated

2002-03

26.9

31.5

31.1

37.4

39.0

38.8

2003-04

27.5

33.4

33.0

37.5

39.6

39.4

2004-05

28.8

33.3

32.9

37.2

39.6

39.4

2005-06

28.5

32.9

32.5

36.1

39.3

39.0

2006-07

27.4

33.2

32.6

37.2

39.3

39.1

2007-08

30.3

32.3

32.1

37.9

38.4

38.3

2008-09

28.2

32.4

31.9

36.6

38.7

38.4

2009-10

29.5

33.2

32.8

36.1

38.5

38.2

2010-11

29.2

31.8

31.6

36.6

38.0

37.8

2011-12

35.0

38.1

37.8

40.3

41.6

41.5

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility.

On March 28, 2011, Bill C-59 (Abolition of Early Parole Act) eliminated the accelerated parole review (APR) process, affecting first-time non-violent offenders serving sentences for schedule II and non-scheduled offences, who in 2011-12 were no longer eligible for an APR review at 1/6 of their sentence

Aboriginal offenders serve a higher proportion of their sentences before being released on parole

Aboriginal offenders serve a higher proportion of their sentences before being released on parole
Enlarge image

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility.

On March 28, 2011, Bill C-59 (Abolition of Early Parole Act) eliminated the accelerated parole review (APR) process, affecting first-time non-violent offenders serving sentences for schedule II and non-scheduled offences, who in 2011-12 were no longer eligible for an APR review at 1/6 of their sentence.

Aboriginal offenders serve a higher proportion of their sentences before being released on parole

Year

Type of Supervision

First Day Parole

First Full Parole

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

Total

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

Total

 

Percentage of sentence incarcerated

2002-03

35.6

30.3

31.1

40.8

38.6

38.8

2003-04

38.6

31.9

33.0

42.8

38.9

39.4

2004-05

37.2

32.1

32.9

42.2

39.0

39.4

2005-06

36.8

31.8

32.5

42.3

38.5

39.0

2006-07

37.4

31.9

32.6

41.1

38.9

39.1

2007-08

38.2

31.2

32.1

40.9

38.1

38.3

2008-09

38.0

31.1

31.9

41.1

38.2

38.4

2009-10

38.6

31.9

32.8

41.2

37.9

38.2

2010-11

37.5

30.8

31.6

41.4

37.5

37.8

2011-12

41.7

37.1

37.8

43.4

41.3

41.5

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility.

Female offenders serve a lower proportion of their sentences than male offenders before being released on parole

Female offenders serve a lower proportion of their sentences than male offenders before being released on parole
Enlarge image

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility.

On March 28, 2011, Bill C-59 (Abolition of Early Parole Act) eliminated the accelerated parole review (APR) process, affecting first-time non-violent offenders serving sentences for schedule II and non-scheduled offences, who in 2011-12 were no longer eligible for an APR review at 1/6 of their sentence.

Female offenders serve a lower proportion of their sentences than male offenders before being released on parole

Year

Type of Supervision

First Day Parole

First Full Parole

Female

Male

Total

Female

Male

Total

 

Percentage of sentence incarcerated

2002-03

26.9

31.5

31.1

37.4

39.0

38.8

2003-04

27.5

33.4

33.0

37.5

39.6

39.4

2004-05

28.8

33.3

32.9

37.2

39.6

39.4

2005-06

28.5

32.9

32.5

36.1

39.3

39.0

2006-07

27.4

33.2

32.6

37.2

39.3

39.1

2007-08

30.3

32.3

32.1

37.9

38.4

38.3

2008-09

28.2

32.4

31.9

36.6

38.7

38.4

2009-10

29.5

33.2

32.8

36.1

38.5

38.2

2010-11

29.2

31.8

31.6

36.6

38.0

37.8

2011-12

35.0

38.1

37.8

40.3

41.6

41.5

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

Timing of parole in the sentence refers to the percentage of the sentence served at the time the first day parole or full parole starts during the sentence. In most cases a full parole is preceded by a day parole.

These calculations are based on sentences under federal jurisdiction, excluding life sentences and indeterminate sentences.

Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less. Eligibility for day parole is normally at 6 months before full parole eligibility.

On March 28, 2011, Bill C-59 (Abolition of Early Parole Act) eliminated the accelerated parole review (APR) process, affecting first-time non-violent offenders serving sentences for schedule II and non-scheduled offences, who in 2011-12 were no longer eligible for an APR review at 1/6 of their sentence.

The majority of federal day paroles are successfully completed

The majority of federal day paroles are successfully completed
Enlarge image

Note:

*Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

A day parole is considered successful if it was completed without a return to prison for a breach of conditions or for a new offence.

Bill C-10 (Safe Streets and Communities Act) , which came into force on June 13, 2012, expanded the number of offences, listed in Schedule I of the CCRA. It now includes, for example, those convicted of child pornography, aggravated assault of a police officer, or a terrorist offence under the Criminal Code. As a result, some offences that were previously recorded in the data as non-violent are now considered as violent. This has resulted in higher numbers of revocations with a violent offence and lower numbers of revocations with a non-violent offence than in previous versions of this report.

The majority of federal day paroles are successfully completed

Federal Day Parole Outcomes

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Successful Completion

Regular

1,697 80.8 1,784 83.9 1,720 86.0 1,750 86.9 1,911 87.4

Accelerated

803 81.1 812 84.1 808 86.4 871 90.2 365 89.5

Total

2,500 80.9 2,596 83.9 2,528 86.1 2,621 88.0 2,276 87.7

Revocation for Breach of Conditions*

             

Regular

309 14.7 284 13.4 223 11.2 215 10.7 235 10.7

Accelerated

128 12.9 105 10.9 102 10.9 72 7.5 36 8.8

Total

437 14.1 389 12.6 325 11.1 287 9.6 271 10.4

Revocation with Non-Violent Offence

             

Regular

77 3.7 42 2.0 42 2.1 39 1.9 36 1.6

Accelerated

58 5.9 44 4.6 23 2.5 23 2.4 6 1.5

Total

135 4.4 86 2.8 65 2.2 62 2.1 42 1.6

Revocation with Violent Offence**

             

Regular

17 0.8 17 0.8 15 0.8 9 0.4 5 0.2

Accelerated

1 0.1 5 0.5 2 0.2 0 0.0 1 0.2

Total

18 0.6 22 0.7 17 0.6 9 0.3 6 0.2

Total

                   

Regular

2,100 68.0 2,127 68.8 2,000 68.1 2,013 67.6 2,187 84.3

Accelerated

990 32.0 966 31.2 935 31.9 966 32.4 408 15.7

Total

3,090

100.0

3,093

100.0

2,935

100.0

2,979

100.0

2,595

100.0

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

**Violent offences include murder and Schedule I offences (listed in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act) such as assaults, sexual offences, arson, abduction, robbery and some weapon offences. Bill C-10 (Safe Streets and Communities Act), which came into force on June 13, 2012, expanded the number of offences in Schedule I (e.g., it now includes child pornography, aggravated assault of a police officer, or a terrorist offence under the Criminal Code). As a result, some offences that were previously recorded in the data as non-violent are now considered as violent. This has resulted in higher numbers of revoca-tions with a violent offence and lower numbers of revocations with a non-violent offence than in previous versions of this report.

Day parole is a type of conditional release in which offenders are permitted to participate in community-based activities in preparation for full parole or statutory release. The conditions require offenders to return nightly to an institution or half-way house unless otherwise authorized by the Parole Board of Canada.

Eligibility for day parole release normally occurs 6 months prior to full parole.

The majority of federal full paroles are successfully completed

The majority of federal full paroles are successfully completed
Enlarge image

Note:

*Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

A full parole is considered successful if it was completed without a return to prison for a breach of conditions or for a new offence.

These data do not include offenders serving life or indeterminate sentences as these offenders, by definition, remain under supervision for life.

Bill C-10 (Safe Streets and Communities Act) , which came into force on June 13, 2012, expanded the number of offences, listed in Schedule I of the CCRA. It now includes, for example, those convicted of child pornography, aggravated assault of a police officer, or a terrorist offence under the Criminal Code. As a result, some offences that were previously recorded in the data as non-violent are now considered as violent. This has resulted in higher numbers of revocations with a violent offence and lower numbers of revocations with a non-violent offence than in previous versions of this report.

The majority of federal full paroles are successfully completed

Federal Full Parole Outcomes*

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Successful Completion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regular

412

77.4 386 80.2 353 79.5 360 80.2 334 82.5

Accelerated

575 68.8 633 70.3 625 73.3 664 74.5 687 77.0

Total

987 72.1 1,019 73.8 978 75.4 1,024 76.4 1,021 78.7

Revocation for Breach of Conditions**

             

Regular

86 16.2 59 12.3 53 11.9 55 12.2 55 13.6

Accelerated

169 20.2 186 20.7 162 19.0 168 18.9 149 16.7

Total

255 18.6 245 17.7 215 16.6 223 16.6 204 15.7

Revocation with Non-Violent Offence

             

Regular

24 4.5 28 5.8 31 7.0 26 5.8 14 3.5

Accelerated

85 10.2 76 8.4 62 7.3 54 6.1 51 5.7

Total

109 8.0 104 7.5 93 7.2 80 6.0 65 5.0

Revocation with Violent Offence***

             

Regular

10 1.9 8 1.7 7 1.6 8 1.8 2 0.5

Accelerated

7 0.8 5 0.6 4 0.5 5 0.6 5 0.6

Total

17 1.2 13 0.9 11 0.8 13 1.0 7 0.5

Total

                   

Regular

532 38.9 481 34.8 444 34.2 449 33.5 405 31.2

Accelerated

836 61.1 900 65.2 853 65.8 891 66.5 892 68.8

Total

1,368

100.0

1,381

100.0

1,297

100.0

1,340

100.0

1,297

100.0

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*Excludes offenders serving indeterminate sentences because they do not have a warrant expiry date and technically speaking, can only successfully complete full parole upon [their] death.

**Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

***Violent offences include murder and Schedule I offences (listed in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act) such as assaults, sexual offences, arson, abduction, robbery and some weapon offences. Bill C-10 (Safe Streets and Communities Act), which came into force on June 13, 2012, expanded the number of offences in Schedule I. As a result, some offences that were previously recorded in the data as non-violent are now considered as violent.. This has resulted in higher numbers of revocations with a violent offence and lower numbers of revocations with a non-violent offence than in previous versions of this report.

Full parole is a type of conditional release granted by the Parole Board of Canada in which a portion of the sentence is served under supervision in the community. Offenders (other than those serving life or indeterminate sentences or subject to judicial determination) normally become eligible for full parole after serving 1/3 of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less.

Statutory releases have the lowest rates of successful completion

Statutory  releases have the lowest rates of successful completion
Enlarge image

Note:

*Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

A statutory release is considered successful if it was completed without a return to prison for a breach of conditions or for a new offence.

Statutory release refers to a conditional release that is subject to supervision after the offender has served two-thirds of the sentence.

Bill C-10 (Safe Streets and Communities Act) , which came into force on June 13, 2012, expanded the number of offences, listed in Schedule I of the CCRA. It now includes, for example, those convicted of child pornography, aggravated assault of a police officer, or a terrorist offence under the Criminal Code. As a result, some offences that were previously recorded in the data as non-violent are now considered as violent. This has resulted in higher numbers of revocations with a violent offence and lower numbers of revocations with a non-violent offence than in previous versions of this report.

Statutory releases have the lowest rates of successful completion

Statutory Release Outcomes

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Successful Completion

3,318 56.7 3,484 58.9 3,711 60.9 3,458 61.9 3,446 61.7

Revocation for Breach of Conditions*

1,704 29.1 1,718 29.1 1,666 27.3 1,484 26.6 1,579 28.3

Revocation with Non-Violent Offence

622 10.6 562 9.5 574 9.4 523 9.4 451 8.1

Revocation with Violent Offence**

210 3.6 148 2.5 146 2.4 119 2.1 105 1.9

Total

5,854

100.0

5,912

100.0

6,097

100.0

5,584

100.0

5,581

100.0

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*Revocation for Breach of Conditions includes revocation with outstanding charges.

**Violent offences include murder and Schedule I offences (listed in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act) such as assaults, sexual offences, arson, abduction, robbery and some weapon offences. Bill C-10 (Safe Streets and Communities Act), which came into force on June 13, 2012, expanded the number of offences in Schedule I (e.g., it now includes child pornography, aggravated assault of a police officer, or a terrorist offence under the Criminal Code). As a result, some offences that were previously recorded in the data as non-violent are now considered as violent. This has resulted in higher numbers of revoca-tions with a violent offence and lower numbers of revocations with a non-violent offence than in previous versions of this report.

Over the past decade, the rate of violent conviction for offenders while under supervision has declined

Over the past decade, the rate of violent conviction for offenders while under supervision has declined
Enlarge image

Note:

*Supervised offenders include offenders who are on parole, statutory release, those temporarily detained in federal institutions, and those who are unlawfully at large.

**Violent offences include murder and Schedule I offences (listed in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act) such as assaults, sexual offences, arson, abduction, robbery and some weapon offences. Bill C-10 (Safe Streets and Communities Act), which came into force on June 13, 2012, expanded the number of offences in Schedule I (e.g., it now includes child pornography, aggravated assault of a police officer, or a terrorist offence under the Criminal Code). As a result, some offences that were previously recorded in the data as non-violent are now considered as violent. This has resulted in higher numbers of revocations with a violent offence and lower numbers of revocations with a non-violent offence than in previous versions of this report.

The dotted line between 2010-11 and 2011-12 is intended to signify that due to delays in the court process, these numbers under-represent the actual number of convictions, as verdicts may not have been reached by year-end.

Over the past decade, the rate of violent conviction for offenders while under supervision has declined

Year

# of Offenders Convicted for Violent Offences

Rate per 1,000 Supervised Offenders*

Day Parole

Full Parole

Statutory Release

Total

Day Parole

Full Parole

Statutory Release

2002-03

23

33

222

278

18

8

76

2003-04

19

25 212 256 15 6 71

2004-05

31 36 198 265 25 9 66

2005-06

16 28 178 222 12 7 58

2006-07

25 21 213 259 19 6 67

2007-08

18 22 210 250 14 6 67

2008-09

22 17 148 187 18 4 44

2009-10

17 15 146 178 13 4 45

2010-11

9 18 119 146 8 5 37

2011-12**

6 9 105 120 5 3 30

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*Supervised offenders include offenders who are on parole, statutory release, those temporarily detained in federal institutions, and those who are unlawfully at large.

**Due to delays in the court processes, the numbers under-represent the actual number of convictions, as verdicts may not have been reached by year-end. Day and full parole include those offenders serving determinate and indeterminate sentences.

Violent offences include murder and Schedule I offences (listed in the Corrections and Conditional Release Act) such as assaults, sexual offences, arson, abduction, robbery and some weapon offences. Bill C-10 (Safe Streets and Communities Act), which came into force on June 13, 2012, expanded the number of offences in Schedule I (e.g., it now includes child pornography, aggravated assault of a police officer, or a terrorist offence under the Criminal Code). As a result, some offences that were previously recorded in the data as non-violent are now considered as violent. This has resulted in higher numbers of revoca-tions with a violent offence and lower numbers of revocations with a non-violent offence than in previous versions of this report.

The number of offenders granted temporary absences increased in 2011-2012

The  number of offenders granted temporary absences increased in 2011-2012
Enlarge image

Note:

A temporary absence is permission given to an eligible offender to be away from the normal place of confinement for medical, administrative, community service, family contact, personal development for rehabilitative purposes, or compassionate reasons, including parental responsibilities.

A work release is a structured program of release of specified duration for work or community service outside the penitentiary, under the supervision of a staff member or other authorized person or organization.

These numbers depict the number of offenders who received at least one temporary absence permit (excluding those for medical purposes) or at least one work release. An offender may be granted more than one temporary absence permit or work release over a period of time.

The number of offenders granted temporary absences increased in 2011-2012

Year

Temporary Absences

Work Releases

Escorted

Unescorted

 

# of Offenders

# of Permits

# of Offenders

# of Permits

# of Offenders

# of Permits

2002-03 2,722 34,189 725 4,910 595 1,352
2003-04 2,691 38,112 715 4,133 495 1,051
2004-05 2,519 35,277 526 3,600 330 763
2005-06 2,571 37,141 505 3,058 355 997
2006-07 2,532 39,791 502 4,169 339 724
2007-08 2,518 41,630 469 3,804 301 615
2008-09 2,336 36,397 436 3,805 239 652
2009-10 2,217 35,884 391 3,351 244 1,039
2010-11 2,285 40,216 354 3,113 316 1,293
2011-12 2,675 44,182 406 3,813 363 711

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

A temporary absence is permission given to an eligible offender to be away from the normal place of confinement for medical, administrative, community service, family contact, personal development for rehabilitative purposes, or compassionate reasons, including parental responsibilities.

A work release is a structured program of release of specified duration for work or community service outside the penitentiary, under the supervision of a staff member or other authorized person or organization.

These numbers depict the number of offenders who received at least one temporary absence permit (excluding those for medical purposes) or at least one work release. An offender may be granted more than one temporary absence permit or work release over a period of time.

Section E: Statistics on Special Applications of Criminal Justice

The number of initial detention reviews is the lowest since 1997-98

The number of initial detention reviews is the lowest since 1997-98
Enlarge image

Note:

According to the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, an offender entitled to statutory release after serving two-thirds of the sentence may be held in custody until warrant expiry if it is established that the offender is likely to commit, before the expiry of sentence, an offence causing death or serious harm, a serious drug offence or a sex offence involving a child.

The number of initial detention reviews is the lowest since 1997-98

Year

Outcome of Initial Detention Reviews

Total

Detained

Statutory Release

Total

Abor.

Non - Abor.

Total

%

Abor.

Non - Abor.

Total

%

Abor.

Non - Abor.

1997-98

81 231 312 93.1 9 14 23 6.9 90 245 335

1998-99

76 158 234 91.4 3 19 22 8.6 79 177 256

1999-00

83 125 208 93.7 3 11 14 6.3 86 136 222

2000-01

69 146 215 93.9 6 8 14 6.1 75 154 229

2001-02

73 184 257 94.5 2 13 15 5.5 75 197 272

2002-03

81 164 245 86.3 14 25 39 13.7 95 189 284

2003-04

72 207 279 92.1 8 16 24 7.9 80 223 303

2004-05

69 156 225 91.1 6 16 22 8.9 75 172 247

2005-06

75 158 233 89.3 11 17 28 10.7 86 175 261

2006-07

65 157 222 88.8 4 24 28 11.2 69 181 250

2007-08

84 163 247 93.2 7 11 18 6.8 91 174 265

2008-09

101 155 256 95.9 5 6 11 4.1 106 161 267

2009-10

96 165 261 93.9 2 15 17 6.1 98 180 278

2010-11

111 128 239 94.5 4 10 14 5.5 115 138 253

2011-12

86

121

207

96.7

2

5

7

3.3

88

126

214

Total

1,222

2,418

3,640

92.5

86

210

296

7.5

1,308

2,628

3,936

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

According to the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, an offender entitled to statutory release after serving two-thirds of the sentence may be held in custody until warrant expiry if it is established that the offender is likely to commit, before the expiry of sentence, an offence causing death or serious harm, a serious drug offence or a sex offence involving a child.

78% of judicial review hearings result in earlier parole eligibility

78% of judicial review hearings result in earlier parole eligibility
Enlarge image

Note:

*Of the 38 offenders no longer under active supervision, 14 are incarcerated, 17 are deceased, two are being temporarily detained, one is unlawfully at large, and four have been deported.

Judicial review is an application to the court for a reduction in the time required to be served before being eligible for parole. Judicial review procedures apply to offenders who have been sentenced to imprisonment for life without eligibility for parole until more than fifteen years of their sentence has been served. Offenders can apply when they have served at least 15 years of their sentence.

78% of judicial review hearings result in earlier parole eligibility

Province/Territory of Judicial Review

Parole Ineligibility Reduced by Court

Reduction Denied by Court

Total

1st degree murder

2nd degree murder

1st degree murder

2nd degree murder

1st degree murder

2nd degree murder

Northwest Territories

0

0

0

0

0

0

Nunavut

0

0

0

0

0

0

Yukon

0

0

0

0

0

0

Newfoundland & Labrador

0

0

0

0

0

0

Prince Edward Island

0

0

0

0

0

0

Nova Scotia

1

1

1

0

2

1

New Brunswick

1

0

0

0

1

0

Quebec

59

15

5

2

64

17

Ontario

20

0

18

1

38

1

Manitoba

7

3

1

0

8

3

Saskatchewan

6

0

3

0

8

0

Alberta

18

0

6

0

24

0

British Columbia

17

1

6

0

23

1

Sub-total

129

20

40

3

169

23

Total

149

43

192

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

These numbers represent total decisions as of April 15, 2012.

Judicial reviews are conducted in the province where the conviction took place.

The number of dangerous offender designations has increased since 2011-12

The number of dangerous offender designations has increased since 2011-12
Enlarge image

Note:

*The number of Dangerous Offenders designated per year does not include overturned decisions.

Three offenders who received Dangerous Offender designations did not have a designation date entered in their file, and are therefore not represented in the graph. However, they are counted in the total number of offenders who received a designation.

Offenders who have died since receiving designations are no longer classified as “active”; however, they are still represented in the above graph, which depicts the total number of offenders '”designated”.

Dangerous Offender legislation came into effect in Canada on October 15, 1977, replacing the Habitual Offender and Dangerous Sexual Offender provisions that were abolished. A Dangerous Offender (DO) is an individual given an indeterminate sentence on the basis of a particularly violent crime or pattern of serious violent offences where it is judged that the offender's behaviour is unlikely to be inhibited by normal standards of behavioural restraint (see section 752 of the Criminal Code of Canada). Until August 1997, a determinate sentence was possible for those designated as DOs. In addition to the DOs, there remain within federal jurisdiction 31 Dangerous Sexual Offenders and nine Habitual Offenders.

The number of dangerous offender designations has increased since 2011-12

Province/Territory
of Designation

All Designations (# designated since 1978)

Active Dangerous Offenders

# of Indeterminate Offenders

# of Determinate Offenders

Total

Newfoundland & Labrador

11

8

0

8

Nova Scotia

17

14

0

14

Prince Edward Island

0

0

0

0

New Brunswick

8

7

0

7

Quebec

65

61

0

61

Ontario

237

197

0

197

Manitoba

14

13

0

13

Saskatchewan

52

45

0

45

Alberta

48

40

0

40

British Columbia

117

91

0

91

Yukon

1

1

0

1

Northwest Territories

8

8

0

8

Nunavut

1

1

0

1

Total

579

486

0

486

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

Numbers presented are as of April 15, 2012.

The number of Dangerous Offenders declared per year does not include overturned decisions.

Offenders who have died since receiving designations are no longer classified as “active”; however, they are still represented in the total number of offenders “designated”.

Most long term supervision orders are for a 10-year period

Most long term supervision orders are for a 10-year period
Enlarge image

Note:

Long Term Supervision Order (LTSO) legislation, which came into effect in Canada on August 1, 1997, allows the court to impose a sentence of two years or more for the predicate offence and order that the offender be supervised in the community for a further period not exceeding 10 years.

Thirty-five offenders under these provisions have died and 51 offenders have completed their long term supervision period.

Most long term supervision orders are for a 10-year period

Province or Territory of Order

Length of Supervision Order (years)

Current Status

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

10

Total

Incarcerated

DP, FP or SR*

LTSO period

LTSO** interrupted

Total

Newfoundland & Labrador

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

6

6

1

1

2

1

5

Nova Scotia

0

0

0

4

0

0

0

11

15

2

0

11

0

13

Prince Edward Island

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

2

0

0

0

0

0

New Brunswick

0

1

0

1

0

0

1

6

9

4

0

5

0

9

Quebec

0

3

0

44

8

25

9

153

242

86

15

100

11

212

Ontario

0

0

3

10

6

14

17

164

214

72

8

97

17

194

Manitoba

0

0

0

1

1

2

1

27

32

9

2

19

0

30

Saskatchewan

1

0

1

10

8

5

7

33

65

31

6

19

2

58

Alberta

0

0

0

7

1

0

1

46

55

17

3

25

1

46

British Columbia

0

0

0

10

3

5

5

86

109

34

5

52

3

94

Yukon

0

0

0

1

0

2

0

7

10

4

1

5

0

10

Northwest Territories

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

2

3

0

0

3

0

3

Nunavut

0

0

0

2

0

0

1

3

6

4

1

1

0

6

Total

1

4

4

92

27

53

42

545

768

264

42

339

35

680

Source: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*This category includes offenders whose current status is either supervised on day parole (DP), full parole (FP) or statutory release (SR).

**This category includes offenders convicted of a new offence while on the supervision portion of an LTSO. When this occurs, the LTSO supervision period is interrupted until the offender has served the new sentence to its warrant expiry date. At that time, the LTSO supervision period resumes where it left off.

These numbers are as of April 15, 2012.

Thirty-five offenders under these provisions have died and 51 offenders have completed their long term supervision period.

The number of pardon applications processed decreased for a third consecutive year

The number of pardon applications processed decreased for a third consecutive year
Enlarge image

Note:

*Source: Royal Canadian Mounted Police Criminal Records Division, 2009.

Pardons allow people who were convicted of a criminal offence but have completed their sentence and demonstrated that they are law-abiding citizens to have their criminal record sealed. A person convicted of a summary offence may apply for a pardon three years after the completion of the sentence, and a person convicted of an indictable offence may apply after five years. The amendment to the Criminal Records Act on June 30, 2010, removed the discretion of the Board to issue pardons for summary convictions.

The number of pardon applications processed decreased for a third consecutive year

Type of Decision

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

Granted

14,514

30,317

16,250

9,393

3,270

Issued

10,332

9,311

7,889

2,693

Denied

175

800

437

293

276

Total Granted/Issued/Denied

25,021

40,428

24,576

12,379

3,546

Percentage Granted/Issued

99.3

98.0

98.2

97.6

92.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revocations*

34

123

194

71

1,132

Cessations

547

584

727

1,055

907

Total Revocations/Cessations

581

707

921

1,126

2,039

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cumulative Granted/Issued**

377,477

417,105

441,244

453,330

456,600

Cumulative Revocations/Cessations**

14,585

15,292

16,213

17,339

19,378

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*Revocations fluctuate due to resource re-allocation to deal with backlogs.

**Cumulative data reflects pardon activity since 1970, when the pardon process was established under the Criminal Records Act.

The amendment to the Criminal Records Act on June 30, 2010, removed the discretion of the Board to issue pardons for summary convictions. In cases of indictable offences, pardons are granted at the discretion of the Parole Board of Canada (PBC) following a five-year period of good conduct after the comple-tion of the sentence. The cessation of a pardon automatically occurs following a subsequent conviction for an indictable offence or hybrid offence, with some exceptions, including impaired driving, driving with more than 80 mg of alcohol in the blood or fail to provide a breath sample. Revocations are at the discretion of the PBC following a subsequent summary conviction, or for lack of good conduct. The Board may also render a decision of cessation when it is convinced by new information that the person was not eligible for a pardon at the time it was awarded.

Section F: Victims of Crime

Victimization rates for theft of personal property have increased

Victimization rates for theft of personal property have increased
Enlarge image

Note:

*Assault data includes incidents of spousal violence. In previous editions of this document, the victimization data excluded incidents of spousal violence.

Rates are based on 1,000 population, 15 years of age and older, across the 10 provinces.

Victimization rates for theft of personal property have increased

Type of Incident

Year

1999

2004

2009

Theft of Personal Property

75

93

108

Sexual Assault

21

21

24

Robbery

9

11

13

Assault*

81

75

80

Source: General Social Survey, Statistics Canada, 1999, 2004 and 2009.

Note:

*Assault data includes incidents of spousal violence. In previous editions of this document, the victimization data excluded incidents of spousal violence.

Rates are based on 1,000 population, 15 years of age and older, across the 10 provinces.

The majority of victims of violent crime are under 30

The majority of victims of violent crime are under 30
Enlarge image

Note:

*Population estimates are as of July 1, 2010.

Violent crimes include homicide, attempted murder, assault, sexual offences, abduction, robbery and traffic offences causing bodily harm and death.

The data excludes 3,285 cases where age was unknown, 748 cases where sex was unknown and 1,161 cases where both age and sex were unknown. The data represents 99% national coverage.

Due to rounding, totals may not add to 100 percent.

The majority of victims of violent crime are under 30

Age of Victim

Males

Females

Total

 

#

%

#

%

#

%

0 to 4 years

1,799 1.0 2,014 1.0 3,813 1.0

5 to 9 years

3,810 2.1 3,634 1.9 7,444 2.0

10 to 14 years

12,966 7.2 12,683 6.6 25,649 6.9

15 to 19 years

27,126 15.0 29,763 15.5 56,889 15.2

20 to 24 years

25,539 14.1 30,564 15.9 59,103 15.0

25 to 29 years

21,707 12.0 24,641 12.8 46,348 12.4

30 to 34 years

17,380 9.6 20,323 10.6 37,703 10.1

35 to 39 years

15,136 8.4 17,902 9.3 33,038 8.9

40 to 44 years

14,930 8.3 16,199 8.4 31,129 8.3

45 to 49 years

14,207 7.9 13,552 7.0 27,759 7.4

50 to 54 years

10,685 5.9 8,964 4.7 19,649 5.3

55 to 59 years

6,591 3.6 4,999 2.6 11,590 3.1

60 to 64 years

4,042 2.2 2,805 1.5 6,847 1.8

65 to 69 years

2,223 1.2 1,455 0.8 3,678 1.0

70 to 74 years

1,156 0.6 1,006 0.5 2,162 0.6

75 and over

1,602 0.9 1,724 0.9 3,326 0.9

Total

180,899

100.0

192,228

100.0

373,127

100.0

Source: Incident-based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

The data excludes 3,285 cases where age was unknown, 748 cases where sex was unknown and 1,161 cases where both age and sex were unknown. The data represents 99% national coverage.

Due to rounding, totals may not add to 100 percent.

The majority of victims receiving services are victims of violent crime

The majority of victims receiving services are victims of violent crime
Enlarge image

Note:

Victim services are defined as agencies that provide direct services to primary or secondary victims of crime, and that are funded in whole or in part by a ministry responsible for justice matters. Some survey respondents in New Brunswick in 2009/2010 were unable to provide data on the number of clients served on snapshot day, and instead provided data on their active caseload on that day.

The majority of victims receiving services are victims of violent crime

Type of Crime

Gender of Victim

Women

Men

Not Reported

Total

Snapshot on May 28, 2008

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Homicide

156

2.8

61

3.2

9

1.4

226

2.8

Other offences causing death

63

1.1

51

2.7

1

0.2

115

1.4

Sexual assault

1,632

29.1

298

15.7

95

5.1

2,025

24.9

Other violent offences

3,029

54.0

853

45.0

330

52.3

4,212

51.8

Other criminal offences*

396

7.1

429

22.6

118

18.7

943

11.6

Other Incidents**

330

5.9

205

10.8

78

12.4

613

7.5

Total without unknown 5,606 100.0 1,897 100.0 631 100.0 8,134 100.0

Unknown type of crime

335

104

1,235

1,674

Total

5,941

 

2,001

 

1,866

 

9,808

 

Snapshot on May 27, 2010

               

Homicide

154 2.4 70 3.3 3 0.5 227 2.5

Other offences causing death

95 1.5 77 3.7 8 1.4 180 2.0

Sexual assault

1,922 30.0 379 18.1 160 28.3 2,461 27.1

Other violent offences

3,323 51.8 917 43.8 262 46.4 4,502 49.6

Other criminal offences*

496 7.7 357 17.0 73 12.9 926 10.2

Other Incidents**

421 6.6 295 14.1 59 10.4 775 8.5
Total without unknown 6,411 100.0 2,095 100.0 565 100.0 9,071 100.0

Unknown type of crime

197

81

113

391

Total

6,608

 

2,176

 

678

 

9,462

 

Source: Victim Services in Canada, 2007/2008; Victim Services in Canada 2009/2010; Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada.

Note:

*Other criminal offences include arson, property crimes, traffic offences, and other Criminal Code offences.

**Other incidents include those of a non-criminal nature as well as those that are still under investigation to determine if they are criminal offences.

Victim services are defined as agencies that provide direct services to primary or secondary victims of crime, and that are funded in whole or in part by a ministry responsible for justice matters. Some survey respondents in New Brunswick in 2009/2010 were unable to provide data on the number of clients served on snapshot day, and instead provided data on their active caseload on that day.

The number of victims registered with the federal correctional system has increased

The number of victims registered with the federal correctional system  has increased
Enlarge image

Note:

*In order to register to receive information under sections 26 and 142 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, a person must meet the definition of a victim that appears in section 2, or subsections 26(3) or 142(3) of the Act. Victims can register with the Correctional Service of Canada or the Parole Board of Canada by completing a Victims Request for Information form, though a signed letter of request can be considered as meeting this requirement.

**A notification is a contact with a registered victim, by phone or mail, to provide information to which sections 26 and 142 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act entitles them.

Unlike last year's edition of the CCRSO, this year data is reported by fiscal year from April 1 to March 31.

The number of victims registered with the correctional system has increased

Year

Number of Offenders with Registered Victims

Number of Registered Victims*

Number of Notifications** to Registered Victims

2006-07

3,147

4,979

13,829

2007-08

3,295

5,294

16,281

2008-09

3,412

5,816

28,065

2009-10

3,654

6,366

37,462

2010-11

3,874

6,940

41,979

2011-12 4,006 7,395 46,678

Source: PRIME-Victims: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*In order to register to receive information under sections 26 and 142 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, a person must meet the definition of a victim that appears in section 2, or subsections 26(3) or 142(3) of the Act. Victims can register with the Correctional Service of Canada or the Parole Board of Canada by completing a Victims Request for Information form, though a signed letter of request can be considered as meeting this requirement.

**A notification is a contact with a registered victim, by phone or mail, to provide information to which sections 26 and 142 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act entitles them.

Unlike last year's edition of the CCRSO, this year data is reported by fiscal year from April 1 to March 31.

Offences causing death are the most common type of offence** that harmed the victims registered* with correctional services Canada

Offences causing death are the most common type of offence** that harmed the victims registered* with correctional services Canada
Enlarge image

Note:

*In order to register to receive information under sections 26 and 142 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, a person must meet the definition of a victim that appears in section 2, or subsections 26(3) or 142(3) of the Act. Victims can register with the Correctional Service of Canada or the Parole Board of Canada by completing a Victims Request for Information form, though a signed letter of request can be considered as meeting this requirement.

**Some victims were harmed by more than one offence; therefore the number of Offences of Victimization are higher than the actual number of Registered Victims. The percentages represent the number of registered victims who were harmed by that offence.

***Violent crimes include assault, attempt to cause death, offences causing death, sexual offences and offences involving violence or threats.

Offences causing death are the most common type of offence** that harmed the victims registered* with correctional services Canada
Type of Offence** That Harmed Victim* 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
# % # % # % # %
Offences Causing Death 1,800 30.9 2,936 46.1 3,804 54.8 4,220 57.1
Sexual Offences 958 16.5 1,579 24.8 2,098 30.2 2,114 28.6
Assaults 499 8.6 879 13.8 998 14.4 998 13.5
Involving Violence or Threats 315 5.4 525 8.2 680 9.8 707 9.6
Property Crimes 223 3.8 417 6.6 509 7.3 534 7.2
Other Offences 450 7.7 217 3.4 396 5.7 452 6.1
Attempts to Cause Death 105 1.8 182 2.9 233 3.4 241 3.3
Deprivation of Freedom 166 2.9 215 3.4 251 3.6 273 3.7
Driving Offences 65 1.1 100 1.6 123 1.8 125 1.7
Offence Not Recorded 3,087 53.1 1,301 20.4 61 0.9 10 0.1
Total Number of Victims** 5,816   6,366   6,940   7,395  

Source: PRIME-Victims: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

*In order to register to receive information under sections 26 and 142 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, a person must meet the definition of a victim that appears in section 2, or subsections 26(3) or 142(3) of the Act. Victims can register with the Correctional Service of Canada or the Parole Board of Canada by completing a Victims Request for Information form, though a signed letter of request can be considered as meeting this requirement.

**Some victims were harmed by more than one offence, therefore the number of Offences of Victimization are higher than the number of Registered Victims. The percentages in the table represent the number of registered victims who were harmed by that offence and do not add up to 100%.

Release information is the most common type of information provided during a notification to registered victims* with correctional services Canada

Release information is the most common type of information provided during a notification to registered victims* with correctional services Canada
Click to enlarge image

Note:

Disclosure means a type of information identified in section 26 of the CCRA that has been disclosed to a registered victim during a notification.

As of December 2, 2011 as per Bill S6, Correctional Services Canada now provides information to some victims who are not registered which requires providing information to family members of murdered victims where the offender is still eligible to apply for Judicial Review including when the offender does not apply for a Judicial Review within the allotted time period, as well as the next date the offender can apply. Notification to unregistered victims are excluded for the data.

*In order to register to receive information under section 26 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, a person must meet the definition of a victim that appears in section 2 or subsection 26(3) of the Act. Victims can register with the Correctional Service of Canada or the Parole Board of Canada by completing a Victims Request for Information form, though a signed letter of request can be considered as meeting this requirement.

**New type of information now released to victims as of December 2, 2011 as per Bill S6.

Release information is the most common type of information provided during a notification to registered victims* with correctional services Canada
Year 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
Sentencing Information 1,624 2,357 2,366 2,714 2.977
Institutional Location 3,305 4,820 7,758 13,770 14,711
In/Out of Custody 2,506 4,288 5,613 6,993 6,856
Scheduled Hearing Dates 105 103 65 1,264 1,109
Release Dates 5,194 11,654 19,298 22,315 25,135
Release Destination 4,991 11,161 18,546 20,906 23,857
Release Conditions 2,289 5,623 11,311 15,492 21,843
Release Decisions 1,327 2,541 6,808 12,073 14,194
Travel Permits 3,735 7,611 9,343 10,136 10,874
Judicial Review** 976
TOTAL 25,076 50,158 81,108 106,113 122,532

Source: PRIME-Victims: Correctional Service Canada.

Note:

Disclosure means a type of information identified in section 26 of the CCRA that has been disclosed to a registered victim during a notification.

As of December 2, 2011 as per Bill S6, Correctional Services Canada now provides information to some victims who are not registered which requires provid-ing information to family members of murdered victims where the offender is still eligible to apply for Judicial Review including when the offender does not apply for a Judicial Review within the allotted time period, as well as the next date the offender can apply. Notification to unregistered victims are excluded for the data.

*In order to register to receive information under section 26 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, a person must meet the definition of a victim that appears in section 2 or subsection 26(3) of the Act. Victims can register with the Correctional Service of Canada or the Parole Board of Canada by completing a Victims Request for Information form, though a signed letter of request can be considered as meeting this requirement.

**New type of information now released to victims as of December 2, 2011 as per Bill S6.

Parole Board of Canada contacts with victims have decreased

Parole Board of Canada contacts with victims have decreased
Click to enlarge image

Note:

*A victim contact refers to each time the Parole Board of Canada has contact with a victim by mail, fax, or by telephone.

**Bill C-10 (Safe Streets and Communities Act), which came into force on June 13, 2012, resulted in changes to the categories of victims defined in section 2 of the CCRA. An actual victim is a person who survived a crime 2(1). If the person is dead, ill or otherwise incapacitated, a) a spouse/common law 2(1)(a), b) a relative/dependant 2(1)(b), c) anyone who is responsible for the care of the person 2(1)(c), d) anyone who is responsible for the care of a dependant of the person 2(1)(d) are considered as victims. If physical or emotional harm was done to a person as a result of the offender's act, whether or not the offender is prosecuted or convicted of the act, and if the person made a complaint to the police or the Crown attorney, the person is recognized as a victim per CCRA 26 (3) and 142(3).

Parole Board of Canada contacts with victims have decreased

Year

Total Number of Contacts*

1997-98

8,043

1998-99

9,883

1999-00

11,177

2000-01

12,718

2001-02

14,013

2002-03

14,270

2003-04

15,263

2004-05

15,479

2005-06

16,711

2006-07

21,434

2007-08

20,457

2008-09

20,039

2009-10

22,181

2010-11

22,483

2011-12

21,449

Source: Parole Board of Canada.

Note:

*A victim contact refers to each time the Parole Board of Canada has contact with a victim by mail, fax, or by telephone.

Bill C-10 (Safe Streets and Communities Act), which came into force on June 13, 2012, resulted in changes to the categories of victims defined in section 2 of the CCRA. An actual victim is a person who survived a crime 2(1). If the person is dead, ill or otherwise incapacitated, a) a spouse/common law 2(1)(a), b) a relative/dependant 2(1)(b), c) anyone who is responsible for the care of the person 2(1)(c), d) anyone who is responsible for the care of a dependant of the person 2(1)(d) are considered as victims. If physical or emotional harm was done to a person as a result of the offender's act, whether or not the offender is prosecuted or convicted of the act, and if the person made a complaint to the police or the Crown attorney, the person is recognized as a victim per CCRA 26(3) and 142(3).

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