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Major issues relating to organized crime within the context of economic relationships [electronic resource] / by Margaret E. Beare and R.T. Naylor.


Public Safety Canada Library



Alternate Title

Enjeux majeurs sur le crime organisé dans le contexte des rapports économiques.

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Includes bibliographic references.


1 online resource (62 p.)


Also published in French under the title: Enjeux majeurs sur le crime organisé dans le contexte des rapports économiques.


The paper examines organized crime within Canada and reveals the concept without limitations. It centres on criminal activity in relation to economics that make it possible to exist. As well it looks at the history and future expansion and research that are being done in this area.


Online Access


1. Introduction to the concept and initial issues – 1.1 Nature and power of the rhetoric of organized crime – 1.2. The creation and use of concepts. – 1.3. Defined by disciplines – 1.4. Regulating morality – 1.5. Defining organized crime: where the problem lies – 1.6. Measuring the size or impact of organized crime – 1.7. Linkages between the legal and illegal economies – 1.8. Linkages between economic regulation and criminal law. – 1.9. The old paradigm – 2. The 1967 President’s Crime Commission and the debates – 2.1. The critics – 2.2. Early understandings of organized crime in Canada – 2.3. Further developments in Canada – 2.4. Lessons from the past – 2.5. Emerging critiques: counter paradigms –
3. The social fabric – 3.1. Dealing with stereotypes and ‘perfect’ organized crime models – 3.2. Joseph Albini’s contribution – 3.3. "Loose criminals": the Union Corse and the French Connection heroin route – 3.4. Enter the economists – 3.5. Peter Reuter: the ‘disorganized’ concept. – 3.6. Research into drug economies – 3.7. The changing nature of the Mafia mystique: the Arlacchi and Gambetta debate – 3.8. Regulating criminal exchanges – 3.9. Theoretical framework to a new paradigm – 4. Regulating criminal exchanges – 4.1. Economic regulation vs the criminal law – 4.2. Offenders or offenses: the problem with the collective – 4.3. Classes of criminals – 4.4. Criminal exchanges: a typology – 4.5. Distribution of the proceeds: Karl Polyani – 4.6. Implications of the four-fold distinction –
5. Enforcement and legislative responses – 5.1. Canadian legislative reasoning: a focus on the ‘proceeds’ – 5.2. The issue of the proceeds of crime – 5.3. Policing organized crime – 5.4. Relationships between sectors of the criminal justice system – 5.5. Unanticipated consequences of policing strategies and legislation – 5.6. The ‘Anti-Gang’ legislation – 5.7. Concluding discussions.

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